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quantity of fresh burnt charcoal, finely The chemical process consists in pour powdered, or any other substance portent

water'.

1799.]

Mr. Collier's Necu Patent. ing antiseptic properties, in a powdered or small apertures, after which the box is divided state, with an addition of a small cooled, and the charcoal becomes (weet, proportion of diluted tulphuric acid, suf- pure, and equally fit for ule as at first, ficient only to decompolė the small quan- though the process be ever so often retity of faponaceous matter still fufpended peated. in the oil, which appears by the oil be- Another part of the invention consists in coming clear at the surface, the contents filtering machines in the form of stills, in of this vessel. are also agitated, and the which charcoal may be repeatedly burned .coaly faline and aqueous particles left to after any, fluid substances have pafled fublide, after which the oil is pafled through it, for the purpose of freeing through proper strainers, herein after de. then either from putrid or noxious parfcribed, and is thereby rendered perfectly ticies or of discharging their colouring transparent and fit for ute.

inatter, which filtering stills are so conThe principle of the improved strainers, trived, that the fluid may psís through in or filtering machines, conlitts in the means any quantity; without displacing the applied to combine hydrostatic pressure, charcoal; the part of the fluid remaining which increases according to the perpen- intersperted among the charcoal, may be dicular height of the auid, with the mode driven over by heat and be employed for of filtering per ascensum, thereby procur- many interior purposes of the arts or maing the new and peculiar advantage that rufa&tures. Laitly, the heat may be che fluid and its sediment take opposite di- raised so as to purify the charcoal as has rections. A great advantage attending this been before described in the machines for invention is, that the dimensions of the

The flue of those Itills is so conchamber in which the sediment is received structed that water may be employed to may be varied while the filtering surface cool them without the loss of time reremains the fame. To adapt the ma- quilite for their gradually parting with chines not only to the purpose of families, their heat to the iurrounding atmoiphere, work-houles, hospitals, public charities, so as to be fit for a subsequent operation. the navy, or the merchant service, but The inftruments for ascertaining the also to all the purposes of oil-men, of dif- comparative qualities of oils, depend in tillers, of the laboratory, the brewery, part on the principle of their specific gra&c. chambers of various capacities must vities ; fpermaceti vil, contrasted with be provided for the sediment and precipi- other fish oils, being as 875 to 920. For tated matter. With refuect to the oil- this purpose, a glass vessel of any convetrade, the space required is very great, nient Thape, is rade use of, furnished with especially for fpermaceti, or Brasil bot- a hubbie alio of glass, and a thermometer.

Lu the various purposes of the la- If the oil is pure, this bubble sinks, when boratory, no limits can be fixed, but all the mercury rites to a certain standard, by dimensions will be occasionally required : the application of the hand, or any other in distilleries and breweries they may be heat to the veisel containing the oil

. If finaller in proportion, and in that de- the fpermaceti oil is impure, the bubble figned for water and for domestic ule, a wii itill float, though it is of the tempevery finall chanıber will be sufficient. rature required, and the degree of impure, When water is to be sweetened, or freed "or foreign matter, will be sewn by the from any putrid or noxious particles, it state of the thermometer at which the bubpatres, in its way to the filtering chamber, ble finks. through an iron-box, or cylinder, con- To determine what tendency oils used taining charcoal finely powdered, or any for burning have to congeal in cold weaother antiseptic fubitance in oluble in ther, a freezing mixture is put in a phial: water, the water being forced into it by of thin glais, or any other convenient hydroitatic pressure, through a tube of Velizi, into this a thermometer is imany fufficient height. This box has two merked, and a fingle drop of the oil under apertures to reseive and deliver the fluid, experiment, iuifered to fall on the outside and these are opened and closed hy cocks, of the vesiel, where it immediately conor screws, or any other method used for geals; as the cold produced by the mixsuch purposes, and being affixed to the fire gradually ceases, it is easy to obmachine by other screws, may be eally terve try the thermometer at what point of detached from the fame. Thus, when- tmperature the oil becomes fluid, and ever the charcoal begins to lose its anti- runs down the side of the glass. feptic properties, the box is removed and

References 10 the plate. heared, till ic is red hot, by which means FIG. 1. A. --The cistern into which the The foreign matter elcapes through the Water or other Huid to be filtered is puts

toms.

BB. A tube opening into the bottom from whence it enters the chambers at P, ro of the ciftern A. and bent along the bottom as to be filtered through the leather as before of the machine conveying the fiuid into described.

CCC. The filtering chamber, which is RR. Collars which may be unserewed covered with leather bound down round its at pleasure, so as to detach the charcoal apcircular rim, and through which leather the paratus whenever the charcoal requires to be water is percolated.

purified by heat. D D. The baton rising above the level of SS. Two cocks to direct the fluid through the chamber and receiving the filtered liquor. the charcoal cylinder or immediately wito

E. The spout by which it runs off into a the filtering chamber. pitcher or other vesel.

Fig 2. A.«-Å tub or cistern containing the F. Another spout furnished with a cock to oil to be filtered, and supplying a tube of draw off the fuul water from the chamber sufficient height for the hydrostatic presure when necessary.

to operate. GGG. The air-tub, which begins above BB. A nain tube of wood, tin, leather, the level of the chamber, is covered with a or cloth, to which any number of bags of button, which faves the leather from being the size and shape of corn sacks or any CC, cut, and has a small lateral aperture for the convenient size or shape may be connected. air to be carried off. This pipe parles along These are bound to the bottom and up the fide, and rising above DDD. Straight double iron bars, furthe level of the water in the cistern, is there nished with a hinge at one end and a screw at closed, except a small lateral aperture through the other, by opening which the bags may which the air escapes.

be emptied. H. A guard or rim with cross bars put F. A trough underneath, made to reover the leather to keep it from being forced ceive the filtered oil from the receivers up by the water. It is fastened down by E E E. means of two notches on opposite Gides of the Fig. 3. A.- A funnel cask or cistern, into guard, by which it locks into two staples which the fluid is put which pasies down. rivetted into the bottom of the bason.

B. A tube fitted into the same, through 1. The lid niding down to cover the water

which it enters. from duft, and suspended at pleasure by C. An iron still, or still of any other submeans of

stance capable of sustaining beat, full of KK. Two springs on each tube for that finely powdered and fitted charcoal, through purpole.

the head of woich the fluid paffes into any EMN 0. A cylindrical box containing receiver. charcoal, which is connected with the above D. A fire-place of any contruction to drive by means of the tube P, and a continuation over the fluid remaining interspersed among of the tube B.

the charcoal, and alto to purify the charcoal L M. The water' tube B continued below by an increase of temperature when required. the charcoal apparatus, so that the fluid may E. A cock to let water into the Aues to pass through the same into the cylinder, cool the apparatus for a subsequent operation.

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REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS. A Second collection of Glees; Rounds and Carons,

" Death's Truest Image” by Mr. Hagu, for two, three, four, five and fix Voices, for five voices, is conitructed with great composed by the Members of the Harmonic

art: the parts fow together with that Society of Cambridge, and published by Charles eafe, and produce that happy union of Hague. Mus. Bac. Camb.

effect, which only ingenuity, and a taste Longman and Clementi. highly cultivated cum commınd.

" Ofli. THE readers of our Monthly Maga- an's Address to the Sun" by Mr. Richzine, will recollect the handsome terms mond, exhibits a greatness of conception which we found ourselves justified in apply, in the composer, highly correspondent to ing to the first fimilar publication produced the noble Ipirit of the poetry, and in by the Harmonic Society of Cambridge: fome passages a peculiar force and felicity The present work, which merits equal of expression. « Fierce the Torrid Blaze approbation, flows from the tributary Descends” does great credit to the far.cy talents of Mr. Hague, Mr. Wheeler, Mr. and judgment of Mr. Wheeler. The Carnaby, Mr. Wright, Mr. Dixon, and bold glowing style in which ise las treated the Reverend Mr. Richmond. All the the subje&t of the words demonftrates pieces are written in a style much above great powers of imitation, and gives the mediocrity, both in fancy, and science; sense of the author with a penetrating and some of them do the highest honor to force, " The Kils" by Mr. Wright, is the taste, judginent, and theoretical pro- sweetly plcating in its melody, and the ficiency of their respective compofus. parts couldce with Scientific propriety.

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1799.] Review of New Musical Publications.

65 ~ Sleep, thou fearful Lover's Friend" addition to those with which he has already by Mr. Dixon, is an extremely pleasant obliged the public. It exhibits, throughglee, and the “ Grace" by Mr. Carnaby, out, the strongest traits of the ingenious which closes the collection, is fabricated author, and adds a new sprig to the laurel with much imagination and contrivance. he had already so fairly earned. Every Harmonia Sacra, being a collection of Anthems piece is conceived with the spirit appropri

from the moft esteemed masters ancient and ate to this species of composition, and modern. Published in numbers, and to be com- amidst the sameness of time to which the prized in three folio volumes. Selected and music is neceffarily confined, displays arranged by J. Page.

much variety and relief. Every Waltz is This fuperb and valuable publication characterized by an easy and natural turn has now made a considerable aelvancement of melody, and the bases are judiciously in its third volume. Among the excellent selected. Those which teem to predoiniand flerling compositions which have ap

nate in merit, both in fancy and arrangepeared in the latter numbers, we find ment, are the first, the third, the fourth, that noble anthem by Mr. Battifhill, the sixth, the tenth, and the twelfth. “ Behold how Good and Joyful a Thing Apollo et Terpsichore, being a collection of the it is, Brethren, to dwell together in Peace most celebrated Songs, duetts, rondos, airs, &c. and Unity ;” and we learn that a new extracted from the most fashionable operas, and anthem, by Mr. Busby, is shortly to ap

other entertainments, and adapted to the pianopear in the same great work. We make forte, violin, guittar, or German-flute, in numthese oblervations with the more pleasure,

bers, each is. 6d.

Rolfe. as we profess ourselves the advocates and “ Apollo et Terpsichore" has arrived encouragers of living merit. From Gib- at the conclusion of its second volume, bons, Croft, Blow, Purcel, Clarke, which comprizes the latter six of the Handel, Greene, and Boyce, we never twelve numbers already before the public. can withold that veneration ever due to Among the new and eligible articles which the most illustrious talents ; but, if we supply these fix numbers, we find “ Loud wish to see them equalled, we must excite rav'd the Blast” from Blue Beard; “ At emulation, by rtípecting modern efforts, Lucy's Door” from Haydn, “ To Sing when, like theirs, they are grounded on the of Love's Pallion” from the fame great fublimer models of science.

mafter ; “ Sweet Sung the Lark” from

Martini; " When first this humble No. I. Of Elegant Selections, comprising the

mofi favcurite compositions of Hayd:1, Pleyel, Roof I knew" from Jackson of Exeter ; Mozart, Paisiello, and other effeemned authors,

"Pleyel's German Hymn" with variaconfifting of sonatas, overtures, capricios, tions; “ Now the Moon-Beam's Tremb. Tordes and airs, with variations for the ling Lustre” by Mr. C. Clagget ; 6. The pia no-forte or barp. 25.

Rolfe. Haunted Tower," with variations ;

6 Burton's In the present number of this work,

Favourite Rondo ;” and which is to appear monthly, and in which other compositions equally formed to the editor informs the public that it will gratify the taite and improve the execution not only consist of the newest music, but of amateurs in the engaging and familiar save fifty per cent. to the purchaser, we

walks of practice. find two rondos extracted from a curious The Death of Philomil, composed by a Gertleman collection expressly compofed for the late of Cambridge.

Riley. Empress of Russia, by Paisiello the justly This little air, without exhibiting celebrated ballad " A Prey to Tender any thing remarkably novel, poffelles Anguifh" by Haydn ; and “ Tink a traits of a pleasing fancy, and conveys Tink," with variations for the piano-forte, the sentiment of the words with case and by G. Nezot, pupil of Steibelt. Articles fimplicity. The pafluge at “ And fing só judiciously telected cannot but augur a Dirge to Philomel” is sweetly impreiwell of the future numbers of this at- five, and the intermediate symphonits are tractive undertaking, and ensure that no- characteristically conceived. tice and encouragement due to taste and discernment.

Piano-forte Magazine, in numbers, each 25. 6d.

Harrifun and Clufe. Twelve Waltzes, for the piano-forte or harp, wub an accompaniment for a flute, tambourine,

This pleasing and advantageous work anal sriangle, composed by D. Steibelt, op. 34. continues to exhibit the faine taile and

Dale jurigment which dittinguished the con

tents of its former numbers. We are This thirty-fourth opera of Mr. Stei- glad to have to notice that the proprietors, belt, taken in the aggregate, is a pleasing by a late addition to their plan, have MONTHLY MAG. No. XLI.

I

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rendered it still more commodious to the carelessly prepared as to violate the acpublic. Those practitioners and encou- knowledged laws of harmony. ragers of music who are already provided The Szuord of Gideon and the Lord, a martial with piano.fortes, and can therefore dif

hymn, set to music by Frederic Mortimer. is. pense with the promissory notes, which

Bland and Whecler. entitle the subscriber to a new instrument, gratis, have now an opportunity of pur- conspicuous for its originality, poflefies

« The Sword of Gideon,” though not chuling the numbers at eighteen-pence some degree of spirit, and conveys the each ; which new condition frequently sense of the words with coniiderable effect. affords them the advantage of receiving The intervening symphonies are correfor three shillings, or four and sixpence, spondent to the melody, and do credit to the fame quantity of well chofen music, the judgment of the author.

any other edition would cost them half-a-guinea.

On the projected Union between England and

Ireland; composed and jung by Mr. Digrum, A Song in Mr. Sheridan's new Comedy of the

in the grand touncil-chamber at Guildhall, un Strangers, composed by a Lady. IS. Rolfe.

ibe Lord Muyor's day. Is. We have perused this delicate little

Longman, Clementi, and Co. air with much pleasure. It is diftinguished by a graceful eate and an affecting timpli- not calculated to render the credit of Mr.

This temporary production, though city. The bass and inner-part are ici. entifically constructed, and the effect of of his vocal abilities, is by no means desti

Dignum's inventive powers equal to that the whole does much honor to the taste tute of merit. We are obliged to confess its and judgment of the fair composer.

wants of novelty and modulation, and The Quick-ftep of the Hampftead Loyal Allocation, that the bass is not the best that might

as it is performed by the Duke of York's band, have been chosen; yet the general effect is composed and dedicated 10 Jofalı Boydell, Cap- agreeable, and adapted to the sense of the tain Commandant of the Corps, by T. Efex. is.

words. Longman and Clementi.

William and Mary, two rondos, with an accomMr. Eflex has published this quick-step

paniment for a violin er German-flute; written in a score for clarinets, flutes, horns,

and composed by Reter Lee. *25. 6d. Rolfe. trumpets, baffoons, a serpent and drum;

The themes of these rondos are familiar to which he has added a pianoforte part, and agreeable, and the digressions are

The style of the melody is novel, and constructed with judgment. The sentihighly pleasing; and the parts are put to

ments of the words have, in both, been gether with confiderable skill.

happily consulted, and the modulations He'll necer march again, a Ballad, set 10 Mufic are caly and natural. At the same time, by T. Combe, of Lerceffer. is.

we are obliged to observe, that the basses Longman and Clementi. do not always reflect equal credit on the We are not able to speak in the fame ikill of the composer; we sometimes meet flattering terms of the composition as we with conccutive očiaves, as in the second have done of former pieces by the same in- and third bars of the fixth page; at other genious master. The melody is not remark- times, with combinations utterly diffoable either for its novelty or character, nant, but which errors, as we are led to and the modulation is even deficient in conceive by the general excellency of the fcience. The passage at " never, never compositions, are rather the result of care march again," in the second page, is so lessness than of scientific disqualification. RETROSPECT OF MUSICAL Works published in France during the last year;

with Remarks on the State of Musical Science in that Republic. T is a circumstance highly flattering year, the Republic produced no fewer when, in the midst of foreign wars and in- strumental; the catalogue of which, with teftine commotions, they are able to cul- occasional remarks and observations, will tivate the peaceful arts; when, while one furnish the reader with a tolerably just idea hand is engaged in checking external and of the merit of the respe&tive composers internal hoftilities, they can with the now in France, and of the present state of other foster science, and promote the re

music in that country, fources for refined and elegant enjoy- Three Romances, by Plantode ; Trea

tise on Harmony, by Gauzarques; Four During the first fix months of the last progresive Sonatas' for the Piano-lore

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ments.

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