The Atheist's Bible: The Most Dangerous Book That Never Existed
University of Chicago Press, 12 окт. 2012 г. - Всего страниц: 249
Like a lot of good stories, this one begins with a rumor: in 1239, Pope Gregory IX accused Frederick II, the Holy Roman Emperor, of heresy. Without disclosing evidence of any kind, Gregory announced that Frederick had written a supremely blasphemous book—De tribus impostoribus, or the Treatise of the Three Impostors—in which Frederick denounced Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad as impostors. Of course, Frederick denied the charge, and over the following centuries the story played out across Europe, with libertines, freethinkers, and other “strong minds” seeking a copy of the scandalous text. The fascination persisted until finally, in the eighteenth century, someone brought the purported work into actual existence—in not one but two versions, Latin and French. Although historians have debated the origins and influences of this nonexistent book, there has not been a comprehensive biography of the Treatise of the Three Impostors. In The Atheist’s Bible, the eminent historian Georges Minois tracks the course of the book from its origins in 1239 to its most salient episodes in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, introducing readers to the colorful individuals obsessed with possessing the legendary work—and the equally obsessive passion of those who wanted to punish people who sought it. Minois’s compelling account sheds much-needed light on the power of atheism, the threat of blasphemy, and the persistence of free thought during a time when the outspoken risked being burned at the stake.
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The Prehistory of the Three Impostors Up to the Thirteenth Century
Two The Hunt for the Author of a Mythical Treatise Fourteenth to Sixteenth Centuries
Three The European Elites and Religious Imposture Seventeenth Century
Four Debates on the Origin of Religions Second Half of the Seventeenth Century
Discovery or Invention of the Treatise? 16801721
The Contents of a Blasphemy
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accused Amsterdam antireligious Arpe atheist Averroes Bayle became believe Berti blasphemy Boulainvillier Celsus Charron Christ Christian Cited claimed copies Cymbalum deist Dictionnaire historique divine doctrine Dutch edition emperor English existence fables faith false founders François Frederick Frederick II freethinkers French German Greek Guillaume Postel Hague Henri heterodox historian Hobbes Hohendorf Holy Ibid idea impos Islam Italian Jean Jean Aymon Jesus Jewish Jews Johann John Toland L’Esprit de Spinoza Latin learned libertines Leibniz letter Levier libertines Mahomet manuscript Michael Scot miracles Monnoye Moses Muslim Naudé Numa Pompilius ofthe Oldenburg origin Paris philosopher Pierre des Vignes political pope Popkin Postel prophets Prosper Marchand published Qurān reason religion religious imposture revealed Rousset de Missy rumors scholar skepticism soul spirit theologian thesis three impostors Toland Traité des trois translation treatise tribus impostoribus trois imposteurs truth Vanini Vie et l’Esprit Voltaire writings wrote Zalmoxis