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Bagehot, Mb. Walter, work of,

on the Constitution, 1

— on the consequences of the
Reform Act of 1832, 18

— on the extent of the Royal
Prerogative, 360

Ballot Act of 1872, 37-43
Ballot, views of Mill and Grote

on the, 3!>; 41, 42
Bank Act of 1833 (Lord Al-

thorpe's Act), 123
Bank Charter Act of 1844, 123-

120

Bank of England, constitution of
the, in its present relation to
the State, 123-125

Banks, legislation with regard to,
126

Bankruptcy and insolvency laws,

reform of, 136; 455
Bath, Marquis Op, opposition

of, to the subjection of Crown

private estates to rates and

taxes, 219
Beaconsfield, Lord, criticism

of, on the Duke of Wellington's

remark on the House of Lords,

82

— on the finality of decisions of
Election Judges, 44, 45

— on the Committee of Foreign
Loans libel publication case,
80

— on the pre-eminent importance
of Foreign Affairs, 179, 1 ^0

— speech of, on Lord Palmer-
ston's Conspiracy Bill, 186

— speech of, on the Royal Titles
Bill, 214, 215; 375

— view of the Bedchamber ques-
tion presented by, in 'Co-
ningsby,' 234

— criticism of, on the Prince
Consort's presence at a Corn
Law debate, 251, 252

— motion of, in May 1855, in
favour of carrying on the war,
256

— correspondence of, with Lord
Carnarvon, relative to the re-

signation of the latter, 291,
292

Beaconsfield, Lord, comments
of, on the conduct of Sir R.
Peel and the Duke of Welling-
ton, with regard to Corn Law
repeal, 348-350

— on the dependence of Parlia-
menton the Prerogative,354,355

— conduct of, in 1868, in leaving
the Queen to determine whether
the Ministry should resign or
not, 355-357

— novel relations between the
Executive and Parliament, es-
tablished during the Govern-
ment of, 468

Bedchamber Question, the, 233,

234; 235-238
Belligerents, shipbuilding for, 207,

208

Benthah, influence of, on Crim-
inal Code reform, 436

Bentinck, Lord George, com-
ments of, on the Prince Consort's
presence at a Corn Law debate,
251

Berlin, Congress of, 377, 378
Berlin, Treaty of, 290; 383; 388
Berry, Mr. Graham, on the
differences between the two
Houses in Victoria, 163, 164
Bethell, Sir R. (lord West-
Bury), opinion of, on the law
and practice of Parliament
as not applicable to Colonial
Legislatures, 176

— opposition of, to the Russian
Securities Bill, 205

— opinion of, on the testamentary
rights of the Crown, 220

Bill of Bights, relation of the
Sovereign to the country as
determined by the, 325

— provisions of, with regard to a
standing army, 385-387

— popular reference to, as a
bulwark of liberty, 422

Bills. See Money Bills, Private
Bills, &o.

Index.

Birkbeck, Prop., on the Russian
Securities Act, 206, note

Blackburn, Mb. Justice, opi-
nion of, on the imposition of
Colonial taxes by the Imperial
Legislature, 158

Bouverie, Mb., comment of, on
Mr. Disraeli's attempt to make
the Queen responsible for a
dissolution, 357

Bo Wen, Sib G. F., on the Victorian
Constitution, 165

Brand, Mr., Speaker of the House
under Liberal and Conservative
Governments, 358

Bright, Mb., part taken by, in
debate on the Russian war, in
1855, 258

Brituh Columbia Government Act,
1858, 404

Brougham, Lobd, dispute of,
with Lord Melbourne, on the
designation of the Duchess of
Kent, 225, 226

— opposition of, to the settlement
of the Prince Consort's pre-
cedence by Royal Prerogative,
240

— dislike of William IV. to,
expressed to Lord Melbourne,
303

— part taken by, in prison reform,
437

Buckingham, Duke Op, account
of the Queen's first change of
Ministry by the, 300, 301

Burke, misuse of the doctrines of,
on representation, 34

— speech of, at Bristol, on the
functions of a Member of
Parliament, 47; 50-52

— on party ties, 66, 67

-r- suggestion of a sale of the
Crown Lands by, 224

— constitutional relations of
England and the Dependencies
treated by, 374, 375

— on the changing character of
despotisms, 410

c

Cabinet (see alto Ministry,
Ministers)

— the, an outgrowth of the Privy
Council, 267-270; 271-274

— relation of the, to Parliament
and the Crown, 267-268

— Council, origin of the term,
269, 270

— the first Whig, 270, 271

— Sir G. C. Lewis on the legal
theory of the, 275, 276

— Sir G. C. Lewis on the unity
of the, 276-278

— Mr. Gladstone on the internal
relations of the, 278-281

— Earl Grey on the internal
relations of the, 281-283

— illustrations of the internal
relations of the, 283-295

— secresy of Members of the, as
Privy Councillors, 295-298

— relation of the Sovereign to the,
299-328

— relations of the, with Parlia-
ment, 336-421

— possible influences at work in
a, 371-373

— doctrine of the omnipotence of
a, supported by Parliament,
468

Cairns, Lord Chancellor, on
the Chancellorship as the
Speakership of the House of
Lords, 101, note

— letter of the Lord Chief Baron
to, on the secresy of the Privy
Council, 295-298

Campbell v. Ball, 156
Canada, constitution and con-
federation of, 152-154

— admission of Hudson's Bay into
the Dominion of, 172, 404

— differences between Lord Lome
and the Parliament of, 419

Canadian Confederation Act of

1867, 152-154
Canning, definition of a patriot,

by, 412

Cape of Good Hope, memorial of
the Colonist* of Natal against
confederation with the, 420, 421

Carnarvon, Lord, retirement of,
from the Cabinet in 1876,
'-'90-292; 376

— on Imperialism, 410-413
Caucuses, flee Political associa-
tions

Centralisation, two sorts of,
138-140

— Mr. John Austin on, 138, note
Chancellor, ti e Lord, as Speaker

of the House of Lords, 101, 102,
note

Lord Cairns on, 101,

note

Mr. Locock Webb on,

101, note

Chancery, Court of, jurisdiction of
the, over Endowments and Cha-
ritable Trusts, 107; 118

Charitable Trtuttt Act of 1853,
118

Charity Commissioners, appoint-
ment of, 118, 119

Chelmsford, Lord, communica-
tion of the Queen with, in
reference to the Zulu war, 330,
331

China, war with, in 1857, 366

— and Japan, extra-territorial
jurisdiction on the coasts of,
188

Church, the Established, relation
of, to Parliament and the State,
104-107; 109, 110; 112, 113

— recent legislation relating to,
109-112

Church Courts, reform of the, 105;
110,112

Church rates, abolition of compul-
sory, in 1868, 105

Civil List, the, of William IV.,
216,217

— of Victoria, 221-223

— Sir S. Northcote and Mr.
Gladstone on the, 228-231

Clarendon, (edward Hyde,
Earl Of), on the origin of the

term 'Cabinet Council,' 269,

270
Clarendon, Lord (the late),

sanction given by, to political

correspondence of the Prince

Consort, with Napoleon III.,

262, 265
Coast of Africa and Falkland

Inland* Government Act, 1843,

157; 174 — Amendment Act,

1860, 174
Corden, speech of, in debate on

the Russian war in 1855, 258
Cockburn, Sir Alexander,

opinion on the law and practice

of Parliament as not applicable

to Colonial Legislatures, 175,176
Codification of Common and

Statute Law, 137
Coleridge, S. T., on the Idea of

the Constitution, 12

— on the omnipotence of Parlia-
ment, 14, 15

— on the distinction between a
person and a thing. 426

Colonial Branch Mint Act, 1866,

177
Colonial Laws Act, 1865, 175
Colonial Legislatures, created by

Parliament, 151

— (Canadian,) 152-154

— (South African,) 154-156

— Parliamentary control of, 157-
159; 175-177; 394 seg.

— (Victorian,) 160-167

— territorial jurisdiction of, 167

— Acts of Indemnity of, valid in
this country, 444

Colonies (see aim Dependencies)

— Confederation of distinct, 152-
156

— history of the North American,
a precedent for Colonial or-
ganisation, 152; 173

— Crown Lands in the, 161; 221

— having no Constitution, govern-
ment of, 173-175

— extension of Aots of Parliament
to the, 151; 176, 177

Index. 475

Colonies, Crown, is Cyprus one of
the, 190

— duties of the Governors of
Crown, 415-417

— functions of the Secretary of
State for the, 418, 419

Columbia, British. See Hudson's
Bay

Commerce. See Economy, social

Commercial Treaty with France,
an illustration of modern
economic principles, 136

Commons, House of. See House of
Commons

Companies and Joint-Stock Com-
panies Acts, 1825, 1834, 1844,
1856, and 1862, 127,128

Companies, Public, recent legisla-
tion for, 126-129

— Railway, recent legislation for,
129-131

Compulsory Churchltates Abolition

Act, 1868,105
Confederation Act, Canadian,

1867, 152-164 South African, 1867, 154-

156

Coxnaught, Duke Of, grant to
the, on his marriage, 227-233

Consolidated Fund, creation of
the, 217

— Colonial revenues carried to the,
221

Conspiracy, Bill of Lord Palmer-
ston, 185, 186; 366

— legal definition of, 442, 443

CONSTANTINE, THE GRAND DUKE,

visit of, to Paris, commented
on by the Prince Consort, 262-
265

CONSTITUTION, THE, AND
ITS MOVEMENTS, Chap. I,
1-13

Constitution, a political, the pro-
duct of social conditions and
historical antecedents, 4

modification of, by current

interpretations, 5

sources of enlightenment

with regard to, 6, 6

Constitution, a political, legal and
moral elements in, 6

— formative action of perma-
nent popular sentiments on, 6-10

written and unwritten

elements of, 8 central and germinating

idea of, 12 ultimate foundation of,

in the popular will, 16, 17

— English, stable and unstable
elements of the, 1, 2

— historical method of inquiry
into the; 1; 462, 463; 468, 469

— period chosen for a survey of
the, 2; 10; 462, 463; 469

— topics comprised in a scrutiny
of the, 3, 10

— distinguishing characteristics
of the, 3; 422, 423

— the, as a type for imitation by
other States, 3, 4

— formative action of permanent
or progressive popular senti-
ment on the, 6-10

— maintenance of the, dependent
on popular political sentiment,
7; 10; 466; 470

— the, an organic whole, 11-13;
42, 43; 73

— self-developing power of the, 21

— Blackstone's and other theories
of the, 26-28

— idea of representation penetrat-
ing the, 34

— movements of the, distinguish-
able in recent Home Legislation,
103

— religious equality not yet a
principle of the, 105

— financial and economic princi-
ples admitted by the, 134-137

— local institutions characteristic
of the, 137

— position of the Sovereign under
the, 209, 210; 315-317; 325-328

— position of the Consort of the
Sovereign under the, 238; 242;
244, 245; 249, 250; 252, 253;
259; 261, 262; 308, 309

Constitution, English, invasion of
the, by personal action of King
William IV., 307, 308

— Baron Stockmar's theory of the,
318-324

— true theory of the, 324-328

— legal rights of the Crown under
the, 359-360

— defence of the, by Parlia-
mentary minorities, 362, 363

— possible violation of, by
sinister influences in the
Cabinet, 371-373

— provisions of the, for the
liberty of the subject, 422,
423

— dangers to the, inherent in the
mechanism of Government, 466-
468

Conttitution Act (Canadian), of

1791, 152
Constitutions, Colonial (tee alio

Colonial Legislatures)

— creation of, by Parliament,
151-157; 159-162

— Parliamentaryinterferencewith
157-159

— problems connected with the
working of, 162-167; 418-421

Constitutional analysis, how
different from political history,
2

— facts, initial source of all, the
character of the people, 8, 9

— importance of Parliamentary
forms and procedure, 74

Copyright Act of 1842, 176, 177
Corn laws, repeal of the, 1846,
135

— presence of the Prince Consort
at a debate on, 250-252

— conduct of Sir E. Peel and of
the Duke of Wellington in
relation to the, 347-350

Coronation oath, Coleridge on
the, 14

County administration, reform of,

147, 148; 428-434
County courts, institution of, 136

— jury trial in, 449

County rate, the, an instance of
taxation by a non-representative
authority, 147

Coup d'etat of December 1861,
conduct of Lord Palm erst on
with regard to the, 284-290;
312, 313

Court, of appeal, the House of
Lords as a. 19, 20

— Central Criminal, creation cf
the, 427; 434

— for Crown Cases Reserved,
decision of the, on the Franeonia
case, 200

creation of the, 427,

435

— of Admiralty, as a Court of
Prize, 208

Courts (tee alto County Courts)

— Vice-Admiralty, slave trade
jurisdiction of, 198, 199

— of Prize, 208

— jury trial in Criminal, 449-
451

— admission of oral statements of
prisoners in Criminal, 461-455

— reconstruction of civil, 455
Courts of Justice, functions of

English, contrasted with those
of the Supreme Court of the
United States, 16, note

— creation of, in India, 169 in the Colonies, 175

— English, in foreign territory,
187; 196

— jurisdiction of Australasian,
under the Kidnapping Act, 197

— patronage of the Crown in
relation to, 361

— as guardians of public liberty
against the Executive, 423,
424

— responsibility of officers of
justice to, 428; 443, 444

— multiplication of offences tria-
ble in, 431-434

— variety of procedure in primary,
432

— uncertainty of action of, 439
Crampton, Me., British Minister

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