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eye was good, and he attained to such profi-| Daru (the father) procured for Beyle the ciency with the pistol as to be able once, when place of intendent of the domains of the Emanxious to display his skill, to bring down a peror in Brunswick, which he held two years, bird upon the wing at forty yards distance. profiting by his residence in the Duchy to The reputation thus acquired (perhaps by a study the German language and philosophy. happy accident) was far from useless for a Here, again, he gave signal proof of both man of his character, who was then daily moral and physical courage. He put down liable to be called to account for the indis- an insurrection in a town, the garrison of creet indulgence of his peculiar humor. To- which had just quitted it, by the bold expediwards the conclusion of his career he writes : ent of arming the ingalid soldiers left behind “I ought to have been killed a dozen times in a hospital, and suddenly leading them for epigrams or mots piquants that cannot be against the crowd. An instance of his enforgotten ; and yet I have received only three ergy as an administrator is thus related by M. wounds, – two of which are of little conse- Merimée : quence, those in the hand and the left foot.” According to his wonted mode of showing One of his inaxims was, to catch at the first himself worse than he was, he affected to despise occasion for a duel on entering life ; and the enthusiasm that made the men of his epoch

do such great things. We had the sacred fire,' his receipt for a first duel, which he pro- he observed,' and I among the rest, though unnounced infallible, runs thus: “Whilst your worthy. I had been sent to Brunswick, to levy adversary is taking his aim, look at a tree, an extraordinary contribution of five millions. and begin counting the leaves. One pre-oc- being torn in pieces by the populace, who were

I raised seven millions, and I narrowly escaped cupation will distract from another of a graver exasperated at the excess of my zeal. The Emkind. Whilst taking aim yourself, recite two peror inquired the name of the auditor who had Latin verses ; this will prevent you from fir- so acted, and suid “C'est bien." "" ing too quickly, and neutralize that five per It would have been difficult to discover cent. of emotion which has sent so many another auditor similarly circumstanced, who balls twenty feet above the mark.”

would have refrained from putting into his About this time (1803), Beyle formed the own pocket one, at least, of the two extra curious project of writing a comedy, in one millions ; and it is far from clear that the act and in prose, to confute the critical can- Emperor would have trusted or respected him ons of the celebrated Geoffroy. It was to be less on that account, so long as the imperial called “Quelle Horreur! Ou l'ami du des- demands were fully answered. Napoleon potisme pervertisseur de l'opinion publique.” commonly knew to a fraction the amount of He worked at it, from time to time, for ten or the illicit gains of his functionaries, as the twelve years; and then definitively abandoned famous contractor Ouvrard discovered to his it. In 1805 he renewed the experiment of cost. This man was once foolish enough to domestic life at Grenoble, which this time bet that Mademoiselle Georges would sup was curiously and characteristically inter- with him instead of keeping her known enrupted. He fell in love with an actress ; gagement to sup, on a specified night, at the and, on her leaving Grenoble on a professional Tuileries. Ile overcame her scruples by a engagement for Marseilles, he pretended a bribe of 200,000 francs, and won his wager. sudden inclination for commerce, and became the day following, he was ordered to attend clerk to a Marseilles firm of dealers in colo- the Emperor, and was thus quietly addressed : nial produce, with whom he remained a year, “M. Ouvrard, you have gained five millions when the lady married a rich Russian mag- by your contracts for the supply of the army pate, and Beyle returned to Paris. Having in Spain : you will pay two into the imperial contracted a fixed taste for intellectual pur- treasury without delay.” This state of things suits, he was with difficulty persuaded by and tone of feeling must be kept in mind in his friends, the Darus, to attach himself appreciating a man like Beyle, who, after once more to their fortunes.

He complied, dealing with millions in times of commotion however, and rejoined them in Germany, and confusion, died in exile because he could where he was present, as a non-combatant, never muster capital enough to secure an at the battle of Jena, and witnessed the tri- annuity of £160 a year. umphant entry of Napoleon into Berlin in In his capacity of auditor he was attached 1806. A few days after this event, Count to the grand army during the invasion of

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Russia, and had his full share of the glories, (self out for office under the restored monarchy,
dangers, and privations of the retreat. He although a fair opening was managed for him
was among the few, says M. Merimée, who, by bis friends.
on this trying occasion, never forfeited the In August, 1814, he left Paris for Milan,
respect of others.

One day, not far from the where he resided till 1821, with the exception
Beresina, Beyle presented himself, shaved and of visits to Paris and London in 1817. At
carefully dressed, before his chief. “You Milan be enjoyed in perfection the precise
have shaved as usual, I see," observed M. kind of life which suited him. The opera

you are a brave man (un homme de was a never-failing source of enjoyment; and
cour).” In a letter from Moscow he has there was no department of the fine arts from
given one of the most graphic and picturesque which he could not draw both instruction
accounts we are acquainted with of the fire. and amusement at will. The cosmopolite
It concludes thus :

character of his taste may be inferred from
"We left the city lighted up by the finest the manner in which he speaks in a letter,
conflagration in the world, forming an immense dated October, 1818, of Vigano, the composer
pyramid, which, like the prayers of the faithful, of ballets :
had its base on earth and its summit in heaven.
The moon appeared above this atmosphere of

• Every man who has an immense success in
dame and smoke. It was an imposing spectacle, his own country is remarkable in the eyes of a
but one ought to have been alone, or surrounded philosopher. Vigano, I repeat, has had this
by men of mind, to enjoy it. That which has success. For example, 4000 francs a year has
spoilt the Russian campaign for me, is to have been usually paid to the composers of ballets; he
made it with people who would have common- has 44,000 for 1819. A Parisian will exclaim,
placed the Coliseum and the Bay of Naples.”

Fi, l'horreur! He may speak in good faith;

only I shall add aside, so much the worse for Ile said he had not suffered so very much him. If Vigano discovers the art of writing from hunger during the retreat, but found it gestures and groups, I maintain that, in 1860, impossible to recall to memory how he had Therefore, I have a right to call him a great

he will be more spoken of than Madame de Staël. procured food, or what he had eaten, with man, or at least, a very remarkable man, and the exception of a lump of tallow, for which superior, like Rossina or Canova, to all that you he had paid twenty francs, and which he al- have at Paris in the fine arts or literature.” ways recollected with delight. Before set In another letter, in which he repeats and ting out on this expedition he deemed it pru- justifies this opinion, he says, “I pass my dent to take especial precautions against the evenings with Rossini and Munti: all things want of ready money.

His sister replaced all considered, I prefer extraordinary men to orthe buttons of a surtout by gold pieces of dinary ones.” Amongst the extraordinary twenty and forty francs, covered with cloth. men with whom he associated on familiar On his return she asked if this expedient had terms at Milan was Lord Byron, who thus answered. He had never once thought of it alludes to the circumstance in a letter to since his departure. By dint of taxing his Beyle in 1823 : “ You have done me too memory, he recalled a vague impression of much honor by what you have been so good having given the old surtout to the waiter of as to say of me in your work; but that an inn near Wilna, with the gold buttons which has caused me as much pleasure as the Bewed up as at Paris. This incident, observes praise is to learn at last (by accident) that I M. Colomb, is truly illustrative, for Beyle am indebted for it to one whose esteem I was was excessively given to precaution, without really ambitious to obtain. So many changes a parallel for forgetfulness, and reckless to the have taken place since this epoch in our Mi

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lan circle, that I hardly dare revive the memHe abided faithfully by the declining for- ory of it. Death, exile, and Austrian pristunes of Napoleon, and did good service in the ons, have separated those we loved. Poor crisis of 1814; but he was destined never to Pellico! I hope that in his cruel solitude his enjoy the reward of his devotion ; and when Muse consoles him sometimes, to charm us the crash came, he bore his ruin with so once again when her poet shall be restored philosophical an air, that many superficial again with herself to liberty.observers openly accused him of ingratitude Beyle's account of their introduction and and tergiversation. The best answer to such dinner with Monti is quoted in Moore's“ Life charges was bis refusal to apply or lay him- of Byron,” In March, 1818, he writes thus

last degree.


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public mind of Europe be kept in a state of Let the tricksy game begin
feverish suspense. Even as matter of finance, Where the honest never win,
each day of doubt must cost this country two And where England ever loses
hundred thousand pounds. The time has What she gains with blows and bruises.
arrived when the belligerent Powers must Always victor with the sword,
place confidence in each other's professions. Always cheated at the Board.
There can be no other security for the main-
tenance of treaties ; and, in this case, there

Talk — but while the tricksters chatter,
is the less reason for mistrust, as neither We go on to storm and batter;
party can hope to gain any advantage by Eye at sight-hole, touch on trigger,
deception. The pledge of Russia, frankly

Push the War with doubled vigor ; given to-day, must be as valid as if given

Work the mortars, till the echo three or six months hence. We should have Startles ev'n bemuddled Cliquor, to trust to her good faith then, — why not

Till a blazing Cronstadt tells trust to it now? As regards material guar

Tales of England's Feast of Shells; antees, the Allies hold sufficient in their

Till on Kars the Moon once more hands, and they will only be given up when

Floats - beside the Tricolor. Peace is formally, as it is already, we do not



If, while Freedom's sword is flashing, hesitate to say, virtually assured.

And the tyrant's dens are crashing,

He, in downright earnest terror,
From The Press, 19 Jan.

Sees, at length, his ghastly error;
We are in possession of some authentic

Flings a truce-flag on the breeze, details, not yet placed before the public, And himself upon his knees ; connected with the acceptance by Russia of Then we 'll talk of Terms and Basis, the Austrian proposals. The journey of And the Right Men in Right Places ; Baron Seebach, the Minister of Saxony at But the Trap last April set the Court of Paris, to St. Petersburg, has Won't seduce again, just yet; excited much speculation. On his return to Vor præterea nihil VorParis, M. Seebach brought back from the

Launch your gun-boats, blast his docks! Cabinet of St. Petersburg an unqualified ac- 26 Jan.

Punch. ceptance of the Allied Propositions, on condition that France and England would treat

From The Examiner, 19 Jan. directly with Russia, and not through Aus

PRESIDENT PIERCE'S MESSAGE. tria. This proposition was favorably regarded by the French Government. The A State of war at least enables countries Cabinet Council on Wednesday last was held to discriminate their friends from their ene to deliberate upon it, when we have reason mies. During a period of prolonged peace to believe Lords Palmerston and Clarendon grave mistakes in this respect may be made. insisted, against the opinions of the majority A great State may imagine that it commands of the Cabinet, on the Seebach proposition the world, and such shall be the tone of being rejected, as in their opinion another adulation adopted by habit towards it, that campaign was desirable. The astonishment as long as peace lasts its ignorance cannot of these statesmen at the acceptance by Rus- but endure. War alone reveals the truth, sia of the Austrian propositions, after their and what it may safely count upon. Russia rejection of the Seebach overture, may be has lately had good reason to know this, imagined

and the Allies have not been without some

startling illustrations of it. “ PURE AND SIMPLE.”

Who would have believed a very few years Vox præterea nihil Vox !

since that in a great var England should be

destined to find nothing but sympathies in Launch your gun-boats, blast his docks ! Pur et simple pretty words,

France, and little but antipathies in GerDeftly strewn to catch old birds ;

many? And not in Germany only: we have Simon " PURE” is spreading lime on

found such antipathies rampant among men Twigs to trap a “ Simple” SIMON ;

of our own race, and speaking our own lanNot so simple, MASTER PURE,

guage. All of us at first made sure that As to jump at such a lure.

American support must follow us in a conVox præterea nihil Vox!

test with Russia, reasoning from the unmisLaunch your gun-boats, blast his docks !

takable fervency with which the popular

feeling of America had shown itself when Talk - - that's what he wants to do Hungary struggled for freedom and was so Let him talk then, till all 's blue. mercilessly put down. We were mistaken, Let the huinbug council meet,

however. All that was intelligent in AmerBid cach envoy take his seat,

(ica may have wished well to our cause, but


their voices have been overpowered by the and bearing throughout his mission were louder democratic voices throughout the studiously calculated to remove prejudice, to Union.

weaken every ground of hostility, and to It being thus matter of doubt how the place the relations of the two countries on States were really disposed to us, the Mes- the one true and permanent basis of showBage of the President was naturally looked ing that England has not a single interest for with more than usual anxiety. It has inimical to America, or one opinion really arrived, and will probably leave its readers adverse to her people. How eminently sucin the same condition of doubt as before. cessful he was in these endeavors, all acBut it makes one thing manifest. The state quainted with America can attest; and of relations with Great Britain is now the happily circumstances arose to favor his principal, if not the exclusive, subject of in- efforts for the settlement of one very difficult terest in American policy. Trivial as are question. In the project of a ship-canal the points of difference existing between the through Central America, England and the two countries, in themselves really not worth United States might meet upon a common more than a couple of sentences in ordinary ground. They had a joint interest in its times, in the present state of the world they being completed and secured from the exacmonopolize almost the whole of the Presi- tion of the people of those states, as well as dential Message. The great slavery question from the monopoly of each other. On this alone disputes with them a share of public basis Sir IIenry Bulwer (pace the Quarterly attention.

Review, one of the ablest of modern diploFor the rest, the terms of the Message matists) went to work, and succeeded in acmust be considered in connection with the complishing a treaty by which Britain waived position of its author. With a Presidential its sovereignty over the Musquito shore, the election or re-election before him, it must territories and states through which the be taken less as an expression of General canal was to pass being neutralized and Pierce's opinion or policy, than as an appeal established under the joint protection of the to the particular sentiments which he be two Powers. Any history of the mode in lieves to be at this time most prevalent which the functionaries of the United States throughout the Union. Just as fearful to have acted upon this treaty would be foreign offend the more sensible citizens of the Union to our present purpose. We should have by a tone of acrimony to England, as to but to recall the bombardment of Grey-Town alienate the " groundlings” by seeming to if we wished to show how far the Americans make concessions to us, you may trace exact-themselves have kept to the letter and spirit ly the drift of almost each particular sen- of the treaty. But certainly we must think tence. While the points of difference are it unfortunate that because unwarranted and exaggerated for one class of hearers, another unexpected pretensions were put forth by class is propitiated by representing these as others, we should have thought it right or unlikely to lead to any serious or immediate prudent to resume some old ones of our own. results. In regard to both causes of quarrel And so the difference continues. In justice General Pierce would appear to be equally it should be added that the people and the desirous to avoid any present breach, and to rulers of those barbarous republics are hardly render impossible any complete accommoda- to be kept to even their own stipulations tion. That the head of a great commercial without the employment of language that republic should thus desire to keep the pros- will be always apt to savor of dictation. pect of a quarrel in posse over the heads of Gentle and forbearant conduct producing two great countries, would be inexplicable little but insults and contempt, abstinence under

any other system of government than and non-interference become difficult in such that which prerails in America. But the a region; and unless, therefore, the repstatesmen of the Union are too often in the resentatives of England and America are on position of the physician whose interest it is their parts actuated by a sincere desire to not to heal the sore, or cure the malady, the agree, to be just, and to give no occasion for continuation of which gives profit and im- strife, disputes must be interminable. portance to himself,

Of the recruital grievance it does not seem The Nicaraguan dispute, which forms the that President Pierce can make much, though first great section of the Presidential Mes- he does his best. The American


in Bage, we must really characterize as a not London being understood to bavi generally creditable piece of diplomatic pettifogging; approved the scheme as likely to increase the If ever man devoted himself with zeal and bonds of amity between the countries, it can good faith to remove the chief causes of con- hardly now be said that it was pursued with tention between the United States and Eng- views of hostility or offence. It was unforland, it was Sir Henry Bulwer, when Min- tunate, was abandoned, was withdrawn. ister at Washington. His whole conduct | General Pierce knows that nothing more

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can come of it, and that he would injure! Let us hope that the wisdom and candor himself even with his own party by adopting of our brethren across the Atlantic may the language of his Attorney-General ; still speedily find some better representative of there are those who must be flattered by their genuine and honest sentiments, as well shows and signs of possible hostility to Eng. in regard to this country as to their own land, and to them the President affects to terrible blot of domestic slavery. persist in holding out a demand of reparation from this country, as if further reparation The message of President Pierce to the were conceivable or possible.

Congress of the United States, characteristic It is surely much to be deplored that any of the present state of politics in America, is great country should be so represented that not favorable either to its author or to the the chief of its Government, instead of Model Republic. It intends to make the frankly expressing the sentiments and the most of " the situation " for all purposes, will of its people, should prefer to adopt the and to expose the President to a minimum ambiguous, captious, electioneering tone of of risk in any direction. Nationally, he dea man to whom the perinanent interests of sires to be considered “ firm” in presence of the nation are nothing, and his own tempo- all who have controversies with the Union; rary views everything. We are bound to abroad, he desires to be thought “conciliaadd that, great as have been the temptations tory." Thus, he still looks to diplomacy for to this course in former Presidents of the settlement of the Central American question, great republic, we remember no such flagrant though he labors to show that the Bulwerexample as this before us. Even the ad- Clayton treaty has been infringed by Engdresses of Mr. Tyler had a personal dignity land, against every sense of the words, of jusabout them to which General Pierce's mes- tice, and good faith. He rakes up the setsage lays no pretension. It contains little tled recruitment question, in order to exhibit else throughout than language of shabbiness himself as the champion of “neutrality”; and pusillanimity alternated by menaces and while he sinks the same championship, of bravado.

which he might have boasted in stopping the The financial and domestic concerns of the New Orleans recruits for Walker's army, in Union are but briefly touched upon in it, so a small and almost apologetical paragraph. briefly indeed as to have already challenged He boasts the compensation that he has for it the contemptuous designation of the wrung from Spain for the Black Warrior and Stump Message. It treats at some length, other grievances in Cuba, compensation surhowever, of the great question of whether rendered without breaking the friendly relaslavery is to be controlled or left to complete tions of the Spanish Government ; while the expansion in new States. For his own part President's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, General Pierce declares that State rights, in glances over the past and future of the Ren the maintenance and development of slavery, public, and discovers delights for his heart not only cannot be controlled, but that all in annexations of all kinds —from Florida past and of course all future legislation for and Louisiana to Missouri and Texas ; for the purpose of so controlling them are ipso why should Texas, he asks, have “ remained facto void. As far as slavery is concerned, a lone star?'' - the phrase, it will be rememaccording to General Pierce, the Union and bered, applied by Andexationists to Cuba. the Central Government do not exist. This A surplus revenue makes the treasury rich ; is taking wide ground. It would go so far but the President, as jealous as the most as to establish that the States could come " hard cider ” demagogue, cannot tolerate to no agreement respecting slavery, unless by an increased surplus, and he desires to keep negotiations as independent sovereignties, it down by lowering the import duties. In which would be neither more nor less than sum, President Pierce, whose term of office a dissolution of the Union. If such ques- is about to expire, is seeking to curry favor tions must be settled, not by a majority in with every section, every minority, that, Congress but by negotiations of independent put together, could make up a majority for States, it would follow that such independent his continuance in office. Such being the States, failing to agree, wight have recourse unconcealable motive of the message, it neo to war. Civil war thus becomes the ultima essarily follows that its spirit must be ungenratio of General Pierce's political rule for erous, its views inconsistent, and its tone unthe treatment of slavery.

dignified. - Spectator, 19 Jan.

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