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were now only permitted to interest them- To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. felves on one side of a question.

SIR, Without enquiring into the justice of this gentleman's observation, or entering THE

word bitch appearing to excite a rise to, I will just observe, that we were among your readers, it may not be unacbrought to this conclusion, that in pro- ceptable to mention the sense in which it portion as difficulties are thrown in the is Itill constantly used in Cumberland and

Westmoreland. Hitch means to bop upon way of political discussion, writers should ftudy prudence, and jurors should prac- jump, is called hitch, step, and loup, (leap):

one leg : thus, the game hop, step, and tice integrity.

As an enquiry into the province of “A man who has one leg shorter than the jurors is, ,at all times of consequence to other, is said to hitch in his walking, &c. an Englishman, so are there increasing rea

&c. This probably may be the sense in tons, why, in the present period, the sub- which Pope uses the word in the lines jeet should be accurately understood and quoted by Mr. WAKEFIELD. the office faithfully discharged. I there

“ A Lover of Biography," in your mafore, Sir, submit to your consideration, gazine for May, expreffes a wish for the and to the confideration of your readers, republication of Milton's Areopagitica." whether it would be ill-timed, if some That valuable tract was repúblished a person, properly acquainted with this sub- few years ago for BLAMIRE in the ject, would discuss it in a temperate but Strand, and it is probable that the faithful manner, in the “ Monthly Maga- whole impression may not yet be dispozine.” The history and the practice of sed of. juries furnish ample materials.

If you think either of the above worth This has already been ably done by inserting in your valuable niagazine, use Dr. Towers, in the second volume of his them as you think beft. Tracts," but on a large scale. A few

Your's, with great Respect, thoughts, I apprehend, might be com

JAMES LOSH, presled within the limits of an essay, suitable to the character of your valuable To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. publication, and beneficial to many of I remain, Sir,

SIR,
Yours, L. H.

SUCH is the facility, with which the

numerical figures or ciphræ AraTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. bicæ are applied to all arithmetical purSIR,

poses, that we in these days are astonished, B EING engaged, and far advanced, in how people, unacquainted with them,

a general biographical account, could perform complex calculations ;comprehending all periods and countries, and indeed we may easily conceive the te. of women illustrious for talents and vir- diousness and prolixity the Romans and tues, in the progress of which a great va Grecians must have had to contend with riety of materials will be necessary : I in operations of this kind, if we only inwish, through the medium of your maga- terrogate ourselves, how we should manage zine, to folicit the assistance of such per- to multiply, divide, or extract the roots fons as may be possessed of scarce books of numbers, by means only of the Latin or manuscripts, or who would have the numeral letters, MDCLXVI, or the corgoodness to furnish me with any hints, respondent Greek ones a, 6, 7, 8, &c. suggestions, or information, that may be However, the method of doing these is uteful to my purpose. Books or papers particularly pointed out in Eutocius, entrusted to my care, through Mr. John- Com. Archimedes de Dimensione Circuli," fon, bookseller, No. 72. St. Paul's Church and by the venerable Bede.--Though the Yard, or Mr. Phillips, No. 71. will be algorithmic notation (universally appunctually returned. It may perhaps be plicable tince the invention of logarithms proper to mention, that the work I have and decimals), is inexpressibly fuperior to undertaken is not deligned to serve the all other modes ; yet the ancients gave purpose of any sect or party, but to afford locality to very extensive numbers, and in general such examples to fernale youth, distributed them in the same manner as as may stimulate them to the cultivation we do; but as they wanted a convenient and improvement of their minds, and to way of distributing proportionally to that the attainment of moral excellence. distribution, they were frequently obliged May, 21, 1799; MARY HAYES, to express their 1: umerical ideas by words

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1799.) Mr. Dyer to his Subscribers....Obfervations on the Laocoon. 349 at length.--In justice to the labours of from the mythology of different nations. antiquity, we must not forget to acknow This arrangement, he apprehends, will ledge the great assistance derived from Ar- less encumber the poems, and be more chimedes and sexagesimal fractions, by our useful and agreeable to those persons for contemporary Napier and Brigges, for to whose service this volume is intended. the súywv apo@pos, and serta divisions of Such persons, however, as are not pleased the former, we owe the logarithms, disms, with this arrangement may have their centefms, and millelms of the latter. subscription-money returned, if they will -Moreover, (in imitation of the Greeks, have the goodness' to apply to the book. &c.), we ftill apply the fexagelms of in- feller where any subscription has been tegers, to angles, motion, time, and also paid, or to the author himself, if the moto the different portions of a circle.- ney was paid to him. Such other persons This subject, Mr. Editor, is in no as choose to favour this work with their wise novel; and as I have pointed out, encouragement, are informed, that names that the ancients used their literal no are still received by the booksellers antation successfully in abstruse mathe- nounced in his advertisement. matical purluits, perhaps your corre Clifford's Inn, May 20, 1799. fpondent Z, will be content to learch for examples and illustrations in the au

For the Monthly Magazine. thors referred to above ; or in Dr. Wallis's edition of the “ Arenarius" also in the OBSERVATIONS ON THE LAOCOON, second book of Pappus's collectionor By M. Goethe, * author of the Sorrows of Werter. in “ Dr. Wallis's historical Treatise of Al

[With a plate.] gebra."-Whilst we are thus comparing the analogy of ancient and modern learn A TRUE work of art will always

have something of infinity in it to ing, permit me to ask, through the medium

our minds, as well as a work of nature ; of your useful miscellany, how far the much talked of Platina, is a new disco- its beauties, it makes an impression, but

we contemplate it, we perceive and relish very ?-For Cic. Tuf. iv. 14. giving an

it cannot be thoroughly understood, nor account of the skill of the artificers of its essence nor its merit' be clearly defined Corinth, particularly notices their mak- by words. In the observations we are ing a metal (by mixing copper with a about to make the n, we do not small quantity of gold and silver) remarka pretend to exhaust this fertile subject; ably brilliant, and almost proof against what we have to say is rather on occasion rust, called ÆS Corinthium.

of this excellent monument than upon it. Hull Academy

W. Ashton. May it foon be again exposed to the pub

lic eye, so that every amateur may have For the Monthly Magazine.

an opportunity of satisfying himself con

cerning it, and of speaking of it accordDYER presents respects to the sub- ing to his own ideas!

When we would treat of an excellent them, with great concern, that the pub- work of art, we are almost obliged as it lication is delayed till the winter season. were to speak of art in general, for the All the reasons of this delay could not whole art is contained in it, and every one with propriety be announced here, but may, as far as his abilities allow, by shall be fully detailed in the preface to his means of such a monument, develope whatpoems. For the present, he must content ever relates to art in general. For this himself with saying, that by unforeseen reason we will begin here with some geneengagements, and by extending his plan ralities, beyond his original intention, he can All the beautiful monuments of art, not get out the first volume, till the represent human nature; the arts of degreater part of his subscribers will have sign have a particular relation to the body left town for the summer ; a time very of man; it is only of these last that we are inauspicious to publications of this na now speaking. Art has many degrees ture. After mature deliberation, there- or steps, on each of which may appear fore, he thinks it most adviseable to print artists of distinction; but a perfect work his two volumes at the same time, and of art unites all the qualities, which we his criticisms, extended as they are to an only meet ellewhere dispersed. unexpected length, will form a distinct yolume, comprehending free remarks on * There observations are taken from the every species of poetry, and illustrations German Journal, entitled the Propylæa.

The

US :

The most beautiful monuments of art elevated manner ; no one will doubt that which we are acquainted with, present to we ought to give the epithet of beautiful

to this monument, that can conceive how Nature to the life, and of an elevatedor. che artist has been able to repre:ent the exgani aiiin.

treme of phyfical and intellectual sufferings. Above all things we expect to find in it But fome may think it perhaps paradoxia knowledge of the human body in all its eal, that I dare advance, that this groupe paris, dimensions, interior and exterior, is at the same tinie full of grace. I mall in its forms and its movements in fay a few words on this head. general.

Every work of art mult announce itself as Characters. A knowledge of the dit. such; which can only be done by what we ference of these parts, as to form and call sensual beauty or grace. The antients, effect. Qualities are separated and pre. far enough in this respect from the modern fent themitives isolated, froin thence arile opinion, that a monument of art should characters, and it is by this means that become again to appearance, a monument we can trace a significative reciprocal re of nature, would characterize their works kation between the different monuinents of of art as luch, by a felect order of the art; jutt as the parts of a compound work, parts: they aslifted the eye to investigate may have a tignificant relation between the relations by symmetry, and thus an themlélves. The oliject is :

embarrailed work became easy to compreIn repose or in motion. A work and its hend. From symmetry and oppositions parts may be presented either fublisting of resulted the possibility of Itriking out the themselves, and only indicating their ex- greatest contrats by differences hardly istence in a tranquil manner, or as very lensible. The care of the antient artilts animated, acting, impassioned, and full to oppose varied masses to each other, to of expression.

give especially a regular and reciprocal The Ideal. To attain this, a profound, polition to the extremities of bodies in folid sense, endowed with patience, is re groupes, is very happy and very well quired in the artist ; to which thould be imagined, in order that each work of art joined an elevated lense to be able to em may appear to the eye like an ornament, brace the subject in its whole extent, to and abitraction made from the subjędt And the highest degree of action which it which it represents, and by seeing the means to represent, and contequently to most general contours only at a distance. make it exceed the bounds of its limited The antique vales furnish'us with a numreality, and give it in an ideal world, ber of examples of similar groupes, very nieasure, limits, reality, and dignity. graceful; and it would be possible to pro

Grace. But the lubject and manner of pole a leries of the most beautiful examples representing it, are submitted to the len- of a composition symmetrical and agreekble laws of art, that is to say, to order, able, beginning with the groupe of the perspicuity, symmetry, oppofition, &c. most tranquil vase to the extremely aniwhich renders it to the eye, beautiful, mated groupe of Laocoon. I think, there. that is to lay, graceful, agreeable. fore, I must repeat that the groupe of

Beauty. It is moreover submitted to Laocoon, besides its other acknowledged the law of intellectual beauty, which re- merits, is moreover a model of symmetry, sults from the meature, to which man and of variety, ot repose and of motion, of forined to figure and produce the beauti- opposition and of gradation, which prelent fud, knows how to submit every thing, themselves together, to him who contem

plates it in a sensible or intelleétual manAfter having first indicated the con ner; that these qualities notwithstanding ditions which we require in a work of the great pathetic diffused over the repreelevated art, I may lay much in a few sentation, excite an agreeable fenfation, words, when I maintain that our groupe and moderate the violence of the passions, contains them almost all, and that we can and of the sufferings, by grace and beauty. even develop thein, by the observation of It is a great advantage in a work of art, this groupe alone.

to sublist by ittelf, to be absolutely termiIt will not be expeeted of me to prove nated. A tranquil object only thews that the artist has shewn a profound know. itlelt by its existence, it is terminated by ledge of the human hody, that which cha- and in itself. : A Jupiter with a thunderracterizes it, together with the exprefhon bolt placed on his knees, a Juno who reand the passion. It will appear," from poses with majesty, a Minerva absorpt in what I fall say in the sequel, how reflection, are subjects which have not, the subject is conceiyed in an ideal and fo to speak, any relation to what is out of

even extremes.

them;

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