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graces x, by serious meditation y, and fervent prayer z.

Q. 17 2. May one who doubtech of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation, come to the Lord's supper?

A. One who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation to the sacrament of the Lord's fupper, may have true interest in Christ, though he be not yet afsured thereof a; and in God's account hath it, if he be duly affec

ted fore the old leaven, that ye may be he had supped, saying, This cupis a new luinp, as ye are unleavened, the new testament in my blood : this For even Christ our passover is fa- do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in recrificed for us. v. 8. Therefore let membrance of me. us keep the feast, not with old leav z 2 Chron. XXI, 18. For a multien, neither with the leaven of ma- tude of the people, even many of Elice and wickedness; but with the phraim, and Manaffeh, Itachar, and unleavened bread of fincerity and Zebulun, had not cleansed themtruth.

felves, yet did they eat the pasfover, * 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the same otherwise than it was written: but manner also he took the cup, when Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, he had fupped, saying, This cup is The good Lord pardon every one the new testament in my blood: this v. 19. That prepareth his heart to do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remem- feek God, the Lord God of his fabrance of me. v. 26. For as often thers, though he be not cleansed acas ye eat this bread, and drink this cording to the purification of the cup, ye do shew the Lords death till fanctuary. Mat. xxvi. 26. And as he come. v. 28. But let a man exa- they were eating, Jesus took bread, mine himself, and so let him eat of and blessed it, and brake it, and gave that bread, and drink of that cup. it to the disciples, and said, Take, Heb. x. 21. And having an high eat; this is my body. priest over the house of God: v.22. : 172. a Isa. 1. 10. Who is among Let us draw near with a true heart, you that feareth the Lord, that oin full afsurance of faith, having our beyeth the voice of his servant, that hearts sprinkled from an evil consci- walketh in darkness, and hath no ence, and our bodies washed with light? let him trust in the name of pure water. v. 24. And let us con the Lord, and stay upon his God. sider one another to provoke unto 1 John v. 13. These things have I love, and to good works. Pfa, xxvi. written unto you that believe on the 6. I will walh mine hands in inno name of the Son of God; that ye cence: so will I compass thine al. may know that ye have eternal life, tar, O Lord.

and that ye may believe on the name y 1 Cor. xi. 24. And when he had of the Son of God. Pfal. lxxxvii. given thanks, he brake it, and said, throughout. Psal. lxxvii, to the 12. Take, eat; this is my body, which V, 1. I cried unto God with my is broken for you: this do in remem- voice: even unto God with my voice, brance of me. v. 25. After the same and he gave ear unto me. v. 2. In manner also he took the cup, when the day of my trouble I fought the


ted with the apprehension of the want of it b, and unfeigneds ly desires to be found in Christ c, and 10 depart from iniquity d: in which case (because promises are made, and this fa


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Lord; my fore ran in the night, comforted. Pfa. xxxi. 22. For I-faid
and ceased not: my soul refused to in my hafte, I am cut off from before
be comforted. v. 3. I remembred thine eyes: nevertheless, thou
God, and was troubled : I complain- heardst the voice of my fupplicati-
ed, and my spirit was overwhelmed. ons, when I cried unto thee. Pfal.
Selah, y. 4. Thou holdest mine' ļxxiii. 13. Verily I have cleansed my
eyes waking: I am so troubled, that heart in vain, and washed my hands
I cannot speak, &c. v.7. Will the in innocency. v. 22. So foolish was
Lord cast off for ever! and will he I, and ignorant:I was as a beast be-
be favourable no more? v. 8. Is his fore thee. v. 23. Nevertheless, I am
mercy clean gone for ever? doth his continually with thee; thou hast
promise fail for evermore? v. 9. holden me by my right hand.
Hach God forgotten to be gracious ? · Phil. iii. 8. Yea doubtless, and I
hath he in anger shut up his tender count all things but loss, for the ex-
mercies ? Jonah ii. 4. Then I said, cellency of the knowledge of Christ
I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will Jesus my Lord: for whom I have
look again toward thy holy temple. suffered the loss of all things, and
1.7. When my soul fainted within do count them but dung that I may
me, I remembred the Lord, and my win Christ, v. 9. And be found in
prayer came in unto thee, into thine him, not having mine own righte:
holy temple.

ousness, which is of the law, but bIfa. liv. 7. For a small moment that which is through the faith of have I forsaken thee, but with great Christ, the righteousness which is of mercies will I gather thee. v. 8. Ina God by faith. Pfal. 1. 17, Lord, little wrath I hid my face from thee thou hast heard the desire of the for a moment, but with everlasting humble: thou wilt prepare their kindness will I have mercy on thee, heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to faith the Lord thy redeemer, v.9. hear, * Psal. xlii. 1. As the hart For this is as the waters of Noah un- panteth after the water-brooks, so to me: for as I have sworn that the panteth my soul after thee, O God. waters of Noah should no more go v. 2. My soul thirsteth for God, for over the earth; so have I sworn that the living God: when shall I come I would not be wroth with thee, nor and appear before God ? v. 5. Why rebuke thee, v. 10. For the moun-· art thou cast down, O my foul and tains shall depart, and the hills be why art thou disquieted in me? hope removed, but


kindness shall not thou in God, for I shall yet praise depart from thee, neither shall the him for the help of his countenance. covenant of my peace be removed, v. 11. Why art thou cast down, O faith the Lord, that hath mercy on my soul and why art thou disquietthee. Mat. v. 3. Blessed are the ed within me? hope thou in God, poor in spirit: for theirs is the king- ' for I shall yet praise him, who is the dom of heaven. v. 4.

Blessed are health of my countenance, and my they that mourn: for they shall be God.

Z 3

12 Tim.

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crament is appointed, for the relief even of weak and doubting Christians e) he is to bewail his unbelieff, and labour to have his doubts resolved g; and, so doing, he may and oughệ to come to the Lord's supper, that he may be further strengthened h.

Q. 173. May any who profess the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's supper, be kept from it?

A. Such as are found to be ignorant or scandalous, notwithftanding their profession of the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's supper, may, and ought to be kept from that {acrament, by the power which Christ hath left in his

church, d2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless, the xi. 28. Come unto me all ye that foundation of God standeth fure, labour, and’are heavy laden, and I having this seal, The Lord know. will give you rest. Mat. xii. 20. A eth them that are his. And, Let e bruised reed shall he not break, and very one that nameth the name of smoking fax shall he not quench, Chrift, depart from iniquity. Ifa.l. till he fend forth judgment unto 10. Who is among you that feareth victory.Mat. xxvi. 28. For this is my the Lord, that obeyeth the voice of blood of the new testament which is his fervant, that walketh in dark- fhed for many for the remiflion of ness, and hath no light? let him fins. trust in the name of the Lord, and f Mark ix. 24. And straightway Itay upon his God. Pfal. Ixvi. 18. the father of the child cried out, and If I regard iniquity in my heart: faid with tears, Lord, I believe, help the Lord will not hear me. v. 19. thou mine unbelief. But verily God hath heard me: he & Acsii.37. Now when they heard hath attended to the voice of my this, they were pricked in their heart, prayer. v. 20. Blessed be God, who and said unto Peter, and to the rest hath not turned away my prayer, of the apostles, Men and brethren, nor his mercy from me.

what shall we do? Acts xvi. 30, Die Isa. xl. 11. He thall feed his And he brought them out, and said, flock like a shepherd: he fhall ga- Sirs, what must I do to be saved? ther the lambs with his arm and car b Rom.iv. 1 1. And he received the ry them in his bofom, and shall gent- sign of circumcision, a seal of the ly lead-those that are with young. righteousness of the faith which he *. 29. He giveth power to the faint; had yet being uncircumcised: that and to them that have no might, he he might be the father of all them increaseth strength. v. 31. But they that believe, though they be not cirthat wait upon the Lord, shall re- cumcised: that righteousness might new their strength: they shallmount beimputed unto them also, 1 Cor. xi. up with wings as eagles; they shall 28. But let a man çxamine himfelf, run, and not be weary; and they and so let him eat of that bread, shall walk, and not faint. Mat. and drink of that cup.


churchi, until they receive instruction, and manifeft their reformation k.

Q. 174. What is required of them that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper in the time of the administration of it? A. It is required of them that receive the facrament

of the Lord's supper, That, during the time of the administracion of it, with all holy reverence and attention they wait upon God in that ordinance I, diligently observe the sacramental elements and actions m, heedfully discern the Lord's bo

dy, 173. i 1 Cor. xi. 27. to the end. much forrow. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this *174.1 Lev.

174.1 Lev.x. 3. Then Mofes faid bread, and drink this cup of the unto Aaron, This is it that the Lord Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of spake, saying, I will be fanctified in the body and blood of the Lord. v. them that come nigh me, and before 28. But let a man examine himself, all the people I will be glorified. and fo let him eat of that bread, Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore we receiv. and drink of that cup. v. 29. For ing á kingdom which cannot be he that eateth and drinketh un- moved, let us have grace, whereby worthily, eateth and drinketh dam- we may serve God acceptably, with nation to himself, not discerning reverence and godly fear. Pfa. v: 7. the Lords body. V. 30. For this But as for me, I will come into thy cause many are weak and fickly a house in the multitude of thy mermong you, and many fleep. v. 31. cy, and in thy fear will I worship toFor if we would judge ourselves, we ward thy holy temple. 1 Cor. xi. 17, should not be judged, &c. to the end Now in this that I declare unto you, of the chapter. Compared with Mat. I praise you not, that ye come to vii. 6. Give not that which is holy gether, not for the better, but for unto the dogs, neither cast ye your the worse. v, 26. For as often as ye pearls before swine, left they trample eat this bread, and drink this cup, them under their feet, and turn a ye do fhew the Lords death till he gain and rent you. And with 1 Cor. come. v. 27. Wherefore, whosoever chap. v. to the end. And with Jude shall eat this bread, and drink this ver. 23. And others fave with fear, cup of the Lord unworthily, fhall pulling them out of the fire; hating be guilty of the body and blood of even the garments spotted by the the Lord. • Alesh. And with i Tim. v. 22. Lay m Exod. xxiv. 8. And Moses took hands suddenly on no man, neither the blood and sprinkled it on the be partakers of other mens fins: people, and said, Behold the blood keep thyself pure.

of the covenant which the Lord * 2 Cor.ii. 7. Sothat contrarywife, hath made with you, concerning all ye ought rather to forgive him, and these words. Compared with Mat. comfort him, lest perhaps such a one xxvi. 28. For this is my blood of the fhould be swallowed up with over new testament which is shed for ma

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dyn, and affectionately meditate on his death and sufferings, and thereby stir up themselves to a vigorous exercise of theię graces p; in judging themselves q, and sorrowing for sin r; in carnest hungering and thirsting after Chrifts, feeding on him by faitht, receiving of his fulnessv, trusting in his merits w, rejoicing in his loyex, giving thanks for his grace y; in re


newing ny for the remiffion of fins:

nefs for his first born. M'ni Cor. xi: 29. For he that eateth Rev.xxii. 17. And the Spiritand and drinketh unworthily, eateth and the bride say, Come. And let him drinketh damnation to himself, not that heareth, say, Come. And let difcerning the Lords body. him that is athirit, come: And who

o Luke xxii. 19. And he took foever will, let him take the water bread, and gave thanks, and brake of life freely. it, and gave unto them, saying, This it John vi. 35. And Jesus said undo in remembrance of me.

to them, I am the bread of life: he pi Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye that cometh to me, shall never huneat this bread, and drink this cup, ger; and he that believeth on me, ye do Thew, the Lords death till he hall never thirst. come. I Cor. x, 3. And did all eat ✓ John i. 16. And of his fulness the same spiritual meat; v. 4. and have all we received, and grace for did all drink the same spiritual drink: grace. (for they drank of that fpiritual w Phil. iii. 9, And be found in Rock that followed them: and that him, not having mine own righteRock was Christ.) y, 5. But with ousness which is of the law, but that many of them God was pot well which is through the faith of Christ, pleased: for they were overthrown the righteouiness which is of God in the wilderness. V. II. Now.all by faith. these things happened unto them for * Pfal. Ixiii. 4. Thus will I bless ensamples: and they are written for thee, while I live; I will lift up my our admonition, upon whom the hands in thy name. v. 5. My soul ends of the world are come. v. 14. Phall be satisfied as with marrow and Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee fatness: and my mouth shall praise from idolatry,

thee with joyful lips. 2 Chron. XXI. q 1 Cor. xi. 31. For if we would 21. And the children of Israel that judge ourselves, we should not be were present at Jerusalem, kept the judged.

feast of unleavened bread seven days Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour with great gladness: and the Leupon the house of David, and upon vites, and the priests praised the the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Lord day by day, singing with loud 1pirit of grace and of fupplications, instruments to the Lord, and they shall look upon me whom , Psal. xxii, 26. The meek shall they bave pierced, and they shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise mourn for him, as one mourneth for the Lord that seek him; your heart his only son, and shall be in bitter- hall live for ever. ness for him, as one that is in bitter

: Jer.

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