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lications as, having the previous sanc- pation, then against tithes, and aftion of a clergymian duly authorized terwards for repeal, all cloaks and by the Vicar Apostolic of the London coverings were cast aside, and the district, may be deemed useful to ob- tremendous machinery so long previate calumny, to explain Catholic te. paring was suddenly unveiled to view. nets, defend the purity and truth of Nor let it be supposed, that those apCatholic doctrines, and circulate use- pliances and means which in the sisful information on these subjects.” ter island have given Popery such vic

No. 12. Resolved, “That the com tories, are here wanted. Every ele. mittee shall also undertake the exa ment of strength in one place is enmination of all cases of religious op- joyed in the other. The priests are pression, or of deprivation of rights of equally diligent; the public press at conscience of the poorer and less pro- least in London, to a very great extent tected classes of Catholics, under any is in the hands of the Roman Catho circumstances."*

lics; the Government are disposed to No. 13. Resolved, “That the com. assist in any “ heavy blow or great mittee shall be authorized to appoint discouragement

Protestanism." sub-committees of not less than five These are all most important matters. members out of their own body, for The moment is propitious. In our any purposes of the institute, and also Church has sprung up a new school to organize local committees, and to so of semi-Popish divinity, recommend. ticit aud avail themselves of the co ed by the virtues and talents of its prooperation of individvals of different fessors, eating its way to the very parts of Great Britain and the colo core of the Protestant system of theo

logy.t Modern Liberalism, infidelity, The result of this plan has been an ultra high Church doctrines, the prinarrangement for the complete organi- ciples of political expediency-all zation of the whole Roman Catholic these things have joined to help Popery population. Not only are there to be forward in its prosperous and triumphdistrict committees, but also there are ant career. No secret is made by to be parish committees, and these many, of their indiference to its rise,

again are to be subdivided. This ar no sufficient impediment is offered to • rangement, in all its parts, bears evi- its plans ; and we regret to add, that

dently the stamp of Mr. O'Connell's the non-conformists—those whose anauthorship. It is precisely like those cestors were boldest in their hostility organizations which he has formed in to the then rampant heresy—are too geIreland sometimes publicly--some- nerally either passive spectators of its times in secret-for the purpose of progress, or active auxiliaries of its overbearing the government. We political designs. Public opinion, hope then that this will convince the which formerly always evinced more Protestants of Great Britain, if every or less of a Protestant spirit, now inthing else fails to excite them, that dicates no symptoms of that healthful Popery is preparing for greater move- and necessary characteristic. Bulwark ments than have hitherto been made. after bulwark of our constitution and It seems that now the Roman Catho. of our religion, has been lost through lics deem themselves strong enough perfidy, apathy, or defeat ;' and at to follow the course of their Irish bre. the present time, this nation, once thren, and are preparing to consum. renowned for the integrity of her mate their intrigues by intimidation. counsellors, and the Christian princiSuch was the policy adopted in Ire- ples of her parliament, is at the mercy land. At first, nothing was heard but of a profligate demagogue, intent on professions of loyalty, nothing but the introduction of a grovelling superpromises of peace; but when the time stition, and a humiliating foreign descame to speak out, first for emanci. potism. We can no longer look for

# The first fruits of this resolution was the clause in the prison's bill to which we have alluded. It was introduced immediately after the formation of the institute.

+ We allude to those unfortunate and deeply to be regretted publications" Tracts for the Times,” « Froude's Remains," and Palmer's “ Church of Christ,” “ Newman's Sermons,” &c. &c. The time has gone by when those works can be passed over without notice, and the hope that their influence would fail is now dead.


that providential care which for ages since owed its rescue from oppression was the guide and guardian of us as a or Popery to the contagious sprit of Protestant people; we are no longer, this emancipated island-at that period 28 even in Cromwell's days, the ac our Universities, our Legislature, ou knowledged safeguard of the Protes- executive Government in England and tants of Europe. All is changed ; our in Ireland, our corporations, and ca power is weakened, our prosperity has Court were for a time in the grasp d decayed, and the prospects presented the popish tyrani, and were content to Per to our contemplation are such as in impose on the people the scornfuiy the days of old would have aroused rejected thraldom of apostate Rose the population as one man, to manful But by the providence of God, the exertions to the preservation of their Protestants of Ireland rallied route freedom and their faith... Too long, the banner of their faith, and drove alas ! have we been deluded by the even their proud foreign invaders vain idea that the enlightenment of from the shore. Popery then cal. this generation was proof against the ed all its energies, and throwing assaults of Popery. Bitter experience forth its whole force on the stubnow calls on every preacher to warn born and awakened population, broke his people with the solemn mandate itself on the rock they had erected, in " let him that thinketh he standeth, stead of sweeping every vestige of its take heed lest he fall.” To that warn- strength from the surface of the land ing we add our feeble counsel, and bid it protected. Like the heroic Dutebevery man who pretends to patriotic men, when they conquered the power feelings, to look around on the portent- of Spain and expelled the Inquisition ous signs of the times, and fearlessly the people exclaimed “ Turks raker to do his duty to his country and him- than Papists." Thus Popery fel self. We all have now a common prostrate before the determined spent enemy thundering at the gates, and he of a Christian nation, that knew and is a traitor who refuses to repel the could value its privileges. We ask danger; doubly then is that man a our fellow-countrymen why the same foe to the land in which he now enjoys agency should not overcome the same ancestral blessings that his children evil now? Away with the petty jea. may claim to have handed down un- lousies which prevent men from coimpaired, who gives up a single post operating together, which give the he was bound to guard, or meanly country and its interests a secondary E. sells his birthright for honours, or place in the hearts of all who have a places, or from base sectarian ambi- crotchet to prate of, or a paltry prejy. tion.

dice to display. Away with all maud

. In concluding our glance at this lin sentimentality about the religious question, we have only to proceed as have-nothing-to-do with politics," at the we have proposed, to call for vigorous time when all the means of disseminatand united exertions in the protestant ing Christianity in the country are

We do so from a most deep, assailed through the instrumentality and painful, and conscientious convic- of political partisans. We do not tion of the important consequences to ask any to become party men, we ask which resistance or assistance to Po- only for justice and for consistency. pery under present circumstances

must To the dissenters we say "You desurely lead. We do so from a know- clare yourselves against endowments

, ledge of the necessity of immediate behold Popery endowed both at home efforts, and with a hope that our appeal and in the colonies." To the Whis will not be entirely in vain. Little who still affects to act on the principles has yet been done by the friends,

and which distinguished his ancestors and much, very much, by the enemies of placed the family of Brunswick on the the Constitution. There never was a throne, we say, " time before in this county, not even ment is now carried on with the objects during the reign of the last infatuated the Whigs of 1688 professed to have monarch of the Stuart dynasty, when steadily in view." If a man call him; evils more terrible threatened the land. self a friend of freedom, we ask him if At that period, memorable in the his- he hopes for that blessing, when the tory of this country which was then iron hoof of the Papacy is crushing marvellously_saved, memorable in the the land, and the poisonous falsehoods history of Europe which has often of her superstition are corroding the



Enquire if Govers

hearts of the people ? No matter what we enjoy are dear, to acquit themselves any one

avows himself, Dissenter, of a solemn duty now resting on every Whig, Liberal, or Conservative, one who has the slightest influence and ka Churchman or Patriot, we appeal to the smallest power. Every thing worth se him to deceive himself no longer, to preserving is at stake; policy and To believe, ere it be too late, the facts each higher obligation unite to excite ta! which it is impossible to deny, that us to exortion ; the means of useful

Popery, the same now as when the ness are possessed by all; the evils of Ell! whole western population groaned in delay increase and accumulate ; we En bondage, is gaining ground by crafty have experience of the past to guide

devices and open violence, is coming us, and hopes of the future to excite i forth from the dungeons of persecution us, and above all, the noblest cause Li and the cells of bigotry, once more to that ever yet animated the spirits of i prostitute Christianity, once more to freeborn men. The choice is between

conquer and to enthral. To the sim- the system enthroned in the passions pleton who talks of Popery being of corrupted nature, that has cursed changed, we retort, with the evidence every land on which it has trampled, of Dens' Theology, the assumption of the master-contrivance of priestcraft infallibility, and the recent instances and fraud, which has dignified the inof violated oaths; and if the Papist solence of pride and monopolised the himself impudently takes up this con- presumption of power, which has paltemptible jargon, we know of no an- liated crime, indulged depravity, and swer but to laugh him to scorn. A restored idolatry, which for centuries very short time will prove who is right, has warred against the temporal and and will show whether our statements eternal happiness of man, and deroare as fanciful and our fears as absurd gated from the honour of God; and, as some will pretend to believe them. On the other hand, that mild benignant To the verdict Time will give, we re- sway that inculcates piety and profer all who are too ignorant to know motes peace, succouring the afflicted, the truth and too idle at once to seek protecting the oppressed, giving freeit; but this we beg them to remember, dom to the enslaved, that shines on that each increase of danger increases the spirit of human-kind with beams the responsibilities of those who being reflected from the clear refulgency warned neglected to avert it; and fur- of heaven. It is the cause for which ther, as dangers and responsibilities martyrs have perished, for which our augment, so also do difficulties, pari purest patriots have courted peril, and passu. We therefore once more ear- which now affords to all classes of the nestly call on all who value Protes- people the promise of liberty and tanism, on all to whom the blessings knowledge.

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DEAR AND RESPECTED SIR, The kind interest which on many losophical poem; and if the great ge. occasions you displayed in my welfare nius of that gentleman had 20t conand pur uits, had but ill prepared me ferred on you a factitious, but as I confor the severe blow which my private fidently anticipate, a short-lived fame, and professional feelings have lately to be now speedily converted into a received at your hands. I cannot bring less honourable but more enduring myself to enter, even under this provo- notoriety. I long ago asked Mr. cation, on a direct controversy with Jeffrey to allow me to put an extinone whom I have long regarded as a guisher on your pretensions ; but he friend and a father; but I appeal to would not trust me to do it, and une your sense of justice to insert in the dertook to crush you himself. The pages of Maga the following expostula- poor dear man accordingly did his tion, addressed to another party con- petit possible in that way, and for a cerned, which has long lain by me. time I alınost thought the thing was nearly in its present shape, but which accomplished, at least on the northcan now no longer be withheld from side of the Sark ; but it had not been bursting into publicity, at once to con- put on a right footing. The snake vince yourself of the shameful partiality was scorched but not killed, and you which you have shown for the follower and your poet again reared your beads of a different line of commercial busi- aloft like Skiddaw himself, as it noness, and to overwhelm with confusion thing had been the matter. Bitterly the presumption and pitiful competitor did I deplore the provoking popularity who has seduced you into so ground- that seemed gradually pressing upon less a preference. Referring you to you, and often did I resolve to deal your late observations on Mr. Words- you a blow that should dispense with worth’s Excursion, and your attempted the necessity of its own repetition. vindication of that gentleman's choice You might however have been spaof a hero, I remain, dear sir, ever red from this fate for some further inyours with much respect, after all that terval, if the late ill-advised eulogium has passed,

of our friend Mr. North had not made Isaac TOMKINS. the cup of my resentinent flow over Commercial Room, Hen and Chickens, in an irrepressible cascade. Christo

Birmingham, 15th September, 1838. pher, it is plain to me, is in his dotage.

On hand at present an unusually ex- He seems now either to be without cellent assortment of patent registers : guide or gall in his crazy composition," also of self-adjusting pokers, fire-sho- or to exert them in the wrong places vels, and warming-pans. The smallest and on the wrong persons, and to be orders attended to with the same totally unable to tell the difference bepunctuality as the largest.

tween drivel or dulness and sense or sublimity.

Without further preface I proceed To MR. MURDOCH MACGLASHAN, to consider upon what grounds the

Travelling-Merchant, &c., author of the Excursion could adopt At the sign of the Highland Bagpipe, you as the prominent figure in that Carlisle.

very able composition. The subject To lie till called for. leads at once to a question, often askMURDOCH,

ed but "seldom answered; Who are It would have been quite as well if you? I shall afterwards in order prothe zeal of some of your friends in ceed to consider another question, not your behalf had been tempered with a so often asked; Who am I? and sprinkling of discretion. You might shall finally draw a comparison belong enough for me have enjoyed the tween our respective positions, which, reputation of a douce and decent man, if I do not egregiously err, will for if in an evil hour your self-conceited im- ever lay you, Murdoch Macglashan, portunity had not overpersuaded Mr. supine in the dust of your own insignifiWordsworth to make you the princi- cance, and elevate me, Isaac Tomkins, pal character, forsooth, of a phi- to a pedestal of popularity more lofty

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and conspicuous than any one of us all, now to be made, you are classed with whether in the hard or in the soft line, tinkers, the very rubbih and refuse of has hitherto been able to attain. mankind. By 5 and 6 Edward VI., C.

Firstly then, of the first point, Who 21, it is provided, “ that no tinker, pedare you? I was unwilling, Murdoch, lar, or petty chapman shall wander about to smite you with a sense of degrada, from the town where he dwelleth, or tion in the eyes of Macpherson and exercise the trade of tinker, but such his daughter who keep the Highland as shall be licensed by two Justices of Bagpipe, and I therefore addressed the Peace or more, under their hands this letter to you, under the description and seals, upon pain of fourteen days' of Travelling Merchant. Therein I imprisonment.”. adopted, out of delicacy, the phraseo No doubt this statute was repealed logy of your friend Mr. Wordsworth, by your countryman, James I.

, who who speaks of you as a vagrant mer- thought it might bear rather hard upon chant bent beneath his load ?' Your some of his original subjects ; but it title to the appellation of vagrant I shows the status that your brethren am not prepared to contest ; on the held in those days, to which you might contrary, I shall be able to fortify have been inclined to look back as to your possession of it by some strik- the age of chivalry in your honourable ing proofs. But that you are a mer- vocation. chant I wholly deny. A merchant, Mr. Again, by 9 and 10 Will. III. c. 7, a Macglashan, is what you neither are duty of L. per annum was imposed on nor can in the least degree understand. the licenses of every pedlar, hawker, The term implies an extent of credit, petty chapman, and other trading percapital, intelligence, and energy, to son or persons, going from town to town which you never could prefer the least or to other men's houses; and any such pretensions. I am aware that, bor- person not having or not producing a rowing the degraded use of the French license when demanded, shall forfeit word marchand, your conntrymen L5, and for non-payment thereof sball dignify with the name of merchant suffer as a common VAGRANT, and be the most pitiful shopkeeper in the committed to the House of Correcmost paltry clachan. But an Eng- tion. lish merchant scorns to limit his ex. By a subsequent act of Geo. III., ertions in so narrow a field. His the duties on licenses of hawkers and views and transactions embrace the pedlars are placed under the manageglobe itself. He sees with a pene- ment of the Commissioners of Hacktrating eye the whole complexity of ney Coaches ; and it is farther therecommercial relations in every quarter by provided, that every person to and corner of the world ; is ready to whom any such license shall be grantsupply the wants, and carry off the ed, and who shall trade under colour superfluities of all nations ; preserves thereof, shall cause to be written in or restores, like the winds of heaven, large capitals upon every pack, box, bag, an universal equilibrium in the ele- trunk, &c. in which he shall carry his ments of life and happiness, and by goods, the words “ LICENSED HAW.. his knowledge of exchanges can at ER.” any time waft a remittance from In. I have some reason to believe, though dus to the Pole, with infinite benefit I would peril no part of my argument to others and a handsome per centage on this point, that for some years you to himself. These are sublime achieve- travelled in the North of England withments that you never could aspire to out a license, and that this irregularity or even dream of. You are no mer- first brought you in contact with Mr. chant, Murdoch, and you know it. Wordsworth, in consequence of his You are, or you were a hawker or ped- connection with the revenue. It was lar, a packman, or petty chapman. In very good-natured in him to deal so what estimation, public and private, the handsomely with so doubtful an species of traffic involved in these quaintance. terms is and ought to be held will pre Such is the eminent and honourable Bently appear.

station to which you may boast of Observe how your profession has having attained at the acme of your been dealt with by the legislature. In career. Its fitness to form the basis of a statute of Edward VI. I am indebt- a poetical or philosophical character ed to a legal friend for the statements must at once be apparent; but on this


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