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eighty, yet he is in the full enjoyment of life and character strongly impressed upon him, and that all its best pleasures. He has several thousands this was one of the main sources of his strength. per annum, and I am sure he gives away fifteen His nationality was a font of inspiration. Mr. hundred in charity.

Rogers said nothing. Campbell then went on to Next morning Mr. Campbell called at the Tavis- censure the Scotch for their worship of the great. tock hotel, where he had kindly agreed to meet Even Scott was not exempt from the failing. I me, that we might go together to St. James' was once,” said he, “in company with Walter Place. On the way, I mentioned that I had been Scott, where there were many of us, all exceedreading Leigh Hunt's book about Lord Byron, ingly merry. He was delightful-we were charmed which I had purchased at a stall. “ There is a with him ; when suddenly a lord was announced. great deal of truth in it,” said he ; “but it is a The lord was so obscure, that I had never heard pity Hunt wrote it.” He thought Byron would of him, and cannot recollect his name. In a mohave been a better man if he had continued to live ment Scott's whole manner and bearing were in England : “ the open light of English society changed. He was no longer the easy, delightful, and English manners would have kept him more independent good fellow, but the timid, distant, generally right. We found at Mr. Rogers’ two respectful worshipper of the great man.

I was other guests—Major Burns, second son of the poet, astonished : and, after all, you might have made a and the Honorable Charles Murray. Neither of score of dukes and lords of Walter Scott, and these gentlemen had seen Campbell before, and scarcely missed what was taken away." Mr. they appeared highly gratified at the meeting. In Rogers said, if he had a son who wished to have a the conversation that passed, I shall of course only confidential friend, he would recommend him to glance at literary or public topics, not casual or choose a Scotsman. He would do so in the spirit hasty remarks. Captain Murray informed the poet of the old maxim, that man will be found the of the present state of Wyoming in Pennsylvania, best friend to another who is the best friend 10 which has lost, if it ever possessed, that romantic himself. A Scotsman will always look to himseclusion and primitive manners drawn so beauti- self as well as to his friend, and will do nothing fully by Campbell : it is now the scene of exten- to disgrace either. Thus, in his friend, my son sive iron and coal works. The conversation then would have a good example as well as a safe turned on Captain Murray's adventures among the adviser. American Indians. He was several months with- Mr. Campbell said he had, when a young man, out seeing a white man. He said he fully believed an interview with Charles James Fox, which gave the stories told in narratives of shipwrecks, of men him a very high idea of him as a man. It was too becoming wolfish and unnatural from excessive bad, he in Sir Walter Scott, even in those hunger. He was at one time nearly two days bad times, to write of Fox as he did in his political without food, though undergoing severe exercise song on Lord Melville's acquittal, Fox being at on horseback. At the close of the second day he the time on his death-bed. Mr. Rogers explained got a piece of raw buffalo flesh, which he devoured that Sir Walter had in that room expressed his greedily; and had it been a piece of human flesh, deep regret at the circumstance: he said he would he was almost convinced he could not have re- sooner have cut off his hand than written the lines frained from eating it. Major Burns instanced if he had known the state in which Fox then was. Byron's vivid description of the shipwreck in Don “ This,” added Rogers, “ Scott told me with tears Juan, which was founded on fact. '“ Yes,” said in his eyes.” I mentioned having seen some unCampbell, “ Byron read carefully for materials for published letters of Sir Walter, addressed to Lady his poems.” The manner in which Byron intro- Hood (now Mrs. Stewart Mackenzie of Seaforth,) duces the cannibalism of the famished seamen- in which he also expressed regret on account of their first dark hints on the subject of murdering his unlucky political song, for which he had been one of their number for food-is certainly a very blamed by Lady Hood and the then Marchioness powerful piece of painting. As the cant phrase is of Stafford. Git is like a sketch by Rembrandt.

The poets talked of Shakspeare. Rogers said The presence of Major Burns naturally led to playfully that Shakspeare's defects of style and remarks on his father's genius. Campbell got expression were so incorporated with his beauties, quite animated. He said Burns was the Shaks- and we were so blinded by admiration, that we did peare of Scotland—a lesser diamond, but still a not discover them. He instanced the construction genuine one. Tam O'Shanter was his master of the fine passagepiece, and he (Campbell) could still repeat it all by heart. It reminded him of a certain class of sculp- “ And the poor beetle that we tread upon, ture-the second or Alexandrian class-in which

sufferance feels a pang as great the figures were cast, not hewn or worked out by As when a giant dies.” patient labor. Tam O'Shanter appeared to have been produced in a similar manner, cast out of the “ The beetle feels nothing when a giant dies, but poet's glowing fancy, perfect at once. The actual of course the poet meant that it felt at its own circumstances attending the composition of Tam death a pang as great as a giant feels when he O‘Shanter are not unlike this, as may be seen from dies. Naturalists will not concede this; but I the interesting account given by Mr. Lockhart. speak only of the construction of the lines ; such As Johnson loved to gird at David Garrick, but slovenly and elliptical expression would not be would allow no one else to censure him, Campbell tolerated in an inferior poet."

6. We are all liked occasionally to have a hit at his countrymen, taught from youth to idolize Shakspeare,” said on the score of their alleged Pharisaical moderation Campbell. “Yes,” rejoined Rogers, and prudence. Burns, he maintained, had none brought up in the worship of Shakspeare, as some of the parkiness characteristic of his country—he foreigner remarked.” The sonnets of Shakspeare was the most unscotsmanlike Scotsman that ever were then adverted to, Mr. Rogers expressing a existed. Some of us demurred to this sally, and doubt of their genuineness, from their inferiority to attempted to show that Burns had the national the dramas. The quaint expression, and elabo



In cor


we are

rate, exaggerated style of these remarkable pro- good,” said Campbell, laughing, "I would place ductions would not, however, appear so singular his father (looking to Major Burns) above any of in the time of Elizabeth. Poets are generally them.” It was impossible not to think of Campmore formal and stiff in youth than in riper years, bell's own lines in his Ode to the Memory of and in the plays of Shakspeare we see the gradual Burns :formation of his taste and his acquisition of power. It is worthy of remark, however, as Mr. Camp- "O deem not 'midst this worldly strife bell mentioned, that the Venus and Adonis (a An idle art the poet brings ; truly fine Shakspearian poem) was written before Let high philosophy control, the sonnets, as the poet, in his dedication to Lord And sages calm the stream of life, Southampton, calls it " the first heir of his in- 'Tis he refines its fountain-spriogs, vention.'

The nobler passions of the soul.' · I took occasion to ask Campbell if it was true that Sir Walter Scott had got the whole of the The only instance of Mr. Rogers’ severity which Pleasures of Hope by heart after a few readings I noticed in the course of the forenoon, was a reof the manuscript one evening. "No," said he ; mark concerning a literary foreigner who had been “I had not met Scott when the Pleasures of Hope on a visit to London, and left an unfavorable imwas in manuscript ; but he got Lochiel's Warning pression on his English admirers. “He made by heart after reading it once, and hearing it read himself one evening,” said he, so disagreeable, another time : it was a wonderful instance of that I had a mind to be very severe. I intended to memory.' He corrected me for pronouncing have inquired in the tenderest tone how his wife “Lochiel” as a dissyllable. “It is Loch-ee-il,

was ?" The gentleman alluded to and his wife said he; “such is the pronunciation of the coun- had, it appears, separated a few days after their try; and the verse require it.” Rogers laughed marriage from incompatibility of temper. The heartily at the anecdote told by Moore, that Scott conversation now turned to the subject of marriage. had never seen Melrose by moonlight, notwith Mr. Rogers said he thought men had judged too standing his poetical injunction

harshly of Swift for his conduct towards Stella

and Vanessa. Swift might have the strongest “ If thou would'st view Melrose aright, affection for both, yet hesitate to enter upon marGo visit it by the pale moonlight," &c. riage with either. Marriage is an awful step (a

genuine old bachelor conclusion !) and Johnson “ He had seen other ruins by moonlight, and said truly, that to enter upon it required great knew the picturesqne effect, or he could very easily moral courage. “Upon my word,” said Campimagine it.” Major Burns said that Scott ad- bell, “in nine cases out of ten it looks like madmitted the same to him on the only occasion he ness. This led to some raillery and laughter, had ever met the great minstrel ; and Jonny and we shortly afterwards took our leave. CapBower, the sexton, confirmed the statement, add- tain Murray had been compelled to leave early, and ing, “He never got the key from me at night, we were thus deprived of his lively and varied conand if he had got in, he must have speeled the versation. Four hours had sped' away to my inwa's." Campbell was greatly amused at this. finite delight. The poets parted with many affec

Some observations were made on the English tionate words and congratulations, promising “oft style of Scotch authors. It was acknowledged by to meet again." I walked with Mr. Campbell to both the poets that Beattie wrote the purest and the Clarence Club, and on quitting him there, he most idiomatic English of any Scotch author, not said, “Be sure to go to Dulwich in the afternoon even excepting those who had been long resident and see the pictures : you can easily get there, in England. The exquisite style of Hume was and in the evening roll back to London in that warmly praised. “He was substantially honest chariot of fire, the railway train.' too,” said Campbell. “He was, from principle I did so, and also attempted to Boswellize our and constitution, a tory historian, but he makes morning's talk—my first and only attempt of the large and liberal admissions on the other side. kind. Let any one make a similar effort to recall When I find him conceding to his opponents, I and write down a four hours' conversation, and he feel a certainty in the main truth of his narrative. will rise with a higher idea of Boswell than he Now, Malcolm Laing is always carping at his ever previously entertained ! opponents, and appears often in the light of a I had afterwards frequent opportunities of meetspecial pleader." ** Hume has one sentence in ing the poet. He was seen to most advantage in his history, ," said Mr. Rogers, “which all authors the mornings, when a walk out of doors, in the should consider an excellent specimen of his sunshine, seldom failed to put him in spirits. He style ;” and the venerable poet, with great alacrity, had a strong wish to “make a book” on Greek went up to the library, and brought down a volume literature, taking his lectures in the New Monthly of Hume. He opened it at the account of the Magazine for his groundwork. Sometimes I found reign of James I., and read aloud with a smile of him poring over Clarke's Homer, or a copy of satisfaction—“Such a superiority do the pursuits Euripides, on which occasions he would lay down of literature possess above every other occupation, the volume, take off his spectacles, and say, with that even he who attains but a mediocrity in them, pride, “I was at this by seven o'clock in the mornmerits the preëminence above those that excel the ing." Early rising was a favorite theme with most in the common and vulgar professions.” him, though latterly he was, like Thomson, more “ Dr. Chalmers," continued Mr. Rogers,

went eager

to inculcate than to adopt the practice. farther than this. In one of his sermons here," Gertrude of Wyoming" was a daylight producwhich all the world went to hear, he remarked, tion, written during his residence at Sydenham, when speaking of the Christian character, that it near London-his first home after marriage, and was above that of the warrior, the statesman, the the scene of his brightest and happiest days. Mr philosopher, and even the poet-thus placing you, Campbell spoke with animation one morning of a Campbell, above the Duke of Wellington. Very breakfast he had just had at Mr. Hallam’s. “ It


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was the breakfast of the poets," said he, "for Among the literary opinions of Mr. Campbell, Moore, Rogers, Wordsworth, and Mr. Milman was one which he was fond of maintaining-the were there. We had a delightful talk.” Camp. superiority of Smollett as a novelist, compared bell had very little regard for the “ Lake Poets," with Fielding. This is mentioned in the Life of as they were called, but he held Wordsworth to Crabbe ; and I asked in what points he considered be greatly superior to the others. He admired the superiority to consist? “ In the vigor and Coleridge's criticism, but maintained that he got rapidity of his narrative," he said, " no less than some of his best ideas from Schlegel. “ He was in the humor of his incidents and characters. He such an inveterate dreamer,” said he, “that I had more imagination and pathos. Fielding has dare say he did not know whether his ideas were no scene like that in the robber's hut in Count original or borrowed.” Yet Campbell used to Fathom : he had no poetry, and lille tenderness ridicule most of the charges brought against in his nature." Yet the real life and knowledge authors of direct plagiarism. One day the late of human nature evinced by Fielding, his wit, John Mayne, the Scottish poet, accused him of and the unrivalled construction of his plots, seem appropriating a line from an old ballad— to place him above his great associate in English “ Adown the glen rode armed men."

fiction. Neither was remarkable for delicacy ;

but Smollett was incomparably the coarser of the “Pooh,” said he," the old ballad-writer had it first two. Certainly, like good wines, Fielding im-that was all." Two well-known images in the proves with age, and the racy flavor of his scenes Pleasures of Hope are taken, it will be recollected, and characters has a mellow ripeness that never one from Blair's Grave, and the other from Sterne. cloys on the taste. Mr. Campbell, as already A poet, in the hour of composition, waiting for the hinted, had a roving adventurous fancy, that loved right word, or the closing image, he once compared a quick succession of scenes and changes, and this to a gardener or florist waiting for the summer predilection might have swayed him in favor of shower that was to put all his flower-beds into Smollett. Some things Smollett may have done life and beauty. In his own moments of inspira- better than Fielding, but not entire novels. tion, however, Campbell was no such calm ex- After an interval of two years, I again met Mr. pectant. He used io be much excited-walking Campbell in London. He was then much changed about-and even throwing himself down. In the -feeble and delicate in health, but at times rallyisland of Mull, where he first felt the force of his ing wonderfully. I have a very vivid recollection rapidly-awakening powers, his friends, at such of a pleasant day spent with him at Dr. Beattie's times, used to think him crazed. But to return cottage at Hampstead. We walked over the to our memoranda. Moore, according to Camp- heath, moralizing on the great city looming in the bell, had the most sparkling and brilliant fancy of distance, begirt with villasany modern poet. " He is a most wonderful creature-a fire-fly from heaven-yet, as Lady

Like a swarth Indian with his belt of beads. Holland said, what a pity we cannot make him bigger!” Scott, he said, had wonderful art in

At Beattie's he was quite at home. The kind extracting and treasuring up old legends and char- physician knew him well, and had great influence acteristic traits of character and manners.

“ In

over him. Mr. Campbell at this time resided at his poems there is a great deal about the highlands, housekeeper

, and to this lady he left the whole of

Pimlico. A young Scottish niece acted as his yet he made only passing visits to the country; his little property. After his Lord of the Isles came out, a friend said

His letters from Boulogne were few and short, to me, Where can Walter Scott have got all those stories about the West Highlands? I was

mostly complaining of the cold weather. In a six weeks there, making inquiries, yet heard no

note dated 17th November, 1843, we find him rething of them. It is his peculiar talent-his marking"The climate here is naturally severer genius,' I replied; for I was nearly six years Jove treats more mildly!' I suppose the cold of

than in England. Joy to you in Scotland, whom ihere, and knew nothing of them either. Crabbe the north has been ordered to march all to the was a pear of a different tree. What work he would have made among the Highland bothies ! south, and that it is to be long billeted upon us !" His misa severior would have shown them up: the promotion of his niece's education. Mr. Ham,

One cause of the poet's residence in Boulogne was No romance—no legends—but appalling scenes of sordid misery and suffering. Crabbe was an and attentive ; but though Campbell now and then

ilton, the English consul was, as usual, kind amazingly shrewd man, yet mild and quiet in his looked in upon a ball-room or festive party, he manners. One day at Holland-house they were all lauding his simplicity-how gentle he is! how seldom stayed longer than an hour. Dr. Beattie simple! I was tempted to exclaim, “Yes, sim- generously went to succor him in his last illness, plicity that could buy and sell the whole of you!” for the sick read to him by the Protestant clergy

and the poet had the Church of England service The early struggles and ill-requited literary drudgery which Campbell had to submit to for

man of Boulogne. He died calmly and resignedly years, gave a tinge of severity to some of his! -his energies completely exhausted. He used to opinions and judgnients both of men and things. say he was of a long-lived race. Sixty-seven, These splenetic ebullitions, however, never inter: however, is no very prolonged span of life ; yet his fered with his practical charity and kindness. He two favorite poets, whom he resembled in genius, loved to do good, and he held fast by old friends died much earlier. Gray, at the period of his and old opinions. Like Burns, he worshipped five. ' Campbell's magnificent funeral in West

death, was fifty-five, and Goldsmith only forty“ firm resolve,”

minster Abbey is matter of history: Requiescat in That stalk of carl-hemp in man.






ing of his design. It is generally known that at

present the artist draws in pencil his design on Speaking of this new wonder, Chambers' Jour- the box-wood, and that the engraver, with sharp nal says :-In contemplating the effect of these instruments, cuts away all the white parts or in astonishing inventions, it is impossible to foresee terstices, so as to cause the objects previously their results upon the ordinary transactions of figured to stand in relief, that they only may relife. If any deed, negotiable security, or other ceive the ink passed over them in printing. 'Unlegal instrument, can be so imitated that the fortunately, many wood-engravers, from want of writer of, and subscriber to it, cannot distinguish skill in drawing, do not render the intentions of his own handwriting from that which is forged, the designer with fidelity. Now, however, all new legislative enactments must be made, and the draughtsman will have to do will be to make new modes of representing money, and securing his drawing on paper, and that, line for line, will property by documentary record, must be resorted be transferred to the zinc, and produce, when

A paper currency and copyhold securities printed, exactly the same effect as his original will be utterly useless, because they will no draught. A pen is recommended for this purpose, longer fulfil the objects for which they, and in- which may be used “ on any paper free from struments of a like nature, are employed. Again, hairs or filaments, and well sized. The requisite the law of copyright as respects literary property ink is a preparation made for the purpose, and will have to be thoroughly revised. Let us, for may be mixed to any degree of thickness in pure an instant, view the case in reference to “The distilled water, and should be used fresh and Times” newspaper. Suppose an early copy of slightly warm when fine effect is to be given. In that powerful journal to be some morning pro- making or copying a design, pencil may be used, cured, and anastatyped in a quarter of an hour. but the marks must be left on the paper, and by The pirated pages may be subjected to printing no means rubbed with India-rubber or bread. The machinery, and worked off at the rate of 4000 paper should be kept quite clean, and free from copies in each succeeding hour, and sold to the rubbing, and should not be touched by the finpublic, to the ruinous injury of the proprietors. gers, inasmuch as it will retain marks of very The government newspaper stamp would be no slight touches." A drawing thus produced can protection, for of coarse that could be imitated as be readily transferred to the zinc in the manner unerringly as the rest. This too, is an extreme above described for typography. case against the imitators; for a newspaper would Two pages of the Art-Union are printed upon have to be done in a great hurry. Books, maps, the new plan. Besides the letterpress, from prints, and music, could be pirated wholesale, and which we derive our present information, are at leisure,

five printed drawings and an illuminated letter. Let us not be understood to apply any of these “ The letterpress,” says the editor," was first set remarks to the inventors, as presuming for an in- in type by the ordinary printer of the Art-Union, stant, or by the remotest hint or inference, that leaving spaces for the drawn or engraved illustrathey would be guilty of unworthy conduct. We tions, which having been set into their respective merely state what is, we fear, inevitable when places on a proof of the letterpress, the whole their inventions become public property, which, was cast on to a zinc plate, and so printed off.” according to our information, from their extreine Neither is it to printing of recent date only that simplicity, is likely very soon to be the case. the invention is applicable ; transfers from books

The new process produces all the effects of a century old have already been made. 6 Rare stereotyping, with the advantage of taking the editions" and " Unique copies” will in a few duplicate from a printed impression, instead of years vanish from the counter of the book-sale and from the metal types themselves. So far, how- the shelves of the bibliomaniac. Now it is ascerever, as we can ascertain, one disadvantage at tained how exactly they may be counterfeited, not taches to the new process, which is, that in work even Doctor Dibđin himself will be able to vening off impressions from the zinc plates, a kind of ture to pronounce upon a “ genuine black-letpress must be used different from that employed ter.” for types--one partaking somewhat of the nature of a lithographic press. Till, therefore, the in

From the Jewish Expositor. ventors proceed with their improvements so far as to cause the acid to corrode the interstices of the

JUDÆA CAPTA. letters sufficiently deep into the plate, as to make Dark is the flow of Siloe's stream, them stand relief of equal height with types, we And Zion's walls are low; do not anticipate that, as a substitute for stereo

Deserted Judah's cities seem typing, it will be so extensively used as they an

To mourn their children's woe. ticipate. It may also be remarked that the economy of this invention will chiefly be seen in works Yet mourn not Judah, for the Lord of limited sale. In such as the present, the typo- Will yet his arm extend, graphical arrangements sink into a bagatelle be- Help to his suffering sons afford, side the enormous outlay for paper, an abolition And Jacob's ills shall end. of the duty on which would be of more use to such works than an invention doing away with From glowing realms of eastern light, every other expense whatsoever.

From evening's softer skies, In another department of relief printing, there From where the Seven that rule the night, is no question that the anastatic process will In cold conjunction rise. cause a complete revolution, and that very speedily; namely, in illustrative and ornamental print- From thern climes, where'er tney be, ing. Wood-engraving will be entirely super

Where'er thy sons may roam, seded, for no intermediate process will now be A remnant yet their Lord shall see, necessary between the draughtsman and the print- And find their promised home.






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to a fall in the price, which does not leave a suffi-

From the tone of an article in the Times, there cient margin for the profit of the importer, or

seems to have been some fear of a revulsion in the indeed secure him from ruinous loss such as no

prosperity of England ; but we hope that it was referred to consists in the facility with which, in

prudent merchant would risk. The second point

not well founded. The immense increase in the piece-goods and in other important articles of

consumption of iron-for ships and houses, as well commerce, the Americans can undersell us: in

as for railroads, and upon the Continent as well as lead they have nearly driven the English out of

in Great Britain-sufficiently accounts for the ad- the market; in cotton goods and domestics,'

vance of price, and the increase of business in that the English manufacturer. Trade is at present,

they sell at a rate which will scarcely remunerate

branch of trade. · Our American iron masters will and has hitherto been, heavy in everything but

probably partake of this prosperity.

opium.” The tea-trade has opened inauspicious-

The Times has now its "own correspondent” | ly. It has been the custom at Canton for the first

regularly established at the town of Victoria in sales of each season to regulate prices : while the

Hong-kong; and that writer makes some very in- merchants were a limited body, they settled prices

teresting but by no means encouraging remarks on deliberately ; under the new order of things,

the state and prospects of trade. It is to be feared, brokers have risen up, with no interest beyond

he says, that much delusion has existed in Eng- their commission ; they have not scrupled to pur-

land on the subject. “Although, ultimately, a chase teas at any price; prices have therefore

new market may be found for English inanufac- begun at a high rate, sales have been checked,

iures by the opening of additional ports, and the some of the finest qualities alone having been

removal of many restrictions and charges, yet, in sold, and the great mass of the tea left in the

fact, China had previously, through Canton, taken hands of the native merchants, to their great dis-

all our goods for which there was any demand. gust. “ They cannot, or will not, understand the

Before we can hope for any important increase of new order of things, and the necessity for depart-

that demand, there must be time to create among ing from the custom which insisted that the upset

the Chinese a greater desire for our manufactures price of the first sales should regulate the remain-

-a new order of wants ; and until this is effected, der. The tea-men at Canton have lately issued a

this prudent people, who have but little superflu- truly amusing remonstrance on this subject, ad-

ous io dispose of, will hardly expend that little dressed to the foreign merchants—How could

lipon goods which they neither appreciate nor ad- we know,' exclaims the Wooe merchant of the

mire, simply because they are offered for sale at central flowery land, 'that all you honorable mer-

five ports on the coast instead of one."

chants should change your former way, and be-

be well for our mercantile community at home to come crafty, capricious, merely choosing a few

pause before they take it for granted that there teas of chops of the most superior Woo-ning teas,

are 300,000,000 people all ready to receive what and furthwith desisting, (from purchasing,) caus-

we are ready to part with. Let them add two ing people to feel the snost anxious and painful

other considerations,-first, to introduce new goods, suspense—the misery of those who look to the

our merchants must be prepared to take more

corner of the wall and sigh after painted prunes ?'

Chinese products in barter ; for, if the Chinese However unpalatable the task, the Chinese tea-

enter into a cash trade for opium, we may be as- men, we apprehend, will have to learn that the

sured they will do so for no other product.' China old custom must be changed, and that much

is most unfortunately deficient in exports ; and the greater reductions than have ever entered into

only obvious means, therefore, of suddenly en- their calculations must be made before they can

larging the market, is to take more tea; and sell this year's products. The large stock which

towards this consummation, however devoutly de- was received in England last year, to make way

sired, the first step must be a reduction of the for the exchange of our goods on an increased

duly on tea at home from 220 per cent., the present scale, has led to a proportionate diminution of the

rate, to something like cent per cent., or Is. per prices of tea at home; and at the present rate of

pound instead of 2s. 21d. Otherwise, increased prices at Canton, no one can purchase without

imports of tea beyond the consumption only lead almost certainty of loss."



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