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granted vocally to pray for the deliverance of at an end ; for I apprehended from the first feelsuch as are oppressed by the darkness which is ing about coming here, that the line of my duty so prevalent in that meeting, and afterwards to would be as much towards others, as the memexpress a few words of encouragement to an ex- bers of our own Society; and my view respectercised, and tried remnant. Second day even. ing families is rather confined to those lately ing a portion of comfort was administered, in a married, new settlers, and young people in large solemn opportunity with a large company at the families. house of my beloved friend George Fisher; and “The meeting this day was exercising but solon third day I was enabled by close exercise to emn; several who attended yesterday were there; gain some relief in the meeting at Bristol. It a late fashionable but now thoughtfully concerned was a season laborious both to body and mind, person, and her daughter like minded, who are but one that affords satisfaction in the retrospect; rich in this world, were at both meetings, and and indeed this little visit altogether has been called at my lodgings after. For those who may particularly satisfactory; with some it has felt be termed . other sheep,' I feel deeply, and am like a final parting, and the recollection of hav- sensible of life being raised by the addition of ing once more met will, I believe, afford mutual such panting souls to our assemblies : these, comfort.”
whether of us, or under whatever name, will be The apprehension just mentioned proved cor- cared for, they will be led to rivers of refreshing rect, this being the last visit my dear mother water, and nourished up unto everlasting life. paid to her native city, and several of her dear “ This has been like the others a laborious and long known friends were pretty soon after- week; but I desire to take every step manifested wards removed by death.
as the line of duty; and though run down in From Bristol she crossed the New-passage into strength, am wonderfully supported : memorable Wales, and attended meetings in the way to Mil- is the Lord's goodness to my exercised mind. I ford, whence she sailed for Ireland ; and was never remember a more proving season to me in favored to reach her own abode in safety near this line of service, nor is the labor attended the end of the 11th mo. though in a very broken with much hope, save that an increase of peace state of health, and under considerable depression is humbly hoped for, and perhaps a little addiof mind, from a settled belief that some heavy tion of strength to sustain future trials may be trials were impending. This view soon became mercifully bestowed." painfully realized, and her affectionate feelings
(To be continued.) were keenly wounded by the death of several near relatives occurring in quick succession, so that the few first months of 1803 were signally
PRACTICAL RELIGION. marked by sorrow and bereavements.
Practical religion confers upon its possessor a The summer was chiefly passed under the glorious triumph amidst the sorrows of life. pressure of bodily suffering, which was at times Suppose poverty comes with its train of calam. so severe as to induce the apprehension that the ities; or suppose detraction points its barbed season of full deliverance was at hand; while at arrows against a blameless character ; or suppose others her mind was still so exercised for the bereavement casts a withering shade upon the advancement of truth and righteousness, that it best earthly hopes and joys; or suppose disease, felt as though further labor would be allotted which mocks the highest efforts both of friend. ber; and in the depths of affliction she was given ship and of skill, impresses itself upon the not only to behold · fields white unto harvest,' countenance and makes its lodgment in the very but afresh to surrender herself, when the Lord seat of life;-or suppose, if you please, that this might utter His command, to enter into these and whole tribe of evils come marching in fearful work ; being favored with resignation to the array to assail an individual at once, I am sure will of her divine Master whether as to life or that I do not say too much for practical religion, death.
when I deelare to you that it will enable its posIn the second month, 1804, she went to Water-sessor to meet them all in serenity and triumph. ford, in order to perform some religious service, To do this must require a high effert of faith, I which she had long had a prospect of, both acknowledge; but only such an effort as has been among Friends and others within those borders : exemplified in the experience of thousands : the following extracts from her letters contain an Oh! when I have stood amidst such scenes, and account of this visit.
witnessed the sweet aspirations of hope, and “I have cause to be bumbly thankful for the seen the bright beams of joy irridate the countenmeeting yesterday; the covering of solemnity ance over which sorrow had thrown her deepest was sensibly prevalent over the assembly, and shades, just as the bow casts its brilliant hues there were many serious seeking minds present, upon the dark cloud in the going down of the who I trust were not discouraged; while relief sun, I have looked upon religion as a bright was afforded to my exercised spirit, though I be- angel come down from heaven to exercise a lieve its struggles respecting this service are not sovereign influence over human calamity; and if I have formed a wish or offered a prayer in were regularly collected ; a short prayer was utrespect to you at such a moment, is has been tered, extempore; then eight lines of the psalms that this good angel may be your constant at- of David in metre were sung, going regularly tendant through this vale of tears. — Sprague. through; a chapter of scripture was next read in
the same regular manner, everyone having a
Bible in hand in order to follow the reading ; MEMOIR OF JAMES COCKBURN.
| concluding with extempore prayer, according to In recurring to the known origin of my family, I the feelings of the heart. This exercise was of there is nothing presenting claims of particular great advantage to the youth, in keeping alive distinction; but much in the practice and on their minds what they had learned, and makexample of my immediate predecessors to inspire ing them acquainted with the scriptures, besides renewed respect and filial gratitude. The most impressing them with a solemn gravity. Also ancient of my known ancestors was an officer in before and after meat, a short prayer was offered Cromwell's army, who appears to have come from up to the Giver of all good. Op first-days, after England and settled in Scotland, after the return attending public worship twice, and sometimes of the Parliamentary forces from over-running three times, the family had to read in a class, that country. He married a brother officer's and then be catechised; first from the Shorter daughter, a native of the Highlands, of the name Catechism, and such questions as naturally arose of Melville. . Among their descendants of the from them : to which much weighty counsel was third or fourth generation, was William Cock- often added, to the tendering of the heart, and burn, my father. He was born in the year 1735, I evidently reaching the Divine witness in us. in the parish of Wymes, in Fifeshire, about This religious observance may seem formal; twenty miles north-east from Edinburgh. Hav. but it certainly tended to induce habits of attening formed a predilection for a sea. faring life, )tion and discipline in the minds of the children, he served his apprenticeship to that profession; and familiarized their memory with scripture and when of age, married Mary, daughter of history and testimony. The influence of family Alexander Grigg, a respectable freeholder in the devotion operating insensibly on the minds of parish of Kennoway. Soon after his marriage, the children, did also inspire'great respect and he was impressed and conveyed on board a king's affection for their parents. ship, during what is called in history “the I mention these things, not to recommend a Seven Years' War;" where he remained three a dry, barren form, but because I believe they years without ever being permitted to touch land. were the means of my instruction and improveUpon being discharged at the close of the war, ment; and because I believe sincere obedience he settled with bis wife and one daughter in the to what we are fully convinced to be duty, is village of Kenpoway, where he purchased some the most acceptable sacrifice before the Searcher real estate ; and, turning his attention to agricul- 1 of hearts. I have often been thankful that I ture, rented some lands in the vicinity. His was under the care of sober parents, who labored wife Mary, having bad six children, died; and for the instruction and welfare of their children, after a suitable time he entered again into the I believe with a single eye to their good, and in married state with Jenat Heard, my mother. accordance with what they thought right: though She was the daughter of George Heard, an old I now see that the brightness of the gospel day residenter and freeholder in the same village. was not then fully revealed in them.
My parents were married in 1772; and I, Thus situated as it were in a garden inclosed, being their second son, was born in the 9th my infantile days were spent in a good degree of month, 1776, in the aforesaid village of Kenno- innocence, compared with many others. There way; where I received the common education of was a native tenderness in my heart, by which reading, writing and arithmetic, as then taught I was preserved from the company of rude chilin the parish school. The manner of my edu- dren. My nature shrunk from the exercise of cation was calculated to make a deep-and fixed cruelty towards animals of every kind; and when impression on my mind. My parents were pas. I could not prevail on my companions to desist sing the middle stage of life; and, being in limit- (from it, I had to flee from the scene of distress. ed circumstances, were industrious and sober, Rough or profane words so shocked the gravity requiring the aid of their children in the appli- and sensibility of my mind that I was preserved cation of their agricultural labors. Being mem- from swearing or obscene language. bers of that religious denomination who had se- / My father possessed considerable information, ceded from the church of Scotland, under the with clearness of understanding and firmness of name of Burghers, they were strict in their judgment, to which was added great natural morals, regular in their deportment, and exem- and acquired moral fortitude. My mother was plary in the observance of public and family wor- constitutionally amiable. Her meek, retiring ship, according to the Westminster confession disposition was well adapted for the fulfilment of faith.
of domestic duties and the enjoyment of domesMorning and evening the family and children tic happiness. If her understanding was not extensively enlightened, her piety was practical, How profitable would it be for children and unobtrusive, and sincere. She had six chil. young people to watch the emotions of their dren; making twelve to my father by both wives. hearts, and shut their thoughts against the inThe conversational maxims and habitual example dulgence of vain imaginations, even though they of such parents, naturally tended to impress the may be supposed to be innocent. By parleying minds of their children with a feeling of with idle, romantic, or visionary wanderings of conscious moral strictness and integrity, while the mind, in early life, many have been so it produced babits of great reverence for religious wounded as to go halting all the rest of their dogmas and observances, liable however to slide days. into superstitious fastidiousness.
The local position of my pastoral service, was When about seven or eight years old, I was eminently calculated to awaken those emotions put to tend the cattle in the fields ; and used to and romantic feelings which are supposed to be take religious books with me to read, and was the evidences of a poetic temperament. It is often much affected in reading the accounts of probable that my rural solitude, in connexion the sufferings of Christ, and the final rewards of with the extensive and varied scenery around the righteous and the wicked. These often made me, gave an impulse to the powers of imaginame weep, sometimes with fear, and at others tion wbich almost through life has maintained with joy; which worked together for my good, an influence over my mind. Hence, my little by preserving me from the evils that are in the inclination for what is termed the sociabilities of world, and keeping me in the path of religious life ; hence, the retiredness and seclusion of my awe and care, whereby I increased in the know- habits; and hence, my deficiency in conversaledge of good.
tional intercourse, especially in mixed company. In the winters, I was put to school under the Although though my poetic temperament never care of an attentive master, who taught me writ. produced much in writing, it proved the means ing and the first principles of arithmetic; in of exciting and cherishing a high tone of mental which I never made much proficiency; for the sensibility which “grew with my growth and inclination and powers of my mind seemed to strengthened with my strength,” absorbing as flow in another channel. Reflection and inter- aliment whatever awakened pity, or induced nal exercise of the mental faculties were more tenderness. congenial to my disposition ; and I suppose
(To be continued.) were heightened by my being so early and so much confined to a solitary situation in the fields. My mind became fond of romantic ideas, which
For Friends' Intelligencer. soon awakened the powers of imagination. I
FOR THE CHILDREN. would suppose such and such things would take
The History of Moses. place, and then raise a visionary fabric of illusive conseqnences. But this indulgence of fancy
[Continued from page 598.] retarded my progress in the Divine life, and kept The Israelites grew weary of the manna which me under the dominion of selfish propensities. continued to fall as dew upon their camp at
This arrangement, in connexion with the do- night, and the mixed multitude wept at the remestic circumstances to which I have already membrance of the “ fish, the cucumbers, melons, alluded, probably formed the basis of my indi onions and garlic,” of which they ate freely in vidual character, which has cost me so much Egypt. Moses heard their cry and was sorely solicitude to meliorate under the progress of long distressed, and he said, Lord wherefore bast thou experience.
aflicted thy servant, and wherefore bave I not Alas ! how deceitful is the human heart ren found favor in thy sight, that thou layest the dered by the transforming influences of darkness. burden of all this people upon me? Why should Though remote from the world and the gross I carry them in my bosom as a father carrieth a evils that are in it, my heart slid into the paths child, unto the land which thou hast promised ? of deception : not supposing that I could sin in Whence should I have flesh to give so many, for thought, I gave a free reception to every illusive they weep and say give us flesh that we may eat. imagination that would amuse the time. This I am not able to bear all this people alone, bedoubtless tended to wean me from purity of feel-cause it is too heavy for me. If thou deal thus ing, and to strengthen the natural propensities with me, kill me až once, if I have found favor which live in the regions of darkness.
in thy sight, that I may be relieved of my wretchThis has been one of the most powerful ene. ledness. And the Lord told Moses to gather seymies of my mind, and had well nigh carried meenty men, whom he knew to be the elders of the away in bondage to Babylon. But Divine Good people, and he would take of the spirit which ness interposed in the ministrations of his provi. I was upon him and put it upon them, and they dence, and recalled me in measure from the path I should share the burden with him; and he also of destruction, to return to that from which I promised him that the people should have flesh had so widely deviated,
I to eat not only for one or two days, but for a month. But said Moses, "the people among they should go up at once and possess the land, whom I am, are six hundred thousand footmen, but others who had been with him in the search, shall the flocks be slain for them to suffice them, said that the sons of Anak were giants, before or shall all the fish of the sea be gathered to whom they were but as grasshoppers, and all the gether for them ?" He was answered, Is the people that they saw were men of great stature. Lord's hand waxed short ? thou shall see now By this evil report of the land which had been whether my word shall come to pass unto thee promised them as a rich inheritance, the people or not. Then Moses went out and told the peo- were discouraged, and wept all night, and said ple what he had heard, and he gathered the sey-one to another, let us make a captain and return enty elders and set them round about the taber-into Egypt. Then Moses and Aaron fell on their nacle ; and as they were seated, the Lord gave faces before all the assembly, and Joshua, the them of the same spirit that was upon Moses, son of Nun, and Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, and when the spirit rested upon them they rent their clothes, and told the people that the prophesied. Eldad and Medad did not go out land they passed through was “an exceeding to the tabernacle but remained in the camp, and good land," and if the Lord delighted in them, the spirit rested upon them also, and they prophe- that is, if they pleased him by obeying his comsied there. A young man, the son of Nun, and mandments, he would bring them into it. Only a servant of Moses, named Joshua, wished Moses rebel not, said they, against him. The congreto forbid them, but Moses replied, enviest thou gation would not listen to them, but would have for my sake? would that all the Lord's people stoned them. Because of their rebellion, the were prophets, and that He would put his spirit people were told they would not be permitted to upon them. And there went forth a wind and enter the land of Canaan. “ Ten times they had brought quails from the sea and let them fall on tempted” the Lord by doubting his preserving either side round about the camp, as it were a power, and they had refused to hearken to his day's journey, and they were about two cubits voice; but their little ones, whom they said would high upon the face of the earth. And the peo- fall a prey to their enemies in the wilderness, ple stood up all that day, and all that night, and and their children who knew not good from evil, all the next day, and gathered quails. Now it is these should go in thither and possess it. Caleb said that Moses was a “ very meek” man; and and Joshua, who were of a different spirit, and when Aaron and Miriam spake against him be- who followed the Lord “wholly,” should also cause he married an Ethiopian woman, he prayed inhabit it. When Moses told them “ these saythat Miriam might be healed of the leprosy which iogs," they mourned greatly; and in the mornhad come upon her, because of the wrong she had ing they rose up early and went up to the top of committed. Mark, young friends, the instruct the mountain and said, “ Lo we be here, and will ive lesson contained in this circumstance. Moses go up unto the place which the Lord hath promnot only forgave Miriam himself, but besought ised;" but Moses said, wherefore now do ye transhis Heavenly Father to forgive her also. May gress the commandment of the Lord ? It shall we be able to act the same noble part toward not prosper; go not up, for the Lord is not among those who may offend us. Moses was now com- you, that ye be not smitten before your enemies, manded to send some of the heads of the tribes and fall by the sword of the Amalekites. But to search the land of Canaan and see what it was, they “ presumed to go," and it happened unto whether the people who dwelt there were many them as Moses had told them. The trials of or few, and whether they were strong or weak, 'Moses were many and various, and had it not whether they lived in cities or in tents or in been for his faith in the power of Him who had strong bolds, whether the land was fat or lean, appointed him to the great work, we might supand whether there was wood upon it or not; and pose he would have abandoned it in despair; but if they found fruit, they were to bring some to it appears that he continued in daily communiMoses. So they went up and searched, and cation with the divine Spirit, and was shewn when they came to the brook of Eschol they cut what to do in every emergency. Miriam, who a branch with one cluster of grapes and bore it you may remember was one who suffered because between two men upon a staff. They brought she spoke against Moses, died at Kadesh and was also some pomegranates and figs; they returned buried there. There being no water to be found in forty days, and told Moses, that surely the land at this place, the people “ chode with Moses,” unto which they were sent flowed with milk and and said, wherefore have ye made us to come up honey, and this was the fruit of it. Neverthe- 'out of Egypt to bring us in unto this evil place? less the people were strong that dwelt there, and it is no place of seed, or figs, or of vines, or of the cities were walled, and very great, and pomegranates; neither is there any water to moreover they saw the children of Anak there. drink.” Then Moses and Aaron went out from
The Amalekites were at the South, and the Hit-' their presence and prostrated themselves before tites, the Jebusites and Amorites were in the the Lord, when his glory appeared unto them, mountains, and the Canaanites dwelt by the sea and he told Moses to take the rod and assemble and by the coast of Jordan. Caleb proposed that the congregation before the rock, and he and Aaron should speak unto the rock before them,, Catholic religion, soon after he became of age and the water should flow out of it, and Moses went to confession, according to the requireshould bring forth to them water out of the rock, ments of that society, but, as he told the writer, so that they and their beasts should drink. he never went to confession but once. He felt Moses took the rod as he was commanded, and so much condemned and ashamed for having Aaron and he gathered the assembly ; but upon knelt to a man, that he could do so no more. this occasion it would seem that he lost his self. He afterwards joined the Methodist society, of possession and became impatient, for instead of which he was a constant and sincere-hearted speaking as he had been instructed, he lifted up member for many years. But for about the last his hand and smote the rock twice, saying, hear twenty-five years of his life he was a member now, ye rebels, must we fetch you water out of of Friends' society, and although not promi. this rock ?” Although the water flowed abun- nently active among them, he always took dantly, and the people and the cattle were satis- a lively interest in their concerns, and for a fied, yet because Moses and Aaron did not be- number of years filled with propriety the station lieve, and did not according to the word of the of overseer. He was of a generous and confiding Lord, they were told they should not bring the disposition, his friendships not being at all concongregation into the promised land; and this fined to those of his own profession, but he was water was called the water of Meribah, signify- a well-wisher and friend to all with whom he had ing the disobedience of the children of Israel. personalintercourse, and is no doubt gone "where From Kadesh the Israelites would have gone the wicked cease from troubling and the wcary through the country of Edom, but the king are at rest."
J. M. would not allow them to do so, so they turned aside and came to Mount Hor. Upon the top of this mount Aaron died, and all the house of
THE COMPASS. Israel mourned for him thirty days. His age was one hundred and twenty-three years. Aaron
The first man who made the discovery that had four sons, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and there is an iron stone-the magnet—which atJohamar. Eleazar succeeded his father as priest tracts other iron, may have wondered not a litin Israel.
tle at this quality in an unsightly stone. As [To be continued.)
the animal seizes the food, so the magnet seizes the iron, but it does not consume it, it converts
it into its like; for if a steel needle (a common Communicated for Friends' Intelligencer.
sewing needle,) remains for a space of time in Departed this life on the 16th of 11th month, union with the magnet, then after it is within Baltimore, GILBERT CASSARD, Sr., in the drawn, it is not only attracted more powerfully 75th year of his age.
| by the magnet, but it now also attracts other He went to his store in the morning of that needles or small particles of iron. With an day apparently in good health, and after pleas
iron needle, thus become magnetic, the experiantly discoursing with those present, he sudden
ment was probably made in the first instance ly expired. He had had some symptoms that in- merely by way of amusement, by letting it float. duced him to apprehend that his departure was
like our little artificial magnetic fishes, in a dish
of water on a little chip of wood or cork, or by approaching, under the influence of which he had requested that after his death his body
suspending it by a thread, in order the more should be placed in Friends' vault, and the easily to observe the readiness with which it burying conducted according to the custom of
followed the magnet In this case it must have Friends. His request was strictly complied
been remarked that the magnetic needle with its with by his family, which was numerous, but
two ends constantly stood when at rest in the none of them in profession with Friends. The same direction. In some way of this sort, the funeral was attended by a large company, among
compass was invented, which, in its earliest form, whom was a number of ministers not of our
was a simple magnetic needle, suspended by a Society.
thread or floating upon some light substance in The deceased was a native of the Island of water, which by its constant position, north and St. Domingo. At the time of the revolution in south, even under the cloudiest skies, pointed that island he was about fifteen years old, and out the
and out the situation of countries, and thus, especiwith all the whites had to flee from the country. I ally wher
ountry ally when a better and more convenient form He had a number of brothers and sisters, some of was given to it, became a sure guide to travellers whom he never saw afterwards. Himself and al by land and sea. brother were brought up in Baltimore, serving an apprenticeship to the coopering trade, and
VIRTUE. sustaining excellent characters to the close of their lives.
Virtue is the daughter of Heaven; happy Gilbert having predilections favorable to the those who cultivate it from their infancy; they