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leaves of trees; and that some kinds of them are from a dew left upon herbs or flowers : and others from a dew left upon Colworts or Cabbages: All which kindes of dews being thickened and condensed, are by the Suns generative heat most of them hatch'd, and in three dayes made living creatures, and of feveral shapes and colours; some being hard and tough, some smooth and soft; some are horned in their head, some in their tail, some have none; some have hair, fome none; fome have sixteen feet, some less,and some have none: but (as our Topsel hath with great diligence observed)those This Ilo. which have none, move upon the Serpents. earth, or upon broad leaves, their motion beingnotunlike to the waves of the sea. Some of them hee also observes to be bred of the eggs of other Caterpillers: and that those in their time turn to be Butter-flies; and again, that their eggs turn the
following yeer to be Caterpillers. 'Tis endlesse to tell
what the curious Searchers into Natures
productions, have observed of these Worms and Flies: But yet I shall
what our Topsel sayes of the Canker, or Palmer-worm, or Caterpiller; That wheras others content themselves to feed on particular herbs or leaves (for most think, those very leaves that gave them life and shape, give them a particular feeding and nourishment, and that upon them they usually abide;) yet he observes, that this is called a Pilgrim or Palmer-worm, for his very wandering life and various food; not contenting himself(as others do) with any certain place for his abode, nor any certain kinde of herb or flower for his feeding; but will boldly and disorderly wander up and down, and not endure to be kept to a diet, or fixt to a particular place.
Nay, Nay,the very colours of Caterpillers are,as one has oblerved,very elegant and beautiful:I shal(fora taste of the rest(describe one of them, which I will sometime the next month, shew you feeding on a Willow tree, and you shal find him punctually to answer this very description: “His “lips and mouth somewhat yel“low, his eyes black as Jet, his “fore-head purple, his feet and “hinder parts green, his tail two “forked and black, the whole body “stain'd with a kind of red spots “which run along the neck and “ shoulder-blades, not unlike the “form of a Cross, or the letter X, “made thus cross-wise, and a “white line drawn down his back “to his tail; all which add much “ beauty to his whole body. And itis to me observable, that at a fix'd age this Caterpiller gives over to eat, and towards winter comes to be coverd. over with a strange shellor crust,and
so lives a kind of dead life, without
eating all the winter, and (as others Fra.Bacon of several kinds turn to be several exper. 728 kinds of flies and vermin,the Spring his
Natu- following) so this Caterpiller ther ral Hisory
turns to be a painted Butterflye.
Come, come my Scholer, you see the River stops our morning walk, and I wil also here stop my discourse, only as we sit down under this Honey-Suckle hedge, whilst I look a Line to fit the Rod that our brother Peter has lent
I shall for a little confirmation of what I have said, repeat the observation of the Lord Bartas.
God not contented to each kind to give,
So the cold bumour breeds the Salamander, W bo (in effe£t) like to her birthe commander,
With child with hundred winters,with her touch Quencheth the fire,though glowing ne’r
so much So in the
fire in burning furnace springs The fly Perausta with the flaming wings; Without the fire it dies, in it, it joyes, Living in that which all things elfe destroyes.
So flow Boötes underneath him fees In th’icie IslandsGoslings hatcht of trees, bden. Whose fruitful leaves
falling into the water, Are turn'd|tis' known) to living fowls
So rotten planks of broken ships, do change To Barnacles. Os transformation strange! 'Twas first a green tree,then a broken hull, Lately a Mushroom, now a flying Gull.
Vi.Oh my good Master, this morning walk has been spent to my great pleasure and wonder: but Í
pray, when shall I have
directior how to make Artificial flyes, like to those that the Trout loves best? and also how to use them?