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trol over a very large proportion of been sent from the recently formed rethe lower orders of their creed, by publics of the South American to the which means they are enabled to con- eastern islands of the Pacific Other centrate and direct the efforts of the groups, still more distant from the budy against each member individual- American continent, have recently ly to an extent that would scarcely be been surveyed and taken possession of credited by any who do not witness by Romish missionaries direct from their conduct, and in a way that is al- France; and the Roman Catholic together destructive of the civil and Bishop of New South Wales is alıeady religious liberties of the people at taking his measures for co-operating large.
with ihose misionaries from the west" In the first place, they denounce ward, by transforming the sons of Irisk them from the allar as persons hostile convicts in New South Wales and Van to the priests, and as opposed to ibe au- Dieman's Land into missionary priests, thority of their Church, and warn their and dispersing them over ihe length and congregations not to deal or hold any breadth of the vast Pacific.” intercourse, designating them commonly as' mad dogs ;' a term by which In the United States, although it is it is nnderstood that the individuals to not forty years since the first Roman whom it is applied have not dopted Catholic see was created, Christian the political views of their priests, and Observer, as quoted by Mr Bickersteth, are iherefore to be regarded as if ex- states, “ there is now a Catholic popcommunicated ; and being thus brand- ulation of 600,000 souls under the goed, they are to a very considerable, vernment of the Pope, an archbishop and in some instances to a ruinous extent, injured in their business, ar: con
of Baltimore, twelve Bishops, and 341 stantly exposed to much personal in- priests. The number of churches is sult, and are not unfrequently ill-trea- 401 ; masshouses, about 300 ; colleges, ted in the open streets by the lower ten ; seminaries for young men, nine ; orders of their own creed, who deem it theological seminaries, five ; novitiates, a meritorious service thus to carry for Jesuits, monasteries and convents into effect the denunciations of their with academies attached, thirty-one ; own priests.”
seminaries for young ladies, thirty ; In the South Seas, equal activity is schools of the sisters of charity, twentydisplayed. Dr Lang the principal of nine , an academy for coloured girls the Church of Scotland College in at Baltimore ; a female infant school ; New South Wales, writing home on and seven Catholic newspapers." In the 6th October, 1836, thus expresses the West Indies unexampled efforts himself:
are now made among all classes, prin“ The moral influence of the Chris- cipally from the missionaries of Cuba. tian church of New South Wales will where Popery reigns in undisturbed extend eventually to the neighboring supremacy and unrivalled splendour. islands of New Zealand, containing å Even in China, beyond the borders of native population of half a million of which Protestants have failed to pene. souls, and comprising an extent of ter- trate, and whence they are now effectritory almost equal to that of the Brit- tually though we trust only for a ish Islands; to the western islands of time excluded, the Jesuits have been the Pacific, numberless, and teeming working with a marvellous courage with inhabitants ; to the Indian Arch- worthy of a better cause, and with a ipelago, that great nursery of nations ;
success which may well justify their to China itself. That the Romish propagande have already directed their boasting:* There is no corner of the vuliure eye to this vast field of moral globe which their restless feet have not influence, and strewn it,in imagination, invaded ; there is no danger they have with the carcasses of the slain, is un
not bi ved; there is no artifice they questionable. Spanish monks and have scorned; and of course, friars have within the last few years scruple has been allowed to deter men
* For the boasting to which we allude, and other important information on the subject of Roman Catholic missions, we must refer to “ Dr Wiseman's Lectures, London, 1837,', and the “ Roman Catholic Missions of Australasia, by W. Ullathome, D. D., Vicar-General.” Published, Liverpool, Rockliffand Duckworth, 1837. S me of the statements of the former work, particularly those relating to Protestant missions, have been refuted in the Rev. James Hough's “ Protestant Missions Vindicated." Seely, London, 1837. By the Catholie Directory of 1838, it appears that the Papists actually havelwo bishoprics in China.
who proclaim that the end can sancti- question ; the constituted authorities alone fy the means." We believe it must be being empowered by the laws, both human admitted, however, that the difficulties and divine, to employ force of arms and the they encounter are not equal to those exercise of justice.” with which the Protestants contend. Such is freedom in that popishly It is not very difficult to make a Pa- revolutionized land! In Holland, we pist of a Pagan. No one who has read hear with deep sorrow, that superstiSouthey's History of Brazil can be tion is again making way, and is raastonished at the success of Roman pidly beating down that Protestant Catholics in their Missionary efforts, vanguard of Europe. In Leyden, and no one who has read Dr. Buchan- three Roman Catholic chapels have an's “ Christian Researches," and been erected, and we understand on noted there the horrors inflicted on unquestionable authority, progress has their victims, and the apology for been made to an alarming extent. In Christianity taught by them, can have France, the Archbishop of Paris has the slightest sympathy with their exer- ventured on that which few Frenchtions. To them, if to any in the pre- men now attempt--the counteraction sent day, applies the awful censure, of their arbitrary king. He has ad“ Woe unto ye Pharisees, ye compass dressed the monarch, and has comsea and land to make one proselyte, menced to agitate for a renewal of the and when he is made, ye make him pomp and power of Romanism ; and, twofold more a child of hell than your with his party, he has already renderselves.” But it is with the facts we cd the ed::cational system as closely have now to do; we wish chiefly to Popish as possible. In the Rhenish show that they have progressed; we provinces of Prussia,* the Archbishop leave others to determine how and why. of Cologne has preferred the authority We find in Europe symptoms that of the Pope to that of the King, and Popery is once more at war with the in direct contravention of the law, has Bible, and struggling for ancient as- displayed the bigotry of his religion, cendency. The following extract is by forbidding Roman Catholics to from a fulmination of the Bishop of marry Protestants. In Tyrol, as we Bruges, dated Lent, 1838. We take have already mentioned in a note, it from the Monthly Extracts of the hundreds have been banished from Bible Society of the 30th April, and it their native land, and expelled even is accompanied with a notification that beyond the extreme borders of the similar decrees have been made in whole Austrian Empire for daring to France.
worship the God of their fathers as those
champions of truth dared to do in We are desirous that all our diocesans ancient times. Thus in every part of should be apprised anew, that it is severe. the world, Popery now in close al. ly prohibited to every one, who is not pro, liance with infidelity is pursuing its vided with special permission to read
and hold forbidden books, to purchase a Bible, triumphant course, 'is trampling on or a commentary on the Bible, or any other the consciences of mankind; renderbooks, whateder, of the emissaries of the ing whole districts desolate of the Bible Society, or to receive them gratis, or
word of life; and thwarting with systo retain such copies as they have in their tematic zeal, the genuine ministers of possession. In any case we deem it our the gospel. One short step more will duty to state, that while holding error in enable that despotic power to comdetestation, individuals are nevertheless plete the victory, to attack all recubound to abstain from all acts of violence sants with pristine cruelty, and contowards the emissaries of the society in vert the most faithful countries into
* In the Rhenish provinces the Roman Catholic population amounts to 1,678,475 souls. In the whole Prussian dominions, inclusive of those provinces, the number is not less than 6,000,000! In Nassau, they form ncarly three-fiths of the population, and in both Baden and Bavaria, they are more than double the number of all the various Protestant sects. In Hanover there are upwards of 200,000 Roman Catholics, and in Austria they constitute the mass of the community. Such, also, is the case in France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Belgium, Poland, Sicily, Sardinia, South America, Madeira, parts of Greece, Ireland, the Azores, the Cape de Verd Islands, the Phillipine Islands, Lower Canada, Martinique, Isle of France, &c. &c. &c. VOL. XLIV.
slaughter-house of afflicted truth. perty as established by the laws now Every where under fraudulent liberal in being, and they solemnly abjured pretences the Roman Catholics are all and every idea of subverting the gaining over the unwary; and on such Church, or of using any privilege they are fastening the clanking fetters that might be granted to them to effect which our nobler ancestors, swelling that object." In 1812, a similar pewith the dignity of freemen, burst tition was presented in an emphatic asunder. The Jesuits who were put speech by Mr. Brougham ; that peti. down when it was convenient to be tion said, quiscent, and when the jealous eyes “ We distinctly disavow any intenof real Protestants were watching tion to subvert the Protestant Estaevery trick, and were prepared to re- blishment, for the purpose of substisist every nefarious design, are now tuting, a Roman Catholic Establishcalled again into action, and are al- ment in its stead."* Lastly, in 1826, lowed in a degenerate age to under- the Roman Catholic bishops address mine with impunity, and to prosper cd the Protestants of England in a without remark. Nothing, intrigue document, of which the following is could procure is wanted, nothing false- an extract. hood could purchase is required, no- Bearing equally with you, our thing concentrated ability and enor- fellow subjects, the burdens of the mous wealth could obtain is now un- country, and upholding equally its possessed by the Papists. With each institutions and its glory, we claim to concession they have obtained, their be admitted to a full participation in demands liave increased ; with every all the rights of British subjects. victory they have won, their morbid Every principle and practice hostile, ambition has risen ; and with accumu- in the remotest degree, to those insti. lated strength, with augmented power, tutions, we most explicitly disclaim. with expanded hopes, they have ap- Year after year we repeat the humiplied themselves to each fresh under. liating task of disavowal, still we taking,-resolved however even if suffer the penalties of guilt.” that be gained, to decm it nothing more These, and many other similar deimportant than an “ instalment." clarations, deluded a very large por
But let us look at home, and scru- tion of the people ; and at length Par. tinize more narrowly in our own once liament was recommended to consider free and blessed land the insidious the Roman Catholic claims. The and successful encroachments of Po- King's speech on that occasion was pery. In 1793, the franchise was as follows: granted to the Roman Catholics, and “ His Majesty recommends that they were rendered admissible to cor- you take into your deliberate consideporations ; in 1795, the grant was ration the whole condition of Ireland, made to the College of Maynooth, and and that you should review the laws shortly after they were admitted to which impose civil disabilities on his the bar and to the higher ranks of the Roman Catholic subjects. You will army. They then clamoured in Ire. consider whether the remoral of those land and petitioned in England to be disabilities can be effected consistently admitted to the legislature, making with the full and permanent security of sundry plausible professions as to their our Establishments in Church and intentions and principles. Those are Slate, with the maintenance of the 18. very well known, but they cannot be formed religion established by Ime, and too generally circulated, and there of the rights and privileges of the bio fore we will give specimens, and three shops and of the clergy of this realm, only. In 1805, a petition was pre- and of the churches committed to their sented to Parliament, signed among charge.” In answer to that speech, others by Mr. O'Connell, praying for all parties in both houses unanimous
Emancipation." The petitioners ly concurred in an address, pledging stated.
themselves to have those important “ That the Roman Catholic party objects in view when settling this long felt bound to defend the right of pro- agitated question. Consequently, two
* For these, and very many other interesting particulars, see the Bishop of Exeter's admirable speech, delivered March 1, 1838, published by the Protestant Association, clauses were inserted in the bill, one board consisting of about equal proforbidding any Roman Catholic Ec- portions of Papists, Socinians, and noclesiastic to assume the style and title minal Protestants. As might have of any bishop of the United Church been expected, the Bible has been exof England and Ireland ; in defiance of cluded from the schools. In lieu of it which, the Roman Catholic prelates sundry extracts not taken from the have recently assumed the title of authorized version but translated by nearly every Protestant bishop, and this “liberal” board, have been subhave been left unprosecuted by the Go- stituted; and in consequence, the Provernment; and the other imposing the testants have almost in a body abfollowing solemn oath on all Roman stained from connection with such a sysCatholic members of Parliament. tem, and the Papists are therefore left
“ I do swear, that I will defend to in undisturbed enjoyment of the large the utmost of my power, the settle- Government grant, while the proment of property within this realm as testants are left without one word of established by the laws; and I do sympathy or encouragement,
and hereby disclaim, disavow, and solemn- without the assistance of a shilling ly abjure any intention to subvert the from the blic treasury to which present Church Establishment, as set- they contribute so considerable a protled by law within this realm; and I portion. So much for the year 1833, do solemnly swear that I never will the first opportunity which the public exercise any privilege to which I am, excitement about the Reform bill had or may become entitled, to disturb or allowed for the consideration of geneweaken the Protestant religion, or ral measures. In the following year Protestant Government in this king- Mr. O'Connel moved a resolution that com; and I do solemnly in the pre- tithes should be appropriated to pursence of God profess, testify, and" de- poses of general public utility; and in clare, that I do make this declaration, 1835 came forth the celebrated approand every part thereof, in the plain priation clause, by the operation of and ordinary sense of the words of which the Protestant ministers were this oath, without any evasion, equivo- to be withdrawn from 850 parishes in cation, or mental reservation what- Ireland ; and as bythat clause whenever ever."
there were less than fifty Protestants Such were the circumstances under in a parish the church should be shut up which the Popish bill passed, and such and the property given-given on the was the oath on which the friends of spot, to Popish education under the the Ecclesiastical Establishments and resident Popish priest, it is evident of Protestanism relied for their pro- that there was a direct premium on tection. What has been the result ? Protestant extermination in those We ask every reasonable man if every places where rather more than fifty year since 1829 has not seen the poli- professors of the truth were found. tical power of the Roman Catholics In 1834 and 1835, too, Mr. O'Connell increase? And we ask further, if so and others of his party for the first much has been done in the first nine time attended meetings in support of years after Emancipation, what may the Voluntary principle, that is agitanot the second nine years witness ? ted for the total destruction of the
In 1833, a bill passed, for which the Church they had solemnly sworn to Papists in the Houses of Parliament, uphold. Happily both this notable with a very few exceptions, voted, scheme and the spoliation clause miabolishing ten bishoprics in Ireland serably failed, and then other mea. abolishing church rates in that coun- sures beeame requisite. As the Rotry and taxing all benefices above man Catholics found that they could £300 a-year. In the same year the not grasp the whole, or a large part of grant to the Kildare, Place Society, the Church property, they determined which had for many years carried on to introduce at least the narrow edge an extensive and we believe, very be- of the wedge, and to share something, neficial and not unpopular system of however small as a beginning. Acbible education, was withdrawn ; and cordingly, last Session, when the Priin place of it, the national system of sons' bill was under discussion, Mr. education was established to which Langdale introduced a clause, providfifty thousand pounds is annually ing that whenever in any prison there granted, and which is conducted by a shall be upwards of fifty persons of any denomination, there shall there be plied to, though their answers have a chaplain of that denomination paid not yet been received :by the Government. Thus, under cover of " any denomination," the Ro- The Earl of Newburgh. man Catholics, who were alone con- Lord Clifford. cerned in the success of the trick, con- Lord Lovat. trived to introduce a provision for the The Hon. Charles Langdale, M.P. payment of some of their clergy; and Sir Henry Bedingfield, Bart. Mr. Baines, as the organ of the Dis- Daniel O'Connel, Esq., M.P. senters, after stating, in terms which Philip H. Howard., Esq., M.P., of we do not hesitate to call false and Corby Castle. disgraceful, that there were “no dis. A. H. Lynch, Esq., M.P.* senters in prison,” supported Mr. Lang.' Charles Towneley, Esq., of Townedale's clause, and carried it. But it ley, Lancashire. was thrown out in the House of Lords, Wm. Constable Maxwell
, Esq., of though not it appears to the dis- Eringham Park, Yorkshire. couragement of the parties chiefly con- John Menzies, Esq., of Pitfodels. cerned, for we observe by the “Ca- William Lawson, Esq., of Brough tholic Magazine,” that it is to be re- Hall, Yorkshire. newed next Session; and on Dr. Lin. Andrew L. Philips, of Garrendon gard's suggestion, with the additional Park, Leicestershire. provision that it shall extend to all Philip Jones, Esq.of Llanarth, persons confined for debt, as well as Monmouthshire. those incarcerated for criminal of- James Wheble, Esq., of Woodley, fences,
Berkshire.t But this is not the only measure Robert Berkely, Fsq., of Spetchley, on the part of the Roman Catho- Worcestershire, lics that has signalised the present Joseph Weld, Esq., of Lullworth year. For first, on the 26th February, Castle, Dorset. at a meeting held at the Sabloniere Hotel, a society was instituted for the Among the objects declared-we “ Diffusion of Catholic Puhlications," say declared, in contradiction to enterwhich was at once taken up by many tained, for we do not expect from Roeminent and wealthy individuals. And man Catholics much openness or cansecondly, at another meeting held dour, are the following
-We give more recently, at which the advice and them as embodied in the 11th, 12th, presence of Mr. O'Connell were ob. and 13th “ Resolutions. No. 11." tained, a formidable kind of associa. “That the funds of the institute shall be tion was formed, to be called “ The applied by the committee in providing Catholic Institute.” Of this body the a suitable place of meeting, and in reEarl of Shrewsbury is declared presi- compensing the secretary, and such dent; and on the 26th July, a circular officers as they may consider neceswas published, which we find in the sary, for the purpose of conducting Catholic Magazine of August. The the affairs, and keeping the accounts following noblemen and gentlemen of the institute ; and that a further therein named as the Vice-Presidents
, portion of the funds shall be applied and others it is said have been ap- in printing and circulating such pub
* Mr. Lynch has recently been appointed to the office of one of the Masters in Chancery, worth four thousand a-year.
+ This gentleman is at present high-sheriff of Berkshire, and recently took advantage of the occasion to proceed at the head of a procession, and lay the first stone of a new Popish chapel at Reading. Mr. Mornington, another Roman Catholic, being high-sheriff' of Herefordshire last year, did the same at Hereford; and in that case, he marched out in very great pomp. and with the militia band playing the grand " Hallelujah chorus" of Handel... The Catholie Directory says two thousand persons were present, "including the Mayor and bis family, and several members of the Town Council.” In Leicestershire, on laying the foundation of a chapel at Grace Dieu, Mr Ambrose Lisle Phillips
appeared in the dress of a Deputy-Lieutenant of the county, and Sir Charles Wolseley in a court dress."