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Who had been chosen deputy /In how many vessels ? 17. governor ?

In what town in Ms. were settleWhere did Gov. Winthrop first ments commenced in 1630 ? Dorand ? At Salem.

chester, Watertown, Boston and In what month?

Roxbury. To what place, did he remove in In what town, did great sickness July ? Charlestown.

and mortality prevail that summer ? How many settlers arrived at At Charlestown. Charlestown nearly at the same What cause was assigned for its time ? 1500.

being more sickly there than elseWhat distinguished ministers where? The badness of the water, were among these settlers ? Mr. as they could then find none but Wilson and Mr. Phillips.

what was brackish. By what magistrates, was the To what place, did the Gov. and colony governed? By a governor, the principal part of the people of deputy governor, and several as Charlestown soon remove To sistants.

Shawmut. By whom, were these chosen at On what account? Principally first? By the patentees in Enge for the sake of an excellent spring land.

of water there. By whom, were they chosen af Who informed them of that ter their arrival ? The assistants spring, and invited them over ? were chosen by the people; the Mr. William Blackstone. governor and deputy governor, How long had Mr. Blackstone sometimes by the assistants, and resided in Shawmut ? Probably sometimes by the

people. How often? Once a year. What name was first given to

What was the first question de Shawmut, by the English? Tricided by the court, after their ar mountain. rival? How the minister should Why? On account of three de maintained.

large hills in Shawmut. What provision did they make What Hills? Copt's Hill, Beafor Mr. Phillips ?. To build him a con Hill, and Fort Hill. house, and give him 30 pounds a What was Trimountain soon year.

called ? Boston. How many dollars are 30 pounds Why? Principally from respect sterling ?

to Mr. Cotton,

a most distinguished How much better was money minister from Boston in England. then, than now ? About three What town immediately became times.

the metropolis of Ms. ? Boston. Where was Mr. Phillips settled ? Where is Copt's Hill ? At the At Watertown.

north end of Boston, near CharlesWhat provision did they make town bridge. for Mr. Wilson ? To build him a Where is Fort Hill ? In the house, and give him 20 pounds a eastern central part of the city, year, till the arrival of his wife.

near the principal wharves. Where was Mr. Wilson settled ? Where was Beacon Hill ? In At Charlestown.

the western part of the city, N. E. To what place, did he very soon of the state house. remove? To Shawmut.

What has become of Beacon How many colonists came over Hill? A few years ago, it was to Ms. in the year 1630 ? About dug down, to furnish situations for


several years.



How many

of Ms. colony died How! By his extreme superstiin the year 1630? About 200. tion, outrageous conduct and horri

How many returned to Eng- ble persecutions, he drove away land? About 100.

thousands from England, who found Why did they return? Partly an asylum here. from fear of famine, and partly from When did Laud become archdislike to the civil government. bishop of Canterbury? In 1633.

Why did they dislike the govern How long after that, did the ment ? They thought it too strict t.de of emigration continue to flow in restraining and punishing their abundantly from England ? For 7

years. What did Gov. Dudley say of Why did it almost entirely cease their departure ? “Glad were we in 1640? Because the Puritans so to be rid of them.”

ceased to be persecuted. By what, were the people great Why did the Puritans then cease ly distressed the ensuing winter ? to be persecuted ? The power of Ścarcity.

Charles and Laud was broken. Whas appointment was made on How? By the spirit of liberty. account of this scarcity ?

What became of Laud and Upon what, were many families Charles I. ? They were put to obliged to subsist ?

death. What was substituted for the in How many emigrants had then tended fast ? - Why?

arrived in New England in the What number came over from whole ? About 20,000. England in 1631 ? About 90. In how many ships? About

How many in 1632? Nearly 250.300.
What greatly discouraged many

At what expense ? 200,000 people in England from coming pounds sterling; over in those years? The calami How many dollars ? ties of those who came over before; Equal to how many dollars the actual return of so many to England; false representations of In what part of New England, this country; and above all the had these emigrants landed ? Alwicked machinations of the ene most all of them in Ms. mies of Ms.

Have more emigrated to NewWhat conduced to promote emi- England, or from it, since the year grations in these years, notwith 1640 ? From it. standing these obstacles ? Oppressions in England.

What two causes most conduced to increase these oppressions ? The rising power of the queen, and the persecuting spirit of 'Bishop Laud. CHAPTER XXIX. - p. 49. Why did the


of the queen have this effect? She was a zeal Settlement of Maryland. ous, active Papist, and her husband was extremely fond of her.

Who commenced the first settleWho was her husband? Charles ment in Md.? William Clayborne. I.

In what year? 1631. Who probably conduced more How long after the arrival of than any other man, to promote Winthrop in Ms. ? the settlement of Ms. ? Archbishop Where did Clayborne settle ? Laud.

On Kent island.


Where is Kent island ? Near CHAPTER XXX. - p. 50. the east side of Chesapeak bay, opposite to Annapolis.

Settlement of Connecticut. What authority had Clayborne to form a settlement there? He What Sachem visited Boston and had had permission from the king Plymouth in 1631 ? Wahquimito traffic in those parts.

cut. What was the effect of this set For what purpose? To entreat tement afterwards? It produced the English to settle in his domingreat contention and difficulties. ions on Ct. river. What king granted a patent of

What induced him to do this! Md. ? -To whom?

Fear of the Pequot Indians. In what year?

Character of the Pequots ? Proper name of Lord' Balti- They were the most_fierce and more?

dreadful tribe in New England. Where is Baltimore, of which Why did not Gov. Winthrop at Calvert was Baron? In Ireland. tempt to comply with the request

For whom was Md. called ? of Wahquimicui ? The colony of Who was her father?

Ms. had been settled so recently, Her husband ? Charles I. that it was not practicable. Religion of Lord Baltimore? How far was the request regardRoman Catholic.

ed by the government of Plymouth? Meaning of Roman Catholic ? The

next year, they sent men to Ct. Whom did Lord Baltimore make river to make observations. governor of his colony?

In what year, was the first framed In what year, did Gov. Calvert house erected in Ct. ? begin a settlement in Md.?

By whom? The Plymotheans. . With how many planters ?

For what purpose ? Where ? At St. Mary.

On which side of Ct. river, Where was St. Mary'? On the Windsor ? north side of the Potomac, very Which way from East Windsor ? near the mouth.

What river empties into the Ct. By what bay, is Md. divided ? at Windsor ? Farmington river. On what river, is Baltimore? How was the English trading

Into what, does the Petapsco house situated in relation to Far. empty?

mington river ? A little below the Why did emigrants flock to Md. ? mouth. The greatest religious freedom was Who forbade the Plymotheans to there enjoyed.

proceed up the Ct. ? What renders this religious free Where were the Dutch, when dom peculiarly remarkable? The they made this prohibition ? proprietor, governor and people What did the Dutch threaten to were Papists.

do, if the Plymotheans did not inWhat may in some measure stantly stop? Fire upon them. diminish our wonder at this? The How was this threat treated ? Calverts were subjects of a prince Conduct of the Dutch? They professedly Protestant, had did not presume to fire. ceived very great favors from him, Where did the Dutch erect a and might hope to gain some favor trading-house very soon after.? At for their fellow Catholics in Eng. Hartford. land. Besides, the Calverts were To whom, was first given a unquestionably among the most patent of Ct.? Robert Earl of liberal Catholics, that ever lived. Warwick.




By whom? The council of What was their conduct upon Plymouth.

this refusal ? Most of them acquiIn what year? 1630.

esced; but a very few removed the What relation did he sustain to same year to Ct. that council ? He was president. Where did these few settle ? A.

To whom, did Warwick transfer | Pyquaug. his patent? To Lord Say and Present name of Pyquaug? Seal, Lord Brook, Richard Sal. Wethersfield. tonstall, John Hambden and seven On which side of the Ct. is it? others.

How is W. situated in relation In what year ? 1631.

to the rest of Ct. 1 It is the cenWhat is the eastern boundary of tral town. the land, granted by this patent? In what year, were the petitionNarraganset bay and Narraganset ers allowed to remove to Ci.? In river.

1635. What is Narraganset river more In what towns, in Ct. did a congenerally called ? Pawtucket river. siderable number settle in 1635 !

What is it called in Ms. ? Black-Wethersfield, Hartford and Windstone river.

Northern boundary ? A line ex What arrangements were made tending west from the head of for settlements in these towns ? Blackstone river, to the Pacific number of men were sent on to

build log houses, &c. Southern boundary? A line ex How large was the company of tending from the mouth of Narra men, women and children, that reganset bay along the sea coast 120 moved to Ct. in Oct. 1635 ? About miles, and thence west to the Pa- | 60. cific.

How long were they in performWestern boundary? The Pa- ing the journey? A fortnight. cific.

What is about the distance from of what states and territories Cambridge to Hartford ? does it embrace a part ?

What `number removed to Ct. What great lakes ?

that year? Probably about 200. How many times greater is the Where settled the emigrants territory granted by that patent, | from Dorchester ? At Windsor. than the state of Ct. ? Fifty times.

those from Newtown? At ♡ Whence came the first settlers | Hartford. of Ct.? From Ms.

those from Watertown? At From what towns? Dorchester, Wethersfield. Newtown and Watertown.

How did they attempt to transHow long had they resided port their furniture and provisions ? there? Most of them, from one, What became of these ? to four years.

How could the Ct. settlers live Why did they wish to remove ? without them? They were reduced Principally for the sake of more to extreme distress. and better land.

How many returned to Ms. in the To whom, did some of them pe- beginning of winter ? Nearly 100. tition for leave to remove? To How? Some by land through the general court of Ms.

the wilderness; but the greater part In what year? 1634.

having walked to the mouth of Ct. With what success? They were river, sailed to Boston. permitted to remove to some other What was the condition of those, parts of Ms. but not to Ct.

who kept their stations on the river !

On what, did they principally CHAPTER XXXI. - p. 54. subsist?

What became of the cattle, that Settlement of Rhode Island. could not be got over the river ?

Were not these fathers of Ct. Who commenced the settlement very imprudent to attempt a settle of Providence ? ment there, so late in the season ?

In what year? Perhaps not. Had their goods ar How long after the settlement of rived according to their expecta- Hartford and Windsor ? of Bostion, and had the season been as ton ? of Plymouth ? -- of James. mild as usual, they might have town? been carried through the winter, Where had Mr. Williams been without any trials deserving the a minister ? In England, in Newhistorian's notice.

Plymouth and in Salem. Who arrived at Boston in Where was he, when sentenced 1635, with a commission as gove to banishment ? In Salem. ernor of Ct. ?

In what year, was his sentence ? Who gave him his commission ? 1635. For what purpose, did he send With what crimes, was he 20 men to the mouth of Ct. river? charged ? Broaching and di

On which side of the river, did vulging new and dangerous opinthey build the fort? The west side. ions against the authority of magis What did they call it ?

trates, and writing letters of def Why?

In honor of the two amation both of magistrates and lords, that commissioned him. churches.t

Who appeared soon after, to take Was not this banishment persepossession of the river ?

cution ? If it was inflicted in any Who prevented the landing of degree for mere opinion, it was perthe Dutch ?

secution; if for misconduct, it might 0 In what year, did Messrs. have been just. Hooker and Stone remove to Ct.? What was the fact? He seems Where did they settle ?

to have been banished for declarHow many settlers came with ing and propagating opinions, and them? A hundred.

for defamation. How long were they in coming ? Meaning of defumation ? What was their guide ?

What was the conduct of Mr. On what, did they subsist ? Williams in relation to Ms. after

How many, inhabitants were his settlement at Providence ? there then in the three towns of Uniformly kind. Ct.? About 800.

What great benefit did Mr. Wil

+ Note M.

out any retraction: it is therefore Sentence of banishment.

ordered, that the said Mr. Williams

shall depart out of this jurisdiction “Whereas Mr. Roger Williams, within six weeks, now next ensuone of the elders of the church of ing; which, if he neglect to perSalem, hath broached and divulged form, it shall be lawful for the gove diverse new opinions, against the ernor and two of the magistrates to authority of magistrates; as also send him to some place out of this writ letiers of defamation, hoth of jurisdiction, not to relurn any more, the magistrates and churches here, without license from the court.” and that before any conviction, See Winthrop's Hist. of N. E. edand yet maintaineth the same with | ited by Savage; Vol. I. p. 167.

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