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hem that of them that be slain. now they are ashamed with then

their shame with them that go down to the midst of the uncircumcised, and shalt

| lie with them that are slain with the sword. 25 They have set her a bed in the 29 There is y Edom, her kings, and all midst of the slain, with all her multitude: her princes, which with their might are her graves are round about him: P all of laid by them that were slain by the sword: them uncircumcised, slain by the sword: they shall lie with the uncircumcised, and though their terror was caused in the land with them that go down to the pit. of the living, yet have they borne their 30 There be ? the princes of the north, shame with them that go down to the pit: | all of them, and all a the Zidonians, which he is put in the midst of them that be slain. are gone down with the slain; with their ter

26 There is 4 Meshech, Tubal, and all ror they are ashamed of their might; and her multitude: her graves are round about they lie uncircumcised with them that be him: ' all of them uncircumcised, slain by | slain by the sword, and bear their shame the sword, though they s caused their ter with them that go down to the pit. ror in the land of the living.

L 31 Pharaoh shall see them, and shall 27 And they shall not lie with the mighty | be comforted over all his multitude, even that are fallen of the uncircumcised, which | Pharaoh and all his army slain by the sword, are gone down to hell with * their weapons saith the Lord God. of war: and they have laid their swords 32 For I have caused my terror in under their heads; u but their iniquities the land of the living: and he shall be laid shall be upon their bones, though they were in the midst of the uncircumcised with the terror of the mighty in the land of the them that are slain with the sword, even living.

Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the 28 Yea, * thou shalt be broken in the Lord God. o Ps. 139:8. Rev. 2:22. 1 t 21. Job 3:13—15. Is. 14:18,19.1 y 25: 35: Gen. 25:30. 36.1,&c. | 25:22.

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p See on 19,21.-44:7,9. 2 Sam. * Heb. weapons of their war.

1:20. i Chr. 10:4. Acts 7:51. Is. 54:17. 2 Cor. 10:4. a 27:13. 38:2,3, 39:1. Gen. 10: u 18:20. Job 20.11. Ps. 49:14. 2. 1 Chr. 1:5.

109.18. Prov. 14:32. John 8:1 r 19, 24.

24. s 23,27,32.

x Dan. 2:3-1,35.

Is. 34: 63:1-6. Jer. 49:7-22. b 24,25.
Am. 1:11,12. Ob. 1,&c. Mal. 1 c 14:22. 31:16. Lam. 2:13.
1:3,4.

d 27. Jer. 25:15,&c. Zeph. 9: Heb. giden, or, put. . 6—8. 2 Cor. 5:11. Heb. 10: 2 38:6. 39:2.

31. Rev. 6:16-17. a 28:21-23. Gen. 10:15. Jer.

"the land of the living;" because the way of 'ments for perpetuating their memory. Lowth. life and salvation was there known.

(Marg. and Marg. Ref.). V. 24, 25. Nebuchadnezzar js supposed to T V. 29. (Marg. Ref. Notes, 25: 35: Obadiah. ave conquered the province of Elam, which V.30. The north. This may mean the Medes, forined a part of Persia. (Marg. Ref.-Notes, | Armenians, or other nations north of Babylon; Jer. 49:34-38.) It is therefore represented, as or rather the Tyrians and Syrians north of Jufallen with the multitude of its inhabitants, dah, who were more likely to be mentioned with into the grave, having been “lain by the the Zidonians. (Marg. Ref.-Notes, 26:-28:) sword." They too had been renowned and | V. 31, 32. When Pharaoh should enter the terrible; but at length they bare the shame of state of the dead, and see all those kings and being defeated and destroyed. A bed, or coffin, nations who had gone before him, he would the was placed for Elam (the nation being repre- more willingly submit to his doom.-This is sented as a deceased woman,) in the midst of spoken according to the common sentiments all her multitude: and their king also was of mankind, who are better satisfied to suffer placed among those that were slaiu.

with a multitude than alone; though it can be V. 26–28. Meshech and Tubal seem to no comfort to those who have perished in their mean the Scythians and northern nations; sins, to find multitudes as miserable as them(Marg. Ref. q.--Note, 38:2.) who frequently selves. In short, they had caused their terror made inroads into the southern aud more fer- in the land of the living; and the Lord was tile countries of Asia, and caused great terror about to cause bis terror to fall upon them. and devastation, but generally perished with as (Marg. Ref.) dreadful a slaughter. They too had "caused PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. terror in the land of the living;" yet they would

V. 1-16. not lie with the mighty, or be numbered with | How weak and helpless, in respect of the the Assyrian or Egyptian monarchies. But li Alınighty, are the most powerful and terrible they went down to death, with their weapons of mankind! Whilst they ravage on every side, of war in their hands, as men who fought des- devour their own species, and trouble the naperately and scorned to yield: and they were tions of the earth, to gratify their mad ambiburied with their swords laid under their heads, tion, or revenge, or rapacity; he spreads his uet as denoting their characters and exploits; l over them, entangles them, and disposes of whilst their iniquities or depredations had them at his pleasure; and their former greatbrought their bones to the grave, and perhaps ness only renders them a richer prey, or a more afterwards exposed them to insults from those tremendous spectacle, to those around them! whom they had injured. Among persons of Thus “the lamp of the wicked is put out;" the this description would Pharaoh be broken, and pomp and splendor of kings and kingdoms are slain, and perish. Some give another sense to totally extinguished; their "sun goeth down at the passage. "They shall not lie among those noon;" and ibeir boasted luminaries set to rise 'heathen heroes who died a natural death, and no more!—Terror and amazement must needs ‘are laid in their graves with pomp and mag seize the bearts of those, against whom the 'nificence: ... who were carried to their graves | Lord brandishes his sword; and they must 'in state; and had their achievements, and tremble every moment for their lives and souls. 'other ensigns of honor, affixed to their monu-l-It is very mortifying to the pride of man, to Vol. IV. 72

[569

d'if trumpet, an

who came to hear thebe hypocrisy and cemained in the land.

ag

CHAP. XXXIII.

ll upon him: & but he that taketh warning shall

deliver his soul. The prophet is instructed in the duties of his office, as the watchman of Israel, 1-9, commanded to state the rule by which God dealt with them, and the equity of his conduci, 10—20; informed of the destruction of Jerusalem; and ordered to expose the vain hopes and crimes of those wbo remained in the land,

people be not warned; is the sword conie, 21-29, and shewn tbe hypocrisy and covetousness of those, who came to hear the word of God from him, 30—33.

and take any person from among them, he A GAIN the word of the LORD came is taken away in his iniquity; but i his blood 11 unto me, saying,

I will I require at the watchman's hand. 2 Son of man, a speak to the children of | 7 So thou, O son of man, I have set thy people, and say unto them, * When I thee a watchman unto the house of Israel; bring the sword upon a land, if the people therefore 'thou shalt hear the word at my of the land take a man of their coasts, and mouth, and warn them from me. * set him for their watchman;

| 8 When I say unto the wicked, “O 3 If when he seeth the sword come wicked man, thou shalt surely die; " if thou upon the land, dhe blow the trumpet, and dost not speak to warn the wicked from his warn the people;

way, that wicked man shall die in his ini4 Then t whosoever e beareth the sound quity; but his blood will I require at thine of the trumpet, and taketh not warning; if|| hand. the sword come, and take him away, "his 9 Nevertheless, Pif thou warn the wickblood shall be upon his own head.

ed of his way to turn from it; if he do not 5 He heard the sound of the trumpet, 15

& Ex. 9:19–21. 2 Kings 6:10. 4:1,2.

Acts 2:37–41. Heb. 11:7. m 14. 18:4,10-13,18,20. Gen. and took not warning; his blood shall be |Is. 56:10,11.

2:17. 3:4. Prov. 11:21. Ee.

i 8.9. 18:20,24. Prov. 14:32. 8:13, Is. 3:11. 17.30. 3:11,27. Jer. 4:5, 6:1. 51:27. Hos. 8:11 John 8:21,24.

n 13:9,10. Jer, 8:11,12 14:13 Heb. A land when I bring al 1. Joel 2:1. Am. 3:6. 1 Cor. Ili 3:18–20. 34:10. Gen. 9:5. 42: -16. stord upon her. 14:8. 22. 2 Ssm. 4:11.

o 6. Acts 20:26,27. b 6:3. 11:8. 14:17,21. 21:9-16. Heb. he that hearing heareth. k 3:17–21. Cant. 3:3. 5:7. Is. p 3:19,2). Acts 13:40. 18.3,6. Lev. 26:25. Jer, 12.12. 15:2, e 2 Chr. 25:16. Prov. 29.1. Jer. 1 62:6. Jer, 6:27. 31:6. Mic. 7: 28:23—28. Gal. 5:19_21. 3. 25:31. 47:6,7. Zech. 13:7. 6:17. 42:20-22. Zech. 1:2 | 4. Eph. 4:11. Heb. 13:17. 7,8. Eph. 5:3-6. Phil. 3:18 c 2 Sam. 13:24-27. 2 Kings 9: 14. Jam. 1:22.

1 2:7,8. 1 Kings 22:14,16-2 19. 1 Thes. 4:3—8. 5:14. 17–20. ls. 21:6-9. 56:9,10. f 5,9. 18:13. Lev, 20:9,11,&c. Jer. 1:17. 23. 28. 26:2. Acts Prov. 29:1. Luke 12:47. Acts 62:6. Jer, 31:12. Hos. 9:8. 2 Sam. 1:16. 1 Kings 2:37. 5:20. 20:20,26,27. 1 Cor. 11: 13:46. Heb. 2.3. 12:25. d 8.9. Neh. 4:18,20. Is. 58:1. | Acts 18.6. 20:26.

23. 15:3. Col. 1:28,29, 1 Thes. consider, what numbers, who once "caused in the extreme.-Alas! what are men doing! terror in the land of the living," are now gone | How are they blinded and deceived by Satan! down to the grave. Those "who made the | What are those olujects, which they thus purearth to tremble," and whose renown and pow-l sue, through scenes of borror, and seas of er extended to the most distant regions, are blood, and multiplied impieties and iniquities? now confined within the narrow limits of the “Surely man walketh in a vain shadow, and tomb. They, whose counsels and eloquence | Qisquieteth himself in vain;" whether he purswayed the determinations of princes and na- || sue riches, renown, power, or pleasure. Soon tions, and had as extensive effects on human || must he be torn from all his possessions and affairs as the sword of the mighty, now lie si gratifications, to join the multitude of the dead; lent in the dust! They, whose wisdom, learning, and to "receive the things done in the body, beauty, wit, or politeness, were celebrated by whether they be good or evil:" and it will be a numerous admirers, are now decayed and wretched consolation to those who perish in mingled with their original earth! wbilst the their sins, that vast multitudes have gone, and unnoticed multitudes, who go down obscurely are going, the same broad road to destruction; to the grave, by thousands every hour, are vast since as they were mutual tempters here, so beyond conception. All this is the punishment they will be mutual tormentors hereafter. of sin, and the execution of the sentence, “Dust (Note and P. 0. Luke 16:27–31.) As "the ye are, and to dust shall ye return."

hour cometh when all that are in the graves V. 17 -32.

shall hear the voice of Christ, and shall come It is inconceivable how large a proportion | forth, they that have done good to the resurof the human race has been prematurely hur rection of life, and they that have done evil to ried into the grave, by the diabolical trade of the resurrection of damnation;" we, who have war. As if destruction were the most honor. known something of "the terror of the Lord," able and pleasing employment, which “the would fain persuade men, to bearken to the strong among the migbity" of the earth, could voice of the great and terrible Judge, now that devise for themselves and their numerous re- || he speaks to them as a compassionate and mertainers! The subject is in every view gloomy | ciful Savior; and to "seek first the kingdom of and horrid: but if we recollect, that when the God, and his righteousness.” Then, "being body goes down to the dust, the soulenters into || pardoned, justified, and sanctified, in the name an unchangeable state of happiness or misery; lofthe Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God," that all who die “upcircuncised in heart," un- | they need not fear death and the grave. For converted and unbelieving, go down into the Jesus has engaged to receive the departing midst of hell, to bear for ever their shame and spirits of his people to his glorious presence: punishment; and that immense multitudes die their bodies will feel no pain in the silent tomb: in the very heat of their most malignant and and he will at length raise them also, incorrupt

olical passions, or in the midst of forbidden || ible and glorious, that they may be for ever with gratifications, with their unrepented iniquities him. Let us then comfort one another in this upon their souls, and unmortified lusts domi- | mournful and dying world with these words; neering in their hearts; many of them also an- and let us "be stedfast, unmoveable, always swerable for the crimes and destrnction of their || abounding in the work of the Lord, as know fellow sinners; the view becomes tremendous ||ing that our labor is not in vain in the Lord.” 570]

turn from his way, he shall die in his iniqui- || 12 Therefore, thou son of man, z say ty; but 'thou hast delivered thy soul. unto the children of thy people, The (Practical Observations.)

righteousness of the righteous shall not de 10 T Therefore, thou son of man, | liver him in the day of his transgression: bas speak unto the house of Israel; Thus yel for the wickedness of the wicked, he shali speak, saying, • If our transgressions and not fall thereby, in the day that he turneth our sins be upon us, and we pine away in | from his wickedness; neither shall the rightthem, 'how should we then live?

eous be able to live for his righteousness in 11 Say unto them, u Hs I live, saith the the day that he sinneth. Lord God, I have no pleasure in the 13 When I shall say to the righteous, death of the wicked; but that the wicked that he shall surely live; if he trust to his turn from his way and live: Y turn ye, turn own righteousness, and commit iniquity, all ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, | his righteousness shall not be remembered; O house of Israel?

but for his iniquity that he hath committed, r 2 Cor. 2:15–17. * 18:23,32. 2 Sam. 14:14. Lam.

" he shall die for it. $ 24:23. Lev. 26:39. 1 37:11. Is. 49:14. 51:20. Jer.

| 14 Again, when I say unto the wicked,

To 3:20. 18:24. Luke 18:9-14. 14:21,23. 1$. 49:18. Jer. 22: 18-20. Dan. 9:13. Hos. 14;

b 19. 18:21,27–32. 1 Kings 8: 1 John 2:19. 24. 46:18. Zeph. 2:9. Rom. 1. Acts 3:13. 26:20.

21:28-31.

3:33. Hos. 11:8. Luke 15.20

-32. 1 Tim. 2:1. 2 Pet. 3:9.
y 14.6. 18:30,31. Prov. 1:23. Il z 2.
8:36. Is. 55:6,7. Jer. 3:22. 31:11 x 18, 3:20,21. 18:24-26.

2:25. u 5:11.

14:16-18. 16:48. Num. 1

1 Heb. 10:38.

2 Pet. 2:20-22.

48–50.

2 Chr. 7:14. Matt.

d 18:4,24.

14:11.

NOTES.

‘us, and there is no sincerity in these proposals:

'our ruin is decreed, and no repentance of ours Chap. XXXIII. V. 249. The propbet Il 'can prevent it.'-But in reality the prediction had before been thus shewn the important | implied, that God foresaw the people in genresponsibility of his prophetical office: but af eral would be obstinately impenitent; though ter the most awful part of his predictions were soine individuals would repent and be pardonaccomplished, he was again reminded of it, ed. (Note, Jcr. 18:7–10.) It also shewed inand ordered to declare it to the people; that | dced, that the ruin of the city and nation was they might be taught to approve his faithful-determined; but it did not relate to the final ness, and that he might be warned to perse- || state of individuals, who would still be dealt vere in it. (Note, 3:17-19.)—They were called with according to the rules before mentioned, “the children of his people," as if God would || and here again repeated. (Morg. Ref.) disown then because of their wickedness. V, 11. "Have I any pleasure at all that the The instruction is the same as before; but the wicked should die? saith the Lord God; and illustrations are more full and explicit. The not that he should return from his ways, and Lord himself had “sent the sword upon the live?” (Note, 18:23.) This had been proposed land;" and the recent transactions in Judah, in the form of a question: but God here conwhere very great numbers bad been taken | firms it as an immutable truth, by a solemn away in their sins, notwithstanding all the oath, that he had none; but was inuch more warnings given them, were suited to render pleased, that sinners should repent and live. these topics more affecting.–The repetition of (Note, Heb. 6:16–20, vv. 16–18. The verse this and similar warnings, after Jerusalem was may be rendered, “As I live, saith the Lord taken and destroyed, shewed, that they did not || God, I am not delighted with the death of a refer merely to the circumstances of those sinner; but I am delighted, if the wicked turn times, but were applicable to individuals in || from his way and lives.” (Marg. Ref:Notes, every place, especially to such as are favored || 18:28–32.) with the oracles of God. He sheweth that V. 12, 13. The same truths are here again 'the people ought to have continually gov- || stated, which have before been considered, but 'ernors and teachers, who may have a care with some variation of expression: ( Notes, 3: 'over them, and to warn them ever of the dan- || 20,21. 18:21,22,24–27.) especially it is here •gers which are at hand. ... The wicked shall | added, that if the righteous man “trust to his 'not escape punishment, though the watchmanilown righteousness," and to the promises of life 'be negligent: but if the watchman blow the made to the righteous, and “commit iniquity; 'trumpet, and then he will not obey, he shall all his righteousness” will not profit him. 'deserve double punishment.' (Marg. and | Men, who think themselves righteous, and Marg. Ref.--Notes, 18:3,4,10–13. Is. 56:9–12. are so accounted by others, but who are Acts 18:1–6, v. 6. 20:25-28. Heb. 13:17.) not truly humble and spiritual, will, in one way

V. 10. if, according to the prophecies, God or other, “trust to their own righteousness." ‘have determined to reckon with us for our Some will so coufide in their own supposed 'sins, and to bring judgment upon us, to || good works, as to neglect or despise the sal'what purpose shall our conversion be? and | vation of the gospel: and yet, while they trust how shall we live though we do amend?' Bp.ll to their own righteousness to justify them, the Hall.-Thus the wicked when they hear God's || iniquities which they commit will most cerjudgments for their sins, despair of his mer- tainly condemn them. Others think, that as 'cies, and murmur. '-The impenitent Jews they are clear in their views, bold in their proseem to have charged inconsistency and con- fession of the gospel, zealous for its doctrines, tradiction upon the prophet's messages: for and do much to promote them; it would be un whilst he warned them to repent, and assured belief to doubt of their being true Christians, the penitent of forgiveness; he also predicted though they indulge some darling sins in secret, that the people "would pine away in their or grasp at unlawful advantages, or in one transgressions.” (Note, '24:19–24, v. 23.) || way or other “set their affection on" earthly "Now,' said they, 'If this be the case, how | objects, and are "carnally minded.” Thus should we live? And of what use are your ex-li they count themselves righteous persons, fahortations and proinises? You only tantalize Il vorites of heaven, and interested in the prom

[571

oned unto)

surely lint which is

Thou shalt surely die; 'if he turn from his! 22 Now the hand of the LORD was sin, and do that which is lawful and right; || upon 'me in the evening, afore be that was

15 If the wicked 6 restore the pledge, escaped came; and had opened my mouth, ho give again that he had robbed, i walk in until he came to me in the morning: "and the statutes of life, without committing ini- my mouth was opened and I was no more quity; he shall surely live, he shall not die. | dumb.

16 None of his sins that he hath com-|| 23 Then the word of the LORD came mitted shall be mentioned unto him: he hath | unto me, saying, done that which is lawful and right; he shall 24 Son of man, s they that inhabit those

wastes of the land of Israel speak, saying, 17 Yet m the children of thy people say, || Y Abraham was one, and he inherited the The way of the Lord is not equal: but, as land: ? but we are many; the land is given for them, their way is not equal.

us for inheritance. 18 When the righteous turneth from 25 Wherefore say unto them, Thus saith his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, the Lord God; « Ye eat with the blood, and he shall even die thereby.

" lift up your eyes towards your idols, and 19 But if the wicked turn from his | shed blood; and shall ye possess the land? wickedness, and do that which is lawful and 26 Ye stand upon your sword, ye right, he shall live thereby.

| work abomination, and ye defile every 20 Yet ye say, The way of the Lord is one his neighbor's wife; 8 and shall ye posnot equal." o ye house of Israel, PI will || sess the land? judge you every one after his ways.

27 Say thou thus unto them, Thus saith [Practical Observations.).

the Lord God; As I live, surely they that 21 [ And it came to pass 9 in the twelfth

are in the wastes shall fall by the sword, year of our captivity, in the tenth month, in the fifth day of the month, that "one that

and him that is in the open field will I give had escaped out of Jerusalem came unto

to the beasts to be devoured, and they that

be in the forts, and in the caves, shall die me, saying, “The city is smitten.

of the pestilence.

ys.

e 8. 3:18. Is. 3:11. Jer. 18:7,8. || 18:22. Is. 1:18. 45:25. 44:22. || 1-2.9.92 37:1. 40-1.

3:3. Luke 13:35. Mic. 7:18,19. 1 Jobp 2:1-3. u 3:26,27. 24:26,27.

e 18:12. Lev. 18:26-30. 20:13 s. 55:7. Jer. 4:1. Hos. 14:1. m 20. 18:25, 29. Job 35:2. 40:

x 27. 5:3,4, Jer. 39:10. 40:7-11 Kings 11:5—7. 1 Pet. 4:3. • Heb. judgment and justice. i 8. Matt. 25:2426. Luke 19:

10. 52:6.

Rev, 21:8,27. 18:21,27. Mic. 6:8. Matt. 9: 21,22.

y Is. 51:2. Acts 7:5.

f 18:6,11,15. 22:9-11. Jer. & 13.

In 12,13. 18:26. 2 Pet. 2:20-22. | Mic. 3:11. Matt. 3:9. Luke 8,9. g 18:7,12,16. Ex. 22:26,27. 1014, 18:27,28.

3:8. John 8:33,39. Rom. 4:12.5 Lev. 18:25,28. 20:22. Deut. Deut. 24:6,10-13,17. Job 22: p 18:30. Ps. 62:12. Ec. 12:14.

9:7. 1 Thes. 5:3.

4:25,26. 29:18-23. Josh. 28 6. 24:3,9. Am. 2:8. Matt. 16:27. Job 5:29. 2

a Gen. 9:4. Lev. 3:17. 7:26,27. 15, 16, 1 Sam. 2:30. Ps. 50. h Ex. 22:1-4. Lev. 6:2-5. Cor. 5:10. Rev. 20:12 -15.

17:10-14. 19:26. Devt. 12:16. 16-20. 94:20.21. Num. 5:6-8. Luke 19:8. 22:12.

1 Sam. 14:32–34. Acts 15:20, h 24. 5:12--17. 6:11-14. Jer. i 20:11,13,21. Lev. 18:5. Luke 1:2.

21,29. 21:25.

| 15:2-4. 42:22. 44:12 1:6. r 24:26,27.

b 18:6,12,15. Deut. 4:19. Ps. 1 + Heb. to devour him. k 18:27,28. Rom. 2:7. Rev. ls 2 Kings 25:4,&c. 2 Chr. 36:

24:4. Jer. 44:15-19.

i Judg. 6:2. Sam. 13:6. 22:1 22:12-14.

17,&c. Jer. 39:23 . 52:

4 14.
c 9.9. 22:6,9,27.

23:14. 24:3. Jer. 41:9.
d Gen. 27:40. Mic. 2:1,2. Zeph.

ises of life: and yet they commit iniquity, and Ref. h.--Notes, Lev. 6:2—7. Num. 5:7,8. Luke practically fall into the detestable aphorism, || 3:10--14. 19:1--10, v. 8.)

Let us sín on, that grace may abound.”_Oth V. 17–20. Marg. Ref.--Notes, 18:2–4,25— ers, having for a time made a plausible pro 32. fession of religion, conclude themselves cer V. 21, 22. According to the date here given, tainly converted; and then venture into sin this escaped Jew did not come to the prophet, upon the supposition that God will not damn with the intelligence of Jerusalem's being them for it; and quiet their consciences by smitten, till almost eighteen months after that abusing the doctrine of final perseverance, and event: and some learned men have supposed, the examples of some believers, of whom it is that there is a mistake in the date, or that it recorded in scripture, that they fell into the ought to be calculated differently. (Notes, 1:1 same sins, and yet repented and were saved. -3, v. 2. 2 Kings 25:1-5, v. 3.) No doubt the It is doubtless possible for a true believer to be prophet had heard of that event long before caught in any of these nets: the only question eighteen months had elapsed: but perhaps he is, whether he will or will not eventually be had not received that full and authentic acdelivered, though by sharp rebukes and cor- | count of it from an eye-witness, wbich he was rections, and thus return to God with weeping taught to expect, before he delivered any furand supplication. (Marg. Ref. Notes, Luke ther messages from God to his people. (Note, 22:32–34, v. 32. Heb. 10:35–39. 1 Pet. 1:2 | 24:25–27.) For above three years he had been

dumb, in this respect at least: (Note, 3:22-27.1 V. 14–16. (Marg. Ref.-Notes, 18:5–9,21 | perhaps he had been able to converse with the -23,26,27. Mic. 7:18–20. Rom. 2:7–11.2 Cor. Jews, concerning the predictions which he 5:9–12.) The clause "give again that he had had formerly delivered to them; and perhaps -robbed," is here added. The sin is not for he spake to them, or delivered in writing, the ‘given, unless what is taken away be restored.' prophecies which he uttered concerning othAugustin, quoted by Lowth.--He condemneth | er nations: but he had received no further revall them of hypocrisy, who pretend to forsakeelation from God respecting their affairs; in 'wickedness, and yet declare not themselves this sense he had been dumb. But now his Euch by their fruits; that is, in obeying God's mouth was opened, and he prophesied to them 'commandments, and by a godly life.' (Marg. Il as aforetime.' (Marg. Ref:)-The hand of, &c. 572]

28 For * I will lay the land * most deso-|| 31 And they come unto thee I as the late, and the pomp of her strength shall || people cometh, and șthey sit before thee as cease, mand the mountains of Israel shall my people, and they hear thy words, but be desolate, that none shall pass through. I they will not do them: s for with their mouth

29 Then " shall they know that I am the they ll shew much love, but their heart LORD, when I have laid the land most des- | goeth after their covetousness. olate, because of all their abominations | 32 And, lo, thou art unto them as a very which they have committed.

| lovely song "of one that hath " a pleasant 30 Also, thou son of man, P the chil- | voice, and can play well on an instrument: dren of thy people still are talking against for they hear thy words, but they do them thee by the walls, and in the doors of the not. houses, and speak one to another, every Il 33 And when this cometh to pass, (lo, one to his brother, saying, 9 Come, I pray it will come,) then Y shall they know that a you, and hear what is the word that cometh || prophet hath been among them. forth from the LORD.

1 Heb. according to the com- Is. 28:13. Jer. 23:33__38. Luke

k 6:14. 12:20. 15:8. 2 Chr. 36: 6:11. 8:6-15 22:2--15,25—

ing of the people. 8:1. 14:1. 16:14. 21. Is. 6:11. Jer. 9:11. 16:16. 31. 36:17,18. 2 Kings 17:9-18. 20:1. Luke 10:39. Acts 10:33. t Matt. 6:24. 13:22, 19:22. Luke 25.11. 44:2,6,22. Mic. 7:13. 2 Chr. 36:14-17. Jer. 5:1-1o Or, my people sit before thee. 12:15–21. Eph. 5.5. Tim. Zech. 7:13,14.

9,25—31. Mic. 6:9-12. Zeph. I r Jer. 6:16,17. 43:1-7. 44:16. 6:9,10. • Heb. desolation and desola- | 3:1-4.

Matt. 7:24_27. Luke 6:48,49. Heb. a song of loves, tian. p Jer. 11:18,19. 18:18.

8:21. 11:28. Jam. 1:22-24. u Mark 4:16,17. 6:20. John 5: I 7:24. 24:21. 30:6,7.

Or, of thee.

s Ps. 78:36,57. Is. 29:13. Jam. 35. m 6:2,3,6. 36:4. q Is. 29:13. 58:2, Jer. 23:35.

2:14-16. 1 John 3:17,18. x 1 Sam. 3:19,20. Jer. 28:9. 6-7. 7:27. 23:49, 25:11. Ex. 42. 1–6,20. Matt. 15:8. 22:16,

| || Heb. make loves, or jests. 1 y 2:5. 2 Kings 5:8. Luke 20:11. 14:18. Ps. 9:16. 83:17.18. 11.

(22) 'I felt a sensible impulse of the propheti reation to animadvert on him, or to ridicule 'cal spirit. (1:3.) Lowth.

him. (Notes, Is. 28:9—15,21,22.) But be V. 24—29. A small remnant continued in would perhaps never have known'it, had not the land under Gedaliah, after the desolations the Lord seen it good, that he should reprove of Jerusalem; (Notes, 2 Kings 25:22–26. Jer. 40: | them in his name for so doing.–They invited 4-16.41:-43:) and, notwithstanding all their each other to "come and hear the word of the crimes and miseries, they flattered themselves | LORD” from the prophet; and they came and that they were entitled to the inheritance of sat before him with the same apparent serithe whole land. The promise of it had been ousness, as the most pious people could do: made to Abrabam, when he had no children; || they gave him a patient, and apparently an yet his posterity had inherited it: (.Notes, Is. 51: attentive hearing; yea, they professed "much 1-3. Matt. 3:7–10. John 8:30–36, v. 33.) but love" to him and his doctrine: but their hearts the remaining Jews were many; and they sup- | were possessed by covetousness; their leading

d themselves on that account more likely affections and desires went forth after riches; to keep possession of it. They, however, over-| they loved their money more than either God looked the contrariety of their character to or man, the prophet, his word, or their own that of Abraham: they forgat that they had souls: and therefore they would not part with forfeited the title by their crimes; and that one gainful sin, for all that he could say; but both former and later prophets had predicted would rather cavil at it or ridicule it. Warg. these desolations of the land. Thus they pre- ll and Marg. Ref.q-t.-Notes, 14:1–5. 20:1-3. sumptuously expected to prosper in sin, and to Is. 2:3–5. 58:2-4. Matt. 19:16–22, vv. 16,22.) be enriched by the ruin of ibeir brethren. (Note, | Indeed his voice and manner, his graceful elo26:2.) But the Lord sent them a message, cution, cogent arguments, or apt illustrations, which was widely different from their expec- rendered him to them was a very lovely song tations. In defiance of his law, and in conform- of one, that had a pleasant voice and could play ity to the abominable superstitions of the na- well on an instrument;" in which the sound is

s, they ate with the blood, and pertina- | commonly more attended to, than the meaning ciously worshipped idols; they committed of the words sung: but they did not receive murder and made their sword the arbiter of his words as a message from God, with a revtheir disputes, violently defending themselves | erential and obedient faith; as it appeared in injustice; they were guilty of adultery and from their subsequent conduct. (Marg. and every abomination: and was it fitting, that they | Marg. Ref.u.)-But when the preceding prophshould possess the land, from which their ecies, concerning the total desolations of the brethren had been driven for similar crimes? || land, were accomplished, as they certainly On the contrary, the Lord solemnly sware by | would be; they would know, that he was not himself, that they should all be destroyed by merely "a sounding brass, or tinkling cymbal;" one or other of his judgments, wherever they but that a prophet of God had been among took refuge; and that the land should be utter them, whose words would be verified in the ly desolated, and be deprived of all that pomp ruin of all that despised or disobeyed them. and strength in which they gloried.—This was (Marg. Ref. x, y.--Note, Luke 10:1—12, vv. 9 fulfilled, after the murder of Gedaliah, when | -12.—"They come to hear thee for their enthe survivors fled into Egypt, where they mis- | 'tertainment, not for their edification, as many erably perished; and in the total desolation of 'go to hear famed and eloquent preachers. St. the whole land. (Marg. and Marg. Ref:-|| Augustine tells us, that he himself was such Notes, 5:1-4.6:1214. 7:23,24. 14:13–21. Jer. 'an auditor of St. Ambrose, before he was con15:1-4.41:44:)

'verted. ... 'I heard him diligently when he disV. 30–33. While the prophet was affection- \"coursed in the congregation; but not with ately seeking the good of his people; they were ' that application of niind wbich I ought to continually talking of him, or against him, ["have done: but I came rather out of curiosiwherever they met together. (Marg.-Notes, “ty, to know whether bis eloquence was anJer. 11:18-23. 15:10. °18:18. 20:10_-13.) Helswerable to that opinion the world had of was their constant topic, and it was their rec-llohim. I was very attentive to his style, and

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