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THIS question is answered in one of its phases in

trust in God in the closing scenes of his life, have that the few Indians that remain will no longer be touched the hearts of all people.

outcasts, but citizens in this land of liberty, Our hero's work is done ; our warrior of peace is So, also, ever since the founding of the Society, dead, borne to his resting place in the arms of a re- they have had schools for their own children, and united country. The virtues of his grand, yet simple the Society grew and prospered. Why not continue life have been blessed to us, in the peace, unity and where good fruits have been produced ? Why lay concord of our beloved land.

aside an old custom unless there is something new

L. P. M. and better to take its place? What is there in place Philadelphia, Eighth mo. 26th.

of Friends' schools? And if the Society is less thriv

ing than twenty years ago may it not be due to this EDUCATIONAL,

very cause, a lack of proper interest in its schools?

Our public schools are often filled with so many THE VALUE OF FRIENDS' SCHOOLS.1

children that it would take two teachers to instruct

them properly, where instead there is only one, and the following paragraph taken from an address

this one perhaps appointed without regard to quali

fications. In this crowded condition, although the by President Mills, of Earlham : “The perpetuity of our Church as a body of Chris

teacher may be working faithfully, not only the

child 's lessons will be somewhat neglected, but his tians holding positive, distinctive views, depends, in a very large degree, upon the care that is taken of

moral training must of necessity be greatly overthe boys and girls who are found in our midst. It is

looked. Some would say his morality would be ina saying of the Talmud, born of the experience of jured by coming in contact with the medley of chilGod's chosen people, that the world is saved by the

dren gathered from everywhere; but I think it is

more due to the fact that there are too many tobreath of the children in the schools.' On the same authority, it is asserted that "Jerusalem was des

gether without a sufficient number of teachers to entroyed because the education of the children was

force correct discipline, and that the few or even one neglected. And again, 'A town wherein there is no

bad character, which is often found, and which will

soon injure the school and the purity of every child, school must perish.' 'He that hath an ear let him hear' what these ancient savings proclaim to the peo

must necessarily be retained some time in school, if ple called Friends to-day. That Church in which

possible, as it is his only hope of education. the education of the young is neglected must perish.

We aim to have our schools so that those wishing Archbishop Manning used to say: 'Give me the

to have a carefully guarded education for their chilchildren of England for twenty years and England

dren can here find it. This seems especially necesshall be Catholic. The opposite of the principle in

sary for the very young ones, as their infant minds volved in this assertion holds equally true. Let the

quickly imitate all they see; and for the boys of a Society of Friends put the education of its children

little older growth until their habits and characters

are well formed. entirely out of its hands for twenty years, and at the end of that time there will be found very few boys Very often too, older children wish to pursue their and girls playing in the streets of Quakerdom.”

studies further than public schools will permit, either Astonishing as this seems at first, the more we from want of time or incompetency of teachers. think of it the more we are convinced it is true. The In the past no other religious society has shown best schools in which to instil the principles of more earnestness in the cause of education. "The Friends in the mind of every boy and girl are cer- time was when in some parts of our country and tainly those in which the control and general super- Great Britain no benevolent or educational enterprise vision is made by those deeply interested in our soci- of any magnitude was to be found without one or ety, rather than by a board of directors of any or all more Friends among the leaders, or some mixture of denominations. This matter of training children in our Quaker thought contributing to its success." Do not own faith is one of great importance to all interested let us fall behind our forefathers who aimed to be in the progress of our society. I cannot speak from first. And as the age progresses the idea of a model observation, but can only say that all writers seem school also is progressing; and although our public to unite in the belief that parents' efforts in this di- schools are improving, and are better than formerly, rection are greatly aided by the schools which the they can be surpassed, and if we do this it will be our sons and daughters attend.

portion toward helping to raise the standard of eduYears ago Friends spent much money and earnest cation. It will show the community that a more enwork in behalf of the down-trodden slaves of Ameri- lightened and cultivated people will live in and rule ca; they toiled diligently for their freedom, then or- the next generation than the present one, and that ganized and supported schools to make them fit for the young must be prepared for it. citizens of the United States. Many good results

What we want to insure success in our schools is were reaped from these efforts.

enthusiasm. I saw this so nicely and truly defined Later they established schools for the Indians. that I cannot forbear to quote it: They have taught them how to cultivate their lands “Enthusiasm makes up for many defects. Neither and make comfortable homes; and it is to be hoped knowledge nor power nor money can supply the place

of enthusiasm ; but enthusiasm on the other hand 1 An essay read at Monallen, Adams county, Pa., by E. Belle Griest, at a Conference under the auspices of the Educational

can supply the place of all these. Even a weak inCommittee of Baltimore Yearly Meeting.

valid can do more of God's work in the world with

IT is a common mistake to suppose that those who

enthusiasm, than can a strong man without it. There but quietly contemplating them from without in is encouragement in this thought for those who feel their relation to the whole. their lack in these other respects. If you have not Neglect and depreciation of intellectual minutiæ these, but have enthusiasm, you have what can sup- are characteristics of the ill-informed; and where ply the lack of these. Great movements have rarely the granular parts of study are thrown away or loosebegun where the world would expect them to begin. ly held, will be found no compact mass of knowledge, It is the man who is on fire with an earnest purpose, solid and clear as crystal, but a sandy accumulation, rather than the millionaire or the monarch, who starts bound together by no cohesion and transmitting no those new impulses which wrest the world out of its light. And above and beyond all the advantages old grooves. The world would do with less splendid, which a higher culture gives in the mere system of with less elegant trifling of all kinds, but one thing of communicating knowledge, must be placed that inwhich the world can never have enough, is good, definable and mysterious power which a superior downright, honest enthusiasm.”

mind always puts forth upon an inferior; that living Let parents, children, and teachers remember this and life-giving action, by which the mental forces are is applicable to school work and its rewards, and not strengthened and developed, and a spirit of intellionly would our own school be benefited, but many gence is produced far transcending in excellence the others under the care of Friends.

acquisition of any special ideas. In the task of instruction so lightly assumed, so unworthily esteemed,

no amount of wisdom would be superfluous and lost, SYMPATHY BETWEEN TEACHER AND TAUGHT.

and even the child's elementary teaching would be [A friend sends us the following extract from a discourse

best conducted, were it possible, by omniscience itself. by James Martineau.]

The more comprehensive the range of intellectual

view, and the more minute the perception of its know little suffice to inform those who know less : that parts, the greater will be the simplicity of concepthe master who is but a stage before the pupil can, as tion, the aptitude for exposition, and the directness well as another, show him the way; nay, that there of access to the open and expectant mind. This admay even be an advantage in this near approach be- aptation to the humblest wants is the peculiar tritween the minds of teacher and of taught, since the umph of the highest spirit of knowledge. recollection of recent difficulties, and the vividness of fresh acquisition, give to the one a more living in

Our bravest lessons are not learned through sucterest in the progress of the other. Of all education- cess, but misadventure.—Alcott. al errors, this is one of the greatest. The approxi

We can be thankful to a friend for a few acres or mation required between the mind of teacher and of taught is not that of a common ignorance, but of mu

a little money; and yet for the freedom and command

of the whole earth, and for the great benefits of our tual sympathy; not a partnership in narrowness of understanding, but that thorough insight of the one in

being, our life, health, and reason, we look upon our

selves as under no obligations.-- Selected. to the other, that orderly analysis of the tangled skein of thought, that patient and masterly skill in Our human duties are faithfully and joyfully perdeveloping conception after conception with a con- formed only when we feel that they are not of our stant view to a remote result, which can only belong

own choosing, but tasks divinely ordered and attuned to comprehensive knowledge and prompt affections.

to that high purpose which “through the ages runs." With whatever accuracy the recently initiated may H. G. Spaulding. give out his new stores, he will rigidly follow the precise method by which he made them his own; THERE is little danger of a man's going very far and will want that variety and fertility of resource, astray, so long as he finds his chief happiness in duty that command of the several paths of access to a doing. It is when one seeks his happiness in spheres truth, which are given by a thorough survey of the apart from duty that the real danger begins; when the whole field on which he stands. The instructor feverish pursuit of pleasure becomes the chief aim of needs to have a full perception, not merely of the in- life, and when thejoy in work, and the gladness which ternal contents, but also the external relations of comes of work well done, are pushed aside by the that which he unfolds, as the astronomer knows but more intense enjoyments invented and maintained little if, ignorant of the place and laws of the moon by a corrupt fraction of society, which knows no god and sun, he has examined only their mountains and but pleasure. There is a place for pleasure in life; spots. The sense of proportion between the differ- but there is no place for pleasure divorced from duty, ent parts and stages of a subject, the appreciation of and nothing but evil can come from an attempt to the size and value of every step, the foresight of the win the one without performing the other. Yet this direction and magnitude of the section that remains, is one of the peculiar dangers of the present, when are qualities so essential to the teacher that without the means of luxury are so multiplied and cheapened. them all instruction is but an insult to the learner's And it is one which can only be avoided, in every inunderstanding. And in virtue of these it is, that the dividual case, by every man's deciding for himself most cultivated minds are usually the most patient, that the question of enjoyment shall be a minor one most clear, most rationally progressive, most studi- in his life, and that his chief aim will be to do heartily ous of accuracy in details, because not impatiently the task which God has appointed him to do.--Suna shut up within them as absolutely limiting the view, day School Times.

The lessons which Jesus drew from the fields INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL.

about him have been helpful to all the generations of HOWARD M. JENKINS, Managing Editor.

men since the day they were uttered. What minis

ters and sacred emblems he found on every hand, ASSOCIATE EDITORS:

and having received their ministry into his own soul HELEN G. LONGSTRETH.


he used them to illustrate his truth to others. The SUSAN ROBERTS.


instruction given to the woman of Samaria had for its LYDIA H. HALL.

illustration the simple and every day occurrence of a

woman drawing water from the well, and thousands PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 5, 1885.

who saw it saw only this and nothing more, but to

the divinely-illuminated mind of Jesus it was a fitNATURE'S TEACHING.

ting type of the satisfying and personal communion THE pleasant summer days are rapidly passing with the Holy Spirit, a communion which he knew

away, and soon will come again the time ofin- in the fullest measure, and which he longed to introgathering for those whom pleasure and necessity have

duce to others. scattered among the hills or by the sea or in the quiet It is possible for us to recognize these ministers, retreats of rural life. Amid the greetings and con- these “mute apostles” and be made wiser by what they gratulations that abound, the thought may properly have to tell our innermost soul, but that this may come to the serious mind, Have I brought back in ad- be accomplished, the spiritual of our nature must be dition to renewed health of body, a renewed force in opened and ready for their sweet influences. Thus those qualities, which, taken together, we call the

the world grows larger and more helpful to us, and higher life?

even common things become sacred emblems. Emerson, who finds the soul in every thing, and draws our thoughts ever toward the light says:

CORRECTION.-By a misapprehension of the editors,

the article printed last week on “ The Revision of “Whoso walketh in solitude And inhabiteth the wood,

the Bible" was credited to the authorship of Prof. Choosing light, wave, rock, and bird

Pliny Earle Chase, of, Haverford, whereas it was writBefore the money-loving herd,

ten by President Thomas Chase, of that institution. Into that forester shall pass

From these companions power and grace." THE NINE PARTNERS SCHOOL.-A paragraph should be Doubtless to his heart the song of birds, the light added to the extracts given in last week's paper from shimmering on the wave, and the wave beating on the Chappaqua Minutes on educational labor, as follows: rock conveyed a message from the Infinite Power, As a result of this concern and labor in the Yearand lifted it beyond the limits of the visible world into ly Meeting in the cause of education, the Nine Partthat beautiful ideal, which to his anointed eyes be- ters Boarding School was established in 1796, and came the real.

continued for many years a valuable and popular But we do not all possess this magic power which school in the Society.” transmutes the dull, leaden realities around us into the golden glories of a perfect world filled with illu

DEATHS. minated texts and shining with truth, yet, can we DILLINGHAM.-At Granville, N. Y., Seventh month think there is some royal road to the possession of 30th, 1885, Ruth Dillingham, widow of Joseph Dillingham, this secret, or that Emerson had the patent right which

in the 87th year of her age; a member and for many years

a valued elder of Granville Monthly Meeting. secured for him a monopoly of its enjoyment ? The voices of Nature are forever singing, and we

EASTLACK.-In Camden, N.J., suddenly, Eighth month

28th, Hannah E. Eastlack, aged 68. possess within ourselves a power which, if used, puts us in harmony with all her melodies. “From within

FISHER.-At Atlantic City, N. J., Eighth month 31st., or from behind, a light shines through us upon things,

Harvey Fisher, of Duncannon, Pa., aged 42; son of the late

Thomas R., and Letitia Ellicott Fisher, and grandson of the and makes us aware that we are nothing, but the

late William Logan Fisher; a member of Green Street light is all.

Monthly Meeting, Philadelphia. To bave this light that shall give us the sight of MOORE.-At Quakertown, Pa., Eighth month 25th, Debwhat God has written, is to secure soul-health, with- orah J. Moore, in the 66th year of her age. . out which we enjoy but part of our true life. If we WALL.–At her home in Penn township, Clearfield walk among the wonders of the world and feel not county, Pa., on Seventh month 16th, 1885, Sidney Wall, wife their influence reaching into our spirits and filling us

of Reuben Wall, and daughter of Jane and Jonathan Wall,

in the 720 year of her age. with joy how much are we above the creatures brows

Her parents moved about the year 1819 to Bald Eagle, ing on the hillside?

Centre county, Pa., where they remained for perhaps a year,

when they again moved to what was then the backwoods of Clearfield county. Here a pole cabin was erected, and the family moved in when the subject of this sketch was about 10 years old, and the struggle for an existence in a new country and the hardships to pay off the mortgage was commenced. The family at that time consisted of four children-one son and three daughters. Although three sons were subsequently born, the heat of the struggle fell on the first four named, who with their father often constituted a crew for log-rolling, harvesting, flailing, etc.

Her parents found it necessary in order to get along to practice the closest economy, and to this end everything that could be made of wool, flax, leather or wood, was made at home. She was early taught to spin and weave, and her bridal outfit consisted in part of a spinning wheel and loom.

She was married on the second day of Second month, 1844, to Reuben Wall her second cousin, and on the 17th of the same month went to housekeeping on the farm, where, with the exception of a few years, she lived until the time of her death.

She was a faithful wife and a fond mother, and her ministering hands in time of affliction and distress will long be remembered by those who knew her best.

She was strongly attached to the religious Society of Friends, of which she was an active member from childhood, holding the position of elder for a number of years.

Her sufferings at the last were long and severe, but she bore them with the greatest fortitude, and was wonderfully sustained to the end, passing away without a struggle and with a clear mind quietly breathing her last, in full confidence of a better life beyond.

WHITE.-In Penn's Manor, Pa., Eighth month 3d, Abbie, widow of Benjamin White, in her 76th year.

WILLIAMSON.-Suddenly, at Marple, Delaware county, Pa., Eighth month 31st, James Williamson, in his 66th year.

ute to their own mission enterprise, and though the sum asked for seems large, it would make but a small drain on any one, if all amongst us who feel an interest in the uplifting of the colored race, responded to to the appeal.

Gail Hamilton, in a letter written in answer to a request for her opinion of the work among the colored people, as she saw it, on a visit to the South in 1884, gives it as follows:

“If my judgment has any weight with any person, you are at perfect liberty, and I even beg you to say that in my opinion Miss Munro is not one whit behind the very chiefest of the apostles of the old Greek Orthodoxy! Until I reached Columbia I was in despair. There I found two Baptist Apostles-women. In Mt. Pleasant, Miss Munro gave me even more comfort, because she had established a home, and was actually rearing a Christian family, gathered out of the dog-kennels and the pig-stys which abound. I never heard that Peter and Paul did much more than preach the gospel. Being men perhaps this was the best they could do. But Miss Munro and those godly women, founding rather than following an apostolic succession, wash the gospel into the little dirty faces, comb it into the little kinky heads, patch it into the unspeakable rags. I saw the filth, squalor, carelessness, barbarism of numberless Southern habitations, and my heart failed me for my country's future. But I fell upon Miss Munro.unawares, and I saw that she had gathered in two and twenty waifs from nearly as many cabins, and was bringing them up to decency as well as to Christianity, was teaching them to sing and read and say their prayers; also to cook and sew and sweep and wash and iron, to wear clothes and keep house, take care of children and tell the truth, be inrifty, and polite, and industrious. Give up ? Why, if Miss Mun. ro and her work are given up, we may as well give up universal suffrage and Republican institutions. I consider that there is absolutely no hope for the South, and for the North as involved therein, except in such work as Miss Munro is doing. It is more fundamental even than that at Carlisle and Hampton, because it begins lower down and on the spot. And she is just the one to do it-cheery, busy, bright, making no martyrdom of it-she ought to have money every time she raises a finger for it. She in debt! Why, this country owes her a debt. You and I would not go down there and do her work, and live her life, for the whole national debt. At least I would not go, and you would not stay.

Contributions may be sent to Henry M. Laing, 30 N. 3d street, or to Friends' Book Store, 1020 Arch street, Philadelphia.



THE many friends who have for so many years


contributed to the support of this school, will be surprised to hear that the late cyclone which destroyed so much property and brought such distress to the people of Charleston, so damaged the building in which this school has been held, that only a heap of ruins meet the eye. The windows, doors, and most of the school furniture have been saved from the wreck, and much of the broken timber can be utilized in rebuilding, if the funds can be raised at once to carry it on.

The important work done by Abbie Munro and her assistants among the destitute and needy de

scendants of the

freedmen must not be allowed to WHEN the Wanderemrests elements and.cies Jaunung

loss so unexpectedly sustained. The testimonials that come to us from time to time in regard to young men and women educated at the school, who are now occupying places of trust and confidence in that community and elsewhere, give convincing proof of the excellent character of the work accomplished.

It is estimated that one thousand dollars ($1000) will be needed to put up this building and start the school. If Friends will be prompt in responding to this appeal, the work will be undertaken without delay. We do not doubt of their willingness to contrib

For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal.

wanderer rests quietly and in luxury

of earth's most delightful places, among friends congenial, and in sympathy, surrounded by courtesies the most grateful, dwelling among cultivated parks, and lovely rolling mountains—among green pastures and beside still waters, what is there in our experiences which our friends may like to take cognizance of. We have seen much of nature inthe wilderness this summer, and first we felt a sense of loss in this delightful place, in view of the strict restraining hand laid upon the exuberance of Flora in this cultured park upon the mountain tops. Our first walk was a grievous disappointment, for we rem

But as


turned from it without a single notable wild flower. needed privileges, and an hour's ride takes us over The great B. and 0. has condemned them all as perhaps twenty miles of as charming a region of this weeds. They shear the green sward in the most ap- upper world as I ever hope to see. The country is of proved fashion, they arrange a soaring fountain fit to the meadow order, with undulating surface and bildance in the smiles of monarchs, they rear a pavilion lowy eminences. A goodly proportion of trees rein the oak forest, they place restful benches just main to make these “ Glades of the Alleghanies" a where their presence is blessed; they rake away home of delight to the flocks and herds which abide every fallen leaf, they build smooth and solid roads in this pure coolness of the everlasting hills. The for driving, they deftly cut the shadowed foot-path in line of Maryland is soon recrossed and the train is the woods and really leave us little or nothing to ask again in West Virginia, and we perceive that we are for in this charming place, except a few neglected ascending a heavy grade. When our way bends round spots where the modest heads of delicate forest to accommodate itself to circumstances, and one flowers with look so like a smile," may nestle undis- glances down the precipitous side of the mountain, turbed. Thanks for all your favors, great B. and 0., the eye scarcely takes cognizance of the tiny river but oh, for a little more wholesome neglect, here and that dashes along its inevitable career in the deep there.

channel far below. It hastens to its trysting place to A 16-mile drive gives us an admirable circuit of sister waters, which dart joyously to the glad and the neighborhood which is “improved" into a beau- musical commingling. A poet might give human extiful park. It has great store of oak timber yet, and I pression to the sweet wild river, which is a splendid do not know that I ever saw elsewhere more luxuri- type of the frolic and joy of pure and happy youth. ant growth. But much of the soft fertile mountain

we glide steadily onward, the fair scene tops is turned into luxuriant pasturage and into hay changes. Some sixteen miles brings us to Cranberry fields. The richness and closeness of the turf be- Summit, whence we look down on a wide and lovely tokens that it has been many years under the foster- panorama. The blooming buckwheat gleams like ing care of man, and so neat is the culture that even patches of silver in the sunshine, the golden wheat the wayside is shorn of “weeds.” Excellent roads is waiting for the garnerer in its symmetrical little prevail, the style of the buildings denotes thrift and

But we do not linger. On to the west we taste, fair crops of wheat are being harvested, and whirl, past sparkling waterfall and into deep forest buckwheat whitens many a rounded mountain top. which cuts off all extended view. We are in the We are too high for much Indian corn—(3000?) feet heart of the Alleghanies. Soon the silver thread of high, but some very green fields are hurrying along the little Cheat River glances into sight far below. It to escape the frost. I suppose their mission is to fur- is like the river of a dream. A fanciful writer speaks nish

green corn for summer ise, as in this lofty land of it as "like a thimble-rigger's marble-now you see there could be no reasonable expectation of matur- it and now you don't.” But the conundrum's source ing the grain. Rattlesnakes abound, they say, and a was trifling compared with how the train was ever notable specimen was captured since our arrival and going to get free from the prodigious piles of rock is held in bond, in the little neighboring village. But that appeared to wall in the place like an amphithewe have seen none of these justly dreaded creatures atre. It is a solemn, weird place. And here among in all our summer journeyings. We hear however, the giant crags at the southern extremity of this that a lad of the village was bitten and died of the series of wild gorges, the young McClellan, at the poison during the past summer.

opening of the great struggle of the Civil War, chased These hotels, Deer Park and Oakland, are under the rebel Floyd down the Cheat River and smote his the management of skilful and experienced hotel forces with such fury that they fled in all directions. men, and all things are done according to the best ap- It is said that not a few of them were entirely unacproved standards. We have more music or supposed quainted with this trackless wild, and naught was music, than people fond of their own thoughts and of ever known of them save that their companies' rolls silence and calm, quite desire. But there are lovely bore the report "missing." rest places in the grove where one need hear only the The engine toils upward, and the train finds footgentle melodies of nature, and here is positive secu- ing on the very verge of the chasm, the densely rity from the tortures of the professional musician. wooded mountains keeping guard on the left hand,

Besides the two great hotels, six miles apart, there and the wild river below becoming only a thread of is a Methodist hotel and forest tabernacles between gleaming silver. Up, and still up the dizzy heights,them, designed I think for holding a general annual on one side an awful depth of chasm, on the other festival of religious worship, that looks attractive as a tremendous rock-giant forins,--the train passes from summer rest of coolness and pure air. It is called shelf to shelf, from brink to brink, roaring through Mountain Lake Park. It lies directly on the line of tunnels, onward and still upward, until we spring inthe road, and is doubtless far less expensive than to a place of enchantment. An amphitheater with a Deer Park or Oakland.

gigantic rock wall on the left and a steep, green deWe feel a desire to take half-day excursions further scent far down to the Cheat river deep below. The to the west and see the wilder country where the river sparkles and dances onward, turning sharply at Cheat River sparkles in its deep valley, tortuously right angles to itself between its mountain banks, and finding its way among the mountains. A large com- passing on in its glad glory to the unknown way which pany of the guests of the hotels, a curiously congenial lies toward the great western waters to which it is and amiable host, charter a special train with all hastening. But we are on a comparatively broad

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