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totally superseded the silks. Women of that the moon happening to shine one all ranks, from the highest to the lowest, night with peculiar brilliancy on the are clothed in Britisb manufactures of tower, gave it the appearance of being cottons, from the muslin cap on the on fire, and that the inhabitants ran from crown of the head to the cotton stocking all quarters with buckets in their hands under the sole of the foot. The inge- to extinguish the flames. Hence arose a nuity of the calico-printers has kept pace common jest through the country, that with the ingenuity of the weavers and the wise men of Mechlin wished to extinothers concerned in the preceding stages guish the moon. That there must have of the manufacture, and produced pat- been some foundation for attaching this terns of printed goods, which for elegance ironical imputation of wisdom to the good of drawing exceed any thing that was people of Mechlin appears from some imported, and for durability of colour lines of a modern Lalin poet, in which generally stand the washing so well, as he describes six of the chief towns in the to appear fresh and new every time they Netherlands by the following distinguishare washed, and give an air of neatness ing characteristics :- Brussels is famed and cleanliness to the wearer beyond the fornoblemen ; Antwerp. for money ; elegance of silk in the first freshness of Ghent for ropes; Brussels for pretty its transitory lustre. But even the most girls ; Louvain for sages ; Mechlin for elegant prints are excelled by the supe. fools.' It is said that travellers somerior beauty and virgin purity of the mus- times involve themselves in quarrels by lins, the growth and the manufacture of recalling to the recollection of the citizens the British dominions. To give a simple this anecdote of their forefathers; which, idea of the prodigious increase which took if true, would be another proof that the place in the demand thus excited, it is, irony of the old story and the caustic perhaps, sufficient merely to mention, taunt of the poet were not wholly unmethat a short time before Sir Richard Ark rited." wright invented his machinery, the number of spindles employed in cotton spinning was about 50,000, and the annual

The Note Book. produce of the trade under £200,000; but

I will make a prief of it in my Note-book. that a very few years after, 200,000 spin

M, W. of Windsor. dles were in action, and the revenue increased to above £7,000,000.”

PERUVIAN LUXURY, Appertaining to the history of the city Mr. Temple, the author of a very of Bruges, are the facts here given. pleasing work upon Peru, informs us

John Van Eyck, otherwise known that in the almost inaccessible regions of by the name of John of Bruges, the in- the Cordilleras, every imported luxury ventor of painting in oils, was born here, is very dear; “ but the necessaries of and is buried in the cathedral. This life, including lama mutton, are reasonartist studied chemistry at the same time able enough, with the exception of fuel. that he practised painting: One day, But the carne con cuero is the great trying to make a varnish of a particular luxury of a South American gourmand, quality, he found that linseed oil or nut which is thus described : The moment oil, mixed with colours, composed a solid a bullock is killed, the flesh on each side and glossy substance that required no var. the spine, beginning at the rump, is cut nish. The first picture painted in this out, with enough of the hide to meet or manner was presented to Alphonso I. lap over, so as to prevent the juices from king of Naples. The discoverer long escaping ; it is then covered with embers, kept the invention a secret for his own and roasted like a potato.' Sausages, benefit. This town also claims the in- hams, and bacon, though imported, are vention of decimal arithmetic, which is much in use. Sweetmeats and rum are said to have been made by Simon Ste- served together at all dinner-parties.phen.”

Tobacco is in universal use ; all smoke The origin of a curious tale that has cigars, but a person is not expected to fastened some ridicule upon the Mechlin accept one from the mouth of another, as lace-makers, is thus told:

is the case in Spain (even from the mouth “The cathedral, dedicated to St. Rom- of a domestic,) where the declining of bauld, is much admired for its general such a compliment is a grievous offence architectural beauty, but mostly for that against friendship and good breeding ; of its tower, which, though still unfinish- but you must accept with grateful aced, is 350 feet high. A ludicrous story, knowledgment the remains of a glass of reflecting a little on the simplicity of cha- rum; the more lips it has touched the racter of the towns-people, is connected more cordiality in the dram ;-off with with this part of the building. It is said it! and beware of wiping your mouth


either before or after it. Should you be of years, 700, being a proportion of 44:19 induced to wipe the brim of the glass in every hundred, were discharged cured. before drinking, or turn it between your. In the lunatic asylum of Pennsylvania, of self and the light to seek a litle space 3487, 1254 were cured, being 35.96 in free from humidity, your reputation is every 100; and the average number of gone for ever! Que barbaro!-Que cures in all the lunatic asylums throughhombro tan grossero ! ---Jesus! Jose! out the United States was 41.30 to every Jesus!' When a lady selects a gentle. 100; whilst in France it is 44•81, and in man from the company, by beckoning, or England only 37-40. In the state of New calling him to take her glass and sip after York, the population of which was in her, the compliment is then highly envia- 1825, 1,616,458, the number of lunatics ble; and whether her lips be pale and was 819, and that of idiots 1421 ; being shrivelled by the wintry effect of years, one lunatic or idiot to every 720 inhabitor cherry-ripe and pouting in the fra- ants. In Paris the proportion is one to grance of summer, he is bound by the 350 ; in London one to 600, and in Scotwell-understood laws of respect, etiquette, land one to 400. honour, gallantry, love, and all their little jealousies, to imprint his own lips upon the precise spot where those were placed

A LORD CHANCELLOR'S RUDENESS. which preceded him, and then to take off the very last drop in the glass.'

Like Johnson, Lord Thurlow was remarkable for the rudeness which he occasionally exhibited in society, and which

was frequently accompanied with vulgaThe Peruvians, like every uneducated rily. "Many stories of Thurlow's rudepeople, are very superstitious; but all ness,” says Mr Cradock, “ have been their superstitions are not their own, many in general circulation ; but it should be of them have been inculcated by their fairly stated, that he was ever more cau. instructors in the Christian religion. At tious of speaking offensively amongst ina little distance from Potosi is a narrow feriors than amongst the great, where he pass or chasm in the mountain called the sometimes, indeed, seemed to take a pepuerto, the cheeks of which are from two culiar pleasure in giving proofs of his to three hundred feet high, touching excessive vulgarity." A single instance nearly in places at the top. The Peru- of this singular humour will be sufficieni. vians are taught to believe that " this “On his return from Scarborough,” says extraordinary fissure was occasioned by the writer just mentioned," he made visits the Devil in a contest with Saint Anthony, to some of those splendid mansions with who, of course, vanquished the former; which the county of York so greatly but the pleasantry of the tale is, in accus- abounds; and a friend of mine had the ing the fallen angel' of a breach of honour to meet him at one of them, then decorum, startling to the Indians them- full of very high company. Whilst walkselves even in their unpolished state of ing in the garden, and they were all adsociety. The arch-fiend, say the monks, miring the elegancies that surrounded was vexed at finding himself outwilled by then, the noble proprietor, being near the the saint, and, when retiring discomfited hothouse, turned to the lord chancellor, from his presence, slapped his hand inde- and politely asked him whether he would corously behind, and gave vent to his rage

not walk in, and partake of some grapes ? with so much violence, as to rend the 'Grapes !' said Thurlow, did I not tell surrounding mountains, and form the you just now I had got the gripes ?' The existing chasın! To record this event, strangers in the company were all petrified the image of the offended Anthony is with astonishment; but his lordship might placed in a niche in the rock on one side have truly informed them, that his replies of the road, where none pass it without were at least as polite and refined as those a becoming reverence, and doubtless a of a predecessor, the venerable Earl Norihdue feeling of indignation at the uncour. ington." His lordship had unfortunately teous insult, for which the downcast look acquired a habit of swearing, and with of humility in the countenance of the difficulty restrained himself on occasions saint plainiy evinces his shame even to when such a practice would have been this day.”

16. most indecorous. In allusion to this habit,

as his lordship, at the commencement of the long vacation, was quitting the court

without taking the usual leave of the bar, It appears, from a pamphlet lately pub- a young barrister exclaimed to his comlished in New York, that in the lunatic panion, “ He might at least have said dasylum in that city, of 1584 patients who you !"' The chancellor heard the remark, were confined there in a certain number and, returning, politely made his bow.



Useful Hints."

who sent the fish had a mind to open the

poke, when to his and his father's astonLamp Glasses.-A very simple but ishment, he found in it an open jack effective precaution is employed in Paris, knife, handle and blade eight inches in to prevent the breaking of Tamp-glasses length, which the fish had swallowed by the sudden application of heat. Be- point foremost. On examining it, E.G. fore they are used, a glazier cuts were discovered marked on the handle, scratches the base of the glass with a when the lad exclaimed, " 'tis uncle diamond, and afterwards sudden heat may Eben Gardner's.” The boy hastened to be applied without danger.

the supposed owner, to inquire if he had Econonical Water Colour for Rooms. lost any thing. Being answered in the - Take a quantity of potatoes and boil negative, he then questioned his uncle them—then bruise them, and pour on boil. if he had lost a knife. His reply was, ing water until a pretty thick mixture is that when fishing eight or ten days before obtained, which is to be passed through a he lost a jack-knife overboard, east of sieve. With boiling water then make a Bass-rip. When asked to describe the thick mixture of whitening, and put it to knife, it soon appeared fully evident that the potato mixture. To give colour, if the knife found in the fish's poke was the white is not wanted, add the differente one he lost. The boy who found the coloured ochres, lamp-black, &c. accord- knife is now one of our most respectable ing to circumstances. This paint dries citizens, from whom we had, within a quiekly, is very durable, and has a good few days, these curious facts. appearance to the eye.


A little girl attending a sewing school Customs of Various Countries. in Johnstone was lately, by a relative,

presented with a pin-cushion, made in the form of a book, with the words “ The

march of intellect” inscribed on its back. (For the Olio.)

The girl showed it to her mistress, who,

after reading the inscription on the back, The palm or date trees, are male or said, " Ay, that is some place abroad." female, as are likewise the fig trees. The female dale trees only hear the fruits, for that which the male produces is not eat- A certain lecturer on intemperance in able. Thus, it is usual to plant male trees Scotland, who has attained to celebrity' among the females, which makes them in his vocation, lately waited on the mimore productive. The female trees always nister of a populous parish, and requested grow somewhat crooked, if any male ones the use of his church to deliver a lecture are near them, still bending and inclining to the people. The minister stared his towards them. But upon those where no determination and his reasons for declining males are planted, the owners hang some to grant this for any other than purposes of the fruit they producem a similar prac- purely devotional ; but to show the aptice they adopt with fig-trees. There is a plicant that he had no personal grudge • Midsummer flower' in England which iowards him, he proposed to give him the has like attachments; and it is taken by " fashion o'the hoose." A case of bottles villagers to try the strength of the affec- was produced, containing various liquors, tions of young people who are selected and the lecturer was desired to choose and by gossips and maidens, by the flowers help himself, his host setting the example. being put in pairs in a private place with The former could not be prevailed on to the names appended. In proportion as taste the spirits, but he drank off no less the flowers draw towards each other, so than three full tumblers of spring. water. are the decisions made propitiously, or Upon which the reverend sexagenarian unfavourably. When any flower dies it shrewdly observed,"My certie, lad ! is indicative of the person's demise. gin yè hadna been at something stronger

than water last night, it's my opinion ye

wadna hae been fashed wi' sic a lowin' Anecdotiana.

drouth this mornin'."




J. R. P.


TASTE. Some twenty-five years ago, a Mr. S. The Tartarian greatest beauties have of this town, who was then at Siasconset, the least noses, and the wife of the celesent some codfish to his father in town. brated Jenghiz Khan was deemed irreOn dressing one which had a poke unu- sistible, because she had only two holes usually large, a younger brother of him for a nose.

Btary and Chronology.

Wednesday, June 9. 9. Columba, Irish Abbot, died A.D. 597.- High Water 33m after 3 mor.–52m after 3 After. June 9, 1705.-Born at Richmond in Yorkshire, Francis Blackburne, Archdeacon of Cleve.

land, distinguished for his zeal, industry, and acuteness, in pleading the cause of
ecclesiastical reform. Few works, it is generally said, display more ability and
Ingenuity than that to which he privcipally owes his celebrity, " The Confes.
sional," a performance, which it is asserted, has never yet received a satisfactory
answer This venerable diviae died in the summer of 1787, in the eighty.third
year of his age.

Thursday, June 10
Sts. Getuliis, martyrs, 2nd Century.- (Corpus Christi Day )

Sun rises 4him after 3-sets 14m after 8.
Corpus Christi. -Brady, in his Clavis Calendaria, informs us that “ the object
of this festival, is to celebrate the inestimable blessings conferred upon mankind
by the holy sacriment of the Eucharist, with its mystic doctrine of Transubstan-
tiation ; and hence the pageantry of the day has far surpassed that of most others
in shadowy observance." " In several parts of the continent," remarks the same
Author, " this day is still observed with unabated frivolity; the figures of eigantic
men, and large serpents, are exhibited in token of the conquest of Christ over the
powers of hell. Carpets are hung out, and bells rung in every steeple ; the streets
abound with strolling musicians, and persons dancing, somo rendered frautic by
superstitious zeal, others by inebriation; while grotesque drolls display their rit
and antics like our buffoons at Bartholemew Fair." In England in the olden time
garlands and pageants representing the history of our Saviour, used to be hung
about on this day, and we find among the ancient annual church diebursements,
* for four men bearing torches about the parish on this day, payments of Id, each.'
Among the game accounts for the 19th and 21st years of Edward IV., we have,
• For faggs and garlondis and packthreadde for the torches upon Corpus Christi
day, and for six men to bare the said torches, llijs vijd.' And in 1485. For the
hire of the garments for pageants, 18. viliju.'

Friday, June 11. St. Barnabas, Apostle, 1st Century -High Water 50m after 4 Morn.-!!m afler 5 After

Our paint, though not of the number of the twelve chosen by Christ, is never. theless styled an apostle by the primitive fathers, and by St. Luke himself. After a life spent in preaching the Gospel, St. Barnabas suffered many torments, and was stoned to death. The remains of St. Barnabas were found near the city of

Salamis, with a copy of the gospel of St. Matthew in Hebrew laid on him. June 11, 1828.-Died Dugald stewart, RT.75, the eminent author of the “ Philosophy of the

Human Mind," &c. The leading characteristics of the mind of this distinguisbed philosopher were, elevated moral feelings, and the highest conceptions of what our nature is destined to accomplish. To be brief, Mr. Š, was a lover of liberty and letters, a scholar, a gentleman, and, beyond all, in the truest sense of the word a philanthropist.

Saturday, June 12. St. Eskil, bishop and martyr.-Sun rises 45m after 3-sets 15m after 8. June 12, 1775.-On this day the ill-fated King of France, Louis XVI., was solemuly crowned in the cathedral church at Rhelms.

Sunday, June 13.

Lessons for the Day, 10 chap Joshua Morning-23 chap. Joshua Evening.

St. Damkanade, Virgin, in Ireland.-Moon's last Quar, 49m after 10 Morning. June 13, 1483.-On this day was arrested and beheaded by order of Richard, Duke of Glouces.

ter, Lord Hastings. This nobleman suffered on the absurd pretence of his having united with Jane Shore, (the mistress of Edward IV.) in bewitching the protector. He was taken from the Council Room of the Tower, and immediately con. ducted into the court yard, and there decapitated, without trial, on a log of wood which chanced to lay in the way in front of the chapel. Lord Hastings died al. most at the same instant with the Queen's unfortunate relations Rivers and Grey, whose illegal execution he bad counselled, blind to the similar fate which hovered over his own existence.

Monday, June 14. St. Nennus of Ireland, Abb. d. A.D. 654. --High Water 14m aft 7 Mor.-17m aft 7 After. June 14, 1785.-This day records the ascent of M. Pilatre de Rosier, the first aerial navigator,

and his companion M, Romain, in a balloon, at Boulogne, with an intention of crossing the English Channel ; when they were at the height of tbree-fourths of a mile from the ground, the balloon look fire, and the unfortunate aeronauts were precipitated to the earth, and Gashed to pieces.

Tuesday, June 15. St. Landelin, Abbot.- Sun rises 44m after 3-sets Ilim after 8. June 15, 1769. The shock of an earthquake was felt at Dulgelly, in North Wales, which

threatened to bury the inhabitants under the high projecting cliffs of Cader-Idris ; torrents of water burat from the sides, which deluged the valley beneath; and a lava was discharged from the mountain, which covered the places where it fell three feet deep.

[graphic][merged small]


Illustrated article.

of wild St. Mary's--ay, wild, unculia

vated, and ill-populated, St. Mary'sTHE WRECKERS. although certainly it was less sternly

featured in these respects than some of the contiguous Scilly Isles.

The deafeniug roar of a thousand anManiacs, fiercely ripe for all, or aught, That ever flash'd upon a desperate thought,

gry and conflicting billows, with the Like men transform'd to fiends. W. READ. sullen mutterings of distant deafening

thunder, and the fierce howlings of the A slender solitary streak of silvery careering winds, still continued that gray light edged the extreme verge of awful and harrowing tumult, which, the eastern horizon, and the pinnacles during the whole dreadful night, had of the rocks which lay opposite to it utterly drowned the agonizing cries of began to be faintly illumined by the first distress, and the roar of the minute-gun, gentle indications of dawning day. The whose peal, poured ineffectually over the profoundest gloom still. enwrapped their bosom of the deep, had been, by the bases and the Ocean, which were not angry tempest, divided, carried off in all sufficiently elevated to receive the eare directions, overpowered, and lost. Torliest favours of blessed light. Morning rents of rain descended from the gloomy was at length succeeding a night of sky, upon which still hung dense masses horrors, which had proved in the highest of clouds, little broken by the gale, or, degree fatal; the wind still raged with if heavily scudding before it, but sucthe fury of a legion of foul fiends, and ceeded by others of the like funereal apcast widely forth, in its wrath, spray, pearance It was an hour in which none sand, and shingle; the mighty Ocean but the merciful would have ventured was yet convulsed, and huge surges beat abroad with the intention of saving their against and leaped over the summits of miserable fellows from the engulphing the terrific crags that bounded the coast deep ; or, none but the merciless would 24_Vol. V. 2 A


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