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the instrument through a sort of telescope tube, that the paste proper for procuring the animal. or by a rack-work; and then the very precise cules called eels, is made with flour and water point is hit upon by turning a fine adjustment only—that of the shops, containing resin and or micrometer screw. By pushing the slide or other matters, being unfit for the purpose. It port object backward and forward with the must be made very thick, and well boiled; when thumbs of each hand, the object is examined in cold, it should be beaten and thoroughly stirred its breadth and length ; by turning the microme- with a wooden spatula. This must be repeated ter screw, in its depth and thickness. For, with every day, to prevent mildew on its surface; a high power, you cannot see the whole of a previously examining a portion with a magnifier, single globule at once; an almost insensible turn to ascertain whether it contains any eels. If of the screw brings a fresh portion of the object the weather be warm, a few days will suffice to within the focus. But these little manipulations produce them. When they are once obtained, are not acquired without a fatiguing amount of their motion on the surface of the paste will prepractice, even though the image seen is reversed; vent any mouldy growth, and it, therefore, rethat is, to make it go to the right you must push quires no further attention. If the paste be too the object-slide to the left, and to move it ap- thin, the cels will creep up the sides of the parently upward you must direct your gentle paste-pot. In this case, a portion of very thick touches downward.
paste must be added, to preserve them. But Next, as to microscopic books. It is a good the fresh supply must not be put upon them. plan, when you want to comprehend a subject, They must be placed upon it. When you require to get together all the works that treat of it. her Majesty's servants in little to exhibit their On looking them through, the repetitions and graces, take a few drops of clean water, and put the chaff are sifted away without much exertion a small portion of the paste containing the eels of intellect, and you are then possessed of all the into it. The water serves them as their bath solid grain. Three modern works are so good, and their dressing-room ; after they have reand so wonderfully cheap, that the young micros- mained therein a minute or two they may be copist will assuredly purchase the entire trio : taken out, and placed under the microscope, The Microscope and its Revelations, by Dr. Car- when the first act of the comedy will begin. penter, with three hundred and fifty woodcuts; Their versatility of talent enables them to play The Microscope, its History, Construction, and even minor parts in tragedy. They are a favorite Applications, by Jabez Hogg, M. R. C. S., with prey of many aquatic larvæ. When the latter upwards of five hundred engravings; and The are starving upon your boards, put in a few Microscope, by Dr. Lardner, with a hundred and supernumerary eels; they will be devoured withforty-seven engravings. The utility of the last out mercy, and will add much to the interest of work is much diminished by the want of an index, I the spectacle. You will have tableaux not inand still more by the affectation, after Cobbett, ferior to those presented by the terrier Billy in of not being paged; the only guide to its valu- his great feat of killing a hundred rats in fifty able contents are figures which refer to para- seconds. graphs. Quekett on the Microscope, Pritchard's Paste-eels are still a mystery in their nature; Microscopic Cabinet, and of Microscopes, and the they propagate only by bringing forth their discoveries made thereby, by Henry Baker, may young alive, as far as is known. How, then, do be profitably consulted. For physiological stu- they come in the paste ? if they lay no eggs, pone dents, the works of Dr. Robin (in French) and can be floating about in the air. The boiling, of Dr. Hassell are of the highest interest. one would think, must destroy any germs of
But a microscope, and a library in alliance life contained in the flour, or the water of which with it, alone, without plenty of objects to look the paste is made. Most philosophers are afraid at, are a theatre with its repertory of plays, but of admitting what is called spontaneous generawanting scenery and actors. Microscopists, I tion. It is not very clear why they fear it, therefore, must provide themselves both with since the admission would only be another form living performers and inanimate decorations. I of expressing the unceasing as well as the infinite Happily our artists do not ask the salaries of power, and the universal presence of the great Piccolomini, or Rosati, and are content to wait Creator, who blew the breath of life into the the call-boy's summons in a green-room of quite nostrils of man himself. modest dimensions and furniture. One or two Another set of players, much resembling the shelves, filled with bottles, boxes, and pots, will last, may be had from vinegar (home-made is serve as the menagerie for an innumerable com- the best, as the addition of sulphuric acid despany of first-rate performers, whose talents are troys your troop,) that has stood uncovered, got unrivalled in their respective lines of parts. flat, and has a mouldy scum on its surface. Thus, one of the celebrities who was among the Vinegar eels will grow so large as to be discernifirst to make his appearance on the microscopic ble by the naked eye. A writhing mass, either stage-the paste-eel-is open to an engagement of these, or the former species, is one of the most at any period of the year. Simply take note curious spectacles which the microscopist can exbibit to the inexperienced observer. If the things created, and a microscope towards the vinegar wherein such eels abound be but mode- other, we sigh to think how short is life, and rately heated at the fire, they will all be killed how long is the list of acquirable knowledge. and sink to the bottom; but cold does them no Alas ! what is man in the nineteenth century ? injury. After such vinegar has been exposed a It is provoking that, now we have the means of whole night to the severest frost, and has been learning most, we have the least time to learn it frozen and thawed, and frozen again several in. If we had but the longevity of the anteditimes over, the animalcules have been as brisk luvian patriarchs, we might have some hope, not as ever. Still, they prefer not to have an icy of completing our education, but of passing a bed, if they can help it. In cold weather, if oil respectable previous examination prior to our ad. be poured on vinegar containing eels, they will / mittance into a higher school. The nearer we creep up into the oil floating on the surface, approach to infinite minuteness, the more we apwhen the vinegar begins to freeze; but on thaw-preciate the infinite beauty and the infinite skill ing it, they return to their original home. To in contrivance and adaptation, which marks every add variety to their gymnastic exercises, and production of the one great creative Hand. their plastic poses, drop a few grains of sand
Littell's Living Age. amongst the eels you submit to your microscope ; it will be an entertaining pantomime to see them struggling and embarrassed, like sea-serpents
THE LOST DARLING. caught in a shower of rocky boulders. The
BY L. H. SIGOURNEY. Anguillulæ generally, or eel-like worms, includ She was my Idol. Night and day to scan ing those of wheat and river-water, possess the The fine expression of her form, and mark additional recommendation (which they enjoy in The unfolding mind like vernal rose-bud start common with certain other animalcules) of re
To sudden beauty, was my chief delight. viving, after they have become as dry as dust, at Her hand upon my garments, or her lip
To find her fairy footsteps following me, however remote an interval. You may bequeath Close sealed to mine, and in the watch of night to your great-great-grandchildren the very identi- | The quiet breath of innocence to feel cal acrobats whose agile feats you have applauded Soft on my cheek, was such a full content
Of happiness as none but mothers know. in your own day. It appears that the best means
Her voice was like some tiny harp that yields of securing a supply of paste eels for any occa- ( To the light-fingered breeze; and as it held sion, consists in allowing any portion of a mass Brief converse with her doll, or kindly soothed of paste in which they may present themselves
Her moaning kitten, or with patient care to dry up ; and then, laying this by so long as it !
Conned o'er the alphabet; but most of all
Its tender cadence in her evening prayer, may not be wanted, to introduce it into a mass
Thrillid on the ear like some ethereal tone, of fresh paste, which, if it be kept warm and Heard in sweet dreams. But now alone I sit, moist, will be found after a few days to swarm Musing of her, and dew with mournful tears with these curious little creatures.
The little robes that once with woman's pride And so the actors attached to our minor
I wrought, as if there was a need to deck
A being formed so beautiful. I•start, threatre strut and fret their hour upon the stage. Half fancying from her empty crib there comes The downy atom which floats on the breeze, the A restless sound, and breathe the accustomed words; drop of discolored stagnant water, the tiny vermin
“ Hush, hush, Louisa, dearest !"—then I weep, which invade our dwellings, the crystal which
hich As though it were a sin to speak to one
Whose home is with the angels. shapes itself into symmetry unseen, the cast-off
-Gone to God! skins of despised creeping things, the change
ona. | And yet I wish I had not seen the pang effected in natural tissue by disease, the parasitic ural tissue by disease, the parasitic | That wrung her features, nor the ghostly white
That moulds which threaten the life of higher vege- | Settling around her lips. ' I would that Heaven tables, the nameless creatures that breed and Had taken its own, like some transplanted flower, batten in mud and slime, the rejected worthless In all its bloom and freshnesssediment of far-fetched fertilizers, the organized
-Gone to God! means of self-preservation. well-being, and dis. Be still my heart! What could a mother's prayer, persion with which the humblest weed is en
In all the wildest extacy of hope,
Ask for its darling like the bliss of heaven ? dowed, the gorgeous items composing the wardrobe inventory of the beetle, the butterfly, the caterpillar, and the moth-all are replete with Lines addressed to Mary Ellen Swain, previous to marvels which would harass the mind, if they her marriage, by Priscilla M. Thomas. did not entrance it with delight. At the same Maiden, at the altar bowing time that they fill the soul with awe and wonder,
Thy young heart before the Lord; they tend, more than all the doctrinal arguments
Craving strength, to keep unbroken,
Faithfully, thy sacred word. that have ever been urged, to impress a consciousness and an undisputed admission of the
All forgetful of the gazers, existence of omniscience and omnipotence.
Close thine eyes upon them all,
And between thee and the people, With a telescope directed towards one end of Let the veil of prayer fall,
'Tis no time for wandering visions,
A portion of the nutritive matter of our grain “ In the presence of the Lord."
is lost in the process of vinous fermentation. I If amongst the guests assembled,
yeast is added to moistened sugar, and the mis: One invisible be thine,
ture raised to a moderately warm temperature, a Thou mayest witness, as at Cana, All the water turned to wine.
portion of the carbon and oxygen of the saccha
rine solution is disengaged in the form of car. Send and gather in the vessels,
bonic acid gas; alcohol and water remain. The It may be that He will pour,
distiller takes advantage of this, the earliest stag Of the new wine of the kingdom, Fulness e'en to running o'er.
of decay in fruits and grains, to separate the alcohol by distillation. This is not a coneentration of food, but a change of a nutritious substance
into an innutritious one. In the first stages of THE HEMLOCK.
this vinous fermentation, the nutritious principle The best examples of hedges of hemlock that is developed and made more active and capable baye anywhere come under our notice, are those ti assimilation by the digestive organs of the of Moses Brown, Esq., on School-house lane, animal's stomach. Hence we comminute the Germantown, Philadelphia. They have been a wheat and develop fermentation by adding yeast, labor of love, and the result of careful culture which has the peculiar property of superinducing for many successive years; here may be seen this change. Then, at just the point when the hedges of various ages and modes of planting. nutritious principle is most highly developed, we At first the double row, and plants one foot apart, knead the flour into dough carefully by the was adopted ; this plan has produced handsome buman hand: no machinery ever has been found to thicket hedges, but it consumes a great number answer as a substitute. If we eat this dough, it of plants, and a single row two feet and a half will sustain life ; but the full development of apart has been found, by actual repeated exper. the nutritious principle has not yet taken place, iment, to serve the purpose equally well, and to nor does it until after the dough has been subjectpossess the advantage of exhausting soil much ed to the action of fire, when we obtain sweet, less. Mr. Brown brings his trees from their na- wholesome, palatable bread, more or less nutritive habitat near by, and subjects them to the tious, according to the manner in which it is shears at once to give them a trim look and to baked. Some bread is but little more nutritious induce a close habit. They make little progress than it would be if made of saw-dust, or wood the first two years, but after that their beauty iour, instead of wheat. We often complain that becomes apparent, and they rapidly assume cha- baker's bread is dry and innutritious, and does racter and importance. Mr. Brown mulches all not satisfy the appetite. Home-made bread his hemlock hedges with stone, and feeds them sometimes has the same fault. Sometimes, in annually with leaf mould. He does not trim spite of all care, the vinous fermentation prothem more than once a year, and that in the gresses so far that counteracting agents have to spring, preferring the luxuriant, full appearance, be employed, or else the bread will have a sour, which nature produces ; but where a set hedge, unpleasant taste, and, in either case, be devoid or solid-looking wall is desired, we should re- of the full amount of nutriment wbich the grain commend, as heretofore, a close cutting in Sep. I was capable of affording. temper.
In the process of baking, in all heretofore disAs a single shrub, regularly kept down by the covered plans of bread-ovens, a portion of this shears, the hemlock is extremely beautiful, as it value is lost—the least so in the most rude apalso is as a screen without much use of the pliances of man to this important and essential shears; as a single tree nothing need be more art of civilized life. The sweetest bread ever ornamental, and standing alone, their habit of baked-it has been said a thousand times-is orowth is highly picturesque. A visit to Mr. I that from dough buried in the embers, and roastBrown's premises in the morning when the dew led like a potato. The next is the “ Johnny is on the trees, or rather a shower of rain, when cake," or á hoe-cake," where the dough, gener. the sun shines through the branches of these ally of Indian
| ally of Indian corn meal, is patted upon a board beauties of nature, is highly gratifying; so fond and set down before a hot wood fire on the is he of the hemlock, that his place is a fair show, farmer's hearth. Next comes the loaf baked in embracing the perfect large tree and all the vari
a “ Dutch oven," an iron pot with an iron cover, ous forms it is capable of assuming. When once surrounded with red-hot coals. Then comes. established. the hemlock, though not quite so next in order, bread baked upon the bottom of a so rapid in growth as the Norway fir, is by no stone or brick oven, out of which the fire has means to be classed with the slow growing ever-just been raked, and which is so hot when the greens, and remember, it is green and perfectly bread is first put in that the dough seems to melt hardy. -Horticulturist.
and glaze over, and then scorch if the oven-lid is
not removed. This is one great secret of bread-, although that will enable one of these ovens to baking—to have the oven just hot enough when manufacture bread so much cheaper than it is the loaves of dough are put in. Next comes the possible to do in the ordinary way, that none of family bread, baked in all sorts of modern con- the bakeries now in operation can compete with trivances; and lastly, in value as nutritious food, it. The plan does not necessitate the use of the ordinary baker's loaf.
steam-power nor of an oven of such large dimenAs bread is sold in this city at so much a loaf, sions, so there appears nothing to prevent its inand not by weight or value according to the troduction into large hotels and public establishquantity of good flour it contains, but by sight, ments, as in baking for the City Institutions on there is a natural temptation of cupidity to make Blackwell's Island, or the State Prisons. Of the loaves look large, and to make poor flour course, the whole of the bread-baking of cities look like good. This can only be done by car- should be done in ovens built on this principle, rying fermentation to excess, and then neutral- not only for the saving of labor, but for izing the acidity by chemicals detrimental to the saving of food and the cheapening · healthy nutrition. Then the ovens are heated of bread for the poor. Very likely this by guess; and sometimes when the dough is new oven is only the first step towards an ready the oven is not, and when one batch is improved mode of prepariugood. Why may baked another must be prepared and the oven not the same systematic plan be applied to meat reheated. But that is not the worst of it: the cookery? We may yet see the experiment tried dough, when ready for the oven, both in bakeries of a great establishment for that purpose, where and families, is often in a similar condition to the meats will be sold ready for the table. Such a. mash prepared for the still, when heat applied to plan, once set in operation, would soon dispense it will set the alcohol free ; and, although alcohol with the family baking and roasting apparatus, is not nutriment, yet, after having reached that and stop the retail business of raw meat. What point in the chemical change of the grain, its if we should be served with ready-cooked meat as escape carries off with it a very large amount of well as bread, and cakes, and pies ? Already we the nutritious principle, so that the residuum, have an establishment in the city for furnishing whether in the form of grains from the brewery the Yankee portion of the population with their or the mash from the distillery, or the bread that favorite dish of baked pork and beans. A prohas undergone distillation in the oven-is very ject has been started for furnishing families with much less nutritious than it would be if cooked steam-cooked hominy; and, if we are rightly infor food without this alcoholic escape. As in formed, the bulk of the ice-cream consumed in the distillation for alcohol, the vapor rises and is the city is made in one establishment by the aid condensed and saved, so in the distillation of of steam machinery. What next?- New York baking bread it rises, and, owing to its volatile Daily Tribune. character, separates from the vapor of water, which descends and is absorbed in the oven bottom, while this rises to the top, and is ethereal- WOMEN'S HELP FOR FARMERS FAMHES. ized by the heat, and absorbed or burned up, A large part of our farmers' wives are over. dissipated and lost.
worked. What with the boarding of the farm In the common form of the baker's oven, this bands, the dairy, and all the other upavoidable is inevitable and unavoidable. The discovery of parts of the routine of daily work, there needs to a principle upon which ovens can be constructed be extra hands to do it, and when these cannot so as to save all or nearly all of this loss, and a be, or are not furnished, health suffers, the temform in which the heat will always remain equa- per is often soured, the beauty of mind and soul ble, while the process of baking is continuous, is marred, and too often the worn-out mother without loss of time, fuel or labor, and the fails to live out half her days. whole operation conducted with clock-work ma- We believe most families would gladly bire chinery by the power of a steam-engine, was re- more assistance, if possible, but there are conserved to this wonder-producing age of the world. stant complaints from all parts of the country, of It is not a thing hoped for it is an act consum. a lack of girls who will consent to hire out in mated. Mr. Berdan's oven, which we have here- farmers' families. It is evident that we cannot tofore described, and which is now in full opera- expect much of this kind of help from American tion in Brooklyn, turning out thirteen thousand girls. Either they have insufficient health, or loaves a day, and capable of baking five hundred their fathers are able to support them without, barrels of flour every twenty-four hours, working or they are too proud to “ work out,” as it is automatically, is constructed upon such a principle called. And girls of foreign birth, if they have that the alcoholic evaporation of one set of loaves been even for a very short time in the city, can is absorbed by another set, so that little, if any seldom be persuaded thereafter to go into the of the nutriment of the flour is lost. This is by country. far more important to mankind than all the in. On the other hand, while luxury is everywhere genious machinery contrived to facilitate the work, I gaining ground, there is small chance that our
wants will be simplified, and thus be more readily, to go or stay or hire as they please, and we are met. On the contrary, they are vastly more sure the advantage will be mutual.-J. C. B., in likely to be multipled. The demand is likely to Ohio Cultivator. increase, while the supply diminishes.
The same want is felt too to considerable ex- ! Men of the noblest dispositions always think tent by the farmers in their out-door work, themselves the happiest when others share their though machines are fast lessening the evil here. I happiness with them. Not so in-doors, and the question has become an important one, how is this growing evil to be Give no advantage in argument, nor lose any met?
that is offered. This is a benefit which arises The most feasible plan that we can suggest is from temper.- William Penn. this: -Build a cheap though comfortable house on one corner of your farm, fence off a few acres
PHILADELPHIA MARKETS. of ground to go with it, and rent this to some FLOUR AND MEAL.-The weather has put a stop to tenant who will be likely to supply your wants. almost all business. Flour is without change. We There are enough families in all our cities, who,
quote at $6 37 per barrel. Last sales of better brands
for home consumption at $6 37 a 6 50, and extra and if comfortable provision were made for them,
fancy brands at $6 50 a 7 25. There is very liitle would be glad to go into the country. The Ger-export demand. Rye Flour is worth $3 75 per barrel. mans are almost always good tenants-neat, in- Corn Meal is dull, at $300 per bbl. dustrious and saving, and fond of working the
| Grain.- Wheat is dull, but prices are firmer.
Rales of prime new Pennsylvania red were made at ground. Welch and sometimes English and
$1 48 a 1 52, and $1 62 a 1 63 for white. Rye conScotch families can also be found who will do tinues steady; sales of Penna. at 81c. Corn is well.
scarce; sales of old yellow at 66 a 68c, and new yel. The advantages resulting from such an ar- low at 64c. Oats are steady at 47c per bushel for
Delaware. rangement are numerous. You can easily spare the land, the fire wood, etc., indeed you would DOARDING SCHOOL.-A Friend desirous of openscarcely miss it, and would be sure to want more D ing a Boarding School convenient to Friends' than the worth of it in work, and the conveni- Meeting, Fallsington, may hear of a desirable situaence of having help at hand when wanted, must | + hand then wanted mnst tion by applying previous to the 15th of next month.
For further particulars address either Wm. SATTERbe great. You are not obliged to hire either the
THWAITE, Jr., or Mark Palmer, Fallsington P. O., men or the women when not needed, as they can Bucks Co., Pa.
1st mo. 10, 1857. support themselves from their own share of the
TUST PUBLISHED. A New Edition of the Disground; neither are you obliged to retain them J cipline of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Price as tenants, if they prove lawless.
| Filty cents. One great cause of the scarcity of farm laborers,
T. E. CHAPMAN, is this. You generally insist upon hiring only 1st mo. 10.
No. 1 South Fifth St. single men. A man with a family could be JUST PUBLISHED. A Memoir of John Jackson. more easily obtained, and by boarding himself, J Price 37$ cts. With Portrait, 50 cts. too, would relieve the women of a part of their
T. E. CHAPMAN,
1st mo. 10. burden. Moreover, the tenant family could pro
No. 1 South Fifth St. bably board any other hands that might be re
thor bonds that might be re, LRCILDOUN BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. quired, and thus materially lessen the crushing
1 The twelfth session of this Institution will come
mence on the 19th of Second mo. next, and will con. labors of the house-wife.
tinue twenty weeks. The usual branches comprising The women of such families, too, are usually a thorough English education will be taugot, and hardy as well as industrious, and would com- scientific lectures illustrated by appropriate apparatus
ich of washing and will be delivered. It is situated three miles southmonly be glad to get the job of washing and w
west of Coatesville, on the Philadelphia and Columbia ironing for the family, or they would come ia by Railroad, from which place pupils will be conveyed the day and clean house, etc., and if there be free of charge. For circulars address the Principal, girls in the family, you can probably hire them Ercildoun P. o., Chester Co., Pennsylvania.
SMEDLEY DARLINGTON, steadily by the week or month. By hiring them
| 12th mo. 26th, 1856. 6t. p.
Principal. thus occasionally from childhood, they would
CHESTERFIELD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR learn your ways, and be much more likely to
U BOYS.--The Winter Session of this institution meet your wants than any fresh importations.
will commence the 17th of 11th mo. 1856, and continue The advantage of such an arrangement must, I twenty weeks. we think, be great to you; and in return, you Terms.--Seventy dollars per session, one half payshould make it advantageous to them. Letable in advance, the other in the middle of the term them have the place on such terms as will make No extra charges. For further particulars address
HENRY W. RIDGWAY, it an object for them to leave the city and hire
Crosswicks P. O., Burlington County, N. J. with you. Make their home a comfortable one, 10th mo., 1856.3m. pay fair wages, take no advantage over ignorance
N & L. WARD, Plain Bonnet Makers, North West or humble position; in short-do as you would N. corner 9th and Spruce streets, Philadelphia. be done by. Let there be freedom on both sides iiih mo. 29th.—2m.