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This necessity, however, has been superseded by the establishment of the responsible and bonded office of State Printer, who is in every particular responsible for the safe return of all bills entrusted to his charge for printing.
We take occasion, in this connection, to remark that the very.argument used by Mr. Luttrell, in favor of creating the office of State Printer, was, that it would do away with the office of Copying Clerk in both branches of the Legislature, and thereby work a saving to the State of an immense sum..
We have conferred with the State Printer upon this subject, who expresses the opinion that, with few exceptions, all bills could be as readily printed from the originals as from the copies.
And we express the opinion, that the skilled compositor, at his cases, is better qualified to decipher the bad chirography of hastily written bills than the ordinary unpracticed copying clerk. Again, under the present system, a bill is introduced into the Assembly, and from there it passes into the hands of the Copying Clerks, where they usually remain from two days to one week, before being transmitted to the printer, and delivered into the hands of the committee to which they may be referred.
Such delay is unnecessary and pernicious, and in many instances bills have passed the Assembly, and, so far as we are concerned, become a law before the printed copies were placed upon the desks of the members. The evil of this course is apparent, and needs no
On the other hand, were the original bills delivered to the State Printer, upon their introduction into the Assembly, in the space of from twenty-four to thirty-six hours, the originals would be placed in the hands of the committees, and the printed copies upon the desks of members, for their consideration.
Your committee further report that they have examined into the amount of work performed by the Copying Clerks up to this date, and find as follows:
Fifth-Your Committee on Additional Employés, to whom was referred a resolution asking for three additional clerks in the engrossment office, in reporting the same back, represent that on the first day of February there were one thousand folios awaiting engrossment in that office. On this, the second day of February, we your committee find six hundred and twenty folios, under a very liberal count, awaiting engrossment in that office, showing that the present help in that office had engrossed about four hundred folios in the period of one day, and this calculation is based upon the supposition that no bills were transmitted to that office for engrossment during the interim. We therefore submit that no additional help is at present necessary in that office. Your committee, however, venture the following opinion and suggestion:
The history of previous Legislatures shows that many important measures to the State have been entirely defeated during the last days of their sessions, by a failure to get their bills engrossed in time for final action. That the dexterous enemies of important measures have intercepted and delayed them in the engrossing office, until time had worked a defeat to the will of the Legislature and the people; and while we are far from predicting that such circumstances will attend the last days of our session, we believe, as another has said, “that it is not the province of a Legislature to make laws against what will be done, but against what has been done, and what can be done." Your committee has found it to be next to an impossibility to ascertain the exact number of folios engrossed by these clerks up to this date. We, therefore, are unable to submit herewith the cost per folio of the work done. We feel safe, however, in saying that it has been great, and far in excess of the expenditure necessary. We avow these conclusions from a few simple facts, viz: That these clerks have worked six days in the week from two to six hours per day. That ordinarily but two clerks have actually been employed in engrossing the bills, and making a rational estimate of the amount of labor performed in this time, we conclude that the sum of thirty cents at least per folio has been paid for all bills engrossed. Again, your committee finds that the amount of labor in this office fluctuates from day to day, and the number of clerks necessary to the prompt performance of the duties on one occasion is entirely unnecessary upon other occasions. While your committee holds that all bills should be promptly engrossed, when so ordered by the Assembly, it also holds that the amount of compensation should be regulated by the amount of service performed. We, therefore, recommend that no
per diem be allowed the assistant Engrossing Clerks, but that a fixed sum be allowed per folio for all bills engrossed, and that the chief Engrossing Clerk be allowed to employ as many clerks as may be necessary to the prompt performance of his duty, and that no bill be delayed in that office for a period to exceed three days, except by special order of the Assembly.
We believe, further, that the adoption of the course herein indicated would result in bringing up the merit of all bills upon their engrossment, instead of the usual course upon their
which would have the effect to very materially lessen the amount of service required in that office, for it is evident that many bills which are now defeated upon their passage would be discussed upon their
Number of folios, of one hundred words, copied during the
term, under a liberal count. Per diem of Copying Clerks, to Saturday, February 5th. Per diem of the present Copying Clerks for the remainder
of the term.
And, in this estimate; we have not taken into consideration the immense cost of lights, fuel, and stationery, drawn by these clerks from the office of Secretary of State.
We, therefore, submit that the office of Copying Clerk is an impedit ment to our legislation, and a leech upon the treasury of the State, and accordingly recommend that this office be abolished.
And in concluding this subject, we would say, that the Copying Clerks have kept no record of the bills intrusted to their care and custody; and in the event of the loss of any bill, however important it would be impossible to trace the default to any particular
individ ual, of the six persons now employed in that office. We, therefore recommend, whatever action the Assembly may take upon the general proposition, that this informal procedure be at once corrected.
engrossment, thereby doing away with the necessity of engrossing the
Sixth-Your committee find that the Enrolling Clerk, with one assistant, has so far been able to perform the duties of his office. That owing to the great care and precision necessary in the enrollment of bills, we suggest no change in that office. Your committee is impressed with the belief that, as the session progresses, it will be necessary to increase the number of assistants in this office.
Your committee are now preparing, and will at an early day introduce, a bill embody ingsubstantially
the views hereinbefore set forth. Your committee have been unable to investigate into the standing of the various committee clerks, and ask further time to report thereon.
G. F. HARRIS,
ASSEMBLY CHAMBER, February 7th, 1876. Mr. SPEAKER: Your Special Committee on Contingent Expenses beg leave to make this further report:
First-That our former report, as well as this now submitted, has been based upon the books of the Controller of State, which make an exhibit on the last Saturday of each month of the respective sessions. In accordance with the views and wishes expressed by some members of the Assembly, and in order that complete justice may be done, we make the following comparison of the two months of December and January for the twentieth and twenty-first sessions: Contingent expenses, twentieth session, from December 1st to January 31st, sixty-two days.-
$7,574 52 Average per day
122 17 Contingent expenses, twenty-first session, December 6th to January 29th, fifty-five days.
$6,882 69 Average per day
It will be remembered that the expense of the traveling committees of the twenty-first session is not included in the above estimate for that session, but that such expense is included in the estimate for the twentieth session.
We will not venture an estimate upon this outstanding committee expense in this report, but will hereafter make recommendations in that regard.
Second-Your committee desire to say further, upon the office of Engrossing Clerk, that the expenses of that particular office have exceeded those for the same office of a former term only in a small amount, during the time for which we have reported. And we further submit that if the comparison was extended from the time of our former report, up to the present date, the excess, if any, would be reversed.
We, however, submit that the expenditures in that office have always been more extravagant than necessary, and believe that the course indicated in our former, report, and partially adopted by resolution of February third, would very materially reduce the expenses of that office.
Third-Your committee do not desire to appear to attack any of the occupants of the several offices of which we report, but are directing our inquiries to the office itself, and the system of its control; and, hoping that we may be so understood, we proceed to inquire into the office of Chaplain.
Upon this subject, your committee believes that the perpetuation of our republican institutions depends as much upon the complete and entire segregation of church and Státe as upon any other one cardinal doctrine incorporated into our Constitution. And we believe, moreover, that any seeming union of the two, or apparent recognition of the church by the State, is an infraction of this vital principle of our Government. That it is a step tending in a direction which, if pursued, would inevitably result in the overthrow of our republican institutions. While the chaplaincy in itself may work no evil, it is the first step, to which the second may easily be added.
And while we recognize the venerable custom of opening the daily sessions of legislative bodies with religious exercises to be one of long standing, and of laudable purpose, yet we fail to appreciate the fitness of choosing a Chaplain from the diversified religions and religious sects of this country to perform those duties, as an ecclesiastical officer of this body and of this State; but, on the contrary, believe it to be inconsistent with the spirit and theory of our Constitutions, both State and national.
Your committee, therefore, finds that this office is one unwarranted by law; that it is unnecessary to the performance of any
of our legislative duties, and that it is therefore not a proper charge. upon the treasury of our State, in which dissenters as well as believers are equally interested.
Your committee, therefore, in support of principle and in behalf of economy, recommend that this office be abolished.
SAN FRANCISCO LYING-IN HOSPITAL AND FOUNDLING ASYLUM,
LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA.
Upon this subject we have not extended our inquiry sufficiently far to enable us to make a specific report; but recommend such action be had by this House as shall require all committees which have not immediate and continuing need of a clerk to dismiss the
In order that your committee may be enabled to make a com plete and accurate report of the contingent expenses of this House we recommend that such action be taken by the Assembly as to require all traveling committees to report for allowance the amount due them. Your committee will introduce a resolution at an early day, designed to accomplish this end.
Your committee ask time for further report.
G. F. HARRIS.
To the Honorable the Senate and Assembly of the Legislature of the State
Your petitioners, Trustees of the San Francisco Lying-in Hospital and Foundling Asylum, with other citizens, most respectfully submit the following propositions, and ask the following amount of aid from the State. Said institution is engaged in the beneficent work of providing for foundlings, and saving the victims of misplaced confidence and love from becoming outcasts of society, and enabling them to become good and useful women, and to save from death their off: spring. We believe the following propositions can be established:
First-That'as a large number of respectable girls, through mis. guided love, are seduced on this coast annually, as there are men and women who become inmates of the State Insane Asyluin.
Second-That as large a number of these unfortunate girls can be saved to society, and will become good women, provided said institution can have sufficient aid to carry out its benevolent designs, as the numbers restored to their reason by treatment at the Insane Asylum, and will prove quite as useful in promoting the progress and devel opment of the State:
Third-That depraved women and the abuse of alcoholic stimulants are by far the largest elements that operate to demoralize society; that prostitution, with its accompanying evils, is increasing at a fearful rate; that every girl saved from prostitution is a saving to the State of thousands of dollars; that the cost to the State caused by the depraved class mentioned is beyond calculation; that a majority of those who follow lives of prostitution are victims of seduction; that if the laws now upon our statute books for the punishment of abortion, foeticide, infanticide, and homicide, were as effectually, administered as the laws, for murder, arson, highway robbery, theft, and minor crimes, prison accommodation, would have to be doubled.
The correctness of the above proposition would be more apparent if the authorities of the State would cause to be made an, investigation such as the Governors, of the New York Alushouse instituted, assisted by the then Mayor, Fernando Wood, in the years eighteen hundred and fifty-six, and eighteen hundred and fifty seven, from whose report it appears that then there were upwards of six thousand prostitutes in the single City of New York, without including women
who fill the position of kept-mistresses, or those who occasionally visit houses of assignation. (See Sanger's Report.). Of the rapid increase of this degraded class, no adequate idea can be formed without consulting statistics. But Professor Elliott, in a paper read by him before the New York Historical Society, only eleven years later than the report above referred to, says that the City of New York contained twenty-five thousand public prostitutes. Doctor Sanger's work contains estimates, based on statistics, of the immense cost-in every department of State and municipal governments, that prostitution causes, and fully corroborates the foregoing statement.
Fourth-That with ample means at the disposal of the institution, a greater number of girls will be saved from entering the ranks of prostitution than will be reformed from the ranks of Magdalen asyIums and all religious organizations combined.
Fifth-That of those already aided by the institution, not over five per cent. of them have gone into prostitution; that many of them are gracing comfortable homes, having given birth to legitimate children, while others of them give equal promise.
Sixth-That it is sound State policy, and more legitimate, to appropriate funds to aid in preventing crime, promoting virtue, morality, and good citizenship, than it is not to do so, trusting to punishments, alone, thereby causing increased appropriations for prisons, hospi: tals, police, judicial, and all other paraphernalia requisite to control the vicious. The maxim that State aid should not be given to insti tutions which are not wholly under the direction of State officials is to an extent, true, but, like all general rules, has its exceptions.
Asylums for the insane, deaf, dumb, and blind, and for other unfortunate classes, would, in all probability, not now have been in existence had not enlightened and philanthropic individuals first organized and nursed them into maturity, aided by State and munici pal authorities.
With our changeable political condition and mode of making appointments, it would probably have been impossible (if they had been originated by the State) for these institutions to now exist in anything like their present efficiency and usefulness. We beg to refer your honorable bodies to a copy of our report, made to the Legisla. ture, which is hereto annexed, as an earnest of what we expect to do if we receive requisite aid. We therefore most respectfully submi the foregoing considerations, and ask your honorable bodies to appro priate twelve thousand dollars ($12,000) for the fiscal years twent. eighth and twenty-ninth, viz: Five hundred dollars per month fo our current monthly expenses. The amount appropriated by the Legislature of eighteen hundred and seventy-three-four is abon exhausted, leaving us with an empty treasury for the three las months of the twenty-seventh fiscal year.
Our expenses average about seven hundred and fifty dollars month, consequently we shall be two thousand two hundred and fift dollars in debt. In addition to this sum, we need seven hundre and fifty dollars to finish furnishing the premises last added, whi aggregate three thousand dollars." We therefore ask your honorat bodies to appropriate this amount as a bill of relief.
The undersigned Board of Trustees of the San Francisco Lying-in Hospital and Foundling Asylum beg leave to present the following report, showing the receipts and expenditures of the institution for and during the years eighteen hundred and seventy-four and eighteen hundred and seventy-five, together with the number of those who have been recipients of its charities :
Receipts for 1874-5.
All of which is most respectfully submitted.