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in the navigation of iron ships will be understood of its new occupants, 2000 sheep, 450 head of and removed. - N. Y. Com. Adv.
cattle, and 20 horses, and provisions for twelve months, with everything requisite for the culti
vation of the soil. The buildings on the island A ROMANTIC PROCEEDING-REMOVAL OF THE lors of the most suhetontie
OF THE are of the most substantial character, and morə INHABITANTS OF PITCAIRN'S ISLAND,
than sufficient for the use of the Pitcairn settlers, We learn by late English papers, that the de- who, in their former home, dwelt in rude, palm scendants of the mutineers of the English ship thatched houses. The fine scenery, superior Bounty, whose romantic history has excited a accommodations, enlarged territory and increased world-wide interest, have been removed from field of operations for their industry, together Pitcairn's Island, in consequence of the colony with the ample provision made for their sustenhaving out grown the means of sustenance which ance, must render their new home a very attracthe island afforded. They were transferred to tive spot for these people of simple habits. Norfolk Island, together with all their goods and The history of this interesting colony, although chattels.
known to a large portion of the reading comThere are only eight of the first generation of munity, may not be familiar to all. The ship settlers left-two men and six women. The Bounty, commanded by Captain Bligh, was disoldest man is about sixty-one or sixty-two, and patched by the British government to Tahiti, to the oldest woman between seventy and eighty. convey young bread fruit trees to the West Charles Christian is the grandson of the ring. ) Indies. While on the voyage the crew mutinied, leader of the mutineers. The number of per- murdered the captain, set adrift a part of their sons removed was 199; 97 males and 102 number, and took the vessel to Pitcairn's Island, females, one child having been born on the voy- where they arrived in 1789, with nine Tahitian age, and named Dennison, after the Governor- men and thirteen women. There were ten of General of New South Wales. Pitcairn's Island the mutineers, and their fate was for a long time is situate in lat. 25 4 S., long, 130 25 W., and unknown. From them sprang the present thrivis only about four and a half miles in circumfer. ing colony. ence, one mile and a half being its greatest length, not more than one square mile being
THE ORIGIN OF WHEAT. available for cultivation ; yet it has been the The Edinburg Review, in a late able article, isolated home of a happy and thriving settle discussing the original of the cereals, especially ment of nearly 200 souls. Owing to the frugal wheat, states that there are two theories upon this and temperate habits of the people and the health- subject, one which considers races of plants imfulness of the climate, the population has out- mutable, and holds, therefore, that wheat existed grown its circumscribed limits.
once and may still exist indigenously, somewhere; Their new home-Norfolk Island is situated and another, which maintains that the cereal, as in lat. 29, S., and long. 168 10 E., being distant at present knowo, has been developed by cultifrom Sidney about twelve hundred miles. It is vation. This latter opinion the Review advocates, six miles in length and four in breadth, and con- maintaining that the particular plant from which tains about 14,000 acres. It is well watered, and wheat originated, is a grass, growing wild on the there is a a high hill in the centre, called Mount | shores of the Mediterranean, and known to boPitt. For many years it was the penal settlement tanists by the name of ægilops. It is urged, in for the vilest and most incorrigible transported confirmation of this hypothesis, that, wherever criminals sent from England to Van Dieman's the cultivation of a species is known, it is found Land. But since the abolition of transportation that man has first applied to his use a plant to Tasmania, the convicts have been withdrawn growing wild about him, cultivating it, and sowfrom the Island. The locality to which these ing seeds from the best species of the cultivated settlers have thus voluntarily transferred them- plant, until it reached a state so far excelling its selves is infinitely preferable to their former cir- original condition, that it would have been imcumscribed home, both in dimensions, scenery possible for any but an observer of the process and capabilities. It has been described as a little to trace its origin. The origin of wheat is preearthly paradise, and is capable of producing sumed to be analogous, and, in fact, the Review everything that can promote the well being of a adds that a French botanist, reasoning in his community. There are 2000 or 3000 acres of way, and observing many striking points of refine land now in cultivation, and as much more semblance between the ægilops and wheat, unmight be rendered fruitful. The island is very dertook to develope the latter from the former, healthy, and no epidemics are known there. and by saving, year after year, the seed from The soil produces both tropical and European such plants as appeared to approach nearer to its fruits, vegetables and grain, besides spices, the object, actually succeeded in his object. The sugar cane, cinnamon, coffee, the pepper vine, I plant, thus obtained, still continues to be cultitobacco, &c.
Tvated, both by him and by others, and to yield There were left at Norfolk Island for the use I real, bona fide wheat.
POISON OF THE SPIDERS. One of the most frequent sources of trial to an There have been noticed in several instances American housekeeper, is the kitchen help. recently, serious results attributed to the spider. Either no help can be obtained, or it is of very The latest occurred in Cincinnati, on Thursday poor quality. In the country, the first of these last, which is stated to have resulted fatally : perhaps is the greatest veil; in the city, the lat- A young man named Wm. Haughton, emter. So long as immigrants from other lands ployed in a dry goods store, was taken to a continue to swarm to our shores, help of some physician's office in a great state of suffering, kind will doubtless be abundant, but the aversion caused by a spider's bite near the abdomen, reof foreigners generally to a farming life, and ceived a few hours before. The suffering of their desire to congregate together, make it dif- Haughton continued to increase until late in ficult to place them where most needed-in our the afternoon, when he died, apparently from small villages and rural districts.
the effects of the bite. The case has excited In our treatment of domestics, we should be considerable attention in the medical profession, careful not to be too exacting, but remember and the physicians of that city state that it is that like yourselves they are liable to become the only affair of the kind which has ever come weary or ill.
| within their knowledge. Do not consider it a part of your business to find fault with them whenever any occasion will warrant. The same principles which should
Jal THE ARITHOMETRE.- A calculating machine govern us in the care of children is applicable
e bearing this name, has, it is said, been introhere-manifest your approbation for everything
duced into several European commercial houses, that will bear it and censure as little as possible.
and into the Mint of France. It not only solves Treat them perseveringly as though you supposed
ed cases in the four rules, but ascertains the powers they intended to do right, even though you know
of quantities, extracts the roots of numbers, and
1 qu it to be not the case, and instead of finding fault all wita
finding fant all with the most incredible rapidity. when a thing is done wrong, wait, if possible, till it is to be done again, then remind them of their | THE NEW ENGLAND PIN COMPANY. of Win. previous forgetfulness, and explain your wishes
sted, Connecticut, have just started a new maanew, and you will be far more likely to accom
chine for sewing pins upon papers. It selects plish a permanent improvement.
the little indispensables from a pile and stretches Never raise your voice or speak in an angry them in a continuons
them in a continuous row upon narrow strips of or excited manner-speak deliberately and calm
paper, at the rate of 300 per minute. ly, however great the annoyance, or if you can- | not control your voice, be silent till you can, and you will not only bave obtained a great victory
PHILADELPHIA MARKETS. over yourself, but remedy the evil far more surely.
FLOUR AND MEAL.-The market for Flour is rather
lower. We quote at $6 25 a 6 37. Sales of good Add praise for something well done at the same
brands for home consumption at $6 37 a 6 44, and time that you censure, if possible.
extra and fancy brands at $6 62 a 8 50. There is A “fresh hand” is often little help to an very liitle export demand. Rye Flour is worth $3 75 overworked house wife, but exercise patience, go
per barrel. Corn Meal is dull, at $3 00 per bbl. about with them, and show them a few days if
show them four days if GRAIN.- Wheat is dull, but prices are steady. necessary, and under proper management even
Sales of prime new Pennsylvania red are making at
$1 48 a 1 50, and $1 60 a 1 62 for white. Rye is the most stupid will improve..
very scarce ; sales of Penna, at 82c. Corn is scarce ; Frequent changes are often a great annoyance, sales of old yellow at 68c and new yellow at 65c. but the privilege of change is as great for the Oats are steady at 47c per bushel. house wife as the girl. If they can do better elsewhere, they have the same right to go that DOARDING SCHOOL.-A Friend desirous of opennoruong employed in any other relation have | D ing a Boarding School convenient to Friends'
Meeting, Fallsington, may hear of a desirable situaAlways treat them kindly and considerately, and tion
tion by applying previous to the 15th of next month. do them a favor when you can, and they will be For further particulars address either WM. SATTERless inclined to leave. - Ohio Farmer.
THWAITE, Jr., or MARK PALMER, Fallsington P. O.,
1st mo. 10, 1857. A ROCKING STONE.--Some gentlemen recent- TUST,
TOST PUBLISHED. A New Edition of the Dis
I cipline of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Price ly exploring in the neighborhood of the Chawica
Fifty cents. lime quarries, in Alabama, found a rock of some
T. E. CHAPMAN, hundred tons weight, so nicely balanced that it 1st mo. 10.
No. 1 South Firth St. could be moved by the hand of a child, although no practicable force could be imagined which
JUST PUBLISHED. A Memoir of John Jackson.
J Price 304 cts. With Portrait, 50 cts. would throw it from its base. It motion was
T. E, CHAPMAN, about six inches of space.
1st mo, 10.
No. 1 South Fifth St.
PHILADELPHIA, SECOND MONTH 14, 1857.
EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
manifestation in their conscr uous impressions,
there was much of the true "unity of the Spirit PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE, in the bond of peace' preserved amongst them, No. 100 South Fifth Street,
and the fruits of Gospel love, and of submission PHILADELPHIA,
to the cross of Christ, were evidenced in life and Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pay-conduct. wha in adence. Three copies sent to one address for Some letters from Priscilla Gurney to her sisFive Dollars.
ter Fry, written in the year 1810, describe the Communications must be addressed to the Publisher, free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made.
serious considerations into which her mind was introduced, whilst yet somewhat undecided as to
her own future course, as well as her earnest dc. EXTRACT FROM MEMOIR OF PRISCILLA GURNEY.sire to be guided by the Holy Spirit. The style (Continued from page 739.]
of expression will show that she had not been In the altered situation of the bereaved family, accustomed to adhere to the correct grammatical various circumstances concurred to bring the language used by “Friends." members of it under a serious consideration of the religious course which they believed to be
“ My Dearest Betsey, I have been wishing to most likely to conduce to their right settlement
answer thy letter ever since I received it. . ... in Christian truth. At a time when their hearts
It is always interesting to hear at all intimately were rendered peculiarly impressible by heavy
from thee. I am sure I can feel for thee in what affliction, and acutely alive to the soothing effect
of thee must have gone through lately;* but I am of sympathy and to the consolations of the Gos
can never inclined to feel much anxiety about thee. pel, they became intimately acquainted with a
There is so much cause for hope that thee will pious and zealous clergyman of the “ Established.
be carried through every trial, as thee has hitherto Church,” Edward Edwards, of Lyon.
1. been. Thee wishes me to send thee a particular evinced a deep interest in the spiritual condition account of
condition account of myself; but I really hardly know what of tbese young persons, and was instrumental in I to say. When I think of thee I feel so ashamed imbuing their minds with a clearer comprehen
of myself. I do not know how to communicate sion of the fundamental principles of New Testa-l all my great wea.
all my great weakness and deficiencies, and this, ment doctrine. This naturally induced a strong
I believe, is one reason why I do not write oftener mutual attachment, which at length resulted into thee; I
to thee; but I may truly say that I often think the union of several of the family with that sec. of thee, and feel very near to thee in heart. Thy tion of professors with which their kind instruc-sympathy, even at a distance, is very valuable tor was connected. But whilst some of them and helpful to me. I have sometimes suifered were attracted in that direction, others soon
painful discouragements, chiefly from finding my afterwards yielded to an influence of a different be
heart still so attached to the world; but more character. The example of their beloved sister, often, latel
often, lately, I have been hopeful and comfortElizabeth Fry, who had become a decided Friend able; indeed, I have no cause to be uncomfortable, and who had, in a remarkable manner. been en: except from my own want of faith and continued abled to uphold, in great brightness, the standard deficiencies. Somo pains that I feared so much of Christian excellence, operated powerfully, yet see
seem so unexpectedly removed. I felt so much almost imperceptibly, on several of the family an
wild anxiety lest we should be any source of pain to circle; and this, together with a consequent in
ngegnent in acar Catherine, but nothing can well have excrease of acquaintance, not only with the prin
ceeded her conduct towards us. She gives us the ciples, but also with many devoted members, of most entire liberty to pursue that path which is the religious Society in which they had been
the most for our good and happiness: I do not nominally educated, was, under the Divine bless. mean only in judgment, but in feeling; for she ing, the means of strengthening their attachment
1 to the worship and views of the “ Friends," and
* In reference to E. J. F.'s early engagements as a
"Gospel minister. they eventually became firmly established in their
eur + Catherine Gurney had returned from a lengthened Christian profession.
stay at Lynn, where she had become united to the Notwithstanding this diversity in the externall“ Established Church."
has fully expressed to us that, let us be what we a serious one. Whatever path he may in future may, if we act from conscience, she does not think think best to pursue, it is my belief that there it would give her any pain. . . . . I think I is something in him that draws near to Friends. never felt more truly united to her, or more happy But I desire to leave all these things, for I really and easy with her, than I do now. Her cheer- fear to have any selfish considerations; though fulness, calmness, and steadiness, is the greatest being in some things so much left to walle alone support to us all; and what a blessing it is after is, now and then, very distressing to my spirits. all we have suffered !”
Yet I have hardly ever felt any essential disSoon afterwards, she penned the following in couragement, or any misgivings as to the steps I structive remarks:
have myself taken, for which I ought to be thank“It is consoling, under the sense and burden ful. I do believe that nothing short of very much of our manifold infirmities, to find that others giving up, in heart, all things in this life will do; have had the same trials—the same pilgrimage and this we must diligently labor after, whatever to pass through. At times the present state of it may cost us." probation, and the prospect of what is at the end About this time she addressed the following of the race, wears a more serious aspect than at letter to her beloved cousin, M. B.,* who, like others, and seems to come more home to the herself, had yielded to convictions which led to heart; and yet, how much more cause we have the full adoption of the Christian views and practo wonder that this should have so little effect tices of the Society of Friends :upon us, than that it should impress us awfully. ! " It is impossible but that our having come to Oh, how important it is that we should, at all the same conclusion should be a fresh bond of times, be found watching! But how far am I / union between us. I confess I feel it so, though from this desirable state! Almost every day I never felt more inclined to love and to be united proves my unwatchfulness and want of faith. to all who are endeavoring to serve God to the This makes me feel the necessity of going on best of their ability. It is so hard valiantly to quietly, and professing little; in short, of show-l maintain the Christian warfare, that whatever we ing our faith more by our works than by our find is an assistance to us is too valuable to be rewords."
jected. If we have thought it right to adopt a A few weeks later, she addressed the following stricter appearance externally, may it indeed be letter to her friend and cousin, Anna Buxton, l an incitement and a stimulus to keep our watch (afterwards the wife of William Forster). The more diligently, that we may lay aside every similarity of their course, and the manner in
weight, and the sins that most easily beset us, which both of them were brought by experimen
and run with patience the race that is set before tal religion, to an implicit faith in the immedi
us. The adopting our religious garb is like a ate power and teaching of the Spirit of Truth,
th, more open profession to others, that we desire to united them very closely in the life and love of forsake the
Tove of forsake the world, or at least the evils of it; and the Gospel.
in this way it appears to me a very serious thing, EARLham, Ninth Month, 29th, 1810.
and no light matter. I have cause, indeed, to “I believe I never felt for thee such love and be humbled at my little progress in the best sympathy as at this time. .... It is frequently things—my lukewarmness, unwatchfulness, and a support and refreshment to me to turn my manifold deficiencies and infirmities. One thing thoughts towards thee, and it is an encourage-I am sure of, that the more we are devoted to ment to me to remember how thou hast hitherto
a religious life, the happier we are, even here." been mercifully led and supported in that path
The winter of 1810 was passed by Priscilla which I have also entered. It is often the earnest desire of my heart that we may, every one of us,
Gurney in the quiet pursuit of her usual avocawhether Friends or not, be enabled to run with
tions-administering to the necessities of those patience the race that is set before us,' and labor
around her who were suffering from penury or
sickness, and in the supervision of the schools in to enter into that rest which is prepared for the
the vicinity of Earlham Hall, which had been people of God. I do, indeed, increasingly feel
established through the active benevolence of its the infinite importance of it, though the work is
inmates. We have, from the pen of her brother. sometimes very hard to our weak and frail nature, and we hardly know how to hold on our way
re; in-law, Sir T. F. Buxton, a lively reference to
the assidious attentions devoted by Priscilla to amidst the temptations and discouragements
the relief of the indigent, and to the several which we are liable to in our pilgrimage here; yet we know there is an Almighty power which
“days in every week” in which she was exclu
sively employed in visiting them : “I can," he can preserve us through them all, and make our
says, “speak of the manner in which she was way clear before us; and to this may we, at all
a prepared, as soon as breakfast was over, to protimes, and under all circumstances, look for
ceed to her task; her basket in readiness, filled strength.
“I feel very deeply interested in Joseph's state * Maria Barclay, afterwards the wife of Robert Were of mind at this time, which, indeed, seems to be Fox.
with such little presents as she thought might (proving seasons in the course of his pilgrimage, be useful or acceptable to those who were suffer- and we think it may be truly said, come to a ing from disease.” The comparatively inconspi- firm establishment on the foundation which standcuous course of duty, which thus occupied much eth sure, it pleased divine Goodness to remove of her time, was peculiarly favorable to that him from his church militant, after an illness of spiritual communion with her Redeemer, by about three weeks, which he bore with remarkwhich the experience of his love and power pre- able patience and resignation to the divine will pared her to show forth the riches of his grace; -expressing, that if the Lord had any further and, through the effectual operation of his Holy service for him to do, he desired to be raised to Spirit, the principles of Christian truth professed do it; and if not, he was resigned either in life by Friends were increasingly precious in her or death-that his outward affairs were settled view, and she was enabled to dedicate her whole nearly to his mind. heart to the service of the Lord. Her example One night, being in great pain, a friend said, in the domestic circle operated powerfully, and he hoped he had comfort in his affliction—"Ah," evidenced that the one great object of her life said he, “if it was not for that, what a poor creawas to “press toward the mark for the prize of” ture should I be; for that is worthy to be sought her “high calling of God in Christ Jesus.” | after above all other considerations.” A young [To be continued.)
man standing by his bed side, he said to him,
“My great desire for thee is, that thou mayest Testimony from Third-Haven Monthly Meeting, prepare for such a time as this.” At another in Maryland, concerning JAMES HARRIS. time he said, “ I have been greatly favored, that
As this our beloved friend was, for his piety (I have nothing to fear beyond the grave; for I and humble walking, uprightness, and regularity have felt a great change wrought by the power of conduct and conversation, worthy to be remem- of divine love." At another time, being under bered amongst the faithful in his day, we think great pain of body, said, “Lord, grant me pait right to give forth the following testimony tience to endure thy dispensation. O welcome concerning him.
death! Lord, thy kingdom come! thy kingdom He had his education in the way of that called come !" At another time he called bis only son the Church of England, and was in the early part to him, and desired him and all his children to of his life convinced, by the operation of Truth remember the poor, and be kind to them for bis in his own mind, of the necessity of living a sake; in particular the poor tenants, not to deal godly, righteous, and sober life; but did not hard with them; for they come hard by what make much progress in the path of true religion they got, and the year had been difficult; nor until near the thirtieth year of his age; about distress the poor for money due to him; and dewhich time, attending more closely to the witness sired that all his children might remember the in himself, he joined a pious people, distinguished example he had set before them, that it might by the name of Nicholites. As he was favored be a blessing to them—and seeing them around with a spiritual discerning and stability in the him, expressed a great desire that they might Truth beyond many, he at length became se- seek the Lord for their portion, above all other cretly exercised in spirit respecting their situa- enjoyments; “for,” said be, “if I had these tion, from an apprehension that a junction with rooms full of gold, and the work of reformation the Society of Friends would tend to mutual ad- not experienced, what could it do for me? it vantage in the way of truth; and under the would help to make me the more miserable ; for weight and exercise thereof, was sometimes led I have thought, sometimes, that I was as rich as to mention it to his fellow professors; but the heart could wish, and I feel nothing but love, opposition which appeared in some, together with and the smiles of the heavenly Father's countehis own fears and discouragements prevailing at nance upon me; and what more can I desire ?" times, we believe caused him deep wading for further observing, that as there was one of them some years; but through the continued favors of who was likely to have a numerous offspring, he divine regard, from time to time manifested in much desired she might seek divine strength, his own mind, and the help of the spirits of whereby to be made able to raise up a family of brethren and sisters under a similar exercise, I godly children, and prove a blessing to them, he became more and more confirmed that it was both in time and in eternity. Seeing his wife the Lord's work: until at length way opening, sorrowing, he desired her not to grieve after him, he, with a majority of that Society in these but to continue faithful; that when her time parts, requested to be received into membership should be no longer, she might be happy in the with Friends; most of whom, some time after, end : and said, that if he thought he should live were accordingly united to us; and continuing but one hour, his soul would rejoice; but added, to exercise his gift to satisfaction, he became an “ Not my will, but thine be done ;" abundantly approved Minister amongst us, being accompanied manifesting through the course of his affliction, with convincing energy and power.
la becoming resignation either in life or death. Having, we believe, passed through manyl At another time, being asked if he would take