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ing in the Hebrew language, likewise means | been afterwards buried by him ; and I visited “pleasure,” or “ delight;" and it has been the reputed tomb of Noah's wife at Marand, a imagined that this gave rise to those curious village about a hundred miles from Ararat. gardens in the East, which princes caused to The period of their remaining in Paradise is be made to represent the most delightful spots. very vaguely given. The sixth day, when God Even going back to Nimrod's time, he insisted terminated his great work of creation, is medthat the Tower of Belus, erected by Nebu- tioned as the day of transgression ; but some chadnezzar, was in structure and in size a think that a day and a year had at that time typical Paradise, with its appurtenances of the same meaning. The juice of the forbidden hanging gardens and quadruple watercourses, fruit is said to have opened the eyes of the representing the four rivers which went round criminals by that awful mystery of sio ! They tho garden planted eastward in Eden. These felt the full degradation of their nature - they gardens are celebrated in Persia, and I have fell from innocence to shame - they shuddered visited several of these delightful enclosures ; at the presence of their Maker; the ground the name “ Baguy Seffre,” the literal transla- was cursed for their sake, as was all their tion of which is “ Garden of Delight,” (see posterity, and I feel in every pore of me that Three Years in Persia, vol. 1, p. 76). The Elys- legacy of the divine vengeance which can only ian Fields, the Gardens of the Ilesperides, of be cleansed by that precious blood" which Jupiter, and of Alceneus and Adonis, are sup- cleanseth from all sin.” The awful realities posed to have their origin from the Garden of of the curse were before me of this reputed Eden. Other curious speculations have arisen Garden of Eden. “ Thorns also and thistles out of it, as to how far the ground of Eden shall it bring forth.” A few wretched buts was bituminous, since they say that a large were occupied by the most degraded species portion of it to the eastward was on fire of the wild Koords; these were notorious during the awful expulsion of Adam. God's brigands. Nothing remained of that once judgments being executed by his angels, who blissful garden of are sometimes compared to flames of firo, it is

Groves supposed that the daming sword was nothing

Whose rich trees wept odorous gums and balm. more than the ground being ignited, and that at a distance it appeared like a brandished Where was the place sword, turning every way with the wind. Others imagine the sword to have been no When he formed all things to man's delightful use !

Chosen by the sov'ran-Planter more than the torrid zone,

or a region of flame inconceivably hot, like a furnace, and conse- And where was Eve's bower? Echo answers, quently impassable — its encompassing the where!

GERSHOM. whole earth sufficiently answering the Mosaic description that it turned every way.

POSTSCRIPTUM. – If the Geographical Society What became of our first parents, after their were to offer their gold medal for the most expulsion from Paradise, I cannot find out. It approved and authenticated report of the is presumed that they did not remove far off. terrestrial Paradise, the subject may be deemed The corpse of Adam was said to have been worthy the prize, and there would be many carried by Noah into the ark, and to have competitors.—(Ed.)

DISCOVERY OF A BURIED CITY.—A buried city The Miseries of Human Life,-an old friend has been discovered in Egypt, named Sacckareh. in a new dress. Messrs. G. P. Putnam & Co. It appears to be situated about five hours' jour- have published in a neat form, a new edition of ney from Cairo, near the first cataract. An this work, which had great popularity when it Arab having observed what appeared to be the first appeared some thirty-five years ago. The head of a sphynx appearing above the ground present editors have made some alterations in near this spot, drew the attention of a French the work, judging it" best, in some cases, to gentleman to the circumstance, who commenced substitute for certain dilemmas which are neither excavating, and laid open a long-buried street, old enough nor new enough to be piquant, cor which contained 38 granite sarcophagi, each of responding ones costumed for our own time and which weighed about 68 tons, and which for- meridian, lest the Testys and Sensitives of to-day merly held evidently the ashes of sacred animals. - it is a great family — should set us down as The French gentleman has got a grant of the fellows of no mark or likelihood ; a conclusion spot from the Egyptian Pacha, and has exhumed I which might affect our market and livelihood, great quantities of curiosities, some of them an- in the long run, by making it short." cient earthenware vessels of a diminutive size. It is sometimes a doubtful experiment to un This street, when lit up at night, forms a mag- earth the forgotten jokes of the last generation, nificent sight. It is upwards of 1,600 yards in but there is so much real wit in the "Miseries," length. Many of the curiosities dug out have to and men and women are always so much the be kept buried in sand to preserve them from same, that in this instance we think it will prove perishing

successful.-- Daily Adv.

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE. — No. 464.9 APRIL, 1853.

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CONTENTS. 1. Sunday in the Nineteenth Century, '.

North British Review, 67 2. M'Culloch’s Writings on Political Economy, Spectator,

81 3. Baroness D'Oberkirch and Citizen Mercier, . Gentleman's Magazine, 83 4. The Gauger's Pocket,

Household Words,

89 5. A Night in Cunnemara,

Chambers' Journal,

91 6. Sketches of American Society, by F. and T. Pulszky, N. Y. Tribune,

97 7. American Writers for English Reviews,

Evening Post,

105 8. Apsley House, .

Eliza Cook's Journal, 107 9. Anecdote of Mrs. Radcliffe,

Ladies' Companion,

110 10. John Rintoul ; or, the Fragment of the Wreck, Blackwood's Magazine, . 113 11. Dr. Young, Dr. Akenside, James Boswell,

Gentleman's Magazine,

127 POETRY: The Spanish Ladye's Love, 96 ; Cowper's Grave ; 0, could we rest a little, 106 ;

Written near the Sea, 109 ; Soul's Disunion ; The New Comer, 112.
SHORT ARTICLES : Spirited Answer to “ Napoleon le petit ;" Curious Marriage Lease, 82 ;

Tame Butterfly, 88; The New President Leaving Home, 128.
New Books: 105.

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from their predecessors at the Ambigu-Comique, TO THE READER.

that they look upon the original story as a thing Don't skip “Sunday in the Nineteenth ever, contrive to end the tale happily for Tom,

to follow, not as a thing to avoid. They, howCentury.” Perhaps it is not so good as you since St. Clare lives to liberate all his slaves, think. There is a great deal of variety in instead of dying just as he is about to do a good it which will interest you. Some parts of action. Interest in the African race has even the subject, which are generally neglected by had a black drama of their

own, Lebao le Ni

spread to the theatres of the banlieue, which have good people, are brought out in a strong light; gre. So successful has this been, that it has and the style and manner of the whole article wandered from the banlieue to the little Beauare new, piquant, peculiar. Perhaps you marchais, situated on the boulevard of that name. may get entertainment enough out of it to muke amends for the instruction you will get volumes, of the published works of Mr. George

VERY extensive collection, in eight folio at the same time.

Cruikshank - said to be complete, and containing M. and Mad. Pulszky make a very free, upwards of 2,800 different designs, colored and and yet kind, use of a good many private uncolored - passed on Thursday last under the names and houses. The Baroness D'Ober-hammer of Messrs. Sotheby and Wilkinson, for kirch gives a picture of the times of Louis the sum of 371. We had an opportunity of ex

amining this collection with the attention which XVI., which may serve as a pendant. it deserved - and were indeed surprised at the

The great difficulty is to get grave old gen- fertility of invention and variety of observation tlemen to read the Tales. If they will try, visible throughout. In early life this really they can do it, for these are good.

original artist was an imitator of Gillray - and

worked in that great caricaturist's style with a The number pleases us, though we hope masterly pencil. He soon, however, found out to have generally a greater variety, especially his strength, and became original. His middle, of short articles.

and perhaps best, period,

was some twenty years ago; when he illustrated Fielding and Smollett

and caught that skill which has made his illusThe promise that a second dramatic version of trations of “ Oliver Twist” perhaps the happiest Uncle Tom's Cabin should be produced at the creations of his pencil. The collection which has Gaité on Saturday last wis duly kept. The led to these remarks will, we hope, find its way authors, MM. Wailly and Texier, so far differ to the British Museum. — Athenæum CCCCLXIV. LIVING AGE. VOL, I,


And gladdest hours for me did glide In silence at the rose-tree wall : A thrush made gladness musical

Upon the other side.

Nor he nor I did e'er incline To mar or pluck the blossoms white How should I know but that they might

Lead lives as glad as mine?

To make my hermit-home complete, I brought clear water from the spring. Praised in its own low murmuring –

And cresses glossy wet.

From Poems by Elizabeth Barnett. TIE DESERTED GARDEN. I MIND me in the days departed, How often underneath the sun, With childish bounds I used to run

To a garden long deserted.

The beds and walks were vanished quite ; And wheresoe'er had fallen the spade, The greenest grasses Nature led,

To sanctify her right.

I called it my wilderness,
For no one entered there but I.
The sheep looked in, the grass t'espy,

And passed ne'ertheless.

The trees were interwoven wild,
And spread their boughs enough about
To keep both sheep and shepherd out,

But not a happy child.

Adventurous joy it was for me!
I crept beneath the boughs, and found
A circle smooth of mossy ground

Beneath a poplar tree.

Old garden rose-trees hedged it in-
Bedropt with roses waxen-white,
Well satisfied with dew and light,

And careless to be seen.

Long years ago it might befall,
When all the garden flowers were trim,
The grave old gardener prided him

On these the most of all ;
And lady, stately overmuch,
Who moved with a silken noise,
Blushed near them, dreaming of the voice

That likened her to such !

And these to make a diadem, She may have often plucked and twined; Half smiling as it came to mind,

That few would look at them.

And so, I thought my likeness grew (Without the melancholy tale) To gentle hermit of the dale,

And Angelina too!

For oft I read within my dook Such minstrel stories ! till the breeze Made sounds poetic in the trees –

And then I shut the book.

If I shut this wherein I write, I hear no more the wind athwart Those trees ! - nor feel that childish heart

Delighting in delight !

My childhood from my life is parted ; My footstep from the moss which drew Its fair circle round : anew

The garden is deserted !

Another thrush may there rehearse The madrigals which sweetest are — No more for me!- myself afar

Do sing a sadder verse!

Ah me! ah me! when erst I lay In that child's-nest so greenly wrought, I laughed to myself and thought

“ The time will pass away!”.

I laughed still, and did not fear But that, whene'er was past away The childish time, some happier play

My womanhood would cheer.

Oh ! little thought that lady proud,
A child would watch her fair white rose,
When buried lay her whiter brows,

And silk was changed for shroud !

Nor thought that gardener, full of scorns For men unlearned and simple phrase, A child would bring it all its praise,

By creeping through the thorns. To me upon my low moss seat, Though never a dream the roses sent Of science or love's compliment,

I ween they smelt as sweet.

Nor ever a grief was mine, to see The trace of human step departed — Because the garden was deserted,

The blither place for me!

Friends, blame me not ! a narrow ken Hath childhood 'twixt the sun and sward ! We draw the moral afterward

We feel the gladnens then!

I knew time would pass away. And yet beside the rose-tree wall, Dear God !- how seldom, if at all,

I looked up to pray !

The time is past — and now that grups The cypress high among the trees, And I behold white sepulchres

As well as the white rose

When wiser, meeker, thoughts are given, And I have learnt to lift my face, Remembering earth's greenest place

The color draws from heaven

It something saith for earthly pain, But more for heavenly promise free, That I who was, would shrink to be

That happy child again.

From the North British Review. sun once a year, so that one hemisphere 1. Report from the Select Committee on the should bask in continual light, and the other Observance of the Sabbath day; with the lie in boundless shade.

The imaginable Minutes of Evidence and Appendix. Or- Adam of the darkling side could never have dered by the House of Commons to be called the unchanging state of his dreary printed. August 6, 1832.

gardens by the name of night; nor the rest2. The Duty of observing the Christian Sab- less denizen of the unshadowed and excessive

bath, enforced in a Sermon, preached be- paradise have ever known that the sun was fore the University of Cambridge, fc. the Lord of Day.. It is impossible to proBy SAMUEL LEE, D.D., Regius Professor nounce the conception of Day, in the mind, of Hebrew in the University, &c. Second without speaking that of Night at the same Edition. London, 1834.

time, and also without (likewise in the same 8. The Pearl of Days. By a LABORER's Daugh- moment of thought) the intellectual sense of TER. London, 1848.

the likeness in unlikeness of Day and Night. 4. The Hendersonian Testimony. Edinburgh, and the Relation between Day and Night. In

Think Day, and you also think both Nighs 1849. 5. Memoirs of Sir Andrew Agnew of Lochnaw, truth then the idea (call it that of Day, or that

Bart. By Thomas M'ÈRIE, Ď. D. Sec of Night), is threefold, not twofold - Day, ond Edition. Edinburgh, 1852.

Night, and their Relation. Day is the thesie, 6. Statistics and Facts in Reference to the Lord's Night the antithesis. their Relation the me

Day. By the Rev. Joux BAYLEE, B. A., sothesis of the triad - for triad it 18, and not Clerical Secretary to the Society for Pro' a mere pair or duad, after all. It is the same moting the due Óbservance of the Lord's with all couples, for every idea is a trinita:

with all the other couples cited above, and Day. London, 1852.

rian. Positive pole, negative one, and that WHEN things are considered from the out- middle term wherein they are made one ; sun, side, the number Two is certainly the most planet, their relation ; solar atom, planetary apparent cipher of the world; and that owing one, their conjunction; and so forth. The to the very nature of existence. All things term of relation, betwist the opposites in go Aocking in pairs before hoary Proteus, that these ideal pairs, is sometimes called the time-honored shepherd of the Dorian mythol- Point of Indifference, the mesoteric Point, the ogy, who continually drove his countless crea- Mid-point. This mid-point is to be seen standtures over the fields of space, and was the sym-ing betwixt its right and left fellow-elements bol of the heaven-descended energy, or soul, in every dictionary; for example, Men, Man, of the visible universe. Every positive has Women ; or adjectively, male, human, female. its negative, every part its counterpart, every So God created man in his own image; in right its left, every surface its substance, the image of God created he him ; male and every position its opposite, every yes its no. female created he them.” Each child of the Mighty Mother is united in Now this threefold constitution of ideas is marriage with another, and the two are one ; universal. As all things seem to go in pairs but each is nothing without the other, or to sense, and to the understanding, so all are rather (not to state the point too curiously at seen in threes by reason. This law of antipresent) each is quite another thing without nomy is no limited, no planetary law, nor yet the other. Sun and planet, earth and moon, peculiarly human; it is cosmical, all-embraonight and day, cold and heat, plant and ani- ing, ideal, divine. Not only is it impossible mal, animal and man, man and woman, soul for man to think Beauty without simultaneand body, are so many instances of this dual- ously thinking, Deformity, and their Point of ity. Yet the contemplation of these rela- Indifference, Justice without Injustice and tions is unsatisfactory, so long as this exter- theirs, Unity without Multiplicity and theirs ; tal point of view is insisted upon. There but those several theses (Beauty, Justice, must be some deeper law, underlying all this Unity, namely) cannot be thought without apparent duality, and so, indeed, there is ; these their antitheses, and without the but it cannot be seen without looking at respective middle terms of the pairs. As things from the inside, that is to say, not the eye of common-sense cannot have an infrom the sensation of them (nor yet the judg- side without an outside, nor a solar orb with ment according to sense concerning them) out a planetary orbicle (inasmuch as it ceasef but from the Idea ; - for this is one of those to be solar the instant it is stript of its planet), weightier matters which yield their secret 80 the eye of reason cannot see an inside anly to the eye of spiritual discernment. without seeing an outside and also their con

Beheld from the ideal point of view, then, nection as the inside and the outside of one night is not night without day, nor day day and the same thing, nor a sun without his without night. The thought of night implies planet and their synthesis in the solar systhat of day. Be it supposed that the earth tem. In short, three-in-one is the law of all did not turn on its axis, yet going round the thought and of all things. Nothing has been

created, nothing can be thought, except upon / vertebra, or end-bone of the neck, developed the principle of three-in-one. Three-in-one to extravagance, as if it had been made of obis the deepest-lying cipher of the universe. stinate glass (like that in the well-known

It were irrelevant in the present connexion tale) and slowly expanded by some patient to enlarge on the significance of the number blow-pipe ; and as for the tail, it is just the five, or rather of five-in-one — for such is the other end of the neck, and it can be done true formula of all those Pythagorean figures, without, witness Man himself. Indeed, Man which have so pleased and tantalized the mind bimself is the most perfect type, by way of of man in every age. It was on the fifth day of inclusion always, of the animal form ; just as creation that the animal kingdom proper a lion is really a more finished plant than any made its appearance ;- but, of course, man is rooted palm in his jungle. It is therefore not never to be included in that kingdom, seeing out of place to take notice of his five senses, he is an animal and something more, that the five parts of which cach of his legs and something more being his greater part. It were arms is composed, the five fingers of his as philosophical, in fact, to class an animal hand, the five toes of his foot, and the fire with the vegetable world, merely because it is a teeth in each of his four infantile jaws (those plant and something more, as to call man an legs and arms of the face, the nose being the animal. He is in the kingdom, but not of it ; facial fifth or neck), not to mention any more he has a sphere all to himself, constituting of these fantastical, but obtrusive and innuand belonging to the fifth kingdoin of terres- merable fives. In short, the prevalence of trial nature. Precisely as a mineral is a this number Five in the animal domain has congeries of atoms and something more, as a impressed the more recent mind of Europe plant is a mineral and something more, and as with its image, just as it seized the imaginaan animal is a vegetable and something more, tion of the men of eld ; and an eminent conis man (be it repeated aloud) an animal and tinental naturalist founds his classification on something far more -- the space between him the fact, taking Five as the cipher of aniand the highest of the brutes being immeasura- mated nature. bly greater than what separates the ox from his To carry these cursory remarks about this pasture, or the heather from the rock to number, and the fifth note of the weekly which it clings. It was therefore on the octave, a little further (by way of curiosity, Fifth day that the animal world was made if not for much edification) it should be manifest in the beginning, according to the mentioned that an interesting and important Seripture. Now, there are five kinds of sensi- proposition has been advanced and argued by

ble forms, five structures or tissues, in the Dr. Samuel Lee, the learned and authorita• general anatomy of the animal nature ; there tive Hebraist of Cambridge, which will be

is the amorphous, exemplified by the earthy found to affect the present question in a nature of the bones and the fatty matters of touching manner.* That proposition is to the cellular substance; there is the globular the threefold effect; first, that the primitive shown in the blood," which is the life ;" the Sabbath of those_patriarchal epochs, which cellular, particularly seen in the skinny went before the Exodus of the rising Heparts, but shed through the whole frame, brew people from Egypt, was in reality put covering, protecting, and supporting; the back a day by Moses, after and in commemofibrous, the specific tissue of the muscular ration of that outcoming ; secondly, that this system, and entering into all tubular struc- was intended to be a temporary and purely tures ; and, fifthly, there is the cerebral, the Jewish change, or a mere deciduous graft, proper matter of the brain and nerves, which foreordained to fall off when the fulness of no man can yet describe or qualify. There the time should come for making the whole are likewise five organic systems in the more world kin by and in Jesus Christ; and, exalted “ moving creature that hath life;" thirdly, that the Sunday of Christendom is the stomach and its assistant chyle-elaborat- actually the Sabbath-day of Abraham. The ing organs; the quickening and circulating professor pleads for this view with much system, namely, the heart, the lungs, and erudition, and with a great show of reason ;. the vessels ; the muscular and bony, or the and he cites names no less redoubtable than locomotive apparatus ; the reproductive one; Capellus, Ussher, and Gale in favor of the and, fifthly, the nervous system --" the be-all point, in whose researches the same result and the end-all here.” Then the higher ani- had come out. Now there is certainly no mal trunk (even such as occurs in the ceta- doubt, but that the all-conceiving editorial ceous sea-brutes, or great whales of the fifth We are competent to the criticism of any day), itself containing five well-marked com- and everything under the sun; but I, the partments, sends out five limbs, two hind- the present organ of that singular Plurality, legs, two fore legg or arms or wings, and one know nothing of the Hebrew tongue and anneck ; - for the innocent reader must under- tiquities, and therefore refrain from venturing stand that these new anatomists consider the * See the Sermon named in the heading of this animal head as nothing more than the last article.

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