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From Bentley's Miscellany. I would have the law punish almost always when THE PRIVATE JOURNAL OF F. S. LAR

it is put in force. PENT, ESQ.

Here are some instances of Wellington's peJUDGE-ADVOCATE ATTACHED TO THE HEAD-QUAR- hunting days, doubtless, kept all the nerves

culiar coolness and presence of mind. Those TERS OF LORD WELLINGTON DURING THE PEN- well strung, all the muscles well braced. INSULAR WAR. If we cannot absolutely describe such a

Lord Aylmer gave me two striking instances book as Mr. Larpent's “ Journal" as a work fog in the morning, as he was pursuing the

of Lord Wellington's coolness : one, when, in it of history, it is assuredly the next thing to it, French, he found a division of our men, under for it supplies excellent materials of history. Sir William Erskine, much exposed in advance, We do not know anything more serviceable to and nearly separated from the rest of the army, the historian than the Journals kept by intel and the French in a village within a mile of ligent English gentlemen attached to the army where he was standing. lle could see nothing; during an important period of a great cam- But on some prisoners being brought in, and paign. Mr. Larpent joined the head-quarters being asked what French division, and how many of Wellington's army in 1813. He was sent men, were in the village, they, to the dismay of out to fill the important office of judge-advo- every one except Wellington, said that the whole cate-general, and was necessarily brought into French army were there. All he said was, quite frequent communication with the great soldier coolly, “Oh! they are all there, are they? Well, at the head of that varied force. The " Jour- we must mind a little what we are about then.” nal,” therefore, is thickly strewn with anec- Another time, soon after the battle of Fuentes dotes of Wellington, very illustrative of the d’Honore, and when we were waiting in our character both of the leader and the man, of position near them to risk an attack, to protect his personal habits, and of his conduct in the early Lord Aylmer came in to him whilst he was

the siege of Almeyda, one morning suddenly and trying circumstances which often surrounded shaving, to tell him the French were all off, him throughout the Peninsular campaign. A and the last cavalry mounting to be gone; the few of these little snatches of personal anec consequence of which movement relieved him dote and description we have marked for inger- entirely, gave him Almeyda, and preserved Portion. There are frequent notices in the “ Jour-tugal

. He only took the razor off for one monal" of Wellington's hunting exploits. The ment, and said —“ Ay, I thought they meant to Duke never was a good sportsınan, but we have be off — very well ;" and then another shave, an idea that something more than amusement just as before, and not another word till he was Was sought on those hunting days. Mr. Lar- dressed. I find, however, it is said that he pent says:

magnifies the French now and then ; sees double

as to the number of blue uniforms, and cannot Lord Wellington reads and looks into every- see all the scarlet ; but I believe that most men thing. He hunts every other day almost, and in his situation do this more or less. then makes up for it by great diligence and instant decision on the intermediate days. He

The following is very delightful. It is works until about four o'clock ; and then, for characteristic both of poor Craufurd and the an hour or two, parades with any one whom he Duke. wants to talk to up and down the little square I have heard a number of anecdotes of Genof Frenada (amidst all the chattering Portu-eral Craufurd. He was very clever and knowguese) in his gray great-coat.

ing in his profession, all admit, and led on his

division on the day of his death in the most It may be doubted whether he would have gallant style ; but Lord Wellington never knew got through so much work, and so well pre- what he would do. .. On one occasion ho served the mens sana in corpore sano, but for remained across a river by himself — that is, those hunting days. Here is another bit of only with his own division, nearly a whole day personal description. The idea suggested by after he was called in by Lord Wellington. He Captain — is not a pleasant one, for it indi- said he knew he could defend his position. Welcates what is commonly a characteristic of a lington, when he came back, only said, “I am little mind. The judgo-advocate's repudiation glad to see you safe, Craufurd.” The latter of it is therefore a relief :

said, “Oh, I was in no danger, I assure you."

But I was from your conduct," said WellingHe thinks and acts quite for himself ; with me, ton. Upon which Craufurd observed, “ He is if he thinks I am right, but not otherwise. I

crusty to-day!” have not, however, found what Captain

The next, too, is very pleasant : told me I should, that Lord Wellington immediately determines against anything that is sug The day before yesterday, Lord Wellington gested to him. On the contrary, I think he is ordered young Fitzclarence to go and bring up reasonable enough, only often a little hasty in two Portuguese companies to the attack. He ordering trials, when an acquittal must be the went. It was close by; but he was highly consequence. This, I think, does harm, as I pleased with the order. When he had given the

instructions, he saw a cherry-tree, and went up

THE LADIES BATTLE. to break a bough off and eat the cherries. When Lord Wellington lost his way the other night in It is fortunate, just now, that the ocean dithe fog (returning to head-quarters), Fitzclar- vides the ladies of England from the ladies of ence told Lord Wellington he was sure the road America ; for, if they were in closer contact, was so-and-so, as they had passed the place where they might forget the touching theory too often they found the two Portuguese companies. “How violated in practice, that do you know that?" quoth Lord Wellington.

Their little hands were never made “By that cherry-tree, which I was up just after

To tear each other's eyes. wards," was the answer. It amused Lord Wellington much ; and yesterday he called to him, Throwing stones is not a pretty pastime for with a very grave face, desiring him to go and the gentler sex ; and we regret to find our faget some of the cherries, as though it were an vorite, the British female, engaged in pelting important order.

even with philanthropic missiles -- our fair

friend, the American lady, who, if the stone has We have more than once heard the ques- been thrown at her, has certainly pitched it untion discussed as to whether the Duke of Wel- commonly strong in casting it back again. Perlington was ever wounded in action. He was haps there is much truth in what has been wounded at Orthes. Mr. Larpent says : written by one to the other ; but the very fact

that there is a great deal to be said on both sides It was curious that Lord Wellington and Gen- renders it advisable for females not to interfere, eral Alava were close together when struck, and since, however much there may be to be said, it both on the hip, but on different sides, and is certain that a great deal more will be said neither seriously injured, as the surgeon told me than necessary, if the female tongue has anything who dressed them. Lord W.'s was a bad bruise, to do with it. and skin broken. I fear his riding so much If our advice could be taken, we should recomsince has rather made it of more consequence, mend the parties to "make it up" at once ; and but hope the two days' halt here will put him in if they would only consent to “kiss and be the right way again, as all our prospects here friends,” as the operation cannot be performed would vanish with that man.

in person, we should be most happy to accept And, further on, the journal-writer gives

the proxy of the American ladies, empowering these particulars. The anecdote is new and us to imprint on the lips of our fair country

women the kiss of peace from their sisters across interesting :

the Atlantic. Should the arrangement be carried I walked down to the bridge with Lord Wel. payable at sight, which will entitle the female

out, we shall take measures for issuing orders, lington yesterday, and found him limp a little ; holder to the enviable privilege. — Punch. and he said he was in rather more pain than usual, but it was nothing. At dinner, yesterday, he said he was laughing at General The jubilee of the British and Foreign Bible Alava having had a knock, and telling him it Society has been commemorated this week. A was all nonsense — that he was not hurt, &c., large meeting composed of members of the variwhen he received this blow, and a worse one, on ous religious denominations, the Quakers being the same place himself

. Alava said it was to especially prominent, was held in Exeter Hall on punish him for laughing at him.

Tuesday. The chair was occupied by Lord These anecdotes (and many more of the Shaftesbury ; on his right sat the Rajah of same kind might be cited) very fairly indicate Argyii ; on the left, the Earl of Carlisle and the

Coorg, in an Eastern dress, and the Duke of the nature of the pleasant contents of these Bishop of Winchester ; and near these, the Rerinteresting volumes. In one respect they erend Hugh Stowell, the Reverend Dr. Duff

, and differ from all the journals of the Peninsular the Reverend Mr. James. From statements campaign which have come before us. Mr. made to the meeting it appears, that since the Larpent was a civilian. He writes as a civil- foundation of the society, fifty years ago, 8000 ian; and, to a certain extent, therefore, we branch societies have been instituted ; the Scripsee the progress of the war from a novel point tures have been translated into 148 languages of view. The " Journal” was written merely and dialects, of which 121 had never before been for the perusal of private friends. Indeed, it printed ; upwards of 43,000,000 copies had been comprises, we believe, a series of letters to the disseminated, among, it was computed, 600,writer's mother. There is therefore a literal, 000,000 of the human race; of the languages inornate truthfulness about it, which brings wards of twenty-five had existed hitherto with

into which these copies had been rendered, upall the daily incidents of the camp much more out an alphabet, and merely in an oral form. clearly before us than if the writer had de- The sum subscribed amounted to upwards of signed a work of more elaborate construction, 70001., and hopes were expressed that it would and had executed it in a more florid style. On be run up to nearly 10,0001. There were two the whole, we think it will be regarded as a donations of 5001. each and three of 10001. Ou very valuable contribution to the history of the Thursday a jubilee sermon was preached in St. Peninsular War.

Paul's, by the Archbishop of Canterbury. - Spec.

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.— No. . 468.—7 MAY, 1853.

CONTENTS.

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1. Writings of T. B. Macaulay,

Chambers' Repository, 323 2. The Asylum of the World,

Economist, .

341 3. The Refugee Question, .

Examiner,

343 4. Perfidious Patmos,

Household Words, . 344 5. The Last of the Westchester Guides,

Flushing Journal, 350 6. Jonathan Pereira, M. D., F. R. S.,

Gentleman's Magazine, 351 7. Clubs and Clubbists,

Blackwood's Magazine, 354 8. Private Journal of F. S. Larpent, Esq.,

Examiner,

364 9. Constitutional League in Europe,

Spectator,

374 10. Austria and Turkey,

Eraminer,

375 11. The Ottoman Empire,

Economist, .

. 376 12. Turks and Christians, .

Examiner & Spectator, 380 13. The Mutual Disarmament Mission,

Spectator,

382 POETRY: A Valediction, 353. SHORT ARTICLES : Ancient and Mediæval Kings — Application of a Curious Physiological

Discovery, 340; Hunter's Experiments on Animal Grafting - Curious Calculations, 349;

Our Savage Customs, 353 ; Fac-Similes of Old Books -- Decimal Currency, 379. NEw Books : 340; 373.

FADELESS IS A LOVING HEART.

Thou shalt not rob me, thievish Time,
Of all my blessings, all my joy :
I have some jewels in my heart

Which thou art powerless to destroy.
Sunny eyes may lose their brightness ;
Nimble feet forget their lightness ;
Pearly teeth may know decay ;
Raven tresses turn to gray ;
Cheeks be pale, and eyes be dim ;
Faint the voice, and weak the limb;
But though youth and strength depart,
Fadeless is a loving heart.
Like the little monntain-flower,
Peeping forth in wintry hour,
When the summer's breath is filed,
And the gaudier flowerets dead ;
So when outward charms are gone,
Brighter still doth blossom on,
Despite Time's destroying dart,
The gentle, kindly loving heart.
Wealth and talents will avail
When on life's rough sea we sail ;
Yet the wealth may melt like snow,
And the wit no longer glow;
But more smooth we'll find the sea,
And our course the fairer be,
If our pilot, when we start,

Be a kindly loving heart.
CCCCLXVIII. LIVING AGE, FOL. I. 21

Ye in worldly wisdom old -
Ye who bow the knee to gold,
Doth this earth as lovely seem
As it did in life's young dream,
Ere the world had crusted o'er,
Feelings good and pure before —
Ere ye sold at Mammon's mart
The best yearnings of the heart?
Grant me, Heaven, my earnest prayer -
Whether life of ease or care
Be the one to me assigned,
That each coming year may find
Loving thoughts and gentle words
Twined within my bosom's chords,
And that age may but impart
Riper freshness to my heart !

GOD BLESS YOU. “God bless you !" — kind, familiar words !

Before my eyes the letters swim :
For- thrilling nature's holiest chords -

My sight with fond regret grows dim.
God bless you! closes up each page

Traced by the well-beloved of yore :
Whose letters still, from youth to age,

That fondly-anxious legend bore.
I heeded not, in earlier days,

The import of that yearning prayer :

are we

her pour,

fill ;

To me 't was but a kindly phrase,

Many a bud its flower hath borne, now blushing Which household love might freely spare ;

in its prime; But now that grief strange power affords, Smiling on our outward world, Prosperity may In these love-hallowed scrolls I find

glow, Those earnest, pleading, sacred words, Honor strew our path with laurels With all life's tenderness entwined !

happy? No!

Look upon the garden-rose, that blooms so fresh Now thou art gone (ah ! dark above

and fair, Thy gravestone floods the winter rain), And all the old, sweet household love

Shedding beauty on the sward, and fragrance on

the air ; Fades into memory's silent pain.

Choicest gifts of scent and hue doth Nature on On earth for me no human heart Again will breathe those words divine :

Peep within the leaves, a worm is crawling at But, sainted soul ! where'er thou art,

the core. Thy angel-pleading still is mine.

So for us may Wealth and Fame their choicest ELIZA CRAVEN GREEX.

honors bear, From Fraser's Magazine.

Still within the bosom lurks the canker-Form of

care ; ONE SWALLOW MAKES NO SUMMER.'

More ve covet, more we grasp ; yet craving, Snowy blossoms deck the thorn, the birds are on craving still – the wing,

Feels the immortal soul a void the mortal cannot Freshly

robed is Mother Earth to greet the joyous
Spring

Ever striving, ever looking forward, life is past, Twining through the distant vale, the glancing All unmarked, till startled by the Autumn's warnstream is seen,

ing blast, Like a thread of silver, in a garb of Lincoln Wildly, like the wakened dreamer, how we gaze

around ! green. Early flowers from out their leaves are peeping, Ripened fruits are falling, withered leaves are on one by one,

the ground; Grateful to the golden shower that falls athwart Mournful wails the breeze, the skies are sadthe sun ;

dened, though serene, Drifts upon the southern breeze the cloud of fleecy Chastened is the parting ray that gilds the fading white,

scene ; 'Gainst it, flitting darkly, see the swallow's cir- Sad and tawny all that bloomed before so fresh cling flight ;

and bright, Bid him welcome home, my child ! that herald Time hath reaped his harvest — have we gathof the Spring;

ered whilst we might? Yet believe no single swallow summer's prime Dark and gloomy lowers the Future ; breaking shall bring.

on the shore, Often thus a gleam of hope the trust of youth de- Winter's waves come rolling onward, winter's ceives,

tempests roar ; Often thus its fading ray the sanguine spirit Dreary dawns the morning, early sets the watery grieves ;

sun, Hours of gladness on our path steal ever and Few the grains the hour-glass holds, and faster anon,

still they run. Ere the fleeting joy we strive to grasp — behold! Like a dream, the lengthening Past hath vanished

from our sight, Brightly shines the sun to-day in calm and smil- Twilight's shadows gather round, and nearer ing skies,

draws the night. Frowning in the tempest's wrath to-morrow's Short and sad the journey left, and fow the toils dawn may rise.

to braveYouth is like the merry spring-time, all is fresh Life, in all its winding paths, leads surely to the and new,

grave. Fancy decks the starting bud with summer's By the passing seasons warned, then be not thou promised hue ;

beguiled, Fancy gives the way-side weed the perfume of the Trust not in the budding Spring, nor Summer rose ;

prime, my child ! Forward o'er the toilsome journey Hope her ra- Still unwished for, still unmourned, behold them diance throws;

come and go ; Showers of Spring are short and sudden, through Earth is not thy resting-place, thy home is not them gleams the sun,

below. Tears of youth with smiles are mingled, dried ere Ever through thy pilgrimage hold steadfast to the scarce begun ;

end, Often nips an envious frost the blossom's open- Ever to the promised Heaven let thoughts and ing joy,

wishes tend ; Seldom ripened manhood crowns the wishes of the So when death at last shall wrap thy frame in boy.

winter's gloom, Noon of life is rich and bright, like summer's Spring eternal on thy soul shall dawn beyond the golden time,

tomb.

't is gone.

The

From Chambers' Repository. lay is the son of Mr. Zackary Macaulay, forWRITINGS OF T. B. MACAULAY. merly a West India merchant, and known in

public life as the personal friend and coadjuMR. MACAULAY may be considered one of tor of the celebrated Wilberforce. For merthe most successful of modern authors ; inas- cantile pursuits, the son does not appear to much as everything he has written has made have had any inclination; but in regard to an impression upon the public, and the popu- popular and political objects, he has inherited larity he enjoys is both extensive and substan- all the zeal, and perhaps more than the judgtial. It is also a popularity that is more ment, of his father. His education, we bethan usually well deserved. His contribu- lieve, was begun at home ; efficiently advanced tions to literature belong to the departments under the Rev. Mr. Preston, at Shelford, of criticism, poetry, and history, and upon all in Cambridgeshire'; and subsequently comof them there is the stamp and seal of excel- pleted at Trinity College, Cambridge. He lence. Owing to the expensive form in which was entered at the latter in 1818, and, some his works have hitherto been published, we year later, took his bachelor's degree, in the suspect his readers have been restricted to the ordinary course. In 1819, he obtained the well-conditioned and more cultivated classes ; chancellor's medal awarded to compositions but now that some of his most admired es in English verse. Judging from what he has says are in the course of republication, in said in one of his reviews of prize-poems genthe shape of shilling pamphlets, he is likely erally, it would not seem that he afterwards to be introduced to a multitude of new ap- thought much of this distinction. Speaking preciators, and to acquire thus a large acces- in allusion to Sir Roger Newdigate's restricsion of reputation. For every one who reads tion of such a poem to fifty lines, he pleasMacaulay is sure to be delighted with him, antly commends the regulation : and will be almost certain to study and re- world, we believe, is pretty well agreed," peruse his pages with increasing relish and says he, “ in thinking that the shorter a satisfaction, until their whole interest and prize-poem is, the better.” Mr. Macaulay, mcaning become matter of familiarity. however, won considerably higher honors, and

There is something of the universal genius indeed gained the very highest, in classical in Macaulay. His versatility is great, his departments, which the university could conmanner exceedingly attractive, and the spec- fer. After leaving college, he applied himulations he most delights in are of general self to the study of law, and was called to and abiding interest. He is possessed of all the bar in 1826. Whether he over intended the endowments and accomplishments which to practise is not known to us, but it seems command the attention and respect of nearly likely that his principal object was to gain a all varieties of intelligent and cultivated per- more ready introduction into literary and public sons ; his stores of learning and information lifo. Be this as it may, it is certain that he are large and varied ; the skill and facility began very early to apply himself to literawith which he reproduces what he knows, ture. He was one of the first and ablest give an' air of ease and gracefulness to his among the contributors to Knight's Quarterly writing, such as is seldom witnessed ; and the Magazine ; and in due season gained access light expertness and pointed vigor of his style to the Edinburgh Review. The article on Milare admirably calculated to produce an effec-ton -- the first in the collection of his essays ' tive impression. He is a great popularizer - appeared in that journal in 1827. It has of abstruse and recondite investigations. sometimes been spoken of as a finely-finished There is nothing he takes in hand that he and even splendid composition ; but Macandoes not succeed in making his reader com- lay himself has referred to it as being “overprehend ; or, at any rate, the reader must be loaded with gaudy and ungraceful ornament.” singularly obtuse and unintelligent if he “ Written,” says he, when the author was fails in doing so. He has done much in the fresh from college, it “contains scarcely a way of educating the tastes, the judgments, paragraph such as his matured judgment apand the sympathies of his generation. proves.” It was, nevertheless, a performance

Before proceeding to an examination of our of great vigor and promise, and instantly author's works, it will not be amiss to bring raised the writer to a distinguished elevation together such biographical particulars as we among his literary contemporaries. His subhappen to possess. Thomas Babington Macau- ' sequent contributions to the Edinburgh wore

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