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that if the above views of the Commissioner of, for that final change which sooner or later awaits us Indian Affairs are correct, which no one at all all.” In life he was a bright example for those who
are left behind, to profit by, and in the dying hour, acquainted with the subject can for a moment
" the calmness and sweet composure which accompanied doubt, the people of every State in the Union him, were the surest guarantee of an inheritance of have a deep interest in securing the full success that crown which fadeth not away. of this institution. They, therefore, beg leave to invite the friends of humanity everywhere to ANCIENT INFLUENCE OF AFRICA ON THE NATIONS co-operate with them in providing for it such an
OF WESTERN ASIA. endowment that it shall never fail of success from It is known that very extensive researches want of funds.
have lately been carried on, by English and In behalf of the Trustees,
French explorers, among the ruins of the great WALLACE King, President. cities in Mesopotamia, and that great facility ASHER WRIGHT, Clerk. has now been acquired in deciphering the leEBER M. PETTIT, Treasurer. gends with which their monuments are covered.
These are inscribed in what is termed the cuneiMARRIED,- On the 9th day of Fourth mo., 1857, at form or arrow-head character. This may be conthe house of Mary Hallowell, in Abington Township, sidered as the characteristic alphabet of a clayMontgomery Co., Pa., according to the order of the working, or brick-making, people. The elements Society of Friends, David Eastburn, of Mill Creek, Delaware, to Tacy J., daughter of the late Israel
of it are such marks as would be made by pressing Hallowell, of Abington.
the angle of a cube, or of a hard brick, or of a -, On the 25th day of 12th month, 1856, at the square rod, into tough mud, and drawing the house of Jacob E. Jarrett in Horsham Township, point along more or less. These marks have Montgomery Co., Pa., according to the order of the Society of Friends, C. NEWTON SMITH, son of Dr.
been transferred, by patient engraving, to the Jervis S. Smith, to JANE T., daughter of Jacob E.
E: surfaces of granite and hard gems. Perhaps thé Jarrett,
most interesting in the discoveries which have - On Fifth day, the 19th of Third mo., 1857, been reached, are those presented in the follow. with the approbation of Woodstown Monthly Meet- ing condensed notice extracted from a report of ing, JOSEPH T. Fogg, of Salem Co., to Sarau H., daughter of John Pancoast, of Mullica Hill, Glouces
:: a lecture delivered at Cheltenham, by Lieut. Col. ter Co., N. J.
Rawlinson, before the British Association for
Promoting Science, at their last meeting. It is Died, On the 3d of Second mo., 1857, Ann, wife of remarkable to find that the old Assyrian Empire John D. Stewart, of L. A. Creek, Salem Co., N. J., had a tongue which was classical to it, in our in the 52d year of her age. It may be said of her she sense of the term. and that the " freshmen" of carried out the example of our primogenitures. She lived a quiet life, and her end was the same. She their colleges were initiated into the mysteries could say with the Psalmist, “ Lead me in thy truth, of African lore. The Galla tongue alluded to and teach me, for thou art the God of my salvation; below, it may be remarked, has, along with the on thee do I wait all the day.”
Hottentot dialects, affinities in fundamental ideas, - ,-On Sixth day, 3d inst., JONATHAN JONES, in the 77th year of his age,-a valuable member and
| which, ally it to the old monumental Coptic, and overseer of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting. He was these, as a family, differ from the Negro lanremarkable for moving among his fellows in meek-guages of Africa. ness and love.
Col. Rawlinson says: - On the 27th of Third mo., 1857, GRACE
“It was found that cuneiform writing, closely KNIGHT, in the 86th year of her age, at the residence of her son-in-law, Jonathan Paxson, Bensalem, Bucks
allied to hieroglyphic expression, had been inCo., Pa.
troduced into Chaldee by a Hamite race, cognate When we follow to the grave those whose wasted with the Egyptians; that the primitive powers can no longer enjoy the scenes of earth, form characters were in fact, like the hierothough we may not mourn that Death has happily released them from the clogs of mortality, yet who
glyphics, mere pictures of natural objects, which, can see a beloved parent consigned to the grave, (on when used alphabetically, possessed a value corwhose bosom they have leaned, and whose care and responding with the name of the object re. solicitude has often been as a hedge of preservation presented. As the primitive race was composed around them,) without feeling their tender sensibilities warmed with that glow of true filial affection,
of many tribes, each possessing its own vocabawhich binds and cements together as a living memo
| lary, each natural object had many names, and rial of departed worth ; surely there is something each character had many values.--This old divinely sacred in travelling in spirit to the gates of Hamic mode of writing was adopted by the death with those we love.
Semitic Assyrians, and new values were assigned At his residence, at West Branch, Clearfield Co., Pa. on the 30th ult., after a short illness, Wil
to the characters, corresponding to the synonyms LIAM CLEAVER, aged about 45 years. He was an ex- in the Assyrian language; so that in the Assyrian emplary and highly esteemed minister of the Society writing there was a mixture of the old Hamic of Friends, whose chief concern seemed to be to live element. This pointed the way to an investigaa life of practical righteousness, hence his exhorta-linna tions though generally brief, were calculated to im
#tion of those far more ancient and more interpress upon the minds of his hearers the necessity of esting records belonging to the pri
esting records belonging to the primitive race, such a life," for thus,” said he, “ will we be prepared I which were written in the old Hamic tongue. A very large portion of the clay tablets deposited
THE CHRISTIAN VOYAGER. in the British Museum relate to this special
BY CAROLINE A. BOWLES. branch of philology. The science of Assyria,
Launch thy bark, mariner ! Christian, God speed thee!
Let loose the rudder bands---good angels lead thee! even to the latest time, appears to have been re
Set thy sails warily, tempests will coine ; corded in the old Hamite language, and the Steer ihy course steadily, Christian, steer home ! acquisition of this tongue was regarded as an Look to the weather-bow ! breakers are round thee; essential branch of Assyrian education, and was Let fall the plummet now, shallows may ground thee; nrovided for by large numbers of elementary | Reef in the foresail there! Hold the helm fast! treatises for the use of youth. We are thus be
So let the vessel wear-there swept the blast. coming prepared for the translation of the inde
of the inde“ What of the night, watchman, what of the night ?"
“ Cloudy-all quiet-no land yet-all's right." pendent Hamnite, or primitive Chaldee records. u Damite, or primitive hardee records.
Be wakeful, be vigilant-danger may be " This primitive Chaldean period extended At an hour when all seemeth securest to thee. from the earliest dawn of history to the institu- | How gains the leak so fast! Clear out the bold tion of a Semitic Empire on the Tigris, in the Hoist up thy merchandise, heave out thy gold ;thirteenth century, B. C. There are, in the in
There- let the ingots go now the ship rights;
Hurrab ! the harbor's near-lo, the red lights! scriptions, many traces of a tradition that the
Slacken not sail yet, at inlet or island; first colonists had come from Ethiopia, under the
Straight for the beacon steer, straight for the highleading of a hero that answered to the Nimrod Jand; of Scripture, described in Genesis as the sou of Crowd all thy canvas on, cut through the foam, Cush, who was the brother of Mizraim. He Christian! cast anchor now-Heaven is thy home! was invoked by the kings as “their ancestor.”' the "founder of their race, under the “ Ner
IS THY PATH LONELY ? gal,” the lion, or great animal,” in the Hamite
Is thy path lonely? Fear it not, for He
Who marks the sparrow's fall is guiding thee; tongue. Eight capital cities belonging to this
And not a star shines o'er tbine head by night, ancient people can be traced. Hur, or “Ur of But He hath known that it will reach thy sight; the Chaldees” was probably the oldest of these And not a joy can beautify thy lot, cities, for the expression often occurs, “ from But tells thee still, that thou art unforgot;
Nay, not a grief can darken, or surprise the remotest times, from the foundation of Hur." |
Swell in thy heart, or dim with tears thine eyes ; A line of fifteen kings of this race is ascertained
But it is sent in mercy and in love, already as deciphered. This line of kings com To bid thy helplessness seek strength above. menced, probably, in the twenty-third century B. C. Kudar, one of this line, is probably the COL. BENTON IN A YANKEE KITCHEN. representative of Chedorlaomer, defeated by Col. Benton, while on a visit to New England, Abraham. His distinctive appellation is, “the was much impressed with the factory towns, and Ravager of the West.” The language of thes, particularly with the style in which the operaearly legends is of the Hamite family, having tives live. All this he has stated in a recent been brought, apparently, from Ethiopia, through address from which we quote :Arabia, by the primitive colonists.-Many of “They live in large, stately, elegant houses, the terms belonging to it have been recognized and you enter in the same manner as you enter in the Galla, the most ancient, perhaps, of the a parlor in Washington. You ring the bell and African dialects now available for comparison; 1 wait till the girl comes and opens it. You are and there is an evident similarity between the shown into the parlor, where you see the same vocabulary of this tongue and that of the Arabic, kind of furniture as you will find in a Congresswhere the latter differs from that of the sister man's boarding-house in Washington city. You languages of the Semitic family. There are, sit down and inquire for whom you want. It was however, a considerable number of verbal roots near dinner hour when I went up to one of those common to the Assyrian and primitive Chaldee; houses, and I carried my curiosity so far as to an additional argument being thus furnished in ask the mistress of the house to take me into the favor of the theory advanced by Bunsen, Max, cooking department and show me how she Muller, and others, that Semitism was a develop cooked. She said she was taken unawares and ment of an anterior Hamitism.”
was not prepared for it. I said that was exactly the thing I wanted ; I wanted to see it as it was
every day. Without more ado she opened the Our life is a continual journey toward the door and led me in, and there was cooking going grave, shorter or longer as God pleaseth; and on in a room so neat that a lady might sit there many times when we think ourselves far from it, and carry on her sewing or ornamental work. We may be just upon it.
This was the condition in which I found the houses of the operatives ; and to all these com
forts they add the leisure to read and cultivate Kansas has as large an extent of territory as the mind. I dwell upon that, fellow.citizens, England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland added as one of the circumstances which struck me in together.
my visit to New England."
THE CLOCK AT TANGIER.
stockings on entering the Jamaa. “That I The Moors, unlike their partially enlightened
won't,” said the stout little watchmaker; “ I brethren of the East, prohibit the Christian
never took them off when I entered the chapel and the Jew from entering a mosque or other
of the most Holy Virgin," and here be crossed places consecrated by the law of the Prophet
himself most devoutly, “and I won't take them under pain of death or embracing the faith
off in the house of your Prophet." of Islam. A droll instance of this occurred
They cursed in their hearts the watchmaker
and all his race, and were in a state of vast persome years ago at Tangier.
plexity. The wise Oolama had met early in The clock at the “Jaman Lebeer," the great the morning; it was already noon, and yet, so mosque at Tangier, being much out of order, far from having got
far from having got over their difficulty, they needed some skilful craftsman to repair it.
were in fact exactly where they had been before None, bowever, of the “faithful ” were compe
breakfast; when a gray-bearded Mueddin, who tent to the task, nor could they ever discover l had hitherto been silent, craved permission to what part of the machinery was deranged, I speak. The kaid and the kaidy nodded their though many put forth their opinions with
assent. great pomp and authority; amongst the rest, “If," said the venerable priest, the mosque one man gravely declared that a Jin, or evil be out of repair, and lime and bricks have to be genius, had, in all probability, taken up its conveyed into the interior for the use of the abode within the clock. Various exorcisms I masoo's, do not asses carry those loads, and were accordingly essayed, sufficient, as every
ent; as every do they not enter with their shoes on ? true believer supposed, to have expelled a legion
I “You speak truly,” was the general reply. of devils—yet all in vain ; the clock continued! « And does the donkey,” resumed the Mueddumb.
din, “ believe in One God, or in Mohammed, A Christian clock-maker, "a cursed Naza- the Prophet of God ?" rene," was now their sole resource; and such a I “ No, in truth," all replied. one was fortunately sojourning in Tangier | “Then,” said the Mueddin, let the Christian “ the city protected of the Lord.” He was go in shod as a donkey would do, and come out from Genoa, and, of course, a most pious Chris- like a donkey." tian ; how, then, were they, the faithful follow- The argument of the Mueddin was unaniers of the Prophet, to manage to employ him ? mously applauded. In the character of a donthe clock 'was fixed in the wall of the tower, and key, therefore, did the Christian enter the it was, of course, a thing impossible to allow the Mahommedan temple, mended the clock, not Kaffer to defile God's house of prayer by his indeed at all like a donkey—but as such, in the sacrilegious steps.
opinion of the "faithful,” came out again; and the The time-keeper Moakkeed reported the diffi. great mosque of Tangier has never since needed culty to the kady; and so perplexed the gray. another visit of the donkey to its clock.- Wesbearded dealer in law and justice by the tern Barbary; its Wild Tribes and Savage intricacy of the case, that after several hours of Animals. deep thought, the judge confessed he could not come to a decision, and proposed to report upon
NICARAGUA. the subject to the kaid, advising that a meeting Mortality among the Adventurers.-We have of the local authorities should be called. “ For, already alluded to the risks that are encounterin truth," said the kady, “I perceive that the ed by the deluded young men who identify urgency of this matter is great. Yes! I myself their fortunes with the Walker Expedition to will expound our dilemma to the kaid."
Nicaragua. The mortality among the advenThe kaid entered feelingly into all the diffi- turers since the commencement of the campaign culties of the case, and forthwith summoned the has been truly appalling. It is stated that threeother authorities to his porcb, where various fifths of the total number are either dead or propositions were put forward by the learned disabled by sickness. A returned officer says members of the council.
that according to the best estimate that can be Ope proposed to abandon the clock altogether; made, full five thousand in all have embarked in another would lay down boards over which the this enterprise, and at the last accounts, but infidel might pass without touching the sacred | little more than a thousand remained. Of these floor; but this was held not to be a sufficient too, quite a considerable portion were in hospisafeguard ; and it was finally decided to pull up tals—The general estimate is, that of those who that part of the pavement on which the Kaffer ventured to Nicaragua, not more than one in trod, and whitewash the walls near which he five will survive. Is it not strange to find men passed.
who are willing to embark under those circumThe Christian was now sent for, and told stances in a scheme of such peril and of death? what was required of him; and he was ex. What can be the inducements ?- What the ope pressly commanded to take off his 'shoes and rating causes ? Are their fortunes so desperate
that they are ready to submit to any chance that you carefully guard the outside doors of the eyes, may possibly better them are they credulous, and ears, and lips, you will keep out many cold foolish—or are they deceived and misguided ? blasts of sin, which get in before you think. When it is remembered that at least four thou- “This shutting doors,' you see, Eddy, will sand have perished within eighteen months— be a serious business ; one on which your wellsome of them fathers with dependent families, doing in this life, and the next, depends.”but the majority sons, with widowed mothers
American Messenger. and other affectionate relatives at home-the anxiety, the desolation and the agony that have
AN INDIAN REPUBLIC been caused by this expediton, may be faintly We condense the following interesting facts imagined. The desperate men who tempt the from an account of a Dakota community, or rather young, the thoughtless and the indiscreet, into regular republic, published in the St. Paul Ad. such a position, assuine a fearful responsibility. vertiser. It appears that on the head waters of -Pennsylvania Inquirer.
the Minnesota, some forty miles above Fort
Ridgley, in a corner of the miserly strip of terriSHUTTING DOORS.
tory of which the usufruct was reserved to the " Don't look so cross, Edward, when I call Dakotas—in the wilderness home of seven thouyou back to shut the door; grandpa's old bones sand shiftless savages,-a veritable republic, orfeel the cold wind; and besides, you have got to ganized, representative, free, with a written spend your life shutting doors, and might as constitution and a code of laws, has been estabwell begin to learn now.”
lished on the banks of the Yellow Medicine. "Do forgive me, grandpa, I ought to be A community of Dakota Indians, including ashamed to be cross to you. But what do you some 25 families, renouncing the tribal system, mean? I ain't going to be a sexton. I am going the habits, the superstitions and the costume of to college, and then I am going to be a lawyer. their race, have adopted at once, by unanimous
"Well, admitting all that, I imagine Squire congent, the customs, the dress, and at least the Edward C- will have a good many doors to elementary ideas of civilized society. shot if he ever makes much of a man:”
The traditional principle of the community of “What kind of doors ? Do tell me, grandpa.” property has been abandoned—the whole tribal
“Sit down a minute, and I'll give you a list. fabric dissolved, and society reconstructed on the In the first place, the “ door of your ears" must basis of justice to the individual, and its relations be closed against the bad language and evil adjusted on the principle of individual responsicounsel of the boys and young men you will bility. For this new order of things a methodimeet at school and college, or you will be un- cal organization has been effected, in which all done. Let them once get possession of that male adults are represented, and in which all door, and I would not give much for Edward directly participate. A President and Secretary C 's future prospects.
were regularly elected. A constitution and code “ The door of your eyes,' too, must be shut of by-laws were written, and the rights of property against bad books, idle novels and low, wicked recognized and defined. newspapers, or your studies will be neglected One finds the savage hunter of a year since, and you will grow up a useless, ignorant man. dressed to-day in the costume of the white man You will have to close them sometimes against the hair cut short, and the paint and orna. the fine things exposed for sale in the store win-ments discarded-living in neat houses of the dows, or you will never learn to lay up money, simple but comfortable architecture usual in or have any left to give away.
frontier settlements, with an enclosed field of “The door of your lips' will need especial four or five acres around him, tilled with the care, for they guard an unruly member, which implements of modern husbandry. The Indian makes great use of the bad company let in at the woman, released from the despotism of tribal doors of the eyes and ears. That door is very prescription, is no longer a beast of burden, but apt to blow open; and if not constantly watched, attends to the gentler duties of the household, will let out angry, trifling or vulgar words. It while the husband accepts with pride the toil his will backbite sometimes worse than a March recent pride disdained. wind, if it is left open too long. I would advise This republic was the fruit, in fact, of long you to keep it shut much of the time till you years of toil and of heroic self sacrifice-the have laid up a store of knowledge, or at least, till | tardy result of the labors of the Dakota Missionyou have something valuable to say.
aries, two excellent men, Dr. Williamson and “ The inner door of your heart' must be S. R. Riggs, who have devoted their lives to the well shut against temptation, for conscience, the evangelization of the Sioux. Mr. Riggs is a doorkeeper, grows very indifferent if you disre- cultivated scholar, and the editor of a valuable gard his call, and sometimes drops asleep at Dakota grammar and dictionary. It is around his post; and when you think you are doing the mission house of this gentleman that the very well, you are fast going down to ruin. If Hazelwood Republic has established its settle. ment; and its members-many of whom can | CHESTERFIELD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR read and write Dakota, some of them even English |
ofthom von English IU YOUNG MEN AND BOYS.-The Summer Ses
'sion of this Institution will commence the 18th of 5th -are composed chiefly of his pupils and converts.
S; mo. 1857, and continue twenty weeks. It was under his auspices that the Hazelwood Terms.-$70 per session, one half payable in Republic was organized some two years since. advance, the other in the middle of the term. nembers-the male adults votinehave! No extra charges. For further particulars address,
HENRY W. RIDGWAY, elected “ Paul” their President, and “Hennuck"
Crosswicks P. O., Burlington Co., N. J. Secretary. The latter was educated at the East. The thrift of these people in their new mode of TLDRIDGE'S HILL BOARDING SCHOOL.--The life may be inferred from the fact that Major M next Term of this Institution will commence on
the 18th of 5th month next and continue 20 weeks. Flandrau, the agent for the Sioux, recently
Scholars of both sexes will be received during the bought 400 bushels of potatoes and 500 bushels of corn from them.
All ihe branches of a liberal English education are Their accounts against the government are usu. thoroughly taught in this institution ; also the elements ally atttested by vouchers in their own band- / of the Lati! and French languages.“
Terms $70 per session. To those studying Latin writing. · No portion of the school fund pro
or French an additional charge will be made of $3 for vided by the treaty had been appropriated until
each language. a small portion of the sum due, $1,000 in all, No other extra charges except for the use of Claswas received. A part of this was judiciously
sical and Mathematical Books and Instruments. expended in the establishment of a Dakota school
A daily Stage passes the door to and from Philadel
phia. in the republic, taught for the present by a
For further particulars address the Principal for a native Indian.
Circular. At the Red Wood agency a similar settlment
ALLEN FLITCRAFT, of Indians has commenced, and now numbers
Eldridge's Hill, Salem County, N. J. some eleven or twelve families. We shall watch
ICREEN LAWN BOARDING SCHOOL FOR with deep interest the progress of the Hazelwood
U GIRLS, Dear Unionville, Chester County, Pa. Republic.—North American.
The summer session of this school will commence on
the fourth of Fifth month next, and continue twenty PHILADELPHIA MARKETS.
weeks. The course of instruction, by competent FLOUR AND MEAL.--Flour is in fair demand. Stand- | female teachers, will be extensive in all the usual ard and good brands at $5 87 a 600. Sales of better branches comprising a horough English Education, brands for home consumption at $600 a 6 25, and Drawing included. Terms fifty-five dollars per session, extra and fancy brands at $6 75 a 7 25. There is one half in advance. Fancy needlework at an extra very liitle export demand. Rye Flour is held at charge of three dollars. The use of all Class Books, $400 per barrel. Last sales of Corn Meal at $3 12 Globes, Maps, Planisphere, Physiological Charts, Pens per bbl.
and Ink, two dollars per session. Those wisbing to Grain.- Wheat is dull, but prices are steady. enter will please give their names as early as possible. Sales of prime Pennsylvania red are making at $1 40 For circulars address the Principal, Unionville Post a $1 42, and $1 43 a 1 55 à 1 56 for good white. Office.
EDITH B. CHALFANT. Rye is steady; sales of Penna. at 82c. Corn is in 3mo . 28. 30. fair request, at 65c for new yellow afloat, 66c for old, and 63c in the cars and in store. Oats are scarce; I ONDON GROVE BOARDING SCHOOL FOR sales of Pennsylvania at 48 a 49c per bushel.
YOUNG MEN AND BOYS. It is intended to
commence the Summer session of this Institution on TVRIENDS having · business communications or
the Ist 2d day in the 5th mo. next. Lectures will be T visiting in the vicinity of Cecil Monthly Meet delivered on various subjects, bu
delivered on various subjects, by the teacber. Also, ing, a branch of Southern Quarter, may reach that
on Anatomy and Physiology, by a medical practitionsection cheaply, pleasantly and expeditiously, by er; the former illustrated by appropriate apparatus ; taking a ticket by cars from Philadelphia at 1 o'clock
the latter by plates adapted to the purpose. P. M., to SassaFRAS RIVER, on 3rd 51h and 7th days.
Terms; 65 dollars for 20 weeks. No extra charge Fare to Sassafras River $1 50. Conveyance to be had
except íor the Latin language, which will be 5 dollars. of RichaRD TURNER, at Betterton Landing on Sassa- For Circulars, including references, and further parfras River, to any part of the neighborhood.
BENJAMIN SWAYNE, Principal,
London Grove P. O., Chester co., Pa. as a day school, will now receive six or eight female
3d mo. 14, 1857. pupils. (girls under 13 years of age preferred,) as DYBERRY BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. boarders in the family. Attention will be paid to D The fourth session of this school, tavgbt by JANE health, morals, &c. They will be desired to attend HillBORN and Sisters, will commence on the 1st Second Friends' Meeting on First days, accompanied by one day in the Fifth month, and continue twenty weeks. of their teachers, also mid-week Meetings if required The usual branches of a liberal English Education will by parents or guardians. Terms $35 00 per quarter be tanoht. of twelve weeks, (one-half payable in advance) in TERMS: $60 per session, one half payable in adcluding board, washing, &c. For further particulars vance, the other half at the end of the term. For enquire of LETITIA MURPHY, Principal. SARAH C. WALKER, Assistant.
Circulars, containing particulars, address,
JANE HILLBORN, Byberry P. O., Pa. No. 158, Main st., Frankford Pa.
3d mo. 14, 1857.-80. N. B. Plain and fancy needle-work taught. 3d mo., 21st, 1857,-4t.pd.
Merrihew & Thompson, Prs., Lodge St., North side Penna. Bank.