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At Littlcham, near Bilefor), Rev. As * At Thorleigh, Ie of Wiglat, J. White, Stevenstone, rector of that parik. esq. to Miss Leigh.
At Cruwys Morchard. Rev. Dr. Crowys. At Lymington, Mr. R. Perkins, to Miss At Exmouth, aged 33, Mrs. Young, wife M. Farmer.
of Owen Young, eiq. of Ireland, At Winchefer, Mr. Burchen, of London, to Miss A, Oads.
Married ] Lately at Kilgarren in Cardigan, Died.] At Winchester, Mrs. Dowling.. Mr. John Griffiths, of Tenby, to Miss Price, Mrs. Joinville, of the Sun Inn.
daughter of the Rev. John Price. The Rev.
Thomas Morgans, of Mallwyd, to Mrs. WiDied.] At Salisbury, aged 81, Robert liams, Playlidinas Merioneth hire. Cooper, esq. one of the senior alderman.
At Eglwysfach, in Denbigh, Mr. Owen, At Brickworth, Mrs. Eyre, wife of H. Kyffin of Penllyn, to Miss Dorothy Thomas. Eyre, esą.
Died.] At Emral, Derbyshire, Watkin At Dean Farm, near Salisbury, Mr.
Hayman, esq. Brooken.
At Rhyd Crena, in Denbigh, Mrs. Wynne,
relict of the late Watkin Wynne, esg. of Married.] At Fryer Waddon, Mr. W.
Maried.] At Edinborough, Captain J. Hogg, thire, to Miss Amy Sparke.
to Miss Murray. Died.) At Hawkchurch, aged , 78, Mr.
t Ayr, Lieutenant C. Dalrymple of the Robert Staple.
poft regiment, to Miss Margaret Bofwell. At Sturminster Newton, Mr. Joseph
Died.] At Airley Lodge, near Dundee, the Newman.
Right Honourable Ann Countess of Airley.
At Deane, near Edingburgh, the Right Married.] At Bristol, Mr. William Un
Honourable Lord Swinton, derwood, to Miss Jones.
Rev. James At Glasgow, Abraham M'Alpine, efq. Vaughan, to Miss Procheroe.
Æneas Macdonald, efq. Mifs Jane Shaw.. At Priory Park, near Bath, the Honoura
At Hatchfield, A. R. Karr, esq. ble Mr. Maude, to Miss Agar, only daughter
At Glasgow, aged 29, Mrs. Catherine Gar. to the Archbishop of Cashell in Ireland.
(nett, wife of Dr. Garnett, professor of phyDied.] At Bristol, at his house on Redcliff fics and philosophy, in Anderson's University, Hile, aged 81, Mr. Deubin, Chemist, of Glasgow. Her many amiable qualities will Bristol. Mrs. Vowles. Mrs. Edmunds. long survive in the bleeding memory of her Mrs. Lyne. Mrs. Evans.. Suddenly Mrs. acquaintance, and especially of her husband, Beaufoy. Mr. Thatcher. Mrs Lewis. Mrs. Browı, Mr. Joseph Hillier. Mr. John affectionate wise, but the companion of his
who has not only lost in her a tender and Winter,
Itudies, and the partner of his literary labours, At Bath, Mr. Goldstone, senior, surgeon
Thomas and apothecary.
Married.] At Dromcland, in Clare, Rothe Margravine of Anspach. Mrs. Slater.
bert French, esq. of Moneyvea, to Miss Par
Mrs. Mrs. Arnold, of the White Lion.
visol of Dublin. Kcene.
At Cork, S. Roche, junior, esq. to Miss
Moylan. Married.] At Exeter, J. Houlton, esq. to
Died.] At Dublin, the rev. Luke Godfrey, Miss Ellis,
D. D. father to the Marchioness of Donegal. At Plymouth, Mr. Welsford, purser of the
William Deey, ela. at his feat in Wicklow,
At Fernoy, aged 25, Richard Poole, efqa
At Ennis Killên, aged 76, the Roman Ca Inn, Devizes, to Miss Chevince.
tholic Kuhup of Kiinore. At Axminster, Rev. Mr. Sealey, to Miss
At Limerick, aged 91, Mr. Christopher S. Forward.
Robvies, founcily au eminent clothier. BurAt South Molton, Mr. Stocker, attorney,
ten Binden, ely. Town Major. to Miss C. Brown of Dulverton, in Somerset.
Died.] At Exeter, Mr. Thomas Langley. Died.] At New York, in November last, He was convering with a gentleman in Mag- Sir Jolin Temple, Coníul for the Eastern dalen street, apparently in perfect health, States of America. when he suddenly dropped down and expired. On the 12th of October, at Gibraltar, in Mrs. Dugdale. Mr. Pratt, of the old London 22d year of his age, Captain John Knipe, Inn. Aged 81, Luke Nugent, efq. of the
of Epsom. 93th regiment of foot. Aged 74, Mrs. Drake. At St. John's, Newfoundland, Mr. RoMrs. Foote. Mrs. Bartlett. Mr. A. Wood, bert Baylis, son of the lace Rev. J. Baylis,
At Plymouth, Mrs. Cleather of the Royal rector of Luggerfall Wilts, lieutenant of che Hoipital.
THE detention of the Hamburgh Mails by the frost, till no less than ten were due at
one time, produced much inconvenience to the merchants during the greater part of the month as the principal part of the commerce of this country with Europe is now carried on through that channel. It was particularly felt by many concerned in the great export of sugars previous to the discontinuance of the drawback, who were in daily expectation of remittances thereon; and though it is a circumstance which from the advance of the season, is not likely to occur again to the same extent for fome tim: at least, it strongly news the impediments to which commerce is liable, when a very considerable part of it is confined to a particular channel.
Raw sugars, notwithstanding the small quantity exported of late, continue very high ; the average price for the week, ending the 16th, was 69s. c4d. exclusive of duty.
The Nottingham and Leicester manufactory, feels the pressure of the present war, perhaps less than any other, which arises principally from the late improvements, in twilled, knotted, vandyke, and elastic stockings, both in the filk, and the worsted and cotton fabricks; there is however still room for improvements, and if the exertions of individuals are not damped by injudicious impofts, it is impossible to say to what purposes mechanick genius may not turn the invention of the stocking- frame. Whenever a general peace takes place, this will become one of the most certain trades wich respect to demand, and probably more flourishing than any manufacture of the same extent.
The article of filk, almost immediately subsequent to the time to which our notice of it in the last report extends, became, upon the conjectures we then mentioned, the subject of one of the great ft fpeculations (for the short time it continued) that has taken place in this commodity for some years; but being founded efly on mere opinion, and incorrect information refpecting the real quantity in hand, the expectations of those concerned in it have been greatly checked by a more certain knowledge of a large quantity now coming by way of Hamburgh, and the daily expectation of the Bengal fleet, of the sailing of which from St. Helena on the 6th of December advice has been received. Though the specula ion has in general turned out in the manner in which it is to be wished every scheme that tends to the injury of our manufactures may terminate ; it has caused a trifling advance in the price of thrown-filk, which, however, will probably be of very short duration, as the quantity in the market, with the expected import, are more than adequate to the present demand for that article. Italian now, in consequence of the quantity that has arrived during the two last months, has conliderably decreased in value, and is likely to continue so for thr present, particularly as a sale of Bengal and China raw is expected towards the end of February. White Novi, or Persian filk, is very scarce and dear. The import of filk during the present month has been about 96 bales of thrown, and 189 of raw: total 285 bales.
The tea trade has not lately experienced any fluctuation, except in common greens, which have fallen from 6d. to 8d. per lb. No alteration of much consequence can be expected till the next sale in March.
Coffee has risen from 3d. to 4d. a pound, on account of the small importacions, and the demand for the continent.
Moist and ground sugars continue nearly the same; lumps and loaves are considerably lower, not less than 18s.
With respect to fruit, Malagas are at present from 38s. to 44s. Sum raisins 645. Cur. rants 68s. to 745.-Spices are falling, which is supposed to be consequence of the produce of the captured islands being brought to market,
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE severity of the frosts and the suddenness of the thiaus during this month, have, in
many respects, been unfavourable to the young wheats, especially those which were fown early: in fome districts we are informed that they have produced a pale and fickly appearance in the young blades; we believe, however, that no great injury has yet been done.
The above causes have likewise prevented the operations of the plough in preparing turnip and other grounds for wheat, rye, &c. as well as for the making summer fallows. la te more western parts of the iNand our reporters also observe, that less wheat than usual has been sown, on account of the froits and some other impediments. But notwithlanding these cir. cumstances, wheat, rye, and bariey, continue to have but a dull fale, particularly in the northern markets: oats, however, keep up considerably in price.
For the hay districts, especially such as were low and wit, the frost has been advantageous, by enabling the farm 'r to put on his manures with ease ant cinvenience.
GRAIN. Wheat averages throughout England and Vales 49s. 60.; Rye 315. IId.; barley 295. 4d.; oats 19s. iod.
CATTLE. The prices much as b-fore. Beef fetches in Smithfield Market from 38. to 45. 4d. per stone of sib.
SHEEP.---Mutton in Smithfield-market, 3s. to 45. 2d.
the lame as they llave been for fome time. Hay.--Average in St. James's-markeci, 21. 155. 63. STRAW.--Ditto dicto, il. lis.
MARCH 1, 1799.
[No. 2. of Vol. VII.
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. which, in all its distresses, has ever expeSIR,
rienced that the consumption of spirits I Have been agreeably entertained with someone that's the theme bacffarei che ne revenue, incidences which have been pointed out
is decreased by any additional impoft. occasionally by your correspondents. Per- Again and again has it been said, why mit me to add one to the number. encourage distilleries, that fatal bane of
A line in the “ Phedre” of Racine has industry and morality among the lower been the subject of a good deal of critic classes of people? Why pamper the head cism among his countrymen, some of of the state at the expence of the body and whom have applauded it as a fine thought, members? Why fell all the virtue and others condemned it as a conceit. It is all the morals, and all the industry, and contained in the very poetical narrative of all the health of the nation for money? the death of Hippolitus made by a mel. In these cries, fo loudly raised by fpecusenger to his father Theseus. After a
lative politicians, the grave men of Warhighly-wrought description of the sea. wick-lane join heartily, and take every monster's approach from the deep, he says, kill more than plague, war, famine, or
means to prove that fpirituous liquors « Le flot, qui l'apporta, recule épouvanté,” even their own prescriptions. Indeed all The wave which brought him recoiled persons who have spoken or written on terrified.
the subject, have so completely proved Our Spenser, in his “ Faery Queen," the truth of the above positions, that a describing the voyage of Sir Guyon and the glass of gin ought long ere row to have Palmer to the island of Acrasia, (Book ii. been as Icarce as a bulse of diamonds, Canto xii.) among other perils, makes and in as few hands, did we not recolleet them encounter a valt hoal of sea-mon- that in all great political questions to be sters, the different species of which he determined by pounds, thillings, and enumerates, and then adds,
pence, there is an impaffable gulph placed All these, and thousand thousands many more,
between argument and conviction. And more deformed monsters thousand fold, Nor, Sir, am I quite certain that the With dreadful noise and hollow rombling rore,
universal censure beltowed upon the en. Came rushing in the fomy waves enrol'd, couragement given to the distilleries may Which seem'd to fly for feare them to behold. not admit of fomething like an answer.
The resemblance of the last line to that When we consider the difference between of Racine is very striking ; yet I think it the rich and the poor in this and all other improbable that the French poet could countries, that the rich can do almost have known an; thing of the English one, every thing for their country's caufe, and or, at least, could have been fo acquainted the poor little or nothing, we ought not with his works as to borrow a line from to deprive the latter of any humble him. Nothing, in fact, can be more dif means by which they can demonstrate fimilar than their subjects and characters. their zeal. It has lately becn the fashion, If they were not both original in this and undoubtedly a very patriotic fathion, thought, I should rather suspect that both for the rich to “ devote their lives and copied it from some Italian poet, to the fortunes " in the nation's caufe. Now, style of which nation it bears a great af
the poor have only one of those bleflings finity. Your's, &c.
at their disposal, namely, their lives, do
they not Thew a proper and becoming fense To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine. of patriotism when they consent to go to SIR,
their long homes to promote the revenue
war while they moralists, that the use of spirits in allow their own to shrink. this country has been rendered too com But far, as I perceive, I have advanced mon by the exigencies of government, in considering the question with regard to MONTHLY MAG. No. XLII.
foreign or English spirits, I am aware would appear that the original receipt was that they are not the subjects I intended loft about the time of Charles I. when to handle. It was my purpose to offer the people being still fond of spirits, a somne remarks on a few other species of great number of quacks set about preparsfirits which are very common in this ing it in various ways: scarce a drop country, but which, I am of opinion, was genuine, yet the pleasure of intoxihave not been treated with due regularity cation was such, that the people drank either by chemists or medical writers. huge draughts of it, pure or impure, and Not that I would have you suppose that public butiness was for a time hamefully I am to supply this deficiency; I have no neglected. Robberies, confiscations, and leisure to compose a system, and the re even murder became common. The efmarks I have to offer are intended only fects which it produced of a more ludito assist those who may wish to take
crous nature were, that the lowest of the the subject on a regular scale. It is only people, after they had indulged themfor want of better, that I would say to selves in copious libations of this fpirit, you his utere mecum.
took it in their heads to preach, and even First, then, Mr. Editor, there is the common foldiers often mounted the pulpit SPIRIT of CONTRADICTION. This I when they lould have mounted guard. reckon a compound spirit, requiring at Some pretended to be inspired, and utleast two ingredients, especially when tered prophecies. At length, however, made for family use. It is of a very warm
whether from tensible of the bad nature, and if indulged in to excess, as I effects of this spirit upon the conftitution, have seen in some very reputable fami or from its being prohibited, it got gralies, produces very pernicious effects. It dually into dilgrace, and a purer fort of is not only accompanied with a violent it was made, which being confined to the flushing of the face, as most other ardent better fort of people was a favourite liquor spirits, but I have even observed that the at the Revolution; and had the receipt children of parents who use it have been been carefully preserved, and none of the affected by it, even after they have grown articles omitted, or worse ingredients subup. That which is made for public use ftituted in their room, this would have is compounded of various ingredients, been at this time the standard spirit of and is supposed, I know not why, to be the nation. A few years ago a quantity good for the lungs, as it is frequently of it was smuggled from France, and taken in large doles by the speakers of having been a fashionable liquor there, of public assemblies, from the senate of the course became a fashionable liquor here, nation down to the vestry of a parish. according to the usual course of all our Not having an opportunity of analyzing fashions, which always originated with it by chemical process, I can only say, that gay and lively people. This spirit, from observation, that it expands by however, was soon discovered to be of a heat, and frequently sends out effluvia not very ardent and heating nature, and unfit of the most agreeable nature. I have for the constitution of the people of this fometimes reduced it to a mild state by country. For a time its effects could not dropping an argument or two into the be prevented, althongh every possible, glass, but those who are addicted to this means were taken, because it was conkind of spirit will seldom allow of that, fined to private drinkers. Some, not .
2. The Spirit of INNOVATIon. The withstanding, who had taken too great a remark that we eat and drink as much hy dcte, betrayed it in public, and very fevere fashion as by taste is very just, when ap- laws were enacted against it. Indeed it plied to this spirit, which has been cried was supposed the legislature took the best up, or prohibited, according to caprice possible method to trike at the root of at various periods. It became very fa- the evil, by sewing up the moutbs of those fhionable first in the time of Henry VIII. who were addi&ted to this spirit. Having and continued in the short reign of Ed- had some few opportunities to examine it, ward VI. Queen Mary prohibited it un it appears to me to be very pernicious, der the severelt penalties, ordering various and highly inflammatory, unless taken in persons employed in the distilling it to be very small quantities, and that at regular burnt alive. Queen Elizabeth, however, times. The body too must be duly prepared being a single woman, and probably lov- for a course of it, for it will not suit every ing a drop, revived the vile of it. What constitution, particularly those which are had been manufactured at this time is yet either very good or very bad. To the in high estimation by those who under- former it is useless or liable to create unstand the true nature of such a spirit, but it ealiness in the head, and to the latter it
1799.] Esay, Medical, Moral, Political & Miscellaneous, on Spirits. 91 is dangerous from want of strength to carry not applied in a moderate degree until the it off gently. In the latter, also, it riles disorder has got to a height, the conftituto a flame, the moment it is used. I am tion will exhibit all the symptoms of a of opinion that if it were rectified it might complication, and then it may happen that be frequently used with advantage as an
the medicine will be stimulant and corroalterative ; but there is at present a pre- live in a high degree, produce violent judice against it, and for no reason that I hæmorrhages, and lose all its healing can find out except one, certainly a sub powers. ftantial one, namely, that it has been used I shall not venture to decide which of as a common liquor for every day, wliereas these opinions is right. I have had but it ought to be reserved as a medicine for few opportunities of knowing the effects particular cases, and to be prescribed only of this fpirit in its genuine itate. Very, by the most judicious physicians. much of that which is bought and fold
3. The SPIRIT OP REFORM. This is a viie adulteration, and it is impossible has been frequently confounded with the to judge of any production of art or naformer, which in some respects, such as tyre, unless we have a specimen of the colour, it resembles, but it is certainly a best of its kind exhibited." I would not very different spirit, because, when pure, paint the human body from a deformed it never is or can be applied, unless for man, nor would I venture to say what beneficial purposes, and if applied in good the spirit of reform might produce, time, never fails to produce the best ef- if I law only the battard kirid which the fects in the case of conflitutions that have French quacks are hawking about on the been injured by extravagant living, or continent. of persons that have lost Itrength by tery 4. The SPIRIT OF RELIGION. This ing often in war. There is, however, is one of the most ancient spirits we have. such a difference of opinion respecting this It is nearly eighteen hundred years since spirit, that it has not of late years been it first appeared, and for some centuries much in use, Those who have written was in high repute, and most admirable on the subject are extremely numerous, in its effects, whether taken in the way of and may be divided into two classes. The diet, or medicine. I know not, indeed, one considered it as a pernicious, inflam- any thing comparable to it in all ditormatory spirit, which will not bear agita- ders of the human frame, and it has this tion, which riles to a flame on the smallest peculiar (exclutively fo) to it, that its application of heat, and which has this effects will last many years, some say, to peculiar to it, that whoever begins to all eternity. It keeps good in all weadrink it, in quantities ever so finall, thers, and is adapted to all climates, al. knows not where to stop: that it has de- though it has not been introduced yet into Aroyed many strong constitutions, and that all countries. After saying so much in fo far froin being useful to any, the use its favour, I am sorry to be obliged to of it is a mere apology for the indul. add, that there are two reasons why it is gence of a perverted taste. The other not so much in use as it ought to be. party contend, in answer to this, that all The one is, that it requires a degree of the pernicious effects attributed to this abstinence which many men will not subspirit may be traced, not to the spirit mit to; and the second, that there is a itself, but the improper use made of it, falle and adulterated mixture which goes that when used in moderation, it is the under the same name, and which is iingrand restorative for decaying constitu- poled upon the public as genuine, altions, and that there is no conititution so though it is a poor, tasteless, watery kind Atrong as that it would not be bettered by of liquor, which never affects the body an occasional dose : that it is perfectly fenfibly, unless, what is very extraordieasy to use it in moderation, if people lo nary, to produce the very evils which the incline, as there is no necessity why every other is intended to reinedy. The genuman that drinks should get drunk; and ine is a simple spirit, within the compass that more mischief has been done by those of every man's ability to purchase ; 'the who knew not where to begin, than by adulterated is composed of a number of those who knew not where to stop: that heterogeneous ingredients, and is fo exif properly used, and applied to a specific pensive that I have known fome give up disorder, it is tonic, emollient, fedative, every thing that ought to be dear to a refrigerant, and antispalinodic; effects man in order to purchase it. Hence it is which in the case of any other than dif- confined to certain persons of great opuorders of certain constitutions, would in- lence, and who do not regard trifles. terfere with one another : but, that, if On the continent it was very falhionable