Production Ecology of Ants and Termites
Social insects are amongst the most successful species. This study concentrates on the production ecology of ants and termites. Ants and termites are highly socialised and their groupings in their most developed form enable them to function as large organisms comparable with the larger mammals in their influence in ecosystems. In spite of their social mode of life, quantitative investigations are not easy and this volume emphasises the importance of developing reliable techniques. The account deals critically with production, food and feeding habits, respiration and energy flow, nutrient dynamics and the role of ants and termites in ecosystems. The body of information is not only an invaluable summary and synthesis of work already done, but presents a concise statement of what now needs to be done and what means should be employed. The volume is for social insect ecologists and entomologists and for all who teach ecology, because it contains valuable data and ideas for the general ecologist.
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Datos empíricos y parámetros demográficos
Production by ants and termites
Food and feeding habits of termites
Food and feeding habits of ants
Respiration and energy flow
Nutrient dynamics of termites
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acid activity alates ants and termites Atta attines Becker biomass Brian Camponotus carbohydrate carbon dioxide castes cellulose colony consumed Coptotermes Cubitermes density diet digestion dry weight ecosystems eggs enzymes estimated exitiosus faeces feeding foraging Formica polyctena Formica rufa fresh weight fungi fungus fungus combs g per m2 galleries gland grass groups habitat Hebrant hectare hindgut hour individuals Insectes sociaux Jensen & Nielsen Josens kJ per m2 laboratory larvae Lasius Lasius alienus Lee & Wood lignin lipid Macrotermes Macrotermitinae measurements metabolic method midgut mounds Myrmica laevinodis Myrmica rubra myrmicine Nasutitermes nest nitrogen Noirot nutrients nymphs observed Odontotermes organic matter oxygen consumption plant material Pogonomyrmex population predation production protein queens reproductives respiration respiratory rate Reticulitermes rufa samples savannah season sexuals social insects societies species studies substrate subterranean symbiotic Table temperature termites Termitidae Tetramorium caespitum tissues Trinervitermes geminatus unpublished workers Zootermopsis