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kams confer upon New-England ? Where had they previously
He was probably the means of lived? In the interior.
saving the colonies from destruction How had they gained possession
by the Indians.

of the coast ? By conquest.
How? By conciliating some Where was their principal fort?
Indians, and giving information of In Groton, a few miles from New
the hostile intentions of others. London.

How many removed with Cod. Where had they another fort? dington to Aquetneck ? — When ? On Mystic river, near the border of

was Aquetneck after- | Stonington, 6 or 7 miles from their wards called ? - Why?

principal fort. Where is Rhodes ?

What was their smaller fost What two circumstances


called ? Fort Mystic. moted the settlement of R. I. ?

How many warriors had the
In what year, were Providence Pequots ? About 700.
and R. I. incorporated by a char Their principal sachem ? Sassa-
ter ?

In 1644.
Who obtained that charter ! What was his character? He
Where? In England.

was a most mighty and terrible Of whom?,


How many sachems had he under him? Twenty-six.

Who was the principal of these? Mononotto.

What was the only tribe in CHAPTER XXXII. - p. 55.

their vicinity, that the Pequots had not conquered ? The Narra

gansets. Pequot War.

Which way from the residence

of the Pequots, was the country of In what year, was the Pequot the Narragansets ?

Whom did the confederates How long after the settlement of the Pequots murder in 1634 ? of Wethersfield ? - of Hartford Capt. Stone, Capt. Norton and and Windsor ?

eight others. Where was the principal resi Where were these murders perdence of the Pequots ?

petrated ? On Ct. river, a few What other regions did they oc miles from the mouth. cupy? The regions that are now Why were the Pequots chargea. New-London and Stonington. ble with the guilt of this massacre ?

In what part of Ct. are New- Sassacus was knowing to it, shared London, Groton and Stonington ? the plunder, and had probably con

Which of these towns is between trived it. the other two? Groton.

0 When did the Pequots make Near the mouth of what river, is a treaty of peace with the English New-London ?

at Ms.? In 1634, soon after the Indian name of the Thames ? murder of Stone, &c. Pequot river.

Why did the Pequots wish to be Where was Pequot harbor ? At at peace with the English? The the mouth of the Thames.

Dutch and the Narragansets were
What tribe of Indians was the making war upon them.
most warlike and terrific in New Between whom, did the Pequots
England ? The Pequots. wish the English to act as media.

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war ?

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lors? Themselves and the Narra- | persuaded to combine against the gansets.

English. Conduct of the Pequots after that What prevented? Their thirst treaty? They were more hostile for revenge. and bloody than before.

Who had probably made upon How did they regard the Eng. them, an impression favorable to Jish? As strangers and intruders. the English ? Roger Williams. What resolution did the Pequots

Whal method did the governor then form, respecting the English of Ms. adopt, to prevent the union? in this country? To exterminate Sent for Miantonimo, and made a them. Meaning of exterminate ?

treaty with him. How did the Pequots think

In what year ? 1636. they could exterminate the Eng Name of that governor of Ms. ? Jish? By uniting all the Indians Henry Vane. against them.

Who was Miantónimo ? Nephew With what tribe, did the Pe to Canonicus, and next to him in quols make the greatest efforts for authority. this purpose? The Narragansets. Principal articles of that treaty ?

Principal argument, which the To maintain a firm peace together; Pequots urged with the Narragan- to unite in war against the Pesets? That the English, if suffered | quots; to maintain free trade, and to continue, would exterminate the to have the treaty extend to posIndians.

terity. Influence of this argument ? $ In what year was John OldThe Narragansets were almost ham murdered ? t - Where? I NOTE N.

Oldham's, and accordingly hailed

but received no answer. As Murder of Mr. John Oldham, he saw the deck full of Indians, avenged by John Gallop.

and a canoe, just gone from OldIn August, 1636, was murdered ham's vessel, filled with goods and by the Indians, Mr. John Oldham, Indians, he suspected, that Oldham who had been expelled from Plym- had been murdered. outh. There is reason to hope, He had with him only one man that after his wonderful preserva- and two small boys. He and his tion on the shoals of Cape Cod, little party were armed with two he did really mend his manners. guns and iwo pistols. The Indians Having resided a while at Nan were 14 or 15 in number, armed tasket,

Cape Ann and perhaps at with guns, pikes and swords. NotSalem or Charlestown, he was withstanding the extreme disparity among the first planters of Water- of forces, Gallop being a most cour. town. There he was not only a ageous and resolute man, dared to respectable citizen, but had the

attack the savages. As he had no honor to be one of 24 freemen, who bullets, the two guns and two pigin 1634, represented the eighi towns tols were loaded with large shot, in Ms. and constituted the first gen and at once discharged at the Ineral court of delegates in that col- dians; who were so frightened, ony.

that they instantly skulked beneath The leading circumstances of his the deck. There for a while, they death, are the following.

felt secure. But Gallop getting to As Mr. John Gallop was sailing the windward of them, with a brisk near Block island, he saw a small gale, drove against their vessel with vessel, which he took to be Mr. such violence, as almost to overset

him ;


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Which way is Block island from How long did the siege continue ? R. I.-froin Fairfield ?

Till the next From what place, had he been By whom, was the siege raised expelled for bad conduct?

in March ? Capt. Mason and 20 What was the occasion of his reformation ?

What kept the people of Ct. in From what town, was he sent to continual alarm in the spring of the general court of delegates in 1637 ? The incursions of the PeMs.?

quots. By whom, was he murdered ? How many men did the Pequots

What Indians ? Principally, murder, that year, at Wethersfield ?
Block-Islanders and Narragansets. How many women?

Who avenged the death of 0.? How many young females did
Who assisted Gallop ?

they carry into captivity ?
By whom, were several of the What were then the condition
surviving murderers protected ? and prospects of the people of Ct. ?
The Pequots.

Most distressing:
Wliat fort did the Pequots be In what, had they sustained very
siege, towards the close of 1636 ? great losses in the two preceding
Fort Saybrook.

years ? +
them. Six of the affrightened sav and goods in the preceding years,
ages leaped into the sea, and were and even this year, they were un-
drowned. Standing off again, and fortunate with respect to their cat-
running down upon her a second tle. They had no hay, but what
time, he bored her with his anchor; they cut from the spontaneous pro-
and the two vessels being thus fast ductions of an uncultivated country.
ened to each other, he attempted to To make good English meadow,
shoot the Indians in their lurking was a work of time. The wild,
places, through the side of their coarse grass, which the people cut,
vessel. At length getting loose, he was often mowed too late, and but
drove down upon them the third poorly made. They did not al-
time, and caused 4 or 5 more to ways cut a sufficient quantity even
jump overboard. There being but of this poor hay. They had no
four left

, he ventured to go aboard of corn, or provender, with which their vessel. He immediately took they could feed them; and amidst and bound two of them.

Two the multiplicity of affairs, which others, armed with swords in a lit at their first settlement, demanded tle room below, could not be driven their attention, they could not profrom their retreat.

- Mr. Oldham's vide such shelters for them, as were corpse was found on board, the necessary during the long and sehead split, and the body horribly vere winters, of this northern climangled, and not yet cold.

mate. From a union of these circumstances, some of their cattle were lost, and those, which lived

through the winter, were commonly | NOTE O.

poor. Notwithstanding all the ex

ertions, the people had made the Extreme trials of the Ct, planters preceding summer, they had not in the spring of 1637.

been able, in the multiplicity of The affairs of Ct. at this time, their affairs, and under their inconwore a most gloomy aspect. They | veniences, to raise a sufficiency of had sustained great losses in cattle. provisions. Their provisions were

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What is said of their provis When were they obliged to lons ?

watch against the Pequots ? Instrument principally used in Where did they go armed ? cultivating the earth?

Where did the general court Price of a good cow ?

meet at this awful crisis? How many dollars ?

What did they consider in the utWhy did they want all their men most danger? The existence of at home 1

the colony and the lives of all the To what danger, were they ex people. posed, when hunting, fishing, or How many had been murdered cultivating their fields ?

by the Pequots ? not only very coarse, but very dearwatch and guard at their houses of and scanty. The people were not worship on the Lord's day, and only inexperienced in the husbandry whenever they convened for the of the country, but they had but public worship. They lay down few oxen or ploughs. They per and rose up in fear and danger. If formed almost the whole culture they should raise a party of men, the earth with hoes. This ren

and send them to fight the enemy dered it both exceedingly slow and on their own ground, it would renlaborious.

der the settlements proportionably Every article bore a high price. weak at home, in case of an asValuable as money was at that sault from the enemy. Every thing day, a good cow could not be pur indeed appeared dark and threatchased under thirty pounds. "In-ening. But nothing could discourdian corn was about five shillingsage men, who had an unshaken a bushel; and labor and other ar confidence in the divine governticles bore a proportionable price. ment, and were determined to sac

In addition to all these difficul. rifice every other consideration, ties, a most insidious and dreadful for the enjoyment of the uncorruptenemy were now destroying the ed gospel, and the propagation of lives and property of the colonists, religion and liberty in America. attempting to raise the numerous "In this important crisis, a Indian tribes of the country against court was summoned at Hartford, them, and threatened the utter ruia on Monday, the first of May. As of the whole colony. The inhabit- they were to deliberate on matters, ants were in a feeble state, and few in which the lives of the subjects, in number. They wanted all their and the very existence of the colmen at home, to prosecute the ne ony were concerned, the towns for cessary business of the plantations. the first time sent, committees. They had not a sufficiency of pro “The court on mature deliberavisions for themselves, there would tion, considering that the Pequots therefore be the greatest difficulty had killed nearly thirty of the Engin furnishing a small army with lish; that they had tortured, and provisions abroad. — They could insulted their captives in a most neither hunt, fish, nor cultivate horrible manner; that they were their fields, nor travel at home, or attempting to engage all the Inabroad, but at the peril of their dians, to unite for the purpose of lives. They were obliged to keep extirpating the English; and the a constant watch by night and day; danger the whole colony was in, to go armed to their daily labors, unless some capital blow could be and to the public worship. — They immediately given their enemies, were obliged to keep a constant determined, that an offensive was




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What most important determina How many did Plymouth ? 50. lion was formed by the court ? Chaplain of the Ct. men? Mr.

How many men did they vote to Stone, of Hartford. raise ?

Commander ? Capt. John Ma. How many

from Hartford ? How many from Windsor ? Where had he been trained to How many from Wethersfield ?

In the Netherlands. How many men did Ms. deter Who delivered to the Ct. men, inine to send against the Pequots ? a most affecting address, just be 200.

fore they started ? + should be carried on against them, servants. You are only the minisby the three towns of Windsor, ters of his justice. I do not preHÍartford and Wethersfield. They tend, that your enemies are carevoted, that 90 men should be raised | less, or indifferent. No; their forthwith; 42 from Hartford, 30 hatred is inflamed; their lips thirst from Windsor, and 18 from Weth for blood; they would devour you, ersfield, Notwithstanding the ne and all the people of God. But cessities and poverty of the people, my brave soldiers, their guilt has all necessary supplies were voted reached the clouds; they are ripe for this little army. No sooner for destruction; their cruelty is nowas this resolution adopted, than torious; and cruelty and cowardice the people prosecuted 'the most are always united. There is nothvigorous measures, to carry it in- ing, therefore, to prevent your certo immediate and effectual execu tain victory, but iheis nimble feet, tion."

their impenetrable swamps and woods ; from these your small num

bers will entice them, or your courNote P.

age drive them.

I now put the Address of the Rev. Thomas question, Who would not fight in

such a cause? fight with undaunted Hooker to Capt. Mason and his

boldness? Do you wish for more little army at Hartford, when encouragement ? More I give you. about to march against the Pe Riches waken the soldier's sword; quots.

and though you will not obtain "Fellow Soldiers, Countrymen silver and gold on the field of vicand Companions, you are this day tory, you will secure what is infi. assembled by the special orovi- nitely more precious ; you will sedence of God. You are not col cure the liberties, the privileges and lected by wild fancy,

nor ferocious the lives of Christ's church in this passions. It is not a tumultuous as new world.

You will procure sembly whose actions are abortive, safety for your affectionate wives, or if successful, produce only theft, safety for your prattling, harmless, rapine, rape and murder ; crimes smiling babes. You will secure alí inconsistent with nature's light, in the blessings, enjoyed by the people consistent with a soldier's valor. of God in the ordinances of the You, my dear Hearts, were select gospel. Distinguished

the ed from your neighbors, by the honor conferred upon David, for godly fathers of the land, for your fighting the battles of the Lord. known courage, to execute such a This honor, O ye courageous solwork. Your cause is the cause of diers of God, is now prepared for Heaven. The enemy have blas you. You will now execute his phemed your God, and slain his vengeance on the heathen ; you

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