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gether; and to many other bardships was I with many others of my old companions, went to brought, having neither money, business, nor see him laid in the ground. We staid some time friend. This was a time of great distress to me, looking into his grave, and it arose fresh in my who had till then lived in great fulness; and it was heart,-1f thou art the next, how art thou preby the good band of Providence, I was preserved pared? This made me solid and considerate for from being forced into the military service, of awhile, yet going again with my companions and which I was in great danger several times. At drinking, these thoughts soon went out of my mind. length I found means to return to England. After I was carried on by the fury of Satan, and the some time, I again got into profitable business ; strength of my own inclinations, to be still more my wife and children came to me, and it seemed and more wicked, rapidly filling up my measure as if Providence grew kinder towards us; but of iniquity ;-and the chain by which I was then on a sudden, in a few months, we lost three bound seemed stronger and stronger. Notwithchildren, being all we had ; and my wife was standing all this, so great was the love and mercy near following them, by reason of great sor. I of God to me, that He followed me by His rerow. Notwithstanding my heavy afflictions, the proofs in my heart, although I then know not strength of Satan was such, I seemed bound to what they were. By terrors and condemnation serve him still, almost wherever he led me; only in my conscience, I had no rest ; for fear posamidst some great temptations, a secret Hand sessed my heart many times; yet so hard-s0 preserved me when I knew it not, for the enemy dark was it--that until the Lord was pleased to soughteyen the destruction of my outward life: touch it effectually, and to look on me with tenfour instances of which I shall mention, when der compassion, I could not return. rebelling against the conviction of my own heart. In 1702, about the tbirty-sixth year of my age, The first was my going into a water, which proved I then being servant to a great man,* in a family so deep, that all who saw me in it expected I which consisted of about one hundred and twenty should be drowned; but my life was saved by persons, I had contracted a particular friendship the courage of a countryman, who leaped into with a young man, who was almost as wicked as the pool in his clothes (he being a swimmer, myself, with whom I was frequently practising which I was not,) and came just in time to save some extraordinary excesses in drinking, gaming, my life.
and many other ways of wickedness, even to the Another instance :--As I was walking in the endangering of both soul and body. street one dark night, (having only a cane in my The Lord, who had seen that Satan was hurhand) two persons, called gentlemen, being drunk írying me into the pit of destruction, began to supposed me to be a person who had attempted arise to be avenged of His adversary, and of that to rob them. They came upon me with their nature that had joined with him. First, He swords drawn in their hands, threatening to kill laid His judgment on my companion, who was me; but I stepping aside a little, they missed taken suddenly with violent convulsions, so that their first opportunity; and that little space be- for several hours his life was despaired of. I was ing given, I had time to undeceive them, and so actually playing at dice amongst my companions, escaped.
when word was brought me that he was dying. Next was, (being intoxicated,) I got a fall I soon left my game and went to him, which from a horse, which threw me into the road in event I seldom remember but I am bowed in the dark; by this I broke a bone, and lost the spirit, in thankful acknowledgments to the Lord, use of my right ear from a bruise on my head. for His great mercy to so unworthy a wretch as I Being insensible, there I had lain till lost, had then was ; and I am made to say many times, not a countryman coming along stumbled upon “Surely if the Lord had not helped us, we had me. He caused me to be carried to a house, where been as Sodom, and been made like unto GomorI lay several hours ere I came to myself.
rah.” Next was, by another fall from my horse in To proceed. I was surprised to find my friend the dark, when again intoxicated; from which I struggling as it were with death, and I sat me was so hurt in my head, that I was taken up in- down on the bed on which he lay. He continsensible from amongst several horses; so that, ued in this precarious situation for a considerable had not the same Hand, in this, as well as in all part of the night. The consideration of his the other accidents, preserved me, I must have future state took hold of my mind, and I said in been lost.
my heart, “ If he go now, eternal misery must When I considered these preservations, and be his portion ;” and turning the reflection home how many of my acquaintances, with some of my to myself, fear, horror, and amazement seized me, companions, were cut off in the midst of their which cannot be truly described by words. This wickedness, it brought great terror on my mind, settled upon my spirit, from under which I was and a fear possessed my heart that I should be not able to get; for the Lord broke in upon me, next. One of my companions, having by excess and deep was my distress of soul at this time : in drinking and otherwise, brought on a distem- 'tis hard to tell my then thoughts, which were per in his young years which ended his days, Il
* The Duke of Northumberland.
accompanied with tears without words; and I a burden-greater than we could bear—yet the had that night an alarming sight of the misera- thought of turning Quaker was so terrible, that ble state my poor soul was in. I saw that I was we concluded to have nothing to do with it, but got as it were to the brink of the pit,—that my try to find out some other way, whereby we measure of iniquity was nearly filled up,that might obtain pardon for our sins, and get peace if I went on, everlasting wrath and condemnation with God. It happened that this Doctor had from God would be my portion ; and I did not found in our master's library, Robert Barclay's know how soon. I went to bed in order to get Apology, which he lent me to read ; and when I some rest after fatigue, and then to my friend had perused but a part of it, my understanding again. I found him much down in mind; and was so fully opened, as to the doctrinal part of what had happened made such an impression, Friends' principles, that, from that time to the that we came to the conclusion, that the amend present day, I have never had a doubt concerning ment of our lives was absolutely necessary : but their truth; and my friend was of the same how to put it in practice we knew not, both of opinion ;-but it brought us into a great strait. us being destitute of so much as a profession | We saw they were right, but the way appeared of religion; only for form's sake, and to please so narrow, that as yet we could not think of so men, we sometimes went to a chapel that was in much as even attempting to walk in it. But the house.
God, whose eyes run to and fro in the earth, beWe began to consult what methods to take to holding the evil and the good in all mankind, put those good resolutions in practice; we sought saw our weaknesses, and the strength of our to obtain a state of righteousness by walking in enemies. Many Scriptures opening clear to our the way which led to it, to the best of our know- understandings, for our comfort and encourageledge; we looked into the Scriptures; inquired ment, we were a little strengthened in our resoconcerning the principles and doctrines of reli- lutions to leave all and follow the Lord in His gion ---and the Holy One of Israel who thus led own way; and I was very sincere and earnest in us to seek Him, did soon perform his promise in the work. My nights were often spent in waithelping us to find Him who is “the Author and Fin-ing on the Lord in stillness and quictness of isher of the faith of all who truly believe in Him." mind, which the Lord was often pleased to give The family doctor (Heathcote) was with us about me, frequently bringing to my remembrance my that time; he was a Quaker by profession, and former experience; so that I witnessed the truth one of whom we had taken much notice. His of that saying of Christ: “ When the Comforter conversation was sober and pure, but we thought doth come, he shall bring all things to your rehim too full of self-righteeusness because he membrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” would speak of the peace and satisfaction be felt, Thus I was made sensible of His kindness, in and would recommend us to wait upon the Lord visiting me even in my childhood. These things in stillness, for wisdom and counsel. This was were clearly brought to the view of my undersuch a mystery to us, that we believed nothing standing; and in my waitings on the Lord, times of it; but the Lord, who regarded us, furnished and places were set before me when and where him with suitable answers to all our subtle ques- iniquity prevailed, as if it had been but yestertions. Nothing, or very little, did I then know day. Thus the Lord reasoned with me, gave me of the Quakers' principles. I thought them a understanding, and won upon my spirit by His foolish, mistaken people, and rather despised thau great love and condescension, so that a desire hated them. Now the Lord, who would do us was begot in my heart to follow Him; and for a good, condescended in his love to undeceive us trial of my obedience, He gave me this word, as to the Doctor, in the following manner :-I which lives on my spirit--" Cease to do evil." had brought occasionally into our company, a Under this exercise, I was as one dumb before man who I thought was able to puzzle him, who Him, who opened my heart to say: “ Lord, thou asked him this question,-"Do you believe if you hast bid me cease to do evil;' how can that be? should die within a few minutes, you should be Thou knowest all my former resolutions come to saved?'' The Doctor considering it a very serious nothing, and I am as dust before thee, wherein query, leaned back in his chair some minutes, quite there is no strength. Oh! do thou manifest thy silent. I felt much concerned in that question, power, that my soul may be obedient to thy will." and was ready to eat (as it were) the words, be. After this supplication in soul, I was still awhile, fore they came out of bis mouth in reply. Sitting when on a sudden I became as one in a trance, uprightly again, he looked solidly, and cheerfully and my spirit was carried into a place that was answered : “If I were to die now, I feel satisfied in very glorious, where a voice of praising God was my mind that the Lord would receive me in His heard. I was willing to have staid there ; but mercy,” -(or to this effect.) I said to myself: “ If after some time, I heard a voice saying, “ This this be true, and such a state could be attained is the power that overcometh the world, which by me, it is worth the world and all things in those that follow me truly shall enjoy, and be it."
clothed in it." Now, although our past sins were become such! None but sensible souls can understand how I
was affected with this great condescension of the analytical, be added great industry; and what he Everlasting God, to so wretched a creature as I | deened worthy of study at all he studied thoroughthen was, for I was in great distress; but God ly. The range of his attainments, too, was varied, findeth a way to help such. In confidence of and he had roamed largely over the widespread which, my heart was open to say: “ O Lord! field of physical science. Both varied and acfor a token of thy faithfulness, and that thou curate as were his attainments, there was a beauwilt be with me; help me, and give me victory tiful simplicity and modesty so blended with over this evil;' —meaning that which had the them, that no one ever could suspect him of feelgreatest place in my heart.
ing his superiority in learning over those with Now what shall I say to extol the mercy and whom he miogled. He had not studied for os. wonderful love of God? For many months after, tentatious display, but for usefulness in his staI could not accuse myselfin thought, word, or deed, tion. The strong trait in his character was bis in that particular evil. And I stand this day a wit- indomitable energy. In his small and feeble ness for God, that He is both able and willing to frame there was combined an iron will, a giant save men from sin. At this time I am made to power of resolute purpose. Impulsive, ardent testify, in His fear, that it was by a measure of as he was by nature, one might have expected the same light and grace which reproved me for that his would be just the disposition to leap premy sins, that my understanding was opened, and maturely to conclusions; but a very slight acthat I came to witness what I have before writ- quaintance soon proved that such was not his ten.
habit of mind. Rarely bave I seen so much of (To be continued. 1
impulsive warmth blended with the soberness of
patient, laborious inquiry, and sound practical FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. judgment, as in him. Thus, for instance, the
strong conviction he had of the open Polar sea, PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 14, 1857. I which he lived long enough to discover, was
founded on no basty or happy guess. In conDr. Elisha Kent Kane, the Arctic Explorer versations which he held with me on the profrom whose interesting work we have made some babilities of its existence, when our discussion extracts-died at Havana, where he was residing
turned entirely on scientific considerations, I
found that he had reasoned out his conclusions on account of ill health on the 16th of Second
by a chain of induction almost as strictly severe month, in the 35th year of his age. He was a las mathematical demonstration ; indeed, part of native of Philadelpbia, where he was well known, his process was mathematical. Before he sailed, and beloved by a large circle of friends.
he told me he was sure there was open water Various public bodies and societies with which
around the pole, and that if he lived to return
" he hoped to be able to tell me he had seen it. he was connected have expressed their apprecia- He no more proceeded on conjecture merely than tion of the worth of the deceased, and we extract did Columbus in his assertion of the existence of from the proceedings of the American Geo- our hemisphere. But with these intellectual graphical Society, of which he was a member, traits, and with great personal intrepidity, he had
' a gentleness of heart as tender as a woman's. some remarks of the President, Francis Hawkes,
awkes, There was an overflowing kindliness in his soul in announcing his death.
which stirred up his benevolence to its lowest Gentlemen of the Society :-- It becomes my depths when he encountered buman misery, . sad duty, as your presiding officer, to bring to whether of body or mind. He spared not time, your notice the removal, by death, of one of our nor toil, nor money, to relieve it. I may not most distinguished associates. Our friend, Dr. violate the sacred confidence of private friendship Kane, is no more. I knew him intimately, and under any circumstances, and least of all when the strong bond of our personal friendship, while the grave has for a time sundered the ties which he lived, prompts me to solicit your indulgence bound us as earthly friends together; but were if I depart from the formality of a mere official it lawful to speak all I know on this point, both announcement on this occasion, and render my as bis almoner and adviser, I could move your brief and humble tribute to the worth of a man generous sensibilities even to tears, by stories of whom I greatly loved. In my observation of as pure, disinterested, liberal, self-sacrificing human nature it has seldom fallen to my lot to efforts for others, as any it has been my lot to meet a fellow being possessed of more striking meet with in the records of human benevolence. excellences, or in whom there was a combination Alas! my countrymen, what is his early grave more rare of seemingly opposite qualities; in but a noble testimonial to his humanity ? He him, however, they were all harmoniously is dead himself, because he would snatch others blended, and it was precisely this fact which from death. made him to me an object of deep and affection. Another remarkable trait in his character was ate interest. To a fine mind, inquiring and the power he had of commanding and exercising
an irresistible influence over men. You, Sir (Mr. ' " Affection shall tenderly cherish his worth, H. Grinnell), can bear witness with me to this.
And memory deeply engrave it,
Not upon tablets of brass or stone, You have seen him when, with gentle firmness,
But in those fond heart's where best 'twas known.” when love and resolution were both unmistak
A fellow voyager of Dr. Kane, (Dr. J.J. ably present, and both marvelously blendedyou have seen him encounter the unequivocal pur. | Hayes,) closed a lecture at Pittsburg, last month, pose of insubordination and rebellion in the per- , with the following tribute : son of the enraged, reckless and desperate sea- "I have thus briefly, ladies and gentlemen, man who refused obedience, and who possessed a spoken of the results of this expedition, and I physical power that could have killed him with think I may safely say it will compare favorably a blow. You have seen that light, frail frame, with those of any other of any time. I have althat, alas, now sleeps in death, approach with ready said that for its existence we are indebted quick, firm step, and with no weapons but such to the liberality of Mr. Peabody, of London, and as nature gives, he but fixes his keen eye on the Mr. Grindell, of New York; but the credit of offender, and the clear sound of his voice rings its organization, its conduct, its success, and its upon the ears, in no tone of passion or anger. ultimate safety, is due to its gallant commander, He but talks, and there is some strange magic Dr. Kane. Standing in the relation to him that in his manner and his words; for presently the I have for so long a time—my captain through tears begin to roll down the rugged, sun-burnt a long and trying cruise-my comrade through cheeks of the hardy seaman ; be has humanized danger-my friend through suffering—I feel that him by some mysterious power made up of love it is hardly meet for me to pass a eulogium upon and reason mixed. Rebellion dies, and in its this world-renowned and distinguished man- nor place is born a reverence and affection so deep, would I more than merely mention his name in 80 devoted, that to the end of our dear friend's connection with his great public services, were it life, none love him better than the vanquished not that he now lies low in a foreign land, his rebel.
fiery spirit scarce able to keep the breath of life These were some of his qualities as a man. Of within bis little prostrate body. But I will not what he has done in the cause of science, and of pause to pay my tribute to his worth and man. our chosen department in particular, there is but hood. He needs no praise from me. He is belittle need that I should speak. In a short yond mere praise. Nothing that I may say can career of but 35 years, he has left upon the times add to bis reputation. No words of mine can in which he lived his impress so indelibly open wider your hearts of genuine sympathy, nor stamped that science numbers him with her make you feel more deeply how hard is the fate martyrs, and will not let his memory die. He that seems so likely ere long to snatch him from has told, too, so beautifully and modestly the the honors that cluster round him. His name story of his last suffering pilgrimage in her cause, has become a household word wherever deeds of and that of benevolence, that his remembrance manly daring find appreciation. His heart is will be kept green in the land of our fathers as warm as the tropic air he now breathes ; pure as well as in our own ; for the English language is the Arctic snows amid which he braved disease, our common property, and that which is regis- and death and suffering. His fame is broad as tered in the literature of that tongue, I love to the wide circle of the Polar summer's sun. Histhink, is destined to a long existence and wide tory will record his triumphs, and mankind, in diffusion on our globe. Had he done less in rendering its verdict upon the generation in which science England would not forget him, for his be lived, will encircle bis name with rays of glory benevolent heart led him to seek 'the relief of bright as those that beamed upon him from the Englishmen, undismayed by the horrors and Polar star of the Arctic winter.” perils of an Arctic voyage; but what he acconi- Such is the testimony of a personal and proplished in science secured to him the generous fessional associate, and there are many in this, tribute of acknowledgment and admiration from his native city, who can also bear witness to his England's scientific men. He received there the nobleness of disposition, his unselfish generosity medal of our sister institution, the Royal Geo- and his unassuming deportment. graphical Society, her highest tribute to eminent service in geographical discovery.
Died-On the morning of the 27th of 2d mo. last, And as for ourselves, there is little danger at his father's residence, James W. LUKENS, in the 23d that we shall forget him. IIe was a noble speci- yea
- , On Seventh day morning, 21st ult., BERNICE men of man, and he was our countryman. Letters c., daughter of Elizabeth C. and the late Captain John may yield a graceful tribute to his worth in lan- / Wood, aged 16 years. guage fitted to her mournful theme; science may | --, At his residence on Fourth street, Cincinnati, rear his monument, and tell the world she weeps on 15th of 1st mo., John Robinson, aged 94 years. He over one of her most gifted sons, and this is all
i was an Elder, and one of the heads of Cincinnati
Monthly Meeting. He was ill only one week of asthright; but there is a more touching tribute to ma, and although his sufferings were extreme, he was his memory than either of these :
I never heard to complain, and he remained quiet, and
his mind clear to the last. Closing his eyes, he ceased | falls far short of the true number, from visitors to breathe.
| occasionally omitting to record this item. He left a widow and four children to mourn his loss. In the death of this Friend, Society deeply feels the
1 Of the total number of 514 cases relieved, 83 bereavement; and also the community, as he was an
were reported as being colored persons; while of old resident in this city, whose example showed « his said total number, 137 were Americans ; 333 life was in the right.”
from Ireland ; 29 from other foreign countries, We publish the following deaths which occurred and 45 birth-place not recorded. some time since, at the request of a subscriber.
Twenty-five individuals were furnished with DIED,-At his residence in Mendon, on the 19th of fuel twice during the season; showing the entire 4th moi, 1817, William Webster, in the 90th year of number of heads of families relieved, including his age, a member of Rochester Monthly Meeting and the numbe Genesee Yearly meeting, a diligent attender
14 the number of married persons to have been 730,
of meetings for worship and discipline, an affectionate which, if added to the number of children rehusband and father, and beloved by his friends and ported, will increase the number of known reneighbors.
cipients of the bounty of this Association to --, At her residence in Elk, Warren Co., Penna.,
na seventeen hundred and seventy-six; but even this 29th of 12th mo., 1813, SARAH W. Pound, wife of : Daniel Pound, and daughter of William and Susannah
is doubtless considerably less than the real numWebster, aged 49 y-ars, 5 months. She was a member ber from omissions before alluded to, and from of Collins Monthly Meeting, and Genesee Year!y Meet- no record being made of aged persons and other ing, and a bright example in Society. During the inmates of the families relieved, and of whom latter part of her life, she lived very remotely from
there must necessarily be a considerable number. the Society of which she was a member, which she felt to be a great privation. Her family sustained a
| While speaking of ages it might have been great loss in her removal, for she was an affectionate as well to have stated that between 20 and 40 wife and mother, and a kind neighbor.
constitute by far the larger proportion of those -, Of quick consumption, 27th of 5th mo., 1856, reliav
relieved when taken by classes of 10 years each, at the residence of her parents, in Porter, Rock Co., Wisconsin, RACHEL Pound, daughter of Jonathan and
i viz: between 20 and 30, 121 cases, and between Deborah Pound, aged 28 years, 9 months. The sweet | 30 and 40, 132 cases. and pleasant composure of her mind through her ill. The winter of 1845 and '46 was the first seaness, was a comfort to those around her. Her upright son the Association commenced giving out coal walking and example were worthy of imitation, and in her removal, her beloved friends have sustained a
systematically, and the following statement posloss that will be sensibly felt.
sesses considerable interest as showing the dis
position of the poor to avail themselves of the For Friends' Intelligencer.
| advantages presented by its use over that of wood The writer regrets having so long delayed the as a fuel. In many instances the latter is used preparation of the subjoined exhibit of the doings only for want of a suitable stove for the former. of “1 he Association of Friends for the Relief of
Tons of coal. Cords of wood. the Sick and Suffiring Poor," (more familiarly Winter of 1815 and ’46, 5 88 known as the “Fuel Association,”') but believes Winter of 1855 and '56, 115 it still to be in time to claim the attention Showing the increase of the consumption of of such Friends as may not have contributed to coal in 11 years to be from 5 to 145 tons. the funds of the Association, as ere this article Philadalphia, 3rd month, 1857. J. M. E. appears ia print the Treasury will have become completely exhausted, if not in debt. He knows
TO REMOVE BAD ODORS. not how he can better preface the statement, be. The Boston Medical Journal mentions the folfore alluded to, than by referring to the simple lowing simple and economical apparatus for overand touching appeal inserted in this periodical, coming bad odors, and purifying any apartment page 713 of this volume.
where the air is loaded with noxious materials. But to return to the Association. One hun. Take one of any of the various kinds of glass dred and forty-five tons of coal and twenty-seven lamps-for burning camphene, for examples and cords of wood were distributed at a cost of fill it with chloric ether, and light the wick. In $758 38.
| a few minutes the object will be accomplished. Of the whole number relieved, 211 were mar- In dissecting rooms, in damp, deep vaults where ried women ; 22 were single women ; 289 were drains allow the escape of offensive gases, in out'widowed, and 22 condition not recorded. Sick | buildings, and in short in any spot where it is ness and infirmity was recorded as existing in desirable to purify the atmosphere, burn one of 118 families, and 108 individuals appear to bave these lamps. One tube charged with a wick is been between the ages of 60 and 100 years ; | sufficient. while 21 of the whole number were over 80, of whom 4 were recorded as being over 90 years of The worst examples in the Society of Friends, age.
are generally among the children of the rich: Ten hundred and forty-six (1016) children There is no greater calamity than that of leaving were recorded as belonging to the families re- children in affluent independence. -Clarkson's lieved, though this statement, it is again thought, Portraiture of Quakerism.