Swein Forkbeard's Invasions and the Danish Conquest of England, 991-1017
Boydell Press, 2003 - Всего страниц: 188
From the battle of Maldon in 991 during the reign of Æethelred (the Unready), England was invaded by Scandinavian armies of increasing size and ferocity. Swein Forkbeard, king of Denmark, played a significant part in these invasions, which culminated in the domination of England and the long reign of his son, Cnut. This analysis of the invasions demonstrates beyond doubt that Æthelred was no indolent and worthless king who bribed invading Vikings to go away: his relationship with the Scandinavian armies was more complex and more interesting than has been supposed. It is equally apparent that Swein was more than a marauding Viking adventurer: he was a sophisticated politician who laid the foundations for a great northern empire which was ruled by his descendents for many years after his death. New insight into this exciting period of English history is gained by focusing on the activities of Swein Forkbeard and, after his death in 1014, the Danish warlord Thorkell the Tall, both outstanding warriors and political leaders of what is sometimes called 'the Second Viking Age'. Many factors leading to the invasions and conquest are investigated through a critical analysis of the chronology of events, an explanation of the economic background, plotting the itineraries of the Scandinavian armies, and a fresh examination of the sources, including the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the Encomium, and John of Worcester's Chronicle. IAN HOWARD has a PhD from Manchester University and is a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. After a career in industry and commerce, he has returned to full-time research and has produced several papers covering a variety of aspects of early medieval history.
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Features explaining the invasions and conquest
Expenditure causing high taxation from 991
Swein Forkbeards first invasion
Swein Forkbeards second invasion
Ealdorman AElfhelms family connections
The invasion in 1006
Adam of Bremen AEthelred AEthelred's Anglo-Saxon Chronicle annal ASC C D E s.a. ASC CDE ASC ASCC ASCCD Es.a ASCD attack battle battle of Maldon campaign Campbell CDE ASC CDE Chapter chronology Cnut's coast conquest Danelaw Danes Danish Darlington and McGurk Ealdorman Ealdorman Eadric Earl East Anglia Eirik Hakonarson Emma Encomium enemy army enemy fleet English army evidence exemplar fyrde gaſol Harald Heimskringla heregeld horses Invasions of England Isle of Wight John of Worcester Jomsvikings Jónsson Keynes killed King Æthelred King Æthelred's King Cnut King Edmund king of Denmark King Swein leaders London Lund Maldon Normandy Northumbria Olaf Helgi Olaf Tryggvason Olaf’s period political probably provides raiding ravaged reference reign Sawyer Scandinavian army Scandinavian invaders ships skaldic verses Snorri sources St Olaf Swein Forkbeard Swein Forkbeard's Invasions Swein's death Thames Thietmar Thorkell the Tall Thorkell's treaty tribute Uhtred Ulfcytel Viking Wessex Whitelock