Emotional Contagion

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Cambridge University Press, 1994 - Всего страниц: 240
When people are in a certain mood, whether elated or depressed, that mood is often communicated to others. When we are talking to someone who is depressed it may make us feel depressed, whereas if we talk to someone who is feeling self-confident and buoyant we are likely to feel good about ourselves. This phenomenon, known as emotional contagion, is identified here, and compelling evidence for its effects is offered from a variety of disciplines--social and developmental psychology, history, cross-cultural psychology, experimental psychology, and psychopathology. The authors propose a simple mechanism to account for the process of contagion. They argue that people, in their everyday encounters, tend automatically and continuously to synchronize with the facial expressions, voices, postures, movements, and instrumental emotional behaviors of others. Emotional experiences are affected, moment-to-moment, by the feedback from such mimicry. In a series of orderly chapters, the authors provide observational and laboratory evidence to support their propositions. They then offer practical suggestions for clinical psychologists, physicians, husbands and wives, parents, and professionals who wish to become better at shaping the emotional tone of social encounters.
 

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Содержание

Introduction and overview
1
Mechanisms of emotional contagion I Emotional mimicrysynchrony
7
Mechanisms of emotional contagion II Emotional experience and facial vocal and postural feedback
48
Evidence that emotional contagion exists
79
The ability to infect others with emotion
128
Susceptibility to emotional contagion
147
Current implications and suggestions for future research
183
References
207
Index
229
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Об авторе (1994)

John Terrence Cacioppo was born in Marshall, Texas on June 12, 1951. He received a bachelor of science degree in economics in 1973 from the University of Missouri and a doctorate in social psychology at Ohio State University in 1977. He taught at the University of Notre Dame, the University of Iowa, Ohio State University, and the University of Chicago. In the early 1990s, he and Gary Berntson were the founding fathers of social neuroscience, which bridged biology and psychology. Cacioppo was a neuroscientist with an expertise in loneliness. He wrote hundreds of articles and more than a dozen books including Loneliness: Human Nature and the Need for Social Connections written with William Patrick. In 2015, Cacioppo developed salivary gland cancer. At his death, he was a psychology professor at the University of Chicago, director of the university's Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, and chairman of the Social Psychology Program. He died on March 5, 2018 at the age of 66.

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