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8 And the king of Israel called for one || 18 Again he said, Therefore hear the of his * officers, and said, Fetch quickly word of the LORD: 'I saw the LORD Micaiah the son of Imla.

sitting upon his throne, and j all the host 9 And the king of Israel, and Jehosh-of heaven standing on his right hand, and aphat king of Judah, "sat either of them on his left. on his throne, clothed in their robes, and 19 And the LORD said, “Who shall they sat in a #void place at the entering entice Ahab king of Israel, that he may in of the gate of Samaria: and all the go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead? And prophets prophesied before them. orc spake, saying after this manner, and

10 And Zedekiah the son of Chena- another saying after that manner. anah had made him " horns of iron, and 20 Then there came out a spirit, and said, * Thus saith the LORD, With these stood before the LORD, and said, I will thou shalt push Syria, until they be con- entice him. And the LORD said unto sumed.

him, Wherewith? 11 And y all the prophets prophesied 21 And he said, I will go out, and be so, saying, Go up to Ramoth-gilead, and a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prosper; for the LORD shall deliver il into prophets. “And the LORD said, • Thou the hand of the king.

shalt entice him, and thou shalt also pre12 And the messenger that went to vail: go out, and do even so. call Micaiah spake to him, saying, 2 Be- 22 Now therefore, behold, P the LORD hold, the words of the prophets declare haih put a lying spirit in the mouth of good to the king with one l assent: letthese thy prophets, and the LORD hath thy word, therefore, I pray thee, be like spoken evil against thee. one of theirs, and speak thou good.

23 Then Zedekiah the son of Che13 And Micaiah said, As the LORD | naanah came near, and smote Micaiah liveth, even what my God saith, that upon the cheek, and said, • Which way will I speak.

went the Spirit of the LORD from me to 14 | And when he was come to the speak unto thee? king, the king said unto him, Micaiah, 24 And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shall we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, shalt see on that day, when thou shalt go or shall I forbear? And he said, Go ye ** into an inner chamber to hide thyselt. up, and prosper, and they shall be de- 25 Then the king of Israel said, Take livered into your hand.

ye Micaiah, u and carry him back to 15 And the king said to him, How Amon the governor of ihe city, and to many times shall I adjure thee, that thou Joash the king's son; say nothing but the truth to me, in the 26 And say, Thus saith the king, * Put name of the LORD?

y this fellow in the prison, and feed him 16 Then he said, I did see all Israel|| with bread of affliction, and with water scattered upon the mountains, as sheep of afliction,until I return in peace. that have no shepherd: and the LORD said, 27 And Micaiah said, If thou certainThese have no master; let them return ly return in peace, then hath not the therefore every man to his house in peace. LORD spoken by me. And he said,

17 And the king of Israel said to Je- | Hearken, all ye people. hoshaphat, : Did I not tell thee that he 28 | So d the king of Israel, and Jewould not prophesy good unto me," but he: 1:10. 28:14. 39:5. Jer. 2:4. evil?

i 1 Kings 22:19-23. Is. 6:1-5. • Or, eunuchs. 1 Sam. 6:15. 1 | || Heb. mouth. Josh. 9:2. marg. lj Gen. 32:2. Ps. 103:20,21. Zech. t 1s. 26:11. Jer. 28:16,17. 29:21, Chr. 28:1. margins. 1s. 39:7. a Num. 22:18-20,35. 23:12,20.

k See on 1 Kings 22:20.-Job 12: ** Or, from chamber to chan| Heb. Hasten. 25,26. 1 Kings

19:3, 34:4. Am. 7:16.

3:30. Mic. 5:1. Matt. 26:67. Jobo 18:22,23. Acts 23:2,3. s Jer. 29:26,27. Matt. 26:67,68. John 9:40,41.

Dan. 7:9,10. Acts 7:55,56.



n 22.

Dan. 1:3,7,8.

24:13. 1 Kings 22:14. Jer. 23:

28. 42:4. Ez. 2:7. Mic. 2:6,7. 22:9.

Acts 20:27. 1 Cor. 11:23. 2 Cor. rSee on 1 Kings 22:10-12.-Is. 2:17. Gal. 1:10. 1 Thes. 2:4. 14:9.

Ez. 26:16. Dan. 7:9. bi Kings 18:27. 22:15. Ec. 11: Matt. 19:28.

9. Lam. 4:21 Am. 4:4,5. Matt. 9 29. Matt. 6:29. 11:8.

26:45. Or, floor.

ci Sam. 14:24 1 Kings 22:16. t Jer. 27:14 16.

Matt. 26:63. Mark 5:7. Acts o Jer. 27:2, 28:10-14. Zech. 19:13. 1:18-21. 2 Tim. 3:8.

d Matt. 26:64. I Jer. 23:17,21,25,31. 28:2,3. 29: e 33,34. 1 Kings 22:17,3436. 21. Ez. 13:7. 22:28.

Jer. 23:1,2. Ez. 34:5,6,8. Heb. thou consume them. Zech. 10:2. 13:7. Matt. 9.36. y 5,12,33,34.

Prov. 24:24,25. Mark 6:34. Mic. 3:5. 2 Pet. 2:1–3. Jude 1 2 Sam. 2:7. 5:2. 2 Kings 10:3. 16. Rev. 16:13,14, 19:20. g See on 7. 1 Kings 22:18.z Job 22:13. Ps. 10:11. Hos. 7: Prov. 29:1. Jer. 43:2,3. 3. Am. 7:13. Mic. 2:6,11. 1 1 Or, but for evil. Cor. 2:14-16.

16. Is. 6:9,10. 54:16. Ez. 14:9. ber. Heb. into a chamber in 2 Thes. 2:11,12. Jam. 1:13,14. a chamber. 1 Kings 20:30. Is. 1 25:8,19. Prov. 11:5.

26:20. m Job 1:6. 2:1. 2 Cor. 11:3,13 u 8. Jer. 37:15—21. 38:6,7. Acts 15.

24:25—27. Gen. 3:4,5,- See on 1 See on 15. 16:10,- 1 Kings Kings 22:21,22.—John 8:44. 1 22:26–28. Jer. 20:2,3. Matt John 4:6. Rev. 12:9. 13:14. 5:12. Luke 3:19,20. Acts 5:18 20:8.

2 Cor. 11:23. Rev. 11:10 o See on 19.-Judg. 9:23. Job 1: 1 Sam. 25:21. Matt. 12:24 12. 2:6. Ps. 109: 17.

Luke 23:2. Acts 22:22. p Ex. 4:21. Ez. 14:3-5,9. z Ps. 80.5. 102:9. Is. S0:20. Matt. 24:24,25. 2 Cor. 11:11- a Deut. 29:19. Ps. 10:5. Prov. 13. 2 Thes. 2:9_11. 1 Tim. 14:16. 1 Thes. 6:2,3. 4:1,2,

b Num. 16:29. Acts 13:10,11.
q See on 7,17.-25:18. Ts. 8:11. c Matt. 13:9. 15:10. Mark 7:14.
Matt. 26:24,25. Mark 14:20,21. Luke 20:45, 46.

See on 10. 1 Kings 22:23-25. d See on 1 Kings 22:29–33.
Is. 50:5,6. Jer. 20:2. Lam.

'merriment, he seerns now to resolve deliberately." Bp. Patrick.

V. 7–13. Notes, 1 Kings 22:7–14.
V. 14—27. Notes, 1 Kings 22:15–28.

hoshaphat the king of Judah, went up to | 33 And » a certain man drew a bow Ramoth-gilead.

t at a venture, and smote the king of Israel 29 And the king of Israel said unto: between the joints of the harness: thereJehoshaphat, I will disguise myself, and fore he said to his chariot-man, Turn thine will go to the battle; but' put thou on hand, that thou mayest carry me out of thy robes. So the king of Israel dis-the host; for I am wounded. guised himself, and they went to the 34 And the battle increased that day: battle.

howbeit the king of Israel stayed himself 30 Now the king of Syria liad com-up in his chariot against the Syrians until manded the captains of the chariots that the even; and about the time of the sun were with him, saying, Fight ye not with going down he died. i small or great, save only with the king of Israel.

CHAP. XIX. 31 And it came to pass, when the cap- Jehoshaphat, on his return, is reproved by Jehu the prophet, for

joining alliance with Ahab; but commended in other respects, tains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, 143. He visits and reforms his kingdom, 4 and gives a

charge to the judges, priests, and Levites, in the cities of Juthat they said, It is the king of Israel:

dah, and at Jerusalem, 5-11. they

fight be the Jehoshaphat cried out, and A returned hophis house in peace to

the Lord helped him; and m God moved

Jerusalem. them to depart from him.

2 And - Jehu the son of c Hanani - the 32 For it came to pass, that, when the captains of the chariots perceived that it

secr went out to meet him, and said to was not the king of Israel, they turned king Jehoshapbal, . Shouldest thou help

n See on 1 Kings 22.34.

a 18:31,32. back again from pursuing him.

1 Heb. in his simplicity. 2 Sam. 6 20:34. 1 Kings 16:1,7,12. e 1 Sam. 23:8. 1 Kings 14:2-6. k 13:14. 14:11. Ex. 14:10. Ps.

15:11. 20:38. Job 24:15. Jer. 23:24. 116:1,2 2 Cor. 1:9,10.

Heb. between the joints and d See on 1 Sam. 9:9. f Ps. 12:2. Prov. 26:25. 1 26:7. Ps. 46:1,11. 94:17. 118:

between the breast-plate. 1 e 18:3,28. 1 Kings 21:25. Ps. g 35:22.

Kings 22:34,35.

15:4. 159:21,22. Prov. 1:10% b'Kings 20:33,34,42. m Ezra 1:1, 7:27. Neh. 1:11.

Heb. made sick. 35:23. 19. Rom. 1:32. Eph. 5:11. 2 i See on 15:13. Gen. 19:11. Prov. 16:7. 21:1.

o See on 16,19,27.-Num. 32:23.

John 10,11. Deut. 1:17. * Heb. from after him.

Proy. 13:21. 28:17.

c 16:7.


V. 28, 29. (.Notes, 1 Kings 22:29,30.) It has they acted their parts with the name of God in been thought, that Ahab wished Jehoshaphat to their mouths, have secretly been prompted by fall by the Syrians, in expectation that the affairs | Satan, “deceiving and being deceived." We of Judah would come under his management, as should therefore be reminded not only to "inquire the father-in-law of Jehoram.

of the LORD,” but careful likewise by whom we V. 30–34. Notes, 1 Kings 22:31—35.—God inquire of himn; and also that we inquire his will, moved, &c. (31) In the extremity of danger, || before we commit ourselves, by engagements that Jehostaphat made the Lord his Refuge, who re- may be contrary to it.—They who fatter the membered his servant, though out of the path of humors of the rich and great will in general be duty; and, in answer to his prayer, inclined his most favored; and those who offend the pride, or pursuers to depart from him, by a secret bút || disturb the consciences, of such as are strangers powerful influence on their minds.

to the power of godliness, will be hated, and may

lay their account with hard usage: nay, such PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. pious persons as associate with ungodly people, Abundant riches and honor do indeed give large must often witness and seem to approve of, very opportunities of doing good; but they are attend - | abominable things. The event, however, will ed with such strong temptations, as very few who shew faithful teachers in their proper light; so that possess them are enabled to withstand. It is even the wicked will be constrained to allow the therefore a certain proof, that men are not well propriety of their conduct. In the mean time, acquainted with the artifices of Satan, and the let them go on with confidence in God, simply deceitfulness of their own bearts, and that they | declaring his whole message, and patiently bearhave much self-confidence, when they covet | ing the cross; for “great will be their reward in riches in order to do good; for they are far more heaven."—Satan is allowed to deceive those, who likely to get harm by them. Among other evils, reject the testimony of God's prophets.—No polthey often betray pious persons into impropericy can avert the stroke of the Lord's vengeance, marriages, for themselves or their children. It when the time arrives; nor can his people ever appears beneath them to join affinity with inferiorbe destitute of a refuge. He both can and will families; but “not many mighty or noble are extricate them even from those difficulties and called:” and so they are seduced to prefer titles perils, into which they have sinfully brought and estates, to faith and holiness; and the effects themselves, when they earnestly and humbly call are generally lamentable to themselves, to pos- upon him: and, as he has all hearts in his hand, terity, and to the cause of godliness.-We should he can easily rescue them in their most urgent follow peace with all men: but we ought to have distresses.-- 0 LORD God of Hosts, blessed is no intimacies with the workers of iniquity; for the man that putteth his trust in thee!" their caresses, flatteries, and feasts, are more dangerous than their most imbittered rage; and

NOTES. in fact they are frequently the result of politic CAAP. XIX. V. 1. This peaceful return home enmity, and at best proceed from mercenary self-exceeded Jehoshaphat's expectations, and was love. Indeed, the most enormous wickedness is contrary to his deserts: and he was thus discrimoften veiled under a shew of piety.—A very great inated from Ahab to whom he had said, “I am as majority of professed ministers, in many ages and thou art.” (18:3,29. Note, 1 Kings 22:4.) 1 places, have been teachers of lies: who, while || 'suppose, as soon as the battle was over, bé im

the ungodly, and love them that hate 8 Moreover in Jerusalem did Jehoshathe LORD? therefore 8 is wrath upon thee phat set of the Levites, and of the from before the LORD,

priests, and of the chief of the fathers 3 Nevertheless, there are h good things of Israel, for * the judgment of the LORD, found in thee, in that thou hast taken and for controversies, when they returned away the groves out of the land, and hast | to Jerusalem. prepared thine heart to seek God. 9 And he charged them, saying, Thus

4 'And Jehoshaphat dwelt at Jerusa- | shall ye do y in the fear of the LORD, lem: and he * went out again through the faithfully, and with a perfect heart. people from Beer-sheba to mount 10 And what cause soever shall come Ephraim, and m brought them back unto to you of your brethren that dwell in the LORD God of their fathers.

their cities, 2 between blood and blood, 5 And he set judges in the land, between law and commandment, statutes throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, and judgments, ye shall even & warn them city by city;

that they trespass not against the Lord, 6 Ånd said to the judges, • Take heed and so wrath come upon you, and upon what ye do: for P ye judge not for man, your brethren: this do, and ye shall not but for the LORD, who is with you in the trespass. f judgment.

11 And, behold, Amariah the chief 7 Wherefore now, 9 let the fear of the priest is over you in all matters of the LORD he upon you; take heed and do LORD; and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, it: for there is no iniquity with the LORD the ruler of the house of Judah, for all our (iod, nor respect


persons, nor the king's matters: also the Levites shall + taking of gifts.

be officers before you. Deal e courne peut 28:1973.30Rom. 18:|| ageously, and the LORD shall be with

& The good.


f 18:7. Ex. 20:5. Deut. 5:9. 7:
10. 32:41 33:11. Ps. 21:8. 68:
1. 81:15. John 15:18, 23. Rom. o Josh. 22:5. 1 Chr. 28:10. Luke
1:30. 8 7. Jam. 4:4.

12:15. 21:8. Acts 5:35. 22:26. 8:32:25 Ps. 90:7,8. Rom. 1:13p Deut. 1:17. Ps. 82:1—6. Ec. 1 Cor 11:31,32.

5:8. h 17:3 . 6 1 Kings 14:13. Rom. Heb. matter of judgment. 7:18

q Gen. 42:18. Ex. 18:21,22,25, i See on 12:14.-30:19. Ezra 7: 26. Neh. 5:15. Is. 1:23-26. 10. Ps. 57.7.

r Gen. 18:25. Deut. 32:4. Rom. * Heb returned and went out.

9:14. 1 Sam. 7:15-17.

's Deut. 10:17,18. Job 34:19. k Gen 21:33. Judg. 20:1. Matt. 22:16. Acts 10:34. Rom. 1 Josh 17-15. Judg, 19.1. 2:11. Gal. 2:6. Eph. 6:9. Col. m See on 15:8-13.-29:10,11. 3:25. 1 Pet. 1:17. 1 Sam 7:3,4. Mal. 4.6. Luket Ex. 23:8. Dent. 16:19. Is. 1: 1:17

23. 33:15. Mic. 7:3.


u 17:8. Deut. 17:8—13. 1 Chr. d 8. 1 Chr. 20:30. Mal. 2:7. 23:4. 26:29.

1 Heb. take courage and do. x Ex. 18:1926. Deut. 21:5. e Josh. 1:6,9. 1 Chr. 22:11,16,

19. 1 Cor. 16:13. 2 Tim. 2:1. y See on 7.-Deut. 1:16,17. 2 1 6. 15:2. Ps. 18:25, 26. John

Sam. 23:3. Is. 11:3—5. 32:1. 14:23,24. Rom. 2:4-13. Phil. z Deut. 17:8.

4:8,9. a Ez. 3:18-21. 33:6. Acts 20: g Ps. 37:23. 112:5. Prov. 2:20. 31. 1 Thes. 5:14.

Ec. 2:26. Luke 23:50. Acts b Num. 16:46. Josh. 22:18-20. 11:24. ci Chr. 6:11.

mediately went to Jerusalem, to return thanksing his intimacy with Abab as a kind of dispen'to God 'for his wonderful preservation.' Bp. sation, to such as chose to avail themselves of it. Patrick

V. 5–11. In process of time, irregularities V 2. Jehu was the son of Hanani, who was and abuses in the magistracy had interrupted the cast into prison by Asa for reproving him; (.Note, regular administration of justice: but Jehoshaphat. 16:7—10.) yet he was not afraid of bringing a carefully reduced this likewise to order; and took similar message to Jehoshaphat. That prince's care that judges, and courts of justice, should be alliance with a notorious idolater was a bad ex- established in every considerable town, for the ample to his subjects, which exceedingly tended benefit of the neighborhood; but with appeal to to counteract his endeavors for reformation: and the superior courts at Jerusalem. (Notes, Ex. Ahab's expedition was undertaken in defiance of | 23:1—3,6–9. Deut. 16:18,19. 17:8–13. i Chr. the word of God, and attended with such circum- || 23:2–6. 26:30—32.) In all these courts the priests stances, as rendered Jehoshaphat inexcusable in and Levites were joined with the principal perhelping him. For this misconduct "wrath was sons of the other tribes: for the law of God was in upon him from before the LORD:" not the wrath || an especial manner the statute-law of the realm; of an Enemy or avenging Judge, but that of an according to which both ecclesiastical causes, or offended Father; and the fatal effects of this the judgment of the LORD,” the pleas of the affinity upon his family and kingdom, were as crown, or “the king's matters,” and common awful'evidences of this wrath, as could be ex- || pleas, or “controversies,” were to be determined. perienced by one that did not finally perish. This settlement was completed, when the king (Notes, 21:4,18-20. 22:5,7--9. 2 Sam. 12:10. and his attendants returned to Jerusalem from the 2 Kings 11:1,2.)--Went out to meet him.] “Be- circuit of the land: and both in the cities of Ju. 'fore he came into the city, that being admonish- dah, and at Jerusalem, the king solemnly exhort'ed by him, he might be the more affected with ed and charged the magistrates to do the duty of “the mercy of God towards him in his deliverance.' || their office, in the fear of the Lord; as acting by Bp. Patrick.

his authority, in his presence, under bis protecV. 3. Marg. Ref.- Notes, 17:1–9.

tion, copying his impartial justice and equity, and V. 4. Jehoshaphat went no more to Samaria, looking forward to the account which they must but abode at Jerusalem, and in Judah, and at- shortly render to him. (Marg. Ref.0-t. y.) 'It tended to the affairs of his own kingdom. Being 'is most agreeable to the scripture to understand assured that the Lord had graciously accepted of by the things of God, those which were defined his endeavors for reformation, he made a circuit by the law of God, and were to be judged of by through his kingdom to perfect that work, and to that law: and by the king's matters, such as not restore what had been overturned. For it seems, being defined by the divine law, were left to the that the people had relapsed into idolatry, regard- 11.judgment of the king; of which kind were all deVOL. II. 63


and acts, 31–34.

c 19:2. Jer. 10:24. Rev. 3:19.

e Gen. 14:7.


Cant. 1:14.


fldren of Ammon, and with them other beJehoshaphat, alarmed by an invasion of the Moabites, Ammon side the Ammonites, came against JeJahaziel

, the prophet, assures him of a signal deliverance,boshaphat to battle. 14-17. Jeboshapbat ånd his people receive the promise with

2 Then there came some that told Je. adoring thankfulness, 18, 19. He exhorts them to believe, and appoints singers to praise the Lord, 20, 21.

The invaders || hoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great spoils, 22–25. They bless God at Berachah, return in tri. multitude against

thee from beyond the He joins with Abaziah in sending ships. sea on this side Syria; and, behold, they Tharshish, which are wrecked, according to the prediction of be in • Hazazon-lamar, which is 'EnT came to pass after this also, that gedi.

1 Sam. 23:29. a 19:5.11. 32:1 b Ps. 83:5–8. Is. 7:1. 8:9,10. 16:6. liberations about what was expedient, or not ex- | ministers ought not to fear or respect the persons 'pedient. ... The court had different presidents, || of men, or be intimidated by the sufferings of oth'according to the nature of the causes. In things ers in the same cause, but must deliver their whole 'perta ining to God, Amariah the high priest sat | message plainly; they should also endeavor to do as the first judge; in things pertaining to the king, it with forbearance, tenderness, and candor, which Zebadiah a principal person about the king ... will render reproofs less offensive and more effect'was the moderator. Grotius, quoted by Bp. ual. When these are prudently given and propPatrick. The rest' (of the Levites) 'who were erly taken, they are not only salutary, but confer *not judges, were ministers under them, to see honor on both parties; (Nute

, Prov. 25:11,12.) and their sentence executed. ... He bids them not be when, being united with due commendations, they “afraid of any man, for God, who employed them, excite men to renewed vigilance and diligence in 'would stand by them, and defend them, if they their proper work, they become general benefits. 'were good and upright judges. Bp. Patrick.-1-The tendency of human nature to evil renders Some interpret, blood and blood, of relationship unremitting vigor necessary in all those, who and titles to estates; but it seems rather to mean would suppress abuses and effect reformation: for, causes concerning murder, maiming, or accident. on every relaxation, evils will revive and gather ally killing any one.—The judges were required strength rapidly, and all will need to be done to warn the people not to transgress; lest, beside over again. --The ministry and the magistracy, other reasons, their brethren should be involved when restricted to their distinct methods, may in the consequences of their crimes.

concur in promoting godliness, as well as preservThe LORD, who is with you in judgment. (6)|ing public peace: and all legal decisions should Which the Talmud thus translates, Ye do not be expedited in a regular and easy method, and judge before the sons of men, but before the WORD with little expense; that the poor may be placed, of the Lord, and his glorious presence resides as nearly as possible, at an equal advantage with 'among you in the act of judgment; which is an il- the rich, in obtaining their dues.—Magistrates ·lustrious testimony that the ancient Jews believ- are the vicegerents, of the Governor and Judge 'ed more persons than one in the Deity.' Bp. Pal- of the world, and are therefore to be obeyed in all rick.-Deal courageously. (11), Notes, Josh. 1:7. things lawful for the Lord's sake. (Noles, Rom. 2 Tim. 2:1,2.-The LORD shall be with the good.] || 13:1—7.) But there lies an appeal from their deNote, Phil. 4:8,9.

cisions to a superior tribunal; and they should be

constantly and solemnly reminded, that they will PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. be exposed to condemnation, if they do not act Nothing but perils, wrath, and painful effects, | uprightly in the fear of God, without respect of can be expected from intimacies with ungodly persons, or taking of gifts. And, besides executmen; and that in proportion to the degree of their ing the laws of man impartially, it is their duty avowed batred to the character, worship, and ser- also to warn men not to trespass against the Lord, vice of God. We ought therefore to shun all lest wrath come upon them and their brethren. needless familiarity with them, and to shew them (Note, 17:7—9.) They should therefore take heed and all the world, our disapprobation of their and deal courageously, not fearing the displeasure principles and conduct; whatever may be their of man, but confiding in the protection of God, rank, abilities, or accomplishments; or however who is with them in the judgment; that he may political interests or relative ties may plead for a indeed be with them for their good. May he pro coalition. We should indeed bear them good will, vide increasing numbers of good ministers and and be ready to relieve their distress, and to help, good magistrates, to suppress vice, and to promoto them in their most important interests: but we the cause of truth and holiness! ought to be cautious of involving ourselves with their secular undertakings, and still more of con

NOTES. curring with them in any of their sinful projects. CHAP. XX. V. 1, 2. (Notes, 14:1—15. 31:20, (Notes, 2 Cor. 6:14—18. Eph, 5:8—14. 2 John 7|| 21. 32:1–8. 1 Sam. 7:1—7.) “The fear of the --11. P. 0.)-The unmerited mercies of God Lord had fallen upon the kingdoms round about are often united with severe rebukes and correc-i Judah;” and Jehoshaphat had so long enjoyed tions; and these again are moderated by tokens of peace, that he seems to have neglected his militahis approbation, where our conduct has been good ry arrangements, and to have relaxed his vigiin his sight: for he would not have those discour- ! lance. (Notes, 17:10—19.) Perhaps his enemies aged, who "prepare their hearts to seek him;" | observed this, and thought to take advantage of and when there are really good things found in it; or they had heard that wrath was upon him us, he will mercifully forgive the evil which we from before the Lord,” for uniting with Abab. allow pot or repent of, and accept the good, This formidable armament consisted of Moabites, through the Savior's advocacy. In these things Ammonites, and the allies of the Ammonites; we should be followers of God: we must not "hate (Note, 10,11.) and came from "beyond the sea on our offending brother, nor suffer sin upon him; | ihis side Syria,” that is the dead sea, or salt sea, but in any wise rebuke him;” (Note, Lev. 19:17.) which was considered as one of the western bounbut we should take more pleasure in commend | daries of Syria; and they were encamped in his ing what is evidently good; and bear much from dominions, at Engedi, (Narg. Ref. e, f.) before those in whom “good ihings are found.”_While he was informed of their approach, or apprised of 498]

3 And Jehoshaphat 6 feared, and set 8 And they dwelt therein, and have • himself to seek the LORD, and pro-built thee a sanctuary therein for thy claimed a fast throughout all Judah. name, saying,

4 And Judah gathered themselves to- 9 * If, when evil cometh upon us, as gether, to jask help of the Lord: even the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or out of all k the cities of Judah they came lamine, we stand before this house, and to seek the LORD.

in thy presence, (for y thy name is in 5 And 'Jehoshaphat stood in the con- this house,) and cry unto thee in our gregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in affliction, then thou wilt hear and help. the house of the LORD, before the new 10 And now, behold, the children of court,

Ammon, and Moab, and mount Seir, 6 And said, "O LORD God of our z whom thou wouldest not let Israel infathers, art not thou "God in heaven? | vade, when they came out of the land of and rulest not thou over all the king-Egypt, but they turned from them, and doms of the heathen? and Pin thine hand destroyed them not; is there not power and might, so that 11 Behold, I say, how they reward 4 none is able to withstand thee?

us, to come bto cast us out of thy pos7 Art not thou Four God, t who didst session, which thou hast given us to ins drive out the inhabitants of this land herit. before thy, people Israel, and gavest it 12 O our God, e wilt thou not judge to the seed of Abraham "thy friend for them? for d we have no might against this ever?

great company that cometh against us; & Gen. 32:7—11,24–28. Ps. 56:

e neither know we what to do: but' our

Dan. 4:17,25,32 eyes are upon thee. * Heb. his face.

13 And 8 all Judah stood before the p1 Chr. 29:11,12.

Matt. 6:9. 3,4. Is. 37:3—6. Jon. 1:16. 01 Chr. 29:11,12. Ps. 47:2,8. Matt. 10:28.

Jer. 27:58.

-35. h See on 11:16. 19:3.

Ps. 62:11.
i Judg. 20:26. 1 Sam. 7:6. Matt. 6:13.
Ezra 8:21-23. Esth. 4:16. 4 Acts 11:17.
Jer. 36:9. Joel 1:14. 2:12-18. r 14:11. Gen. 17:7. Ex. 6:7.
Jon. 3:5-9.

19:5_7. 20:2. 1 Chr. 17:21
j Ps. 34:5,6. 50:15. 60:10_12. 24.
K 19:5. Ps. 69:35.

| Heb. thou. I See on 6:12,13.---34:31. 2 $ See on Ex. 33:2.-Ps. 41:2. Kings 19:15–19.

t Gen. 12:7. 13:15. Josh. 24:3, m See on Ex. 3:6,15,16. 1 Chr. 13. Neh. 9.8. 29:18.

u ls. 41:8. John 11:11. 15:15. n Deut. 4:39. Josh. 2:11. 1 Jam. 2:23. Kings 8:23. Is. 57:15, 16. 66:1.

See on 2:4. 6:10.

7:6,8. 9:19. 43:1. Is. 2:4. 72:4 See on 6:28--30. 1 Kings 8:33, Joel 3:12. Rev. 19:11. 37.

d See on 14:11.-1 Sam. 14:6 y See on 6:20. Ex. 20:24. 23:21. 2 Cor. 1:8,9. z Num. 20:17—21. Deut. 2:4,5, e 2 Kings 6:15. 9,19. Judg. 11:15—18.

f Ps. 25:15. 121:1,2. 123:1,9 a Gen. 44:4. Ps. 7:4. 35:12. 141;8. Jon. 2:4. Prov. 17:13. Jer. 18:20.

g Deut. 29:10,11. Ezra 10:1 b Judg. 11:23,24. Ps. 83:3–12. Jon. 3:5. Acts 21:5 c Deut. 32:36. Judg. 11:27. Ps.

their intentions. This would prevent his muster- of others would be revived, and rendered more ing all his forces.

fixed and lively; and in every way it would tend V. 3, 4. Probably, this invasion took place to the honor of God, and the good of his people. not long after Jehoshaphat's return from Ramoth- V. 5. New court.] It is not known what is gilead; and he was afraid, that God was about to here meant by the new court: but, probably, Jechastise his sin by permitting the devastation of hoshaphat had rebuilt some of the courts, or had his kingdom. To avert this calamity, "he set || added one to them. himself to seek the LORD.” It may be supposed, V. 649. After the example of Solomon, Jethat he made the best military arrangement of hoshaphát himself offered the public prayer for which the exigency would admit: but his chief this large congregation, in words which proceedpreparation consisted in proclaiming a fast, anded from the abundance of his heart: a careful gathering his people together to ask help of the examination of the marginal references will be Lord.We have in the preceding books of scrip- || found the best comment on them. (Notes, 1 ture, read of private fasting with prayer; of “af-|| Kings 8:33-43. 1 Chr. 29:10--19.)--Abraham flicting the soul" at the day of catonementief the thy friend. (7)7798: a lover of thee. (Marg. prophet; and of their fasting by common consent: Ref.-Notes, John 15:12—16. Jam. 2:22—29.) (Notes, Lev. 16:29–31. Deut. 9:18,25. Judg. 20: V. 10, 11. The mention of mount Seir, the 26—28. 1 Sam. 7:5,6. 2 Sam. 12:16.) but the fast country of Edom, shews what is meant in the here mentioned was observed at the proclamation first verse by “other beside the Ammonites." of the chief magistrate, who acted by the authori- | The Moabites, Ammonites, and Edomites, had ty of his station, and not by the Spirit of prophecy: been expressly named as nations whom Israel and the event of this measure, both warrants civils must not invade: and the divine admonition governors in times of distress to act in this man-| had been exactly attended to. (Deut. 2:4—7,9, ner, and encourages them to expect the most im- ||19. Note, Num. 20:14--21.) Other wars indeed portant benefits from it. Every one was called had brought some of them under the dominion of on to humble himself before God for his own sins,Judah and Israel: but it seems the superiority and the sins of the public, as the aggregate of the had been used with gentleness, and no reason whole. Thus they united in expressing their sor- had been given for this violent assault; in which, row and self-displacency for their sins; and they || it is probable, the confederates meant to destroy publicly honored God as the righteous Author of the kingdom of Judah, and he house of David; their calamity, and as their only Hope and Refuge as well as to expel the people of God, from that in distress. All other cares being laid aside, they | land which was his possession:" so that the war were at leisure to unite in uninterrupted and fer- || was indeed waged against the LORD himself vent prayers for help and forgiveness. Doubtless (Notes, Judg. 11:12–27.) serious impressions would be made on many, who V. 12. The language of this verse is pecubefore had been inattentive; the pious affections | liarly expressive of humble, genuine faith. The

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