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•11 his works. Not a step can we take in any direction without perceiving the most extraordinary traces of design; and the skill everywhere conspicuous is calculated, in so vast a proportion of instances, to promote the happiness of living creatures, and especially of ourselves, that we can feel no hesitation in concluding that, if we knew the whole scheme of Providence, every part would appear to be in harmony with a plan of absolute benevolence. Independently, however, of this most consoling inference, the delight is inexpressible of being able to follow, as it were, with our eyes, the marvellous works of the great Architect of Nature, and to trace the unbounded power and exquisite skill which are exhibited in the most minute as well as in the mightiest parts of his system. Brougham.

CCXII. — FROM THE PROVERBS OF SOLOMON.

1. Doth not wisdom cry, and understanding put forth her voice? She standeth in the top of high places, by the way in the places of the paths; she crieth at the gates, at the entry of the city, at the coming in at the doors; unto you, O men, I call, and my voice is to the sons of man. O ye simple, understand wisdom; and ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart.

2. Hear; for I will speak of excellent things; and the opening of my lips shall be right things. For my mouth shall speak truth; and wickedness is an abomination to my lips. All the words of my mouth are in righteousness; there is nothing froward" or perverse in them. They are all plain to him that understandeth, and right to them that find knowledge.

3. Receive my instruction and not silver; and knowledge rather than choice gold. For wisdom is better than rubies; and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it. I, Wisdom, dwell with prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions. The fear of the Lord is to hate evil; pride and arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate. Counsel is mine, and sound wisdom; I am understanding; I have strength.

4. By me kings reign and princes decree justice. By me princes rule and nobles, even all the judges of the earth. I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me. Riches and honor are with me; yea, durable riches and righteousness. My fruit is better than gold, yea, than fine gold; and my revenue than choice silver. I lead in the way of righteousness, in the midst of the paths of judgment; that I may cause tnose that love me to inherit substance; and I will fill their treasures. • W

_ 5. The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his way, before *5 his works of old. I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When there were no depths, 1 was ^ brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water. Before the mountains were settled; before the hills was I brought forth: while as yet he had not made the earth,nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world, is 0. When he prepared the heavens, I was there; when he set a compass upon the face of the depth; when he established the clouds * 1$above; when he strengthened the fountains of the deep; when he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment; when he appointed the foundations of the earth: then I was by him, as one brought up with him; and I was daily his delight, rejoicing always before him; rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights were with the sons of men.

7. Now therefore hearken unto me, O ye children, for blessed are they that keep my ways. Hear instruction and be wise, and refuse it not. Blessed is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favor of the Lord. But he that sinneth againct me wrongeth his own soul; all they that hate me love death, a

I fl\A*-J END OF PART SECOND.

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PART III.

AN EXPLANATORY INDEX
o?

WORDS MARKED JOB REFERENCE WITH THE INITIALS Ei IN PART U |
ALSO OF SUBJECTS, NAMES OF AUTHORS, &c.

%* All the words in Part II., having the mark of reference Ei at the end, will be
found explained in this Index, which also offers the usual facilities of reference
to the subjects treated, names of authors, places, 6fc.

Figures attached to words in Part II. refer to the corresponding numbers of
paragraphs in Part I. See notice on page 55.

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Vaube (aVby), a French ecclesiastical title,
literally meaning an abbot, the governor
of an abbey or monastery. It is from the
Syriac, abba, father. Abbes, before the
French revolution, were persons who fol-
lowed a course of theological study, and
acted as instructors, &c.; but the charac-
ter denoted by it has ceased to be of any
official importance.
Aborigines (ab-o-rij'-i-nftz), from ab, from,
and origo, origin, are the first inhabitants
of a country.
Arsoept. Some verbs have two forms for
the past tense and participle, one in d,
the other in t: as burned, burnt, learned,
learnt, &c. The forms in d are often
pronounced as if spelt with a /. 129.
Abct'ment, the solid pier or mound of earth,
stone or timber, erected on the bank of a
river to support the end of a bridge.
Acad'hmy. From Acadfimus, an Athen-
ian, in whose grove a sect of Grecian
philosophers used to assemble. The word
is now applied to any assembly or society
of persons where learning and philosophy
are the proposed objects; in the United
States, chiefly to schools, public and pri-
vate; in England, to schools for students in
the fine arts.
The Silent Academy, p. 55.

Academician, a member of an academy for
promoting arts and sciences.

Accent. See page 25.

Acceptance, in commerce, is the receiving
of a bill or order so as to bind the acceptor
to make payment. He makes himself a
debtor for the sum named in it, by writing
the word "Accepted" on it, and signing
his name.

Accoutre (ac-coot'-er), to provide with arms or equipments.

Achilles (A-kil'-iSs), the son of Peleus,
King of Thrace. He was famous in the Tro-
jan war, which commenced about 1193
B. C.

Adams, John, the second President of the
United States, born in Braintrec, Mass,,
1735, died July 4th, 1826. His last
words were, "It is the glorious Fourth of
July! God bless it—God bless you all!"
See page 381.

Adams, John Qcincy, son of John, born at
Quincy, Mass., 1767 ; died 1948. He was
the sixth President of the United Stales;
p. 226.

Adams, Sarah F. An English lady, who died young. Resignation, by, 70.
Addison, Josepn, one of the best authors in

English literature, was born in 1672, and

died in 1719. See a mention of his death, p. 245. Folly of Castle building, 71.
Hymn, 106.
Creation, 149.

Providence Inscrutable, 177.
Reflections in Westminster Abbey, 817.

Ad-o-les'cence (from the Latin adolescere, to grow up to), the age between childhood and manhood.

Adoration, homage to God. The root of the word is the Latin on, oris, the mouth, and it implies spoken prayer.

Advance. Poem by M'Carthy, 179.

Adventure in Calabria, 305.

iEs'cmXEH, the great rival of Demosthenes as an orator, was born in Athens, B. C. 389. Being banished to Rhodes, he there set up a school of rhetoric.

iSs'ChylCS, one of the most famous tragic writers of Greece, was born at Athens about five hundred years B. C. He has been called the father of the Greek stage. He is said to have died in his sixtieth year of a fracture of his skull, caused by an eagle's letting fall a tortoise on his head.

#teop, a native of Phrygia, a country in the middle of Asia Minor, flourished about 572 3. C. He was a slave and deformed, and composed his celebrated fables for his own amusement. Obtaining his ft"}edom, he made several voyages tc 3reece, where he lost his life in a quarrel with the people of Delphos.

Affectation, a poem, 144.

Affectation of Knowledge, 278.

Amn, one of the heroes at the siege of Troy, celebrated by Homer. He was second only to Achilles in bravery.

Alrum, from the Latin albus, white, was a white table or register, whereon the decrees of the Romans were written. It is now used to designate a book for autographs, an artist's sketch-book, &c.

Alexander the Great, King of Macedon, and conqueror of Asia, was born B. C. 356, and began to reign in his twentieth year. He died in his thirty-third year, of a fever, brought on by intemperate habits. He was, says Seneca, "a cruel ravager of provinces," and "made his happiness and glory to consist in rendering himself formidable to all mortals."

Alexander Se-ve'rus, Emperor of Rome, was born at Acre in Phoenicia, in 205. The chief event of his reign was a great victory over Artaxerxes, King of Persia. He was murdered, with his mother, in a military sedition, 235. See Gibbon's account of him, p. 144.

Alexandria, a seaport, situated on a sandy strip of land, running into the Mediterranean, and the ancient capital of Lower Egypt; founded by Alexander the Great, who peopled it with Greeks, B. C. 332. Here was a famous library, stored with from five hundred thousand to seven hundred thousand volumes; a large number of which were burnt during the siege of the city by Julius Caesar, B. C. 47. The library was afterwards partly restored,

but was finally destroyed by the Saracens, A. D. 642 ; when, it is said, the numerous volumes supplied fuel during six months for four thousand baths. Opposite to Alexandria was the small isle of Pharos, now joined to the main land by a causeway. Here stood a celebrated lighthouse of white marble, and deemed one of the seven wonders of the world. Its light could be seen at a distance of one hundred miles. From the name of the isle on which it stood, Pharos became a common appellation for all light-houses. The trade of Alexandria was greatly reduced by the discovery of the passage to India by the Cape of Good Hope, A. D. 1497; but the town still has a population of about seventeen thousand souls, and a growing trade. There was once a celebrated amphitheatre at Alexandria, where cruel games were exhibited.

Gladiatorial Combat with a Tiger, p. 94.

Alexandrine. The verse of twelve or thirteen syllables; so called from an ancient French poet, who first used it.

Alfred the Great, born 849, died 901, was the greatest king that England can boast; distinguished for his learning, wisdom, justice, moderation, and piety. Character, by Dickens, 244.

Al'lrgort (from the Greek words, alio, another thing, and egoreo, I declare) is in literature a continued metaphor ; a metaphor being the representation of one thing by another. Fables are a species of allegory. Some of the parables of the Bible are allegories. Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress is one of the most famous of allegories. The Two Palaces, an Allegory, p. 219.

Allston, Washington, one of the greatest painters that America has produced, was born at Charleston, S .C, 1779, and died in 1843, at Cambridge, Mass., where he long resided. He was-a man of remarkable genius, and while in Europe was the friend of Coleridge and other eminent men. He was a devout Christian. "His belief," says Mr. Dana, " was in a Being as infinitely minute and sympathetic in his providences, as unlimited in his power and knowledge." Mr. Allston showed much ability as a poet and essayist. Anecdote by, 78.

Alpine (ine or in), pertaining to the Alps, or any lofty mountain.

Am'aranth (from o, the negative prefix, and maraino, Gr., I wither) an unfading flower. Adj., amaranthine. See Prefix.

Amateur (amatflr, or, according to the French pronunciation, amatur'; the u as in murmur, and the accent on the last syllable), a lover of any art or science, and not a professor.

America, a vast continent, discovered by Columbus, in the year 1492, but subsequently named from Amerieus Vespuccius. An honor that clearly belonged to Columbus was thus given to another. How this was brought about, or who £r*l gave the name, is not now accurately known. Alexander Von Humboldt, who studied the question closely, ascribed the general reception of the name America to its having been introduced into a popular work on geography, published in 1507. Discovery by Columbus, 188, 191."

On Taxing the Colonies, 2G7.

Progress of, by Burke, 269. The American Union, 271. Amphitheatre (from the Gr. ampki, about, and theatron, a seeing-place), in antiquity, a spacious edifice of a circular or oval form, having its area encompassed with rows of seats, one above mother, and used for gladiatorial and other shows. See p. 3S6.

Amuse. This word (says Trench) plainly affirms of itself that amusement must first be earned. It is from a, without, and musia, the Muses, who, it must be remembered, were the patronesses, in old time, not of poetry alone, but of history, geometry, and all other studies as well. What shall we, then, say of those who would fain have their lives to be all u amusement," or who claim it otherwise than as this temporary withdrawal a musis (from the Muses)? The very word condemns them. See Muses.

Anal'ogy (from the Gr. ana, and logos, according to rule, or proportion), a relation of similarity between different things in certain respects. Adj., anal'ogous.

Anecdote (from the Gr. a, not, ek, from, and dotos, given; meaning, originally, something not yet given out, or divulged to the world); any little story or incident told or narrated. Anecdotes and Incidents, 278.

Ancient Mariner. In Coleridge's poem under this title, the mariner is guided to his own country by angelic spirits, who "stood as signals to the land, each one a lovely light," 398.

An'gelo, Michael Buonarotti, the greatest of Italian artists, alike eminent in painting, sculpture and architecture; no bad poet, and a noble-hearted man. Born at Chiusi, in 1474; died at Rome, in 1564. Anecdote of, 278.

»nole (from the L. angulus, a corner). When one line stands upon another, so as not to lean more to one side than to another, both the angles which it makes with the other are called right angles. All right angles are equal to each other, being all equal to ninety degrees, making the quarter of a circle.

Antmal'cule, a minute animal, generally one that can be discerned only by aid of the microscope.

Animals, on Cruelty to Brute, 195. A. D., or Anno Domini, in the year of our Lord, affixed to dates, signify so many years from the birth of our Saviour.

Anon', as an adverb, soon, by and by, ever and anon, now and then. Anon., with a period at the end, is an abbreviation for anon'ymous. t

Anon'tjious O'rum the Gr. a, not, and I

on&na, a name), without a name \ nameless. A book or writing is said to be anonymous when the author's Lame is suppressed.

A C, )r Ante Christum, affixed to dates, signify so many years before the birth of Jesus Christ.

A. M. These initials may stand for ante meridiem, before noon; artium magister, master of arts; and anno mundi, in the year of the world.

Anti'qlity (from the L. antiquus or anticus, ancient, which is from ante, before), the times of old.

Antipodes (an-tip'o-dez), from the Greek anti, against? opposed to, and pous, a foot; those people who, living on the other side of the globe, have their feet directly opposite to ours. Do not mispronounce this word, as many do, by making the last five letters of it one syllable instead of two.

Appetite (from the Latin appetere, to seek after), though used for desire generally, is oftener applied to the desire of food, hunger.

Apologue (from the Gr. apo, from, and logos, a saying), a fable or fiction, of which the object is moral. See Fable. Select Apologues, 72. Apologues in Verse, 286.

Apos'tatize (from the Gr. apo, from, ana istasthai to stand), to stand away from; to desert or forsake.'

Apos'tro-pre (Gr. apo, from, and strophe, a turning). In rhetoric, a figure of speech by which the orator or writer suddenly breaks off from the previous method of his discourse, and addresses, in the second person, some person or thing, absent or present. For the use of the word in grammar, see p. 49. Satan's Apostrophe to the Sun, 349.

April. The fourth month of the year. The name is probably derived from the Lat. aperire, to open; from the opening of the buds, or of the earth in ploughing.

Aqueduct (Lat. aqua, water, and ductus, a leading). A conduit (kon'dit), or channel, for conveying water from one place to another.

Aqua Claudia, a famous aqueduct in Rome, begun by the Emperor Nero in the first century of the Christian era, and finished by Claudius. It conveys water from a distance of thirty-eight miles. For thirty miles it forms a subterranean stream, and for seven miles is supported on arcades (series of arches). Such was the solidity of its construction, that it continues to supply modern Rome with water to this day. See p. 217

Arritrary, bound by no rule or law.

Arcadian, pertaining to Arcadia, a mountainous part of ancient Greece, where the inhabitants led simple pastoral lives, and cultivated music.

Archimrdes (Ar-ki-me'dPs), accountof, 276.

Architect (Gr. arcki, chicf, and tekton, a worker). A chief workman or builder; one skilled in designing buildings: thus

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