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the progress of American institutions. The first volume is now published separately; and for a double motive. The work has already occasioned long preparation, and its completion will require further years of exertion ; I have been unwilling to travel so long a journey alone; and desire, as I proceed, to correct my own judgment by the criticisms of candor. I have thought that the public would recognize the sincerity of my inquiries, and that, in those states where the materials of history have as yet been less carefully collected, and less critically compared, I should make for myself friends disposed to assist in placing within my reach the sources of information which are essential to success.
June 16, 1834.
The volume, of which a third edition is now published, has been carefully revised, and several pages rewritten. The expressions of regard and interest which I have received from persons of very opposite relations in speculative and in practical life, cheer me in the continuance of my labor; they cannot increase my sense of the duty of impartiality.
Boston, May 1, 1838.
Icelandic Voyages, p. 5—Columbus, 6_First Voyage of the Cabots, 7–
Sebastian Cabot, 10—Portuguese Voyage, 14—French Voyages-Verraz-
zani, 15—Cartier, 19—Roberval, 22-De la Roche-Champlain, 25—French
Settlements in Acadia and Canada, 27.
Spanish Love of Maritime Adventure, p. 30—Ponce de Leon, 31-Diego Mi-
ruelo. Fernandez, 34–Grijalva. Garay, 35—De Ayllon, 36—Cortes. Gomez,
38–Pamphilo de Narvaez, 39–Ferdinand de Soto, 41—Soto sails for Florida,
42_Enters Georgia, 46—Alabama, 48—Mississippi—Discovery of the
Mississippi River, 51-Soto enters Arkansas and Missouri, 52—Condition of
the Native Tribes, 54--Death and Burial of Soto, 56—Spaniards on the Red
River, 57—They leave the United States, 58—Missionaries in Florida-
Florida abandoned, 60—Coligny plans a Settlement, 61-Huguenots in South
Carolina, 62—Coligny's Second Colony, 63-Attacked by the Spaniards, 66–
St. Augustine, the oldest town in the United States--Massacre of the French,
70—Avenged by de Gourgues, 72—Extent of Spanish Dominions in
eries, 87—Sir Humphrey Gilbert, 88–His First Voyage, 89—Gilbert and
Walter Raleigh, 90—Gilbert perishes at sea-Raleigh’s Patent, 91–Voy-
age of Amidas and Barlow, 92—Raleigh sends a Colony to North Carolina,
95-Native Inhabitants, 98—Ill success of the Colony, 99—Its Return, 102–
Grenville-City of Raleigh, 103—New Colony in North Carolina, 104–
Virginia Dare, 105–Raleigh's Assigns, 107—The Roanoke Colony is lost
-Character of Raleigh, 108—Gosnold, 111-Pring, 113–Weymouth, 114–
Character of the Early Navigators, 115.
Condition of England favors Colonization, p. 118_The First Charter, 120
King James legislates for Virginia, 122_Colonists embark, 123-Arrive in
Virginia, 124–Jamestown, 125—Distress of the Colony, 126—Adventures of
Smith, 127—Smith a Captive, 130—Saved by Pocahontas, 131—Smith explores
the Chesapeake, 133–Smith's Administration, 134—Second Charter, 136 ·
Lord De La Ware, 131-Character of Smith-The Starving Time, 139–
Arrival of Lord Delaware, 140—Dale introduces Martial Law, 143—Sir
Thomas Gates, 144-Third Charter, 145-Pocahontas and Rolfe, 146—Attack
on the French, 148—Dale's Adininistration, Tenure of Lands, 149_Tobacco
-Argall, 151-Yeardley-First Colonial Assembly, 153—Virginia acquires
Civil Freedom, 156.
History of Slavery and the Slave Trade, p. 159—Slavery and the Slave Trade
in the Middle Ages, 161–Origin of Negro Slavery, 165—Negroes in Portugal
and Spain, 166–Native Americans enslaved, 167–Negro Slavery in the
West Indies, 169—Opinions, 171–England and the Slave Trade, 173—New
ingland and the Slave Trade, 174–Servants, 175—Slavery in Virginia, 176—
Wyatt's Administration, 178—The Aborigines, 179—A Massacre and a War,
182–King James contends with the London Company, 186—Commissioners
in Virginia, 189—Spirit of the Virginians, 190—Dissolution of the Company,
192—Virginia retains its Liberties, 193.
War, 207–Prosperity of Virginia, 209–Parliament asserts its Supremacy, 211–
Origin of the Navigation Act, 212–Commercial Policy of Cromwell, 217—Of
the Stuarts, 218—The Parliament and Virginia, 222_Virginia capitulates,
223–Virginia during the Protectorate, 225—Virginia and its Inhabitants, 229.
Discovery, p. 236—Early Settiements, 237—Sir George Calvert, 238–
Charter, 241–Freedom of Conscience, 244--Opposition of Virginia, 245–
First Emigration, 246_Legislative Liberty-Clayborne, 249—Civil Lib-
erty, 250—Happiness, 252—An Indian War, 253—-Ingle's Rebellion, 254–
Religious Liberty, 255—Maryland during the Commonwealth, 258—During
the Protectorate, 200—Popular Sovereignty exercised, 264.
Influence of Calvin, p. 266—Early Voyages to New England, 267—Colony
at Sagadahoc, 268—John Smith in New England, 269—The Council of Plym-
outh, 271_Its Territory, 273—The Reformation in England, 274–Henry
VIll.,-Luther and Calvin, 275—Reign of Edward VI., 278_Hooper, the
Puritan, 279–Puritans in Exile, 280—Elizabeth and the Church of England,
282—Progress of Puritanism, 284—The Independents, 286—Persecution of
all Non-Conformists, 288—Is ineffectual, 289—Character of King James,
201—Lord Bacon's Tolerant Views, 294—Conference at Hampton Court,
296—The Parliament favors the Puritans, 298—Convocation, 299—The Pil-
grims, 300—They fly from England, 301-In Holland, 302–They form a Part-
nership, 305—Sail for America, 307—The Pilgrims at Cape Cod, 309—Land-
ing of the Fathers—The first Winter at Plymouth, 313–Famine, Oppres-
sion, 314-Intercourse with the Indians, 316—Weston, 318—Dissolution of the
Partnership, 319–Progress and Character of the Old Colony, 320.
Plymouth Monopoly opposed, p. 324~West, Gorges, Morrell-Con-
test in Parliament, 3264-New Hampshire, 327—Maine, 330—Nova Scotia,
331-Conquest and Restoration of Canada, 334—Maine, 335_Conant at Cape
Ann, 338—- Massachusetts Company purchase Lands, 340_Obtain a Charter
342—First Government, 315—Higginson's Emigration, 316—Religious In
dependence, 348-Banishment of the Brownes, 349—The Conclusions--
Transfer of the Charter, 351–Winthrop's Emigration, 354_First Autumn
and Winter, 357–Organization of the Government, 359—Progress of Liberty,
361—The Puritans exclusive, 366—Roger Williams, 367—his Exile, 377–
He plants Providence, 379—His Character, 380—Hugh Peters and Henry
Vane, 383—Order of Nobility proposed, 384—Rejected, 385—Antinomian
Controversy, 386—Wheelwright exiled, 390-Rhode Island and Exeter, 392—
Connecticut colonized, 395—Pequod War, 397-Constitution of Connecticut.
402—New Haven, 403.
Views of the English Government, p. 405-Liberty threatened, 406—Mas-
sachusetts resists, 407—The Council for New England surrenders its Charter,
408—A quo warranto, 409—Persecutions in England, 410_John Hampden,
411-Massachusetts threatens to declare itself independent, 413—Commo-
tion in Scotland, 414–Condition of New England, 415—New Hampshire,
418—Gorton, 419–Confederacy, 420__Miantonomoh, 423—Rhode Island, 425
- Maine, 428—Massachusetts, 432— Political Parties, 433—Vassall and
Childe's Disturbance, 437—Long Parliament resisted, 440—Synod, 443—
Peace with New Belgium-Acadia, 443—Cromwell's Favor, 446—Laws
against Irreligion and Sectarianism, 447—Persecution of Quakers, 451–Free
Schools, 458—Harvard College, 459—Character of Puritanism, 460—Restora-
tion of the Stuarts, 469.