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evils ; and, at the bitterest of human moments, borne out by its argument. But since wit does mercy is blotted out from the ways of men !” not lose value as wit, because it is not wisdom, let

But the road to a bishoprick is through “the us satisfy the curiosity of the reader with one or Frogs of Aristophanes and the Targum of Onke- two extracts more. los," or it lies among the fouler ways of servility and bigotry ; not in such thoughts as these. Our interest in the matter is not much ; but we think 6. The revenue of the Irish Roman Catholic it a pity for those who love the Episcopal bench, church is made up of half-pence, potatoes, rags, that it should be constrained to dulnesses for bones, and fragments of old clothes, and those ever.

Irish old clothes. They worship often in hovels, “ What a blessing to this country would a real or in the open air, from the want of any place of bishop be! A man who thought it the first duty worship. Their religion is the religion of three of Christianity to allay the bad passions of man- fourths of the population ! Not far off, in a wellkind, and to reconcile contending sects with each windowed and well-roofed house, is a well-paid other. What peace and happiness such a man as Protestant clergyman, preaching to stools and hasthe Bishop of London might have conferred on the socks, and crying in the wilderness ; near him the empire, if, instead of changing black dresses for clerk, next him the sexton, near him the sexton's white dresses, and administering to the frivolous wife—furious against the errors of Popery, and disputes of foolish zealots, he had labored to abate willing to lay down their lives for the great truths the hatred of Protestants for the Roman Catholics, established at the Diet of Augsburg. and had dedicated his powerful understanding to “ There is a story in the Leinster family which promote religious peace in the two countries. passes under the name of Searcely any bishop is sufficiently a man of the

She is not well.' world to deal with fanatics. The way is not to reason with them, but to ask them to dinner. A Protestant clergyman, whose church was They are armed against logic and remonstrance, in the neighborhood, was a guest at the house of but they are puzzled in a labyrinth of wines, dis- that upright and excellent man the Duke of Leinarmed by facilities and concessions, introduced to ster. He had been staying there three or four a new world, come away thinking more of hot and days; and on Saturday night, as they were all cold, and dry and sweet, than of Newman, Keble, retiring to their rooms, the duke said, "We shall and Pusey. So mouldered away Hannibal's army meet to-morrow at breakfast.'— Not so (said our at Capua ! So the primitive and perpendicular Milesian Protestant;) your hour, my lord, is a prig of Puseyisın is softened into practical wisdom, little too late for me; I am very particular in the and coaxed into common sense! Providence gives discharge of my duty, and your breakfast will inos generals, and admirals, and chancellors of the terfere with my church. The duke was pleased exchequer ; but I never remember in my time a with the very proper excuses of his guest, and real bishop-a grave elderly man, full of Greek, they separated for ihe night ;-his grace perhaps with sound views of the middle voice and preter- deeming his palace more safe from all the evils of perfect tense, gentle and kind to his poor clergy, life for containing in its bosom such an exemplary of powerful and commanding eloquence ; in par- son of the church. The first person, however, liament never to be put down when the great whom the duke saw in the morning upon entering interests of mankind were concerned ; leaning to the breakfast-room was our punctual Protestant, the government when it was right, leaning to the deep in rolls and butter, his finger in an egg, and people when they were right; feeling that if the a large slice of the best Tipperary ham secured on Spirit of God had called him to that high office, his plate. Delighted to see you, my dear vicar,' he was called for no mean purpose, but rather said the duke; but I must say as much surprised that, seeing clearly, and acting boldly, and in- as delighted.'—' Oh, don't you know what has tending purely, he might confer lasting benefits happened?' said the sacred breakfaster, -' she is upon mankind.''

not well.'- Who is not well?' said the duke : This passage is from the Fragment before us ; you are not married-you have no sister livinga posthumous and "unrevised” publication. “If I'm quite uneasy ; tell me who is not well. — it serves no other purpose,” it is said in a brief Why, the fact is, my lord duke, that my congrepreface, “it will at least prove that his last, as gation consists of the clerk, the sexton, and the well as his earliest efforts, were exerted for the sexton's wife. Now the sexton's wife is in very promotion of religious freedom, and may satisfy delicate health : when she cannot attend, we canihose who have objected to his later writings, not muster the number mentioned in the rubric; because his own interest appeared to be bound up and we have, therefore, no service on that day. with his opinions, that he did not hesitate, to the The good woman had a cold and sore throat this last moment of his life, boldly to advocate what he morning, and, as I had breakfasted but slightly, I considered to be justice to others." We do not thought I might as well hurry back to the regular think the proof was needed, believing the objec- family dejeuner.' I don't know that the clergytions frivolous; and we must frankly say, on man behaved improperly ; but such a church is the whole, that we could have spared this Frag- hardly worth an insurrection and civil war every ment.

ten years.” Not because it is unrevised in point of style.

BISHOPS, PROTESTANT AND CATHOLIC. What our contemporaries remark of the polish and elaboration of Sydney Smith's sentences, is “If I were a bishop, living beautifully in a state certainly erroneous. He wrote, if ever man did, of serene plenitude, I don't think I could endure Currente Calamo. Corrections, either in his the thought of so many honest, pious, and laborimanuscript or proof, were extremely rare. Our ous clergymen of another faith, placed in such disobject is of another kind. “ There would have graceful circumstances! I could not get into my been a time" for such a Fragment, which is not carriage with jelly-springs, or see my two courses now; not to say that its illustrations are scarcely every day, without remembering the buggy and



the bacon of some poor old Catholic bishop, ten | bassador at Constantinople, and are startled with times as laborious, and with much more, perhaps, the idea of communicating diplomatically with of theological learning than myself, often dis- Rome, deeming the sultan a beiter Christian than tressed for a few pounds! and burthened with the pope!” duties utterly disproportioned to his age and The argument of the Fragment is for a state strength. I think, if the extreme comfort of my provision to the Roman Catholic Clergy. It has own condition did not extinguish all feeling for often been advocated; oftener than the already exothers, I should sharply commiserate such a church, isting Irish example of a state provision, and a and attempt with ardor and perseverance to apply comparison of the performance of duties by a paid the proper remedy."

and an unpaid clergy, might seem to warrant.

There are obstinate people who will continue to " Much as I hate wounds, dangers, privations, experience of history in thinking, that nothing is

think, and to imagine themselves warranted by the and explosions-much as I love regular hours of

so sure to corrupt religious teaching as interferdinner-foolish as I think men covered with the feathers of the male Puilus domesticus, and covered

ence from temporal governors ; and who will point

10 church-and-state connexion for the proof, that with lace in the course of the ischiatic nervemuch as I detest all these follies and ferocities, I make each the ally of the other's abuses. It is

by making the one dependent on the other, you would rather turn soldier myself than acquiesce admitted on all hands that the religious duties of quietly in such a separation of the empire.

the Roman Catholic clergy in Ireland are as faith“It is such a piece of nonsense, that no man can have any reverence for himself who would stop to world; more faithfully than most.

fully performed as those of any clergy in the

We should discuss such a question. It is such a piece of dread to disturb this, if we had authority. The anti-British villany, that none but the bitterest evil political power of the Irish priest is a direct enemy of our blood and people could entertain such emanation of the existing state establishment. a project! It is to be met only with round and Assail that if you will; but do not think to corgrape-to be answered by Shrapnel and Congreve; rect its abuses by raising up another ; nor imagine to be discussed in hollow squares, and refuted that you could peaceably or reasonably adjust by battalions four deep; to be put down by the such rival claims. What, for example, should be ultima ratio of that armed Aristotle the Duke of the apportionment to the religion of the seven Wellington. “O'Connell is released ; and released I have lion! The analogy resorted to is the Presbyterian

millions, and what to the religion of the one milno doubt by the conscientious decision of the law Church in Scotland; but it fails in the important lords. If he was unjustly (even from some techni

particular of the rival establishment. cal defect) imprisoned, I rejoice in his liberation.

In Sydney Smith's “ Private Memoranda of England is, I believe, the only country in the Subjects," intended to have been introduced in the world, where such an event could have happened, pamphlet was found a pregnant sentence : .Eng and a wise Irishman (if there be a wise Irishman) land should cast off its connerion with the Irish should be slow in separating from a country whose Church.To that we give a hearty Amen. spirit can produce, and whose institutions can admit, of such a result. Of his guilt no one doubts,

From the Spectator. but guilty men must be hung technically and ac

In addition to all that is passing on the question cording to established rules ; upon a statutable gibbet, with parliament rope, and a legal hangman, been enriched by a Frayment on the Irish Roman

of religious temporalities, the present week has sheriff, and chaplain on the scaffold, and the mob Catholic Church, from the dying hand of Sydney in the foreground.

“ But, after all, I have no desire my dear Smith; which his executors have properly given Daniel should come to any harm, for I believe to the world. From a prefixed list of private there is a great deal of virtue and excellent mean-troduced in the pamphlet,” we catch a glimpse of

memoranda of subjects intended to have been ining in him.”

the manner in which the author prepared his mat

ter, and the fulness with which he would have “It turns out that there is no law to prevent treated his subject had life been spared to him : entering into diplomatic engagements with the one significant jotting of "a head," as yet unpope. The sooner we become acquainted with a touched—“ England should cast off its connexion gentleman who has so much to say to eight mil- with the Irish Church”-shows the length to lions of our subjects the better! Can anything be which he himself was prepared to go. Looking so childish and absurd as a horror of communicat- at the plan so far as rough-sketched by its author, ing with the pope, and all the hobgoblins we have it may not critically be pronounced so complete imagined of premunires and outlawries for this and orderly a view as many productions. It is contraband trade in piety? Our ancestors (strange not so complete as a college theme, or a prize to say wiser than ourselves) have left us to do essay, or an article for a cyclopædia. It throws

we please, and the sooner government du, overboard all appeals to history, and even all what they can do legally, the better. A thousand arguments deduced from abstraet principles, as if opportunities of doing good in Irish affairs have they were done with; and comes at once to the been lost, from our having no avowed and digni- practical view. But how thoroughly the pith of fied agent at the court of Rome. If it depended the broad, common sense, working views is preupon me, I would send the Duke of Devonshire sented! Here and there, perhaps, may be found there to-morrow, with nine chaplains and several a rather weak sentence a flat joke, which even tons of Protestant theology. I have no love of a revision of the Fragment might have removed ; popery, but the pope is at all events better than but what a masterly comprehension of the present the idol of Juggernaut, whose chaplains I believe and immediate ! how thorough an appreciation of we pay, and whose chariot I dare say is made in what practically bears upon the case though seemLong acre. We pay 10,0001. a year to our am- ling as a mere topic to look remote-what a quiet




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rejection of all that is really remote though look- payable at sight in Dublin, or by agents in the ing near! Then, too, what flashes of wit !_not next market-town dependent upon the commission merely that cold or studious conceit which consists in Dublin. The housekeeper of the holy man is “in bringing remote images happily together," importunate for money; and if it is not procured but an urging of the aptest arguments in the by drawing for the salary, it must be extorted by most cogent way, with illustrations that not only curses and comminations from the ragged worstrengthen the reasoning, but present living pic- shippers, slowly, sorrowfully, and sadly. There tures to the mind. Age did not deaden his sym- will be some opposition at first; but the facility pathies nor blunt his wit; nor, O rare Sydney, of getting the salary without the violence they are cause a single change in his principles or political now forced to use, and the difficulties to which views. So just was his foresight, so keen his they are exposed in procuring the payment of appreciation of national requirements, and so those emoluments to which they are fairly entitled, slowly does the world wag onward, that, while will in the end overcome all obstacles. And if it all around were changing, he and the Duke of does not succeed, what harm is done by the atNewcastle, political antipodes, alone stood on tempt? their old spot. “Sum quod fui” might have been The Roman Catholic priest could not refuse to his motto on his dying-day. Or if advancing draw his salary from the state without incurring years, and a political revolution that has made the indignation of his flock. “Why are you to other men turn round like whipping-tops, modified come upon us for all this money, when you can anything, it was his party-spirit. The cant and ride over to Sligo or Belfast, and draw a draught cowardice of mere whiggery he never had ; but upon government for the amount?" It is not of late years there was perhaps less of an opposi- easy to give a satisfactory answer to this, to a tion hatred than in the days when Canning was shrewd man who is starving to death. the object of his sarcasm as a diner-out." Yet his spirit might say, and truly, "I was always a conservative; always for maintaining the institu

I have some belief in Sir Robert. He is a man tions of the country, but reforming all proved of great understanding, and must see that this abuses. More than forty years ago, I began to eternal O'Connelling will never do—that it is imlay down the principles of true conservatism : possible it can last. We are in a transition state, men have come to me, I have not gone to them." and the Tories may be assured that the baronet There is gall and wormwood to fustian liberals in will not go too fast. If Peel tells them that the many parts of this last legacy. Here is one es- thing must be done, they may be sure it is high pecially, in an estimate of the “ Monster Trial.” time to do it: they may retreat mournfully and

“Sir Robert did - well in fighting it out with sullenly before common justice and common sense, O'Connell. He was too late ; but when he began but retreat they must when Tamworth gives the he did it boldly and sensibly; and I, for one, am word—and in quick-step too, and without loss of heartily glad O'Connell has been found guilty and time. imprisoned. He was either in earnest about re And let me beg of my dear Ultras not to impeal or he was not. If he was in earnest, I en-agine that they survive for a single instant without tirely agree with Lord Grey and Lord Spenser, Sir Robert—that they could form an Ultra-Tory that civil war is preferable to repeal. Much as I Administration. Is there a Chartist in Great hate wounds, dangers, privations, and explosions Britain who would not, upon the first intimation -much as I love regular hours of dinner-foolish of such an attempt, order a new suit of clothes, as I think men covered with the feathers of the and call upon the baker and milkman for an exmale pullus domesticus, and covered with lace in tended credit? Is there a political reasoner who the course of the ischiatic nerve-much as I would not come out of his hole with a new condetest all these follies and ferocities, I would stitution? Is there one ravenous rogue who rather turn soldier myself than acquiesce quietly would not be looking for his prey? Is there one in such a separation of the empire."

honest man of common sense who does not see that universal disaffection and civil war would

follow from the blind fury, the childish prejudices, O'Connell is released ; and released, I have no and the deep ignorance of such a sect? I have a doubt, by the conscientious decision of the law high opinion of Sir Robert Peel ; but he must lords. If he was unjustly (even from some tech- summon up all his political courage, and do somenical defect) imprisoned, I rejoice in his liberation. thing next session for the payment of the Roman England is, I believe, the only country in the priests. He must run some risk of shocking pubworld where such an event could have happened ; lic opinion ; no greater risk, however, than he did and a wise Irishman (if there be a wise Irishman) in Catholic Emancipation. should be slow in separating from a country whose spirit can produce and whose institutions can admit of such a result. Of his guilt no one doubts; but There is only one man in the cabinet (probably guilty men inust be hung technically and accord- Mr. Gladstone, who is no longer there) who obing to established rules—upon a statutable gibhet, jects from reasons purely fanatical, because the with parliament rope, and a legal hangman, sher- Pope is the Scarlet Lady, or the Seventh Vial, or iff, and chaplain on the scaffold, and the mob in the Little Horn. All the rest are entirely of the foreground.

opinion that it ought to be done—that it is the one thing needful : but they are afraid of bishops, and

county meetings, newspapers, and pamphlets, and The first thing to be done is to pay the priests ; reviews; all fair enough objects of apprehension, and after a little time they will take the money. but they must be met, and encountered, and put One man wants to repair his cottage ; another down. It is impossible that the subject can be wants a buggy; a third cannot shut his eyes to much longer avoided, and that every year is to the dilapidation of a cassock. The draught is produce a deadly struggle with the people, and a






long trial in time of peace with O'somebody, the to write, and I cannot help it. Still, in looking patriot for the time being, or the general, perhaps, back I see no reason to repent. What I have in time of a foreign war.

said ought to be done, generally has been done, but always twenty or thirty years too late;

done, not of course because I have said it, but beGive the clergy a maintenance separate from cause it was no longer possible to avoid doing it. the will of the people, and you will then enable Human beings cling to their delicious tyrannies, them to oppose the folly and madness of the people. and to their exquisite nonsense, like a drunkard 10 The objection to the state provision does not really his bottle, and go on till death stares them in the come from the clergy, but from the agitators and face. repealers : these men see the immense advantage of carrying the clergy with them in their agitation,

STANZAS TO ENGLAND. and of giving the sanction of religion to political hatred ; they know that the clergy, moving in the When the curse Heaven keeps for the haughty came over

Her merchants rapacious, her rulers unjusi. same direction with the people, have an immense

And a ruin at last for the earthworm to cover, influence over them; and they are very wisely The Lady of Kingdoms lay low in the dust afraid, not only of losing this coöperating power, but of seeing it by a state provision, arrayed Too long it hath been said and sung, against them. I am fully convinced that a state

My country, unto thee, payment to the Catholic clergy, by leaving to that Thy banner Hoats on every gale, laborious and useful body of men the exercise of Thy keel ploughs every sea ; their free judgment, would be the severest blow O’er every continent and isle that Irish agitation could receive.

Thine influence is flung,

And not a spot on earth, but knows It is commonly said, if the Roman Catholic The accents of thy tongue ; priests are paid by the state, they will lose their Not Rome had wider spreading sway, influence over their flocks. Not their fair influ Nor Greece, when Greece was young. ence—not that influence which any wise and good man would wish to see in all religions—not the

Too much thou hast exalted been, dependence of humble ignorance upon prudence

Too much with pride of place, and piety: only fellowship in faction, and frater Thou hast been led to overween nity in rebellion-all that will be lost. A Peep Thyself and all thy race ; of-day clergyman will no longer preach to a Peep Thou hast grown proud and arrogant, of-day congregation—a Whiteboy vicar will no While sitting like a queen, longer lead the psalm to Whiteboy vocalists; but With couchant lion by thy side, everything that is good and wholesome will re Upon thy throne marine ; main. This, however, is not what the anti-Brit Not any one might say thee nay, ish faction want: they want all the animation Nor come thy will between. which piety can breathe into sedition, and all the fury which the priesthood can preach to diversity

But what will Hist’ry say of thee of faith : and this is what they mean by a clergy

In some not distant day, losing their influence over the people!

When broken is thy rod of rule,

And ended is thy sway; The cost of his policy Sydney Smith rates at 400,0001. a year. It has been remarked by a

When thou hast known decline and fall writer, who had not read the pamphlet, or willülly

As Rome before thee knew ; shut his eyes to its contents, that this was easy

When Time for thee hath spread the pall, for a wit to say, who has not, like a chancellor of

And Death hath pierced thee through, the exchequer, to find the money. But the wit

And reckoned is the great account had forestalled his critic, not only about the money,

Where all must have their due? but something more.

How hast thou used the boundless power “ This is English legislation for Ireland !!

That unto thee was given ? There is no abuse like it in all Europe, in all

The seeds of good thou had'st to sow, Asia, in all the discovered parts of Africa, and in all we have heard of Timbuctoo! It is an error

How have they grown and thriven?

The barren places of the earth that requires twenty thousand armed men for its

Hast thou like gardens made ? protection in time of peace; which costs more than

Do arid wildernesses smile a million a year; and which, in the first French

With green bough and with blade? war, in spite of the puffing and panting of fighting

And doth the gospel sunlight shine steamers, will and must break out into desperate

Where all before was shade? rebellion."

Thou answerest, yea, the mental waste

Is now a waste no more ; For advancing these opinions, I have no doubt I

My missionaries have gone forth shall be assailed by Sacerdos, Vindex, Latimer, To every distant shore; Vates, Clericus, Aruspex, and be called atheist,

My merchant-ships have crossed the main deist, democrat, smuggler, poacher, highwayman, To civilize mankind ; Unitarian, and Edinburgh Reviewer! Still, I a

No more the savage is a brute, in the right; and what I say requires excuse for The heatheu no more blind ; being trite and obvious, not for being mischievous And broken are the chains which bind and paradoxical. I write for three reasons—first, The body or the mind. because I really wish to do good ; secondly, because if I don't write, I know nobody else will; 'Tis even so—thou hast done this, and thirdly, because it is the nature of the animal | And unabashed might'st stand




Before the judgment seat, but there

Are red spots on thy hand,
And Pride is throned upon thy brow,

And Hatred in thy heart;
From many a fair and fertile realm

Thou badest Peace depart;
And oft with words of brotherhood,

Didst act a foeman's part.
How will the Hindoo testify,

And how the brave Affghan,
The dweller by the Yellow Sea,

The red Canadian ?
Will not thy sister Erin have

A mouruful tale to tell ?
Will not accusing voices rise

From Scottish height and dell;
And Cambria send a list of wrongs

The catalogue to swell?
Oh, thou hast run a mad career

Of conquest and of blood ;
A chequered record is thy past

Of evil mixed with good.
Too willing e'er to take offence,

Too prompt to draw the sword;
Of generous heart and open hand,

Yet smiling at a word; With evil thoughts, and passions wild,

Too readily upstirred.
Surrounding nations have looked on

In jealousy and fear,
To see thy wide possessions still

Increasing year by year:
They wait until thy lion's paw

Hath a less nervous sweep, Till languor or decrepitude

Have laid his powers asleep, For slights and fancied injuries

To iake a vengeance deep.
They watch, and not methinks in vain,

Disgraces to retrieve;
The times are big with bodeful signs,

Thy faithful sons to grieve;
Distress and Poverty combine

Thy limbs to paralyze ;
The voice of discontent is heard

From all thy towns to rise ;
Where famine goaded multitudes

With wild shouts rend the skies.

It will be a most melancholy and disheartening though not a dishonorable tale, should history have to tell the failure of English efforts to put an end to slavery and the slave trade. It will be not only sad for the negro race, but for humanity, since it must throw a chill upon every kind of political measure or policy, founded upon religious or philanthropic sentiment. The Crusades are one great example of a policy, springing out of religious feeling, being gigantic, strenuous, continued, yet vain efforts to resist the torrent of fanaticism and conquest which rolled from east to west.

The flood of negro labor and population, which set across the Atlantic urged by the cupidity of Europeans, seems as great, as irresistible, as the tide of Mahoinmedan fanaticism. One is as abhorrent to Christian and humane feeling as the other, and Christian feeling was roused and tasked to combat both. Shall the tale of failure be told of both? Must Clarkson and Wilberforce be set down in the same Category with Peter the Hermit and St. Louis? And is it decreed that the African race shall fill all these central and southern regions of America, from whence the whites drove the Indians, in order to monopolize a soil which they could not cultivate, and to the tilling and final possession of which they were obliged to call in the African ?

What hopes have we from the three modes of combating slavery, so zealously, so energetically followed ? From that of converting the Africans themselves to habits and interests opposed to slavery and its emigration? From that of perfecting and extending the right of search, so as to render the sea passage too difficult or too great a risk for the trader? Or, finally, from that of inducing transatlantic states to forego slavery and the slave trade? Different sections of the public, or zealous individuals, may have different opinions respecting the efficacy or hopefulness of these modes. But there exists such a diversity that no common effort is any longer to be counted upon. The internal civilization of Africa is a scheme still pursued by a few, and we hear still of expeditions, and of a certain specific for fever, which is 10 work wonders : but the public and the cabinet remain incredulous. Lord Palmerston and most of the leading whigs pin their faith to the right of search ; but the feeling hostile to it has risen even as high as his lordship's energy.

People say, must French and English whites cut each others' throats in order that the blacks may be free? Piles of blue books remain as testimonies to Lord Palmerston's activity and success in negotiation ; but like Ceur de Lion in the Crusades, the Saracen tide has still continued to rush on beyond the power of a single arm to stay such multitudes. Even the anti-slavery societies cry Hold.

There remains the hope of inducing slave-countries to forego their Helotism. Vain hope! if the English government could not preserve Texas from an influx of slavery, how can it hope to abolish what it cannot pretend even to limit. A Tory journal alleges that the American planter does not need any influx of African slaves, and that he dreads them. This may be true of the American slave-owner confined to Carolina or to the worn out soil of the old states, but with Texas annexed, and its immense seaboard within a few hours' run of Cuba, the American slave trade will in all human probability be resuscitated; and the only safeguard against it must be either in the

Oh, let thine armies be recalled

That pillage and lay waste; Be just, be true, be merciful,

Nor self-destruction haste; Let equal laws be felt by all

Who dwell thy sway beneath ; Unchain thy ports, let commerce be

Free as the heaven's breath ; Or it may hap that, scorpion-like,

Thou'lt sting thyself to death.

Look back to other times, and learn

Deep wisdom from the past; The reign of fraud and violence,

When knew ye this to last?
Pride goeth e'er before a fall,

God grant thine be not near!
A people should be ruled by Love

And not by slavish Fear;
A nation that but forgeth chains,
Perchance those chains may wear.

Tait's Magazine.

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