Изображения страниц

cern, as cause or effect, in the natural phenome


TRUST IN THE LORD. non before us. But we perceive at the present

“ See the light tenants of the barren air : time so much tendency to make use of this great

To them, nor stores, nor granaries, belong; power as the basis of vague and fruitless specu

Naught but the woodland, and the pleasing song; lation, that we are always suspicious in the out.

Yet your kind heavenly Father bends his eye set, when we find its agency invoked to solve a On the least wing that fits along the sky. physical problem. In the present instance we

To him they sing when spring renews the plain ;

To him they call in winter's pinching reign; see no especial reason for having recourse to it.

Nor is their music, nor their plaint in vain : The physical conditions of the Gulf-stream-its

He hears the gay and the distressful call, definite direction, its force, its temperature, its And with unsparing bounty fills them all. saltness, its relation to Atlantic winds and Observe the rising lily's snowy grace ;

Observe the various vegetable race: storms, and its tardy intermingling with the mass

They neither toil, nor spin, but careless grow; of ocean-may be referred, with more or less

Yet see how warm they blush ! how bright they probability, to other natural causes in certain and glow! constant operation. We cannot exclude electri. What regal vestments can with them compare ! city from the number, but we must not invoke

What king so shining! or what queen so fair!

If ceaseless thus the fowls of heaven he feeds; it on the slender evidence which our author

If o'er the fields such lucid robes he spreads; places before us.

Will he not care for you, ye faithless, say?

Is he unwise ? or, are ye less than they." BEATTIE'S METHOD OF TEACHING HIS SON.

Tho' griefs unnumbered throng thee round, In the corner of a little garden, without in- Still in thy God confide, forming any person of the circumstance, I wrote Whose finger marks the seas their bound, in the mould with my finger the three initial

And curbs the headlong tide. letters of his name, and sowing garden cresses in the furrows, covered up the seed, and

RAMBLINGS IN THE OLD DOMINION. smoothed the ground. Ten days after this he Leaving Harrisonburg for Weyer's Cave, we came running to me, and, with astonishment in pass in nearly a southerly direction, through a his countenance, told me that his name was hilly yet productive country, watered by the growing in the garden. I laughed at the report south branch of the Shenandoah. This stream and seemed inclined to disregard it; but he in- we were obliged to ford, (for the “ Old Dominsisted on my going to see what had happened. ion” has yet to form the intimate acquaintance “Yes,” said I carelessly, on coming to the of bridges, though it was very much swollen, place, " I see it is so; but what is there in this and fording rendered quite dangerous by the worth notice? Is it not mere chance ?” and I late rains. went away. He followed me, and taking hold The Cave is situated in the northern part of of my coat with earnestness, “It cannot have Augusta county, 17 miles north-east of Staunton, happened by chance—somebody must have con- and about the same distance south of Harrisontrived matters so as to produce it ?” “ So you burg, in a hill a few miles west of the Blue think,” said I, “ that what appears as the letters Ridge. We arrived at the Hotel kept by the of your name cannot be by chance?” “Yes,” guide, about 9 o'clock A. M.,and were informed said he, with firmness, “I think so." “Look that 11 was the hour for entering the Cave. at yourself," I replied, " and consider your In the meantime we were entertained by an hands and fingers, and legs, and feet, and other account of its discovery—by our polite host, limbs ; are they not regular in their appearance, the guide. He said that in the year 1804, these and useful to you !" He said they were. “ Came hills and the mountains to the east were ranged you then hither," said I “ by chance ?” “No," by a veteran Nimrod in the person of Bernard he answered, “ that cannot be ; something must Weyer. One day, while visiting some traps have made me.” “And who is that something ?” set upon the side of this hill, he missed one, and I asked. He said, “I do not know.” I had traced the robber (a lawless ground hog) to his now gained the point I had aimed at, and saw domicil, a hole near by. that his reason taught him (though he could not Prompted not so much by the wish to disexpress it) that what begins to be must have a cover and arrest the thief, as to recover his trap, cause ; and that what is formed with regularity Weyer, one day, with spade and pickaxe, made must have an intelligent cause. I therefore told a vigorous assault upon his hiding place, and a him the name of the Great Being who made few moments’ labor brought him to the antehim, and all the world; concerning whose ador-chamber of this stupendous cavern. He entered able nature I gave him such information as I it and there found the trap for which he was thought he could in some measure comprehend. searching, safely deposited. At that time the The lesson affected him greatly, and he never entrance was rather difficult of access, but by forgot either it or the circumstance that intro- the enterprise of the present proprietor of the duced it. -- Beattie's Life.

cave, it has been enlarged and rendered quite

commodious. Hence, by a mere accident, one Room, which from its peculiar beauties is thought of the most beautiful and wonderful of nature's by many equal to any in the cave. master-pieces, after having been concealed for To convey upon paper, or even without seeing ages from the gaze and investigation of man, to imagine, correct ideas of the magnificence of was thrown open to his view; and now is the this room is impossible. The ceiling is inlaid resort of the admirers of nature's beauties, of with the most brilliant stalactites resembling the curious loving and wonder searching world. cope-shaped shells, and the sides are variegated

At about 300 yards from Weyer's is the en- with sparkling incrustations of the most fragile trance to Madison's Cave, which was well known, texture, making the scene one that might well and much visited long before the discovery of shame the gaudy, affected magnificence and Weyer's, and the beauties of which were honored pom pous splendor of the finest oriental palace. with a description from the pen of Jefferson, Compared with this, the finest, the most combut it is now passed by the visitor, as unworthy plicated and wonderful works of art, are mere his notice when compared with its younger yet common-place, unsightly structures. As this is more imposing rival. But the hour has arrived a side chamber, we return to the side opposite for entering, and a company of twenty ladies the entrance of the Temple, just passed through, and gentleman are waiting impatiently, to start. and from thence pass under a swinging gallery After providing ourselves with clothes, which an to a chamber containing stalagmites, supposed by occasional splashing of mud, or dropping of some to resemble heathen deities, the Madonna water, or clambering over rocks will not injure, and her infant, birds, &c., and hence called the we commence the ascent of the path leading Pantheon. There is little worth examining from the hotel to the cave. We arrive at the here and we pass on to the left into one of the entrance, and by request of our guide, seat our two passages leading into the Lawyer's Office, selves in the wooden cot built over it, until we thence to Weyer's hall, the Armory, and back are each provided with a candlestick and lighted again by the other. In Weyer's Hall are two candle.

stalagmites which have been named after himself Upon enquiry our guide informed us that and dog, in honor of his discovery of the cave. there never had been found any poisonous gases. In the Armory, hung from the ceiling, is a thin, in the cave, and that the air (the temperature circular-shaped stalactite deposite, called from of which is 541 Fabrenbreit at all times,) was the resemblance it bears to that ancient imple. bracing and healthful. After our company had ment of war, Ajax's Shield. given an emphatic “yes” to the call of “ all. But were we to dwell upon particulars here, ready,we commenced descending, at an angle and minutely describe every object of interest, of about 20%, and a few moments brought us to the task would be, if not endless, at least tedious, the Statuary Chamber, which has received its to both writer and reader. name from a number of perpendicular stalag. But we return to the main passage through mites, resembling small statues, scattered about the Pantheon, and the next room which we pass the floor. Directly above this chamber and through is called the Twin Room, from the connected with it by an aperature through its pairs of stalactites and stalagmites scattered roof, is another room irregular in shape, called over it. Upon a close examination of the conthe Gallery. From the Statuary Chamber, we cretions which line the walls and ceiling of this pass through a high yet narrow passage into room we find much that resembles the finest and Solomon's Temple, thought by many to be the most exquisitely wrought, fret and filigree work, finest room in the cave. Its general shape is laid off and arranged in the most fantastic map ner. irregular-yet its general course is at right | We are next led to the Balustrade Room, from apgles to the direction of the cave. Here the which a passage leads, directly above the one we first curiosity that meets the eye of the visitor, have just passed, back to Solomon's Temple. is a seat or throne, glittering in the light of the This, however, is only accessible by dint of hard candles with sparry incrustations, and reminding climbing, and none of our party ventured the him at the first glance of the idea he has formed task. From the Balustrade Room, by a deof its namesake, Solomon's Throne. To the scending passage, we next pass to the Tapestry right of this is a wave-like stalagmitic formation, Room, which from the fine tapestry which reaching nearly from the ceiling to the floor, decorates its walls, is very appropriately named. not anaptly named the Cataract. Near its Here is much to admire, much that resembles centre, and raised perhaps two feet from its sur-| the finest tapestry, and so fancifully is it arface, stands a stalagmite, to which some unskilled ranged, and with such uniform, graceful folds, pomenclator has given the name of Sam Patch. that at the first view the beholder can hardly With little veneration and less appropriateness, believe that he is not entering some recently we find the name of “the wise man” prefixed vacated legislative ball, or some fashionable to nearly every object of interest in this cham- parlor, so striking is the resemblance of the

tapestry he sees. Our guide Dext conducted us to the Shell But a minute examination, or even a second view, dispels the delusion, and convinces him them in case of accident, were not a sufficient that nowhere can such tapestry be found but in provision for such an excursion, but I was far 6 halls not made with hands.” It is full of from expecting that I should so soon afford an beauties, from the largest curtain so gracefully illustration of my remark. After we had gone hung from the ceiling, to the smallest tassel through all the beautiful grottoes, we were which decorates the Bishop's Desk, everything coming back, when my foot happening to slip I reminds one but too forcibly, of the vanity, the fell, and the commotion occasioned in the air by presumption, of the Artist, who would choose for the fall extinguished the two candles. A deeper his motto “ Excelsior.” Farther on in this Hall, darkness cannot exist, and our first impression there are massive pillars, and colossal statues was most unpleasant; but soon recovering his lying promiscuously about the floor, and huge presence of mind, my guide undertook to direct columns still standing, making the scene a me through that fearful obscurity and out of strange medley of beauty and decay, not unlike those dangerous defiles. After half an hour that of the mouldering ruin of some ancient passed in this situation we began to see the castle, which may be said to be even“ beautiful light of the sun, and soon got out of the cave in ruin.” At the farther extremity of the room without further accident. I cannot commend is a thin stalactitic partition extending from the enough the intelligence, skill and intrepidity of ceiling to the floor, which when struck emits a young Mohler, (he conducted us through the deep bass sound not unlike that of the bass cave,) and I am much indebted to him for his drum, from which circumstance this part of the attentions, attended with great danger to himroom is known by the name of the Drum Room. self, for he tried every foot of the ground in From this descending a flight of natural steps, our way, and went frequently reconnoitering in and then an artificial stairway we enter the far different directions in order not to miss the


famed Ball Room which is one hundred feet in right one." · length, thirty-six in width, and twenty-five in! We next proceed through a long, narrow pasheight, and is at right angles to the general sage, to a small room called the Ice House, and course of the cave. Adjoining this room, and thence down a flight of natural steps called connected with it alone, is a small chamber called Jacob's Ladder, to the Senate Chamber. Here the Dressing Room, from the fact that it is used a large horizontal shelf of calcareous deposite for that purpose when parties ieet in these sub- extends from the sides about ten feet from the terranean halls “ to trip the light fantastic toe.” | floor, over half the room, which is fifty feet in

-Near the centre of the room stands a large diameter. This deposite seems to have set at calcareous formation, which furnishes % good defiance all acknowledged and established laws position for music, and hence has received the of geological formation. That by the continual name of Paganini's Statue. Here a portion of dripping of the limestone water from the ceiling, our party, to the discordant notes of a three stalactites and stalagmites should form in a perstringed, antique violin, had the courage, or pendicular position, and finally unite and form rather the presumption to commence an “accom- columns, is easily accounted for, but how a paniment,” which terminated as we had antici- horizontal shelf should form of uniform thickness pated-in a series of serious “collisions” and and mathematical regularity twenty-five feet in contusions. What could art do to add to the width and supported only by one side by the effect or beauty of such a scene? We fancied same process, is, to say the least, a question not that that arch, those massive pillars, and pendant so easily solved. And in this connexion let me stalactites, frowned rather than smiled upon such remark, that here are formations which have desecration, and said silently yet audibly, “ better assumed nearly every conceiveable angle of inclithat solemn than mirthful thoughts should baunt nation from 1° to 90°, the Leaning tower of you here.” We left the Ball Room by a Pisa, and the Mammoth Oyster Shell, for gradual ascent of a few feet called Suntag's instance, and others of a similar kind. Hill. Here, a few years since, a circumstance We now pass to Congress Hall, so called from occurred of unusual novelty, from which the hill its proximity to the last mentioned one, rather takes its name. A gentleman belonging to the than any appropriate form peculiar to it. Ten French legation at Washington became unex- feet from this is a small room called the Lobby, pectedly immured in what, to some, might seem for at the present day such an appendage is as the most dismal of dungeons.—The following ac. necessary in the manufacturing of laws as the count, written by himself, of that perilous adven legislative halls themselves. By a descent of a ture, is copied from the Album of the cave, and few feet, our party is ushered into the most I give it entire.

magnificent hall in the whole cavern. This is “This morning, in my way to Weyer's Cave, named after the founder of our nation, Washingreflecting on the state of those visitors who ton's Hall, and is well worthy of the title it found their graves in the Catacombs of Rome bears. It is 250 feet in length, and about and Paris, I observed to my young guide that thirty feet high and wide. The general form his two candles, without any means of re-lighting is very regular, and the floor is quite smooth and level the whole length. Here are a hundred | four hours wandering in the streets of this natuobjects of interest, commencing with the Sword ral Herculaneum. of Democles, the Shield of Achilles, the Tower, “Still wonders here on wonders crowd, the Pyramids, &c., to give even the names of

But wrapt in their perennial shroud,

Their charms unsung must now remain, which would swell this cursory sketch to a small

Save in the Genii's caverned strain ; volume. Not far from the centre of the hall

For lo ! our lights are roaming fast, stands a single stalagmite, eight feet in height, And beauty's thoughts are homeward cast.” resembling a statue clothed in beautiful drapery, called Washington's Statue. By the dim light EMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES. of only two or three candles held in a particular According to official documents, 4,212,624 position, we could easily imagine that we saw persons of foreign birth arrived in the United the features and expression commonly given in States, during the period of 364 years, ending the portrait of its great .namesake. The Hall | Twelfth mo. 31st, 1855. was then illuminated by upwards of two hundred Of these, 207,492 were born in England; candles, and the effect produced by the reflec-1747,930 in Ireland ; 34,559 in Scotland ; 4,782 tion from the thousand mirrors upon every spar in Wales, and 1,318,682 others were born in Great and stalactite upon each other and the eye, was Britain and Ireland, the division not designated; most striking

2,313,445, total number born in the United KingThe beholder stands and in mute astonishment

dom; 1,206,087 were born in Germany; 35,895 in

Prussia ; 17,583 in Holland ; 6,991 in Belgium; gazes at the scene around him, conscious that a

31,071 in Switzerland; 188,725 in France; 12,251 word, a foot-fall may dissolve the charm, and

in Spain; 6,049 in Portugal; 3,059 in Demmark; traces in every direction, upon every ornament,

29,441 in Norway and Sweden; 1,318 in Poland; the unmistakable “footprints of a Creator.” The mind unconsciously forgets the things of 108 in Greece ; 338 in Sicily; 706 in Sardinia ;

938 in Russia ; 123 in Turkey; 7,185 in Italy; time and sense, and in the enthusiasm of the

9 in Corsica; 116 in Malta; 526 others were born moment is drawn from the admiration of its

in Europe, the division not designated ; 91,699 visible surroundings to the adoration of their

were born in British America ; 5,440 in South invisible omnipresent Creator.

America ; 640 in Central America; 15,969 in From this hall our party were conducted Mexico; 35,317 in the West Indies; 16,714 in through a long, narrow passage, to the Church, China ; 101 in the East Indies ; 7 in Persia ; 16 a hall 120 feet in length, fifteep to twenty feet others were born in Asia, division not designawide, and fifty feet high ! from one extremity of ted; 14 were born in Liberia ; 4 in Egypt; 5 which shoots up a tall white spire, called the in Morocco ; 2 in Algiers; 4 others were born Steeple, by which no doubt the name of the in the Barbary States, the division not designaroom was suggested. Passing on we soon come ted; 2 were born at tbe Cape of Good Hope ; to the Garden of Eden, which though very in- | 118 others were born in Africa, the division not appropriately named has some remarkable curiosi- designated; 278 were born in the Canary ties. Immense stalactites hanging from the Islands; 1,288 in the Azores; 203 in Madeira; roof have united with the stalagmites formed 22 in Cape Verde; 59 in Sandwich Islands ; 5 upon the floor, forming curtains, amidst which in Society Islands ; 79 in South Sea Islands; 3 one can pass as through the mazes of a labyrinth. in Isle of France; 14 in St. Helena ; 20 in Aus. They are from one-half to an inch in thickness, tralia ; 157,537 in countries not designated by and quite translucent, so that our candles, when the returns. placed behind them, shed a dim light upon the Ireland contributed the largest portion, for it room, giving it the appearance of a Winter is estimated that in addition to the number scene by moonlight. After passing the Natural above stated, 747,930 who arrived in the Uni. Bridge, the Causeway, the Tower of Babel, all ted States, and were known to have been born of which are immense stalagmitio concretions, in Ireland, at least one million of the number which at the present rates of formation could attributed to Great Britain and Ireland were never have been formed in millions of years, we also born in the latter country. This would arrive at Jefferson's Hall, the farthest room in make the the total Irish immigration 1,747,930. the cavern. We had now travelled upwards of half a mile, and spent four hours in these sub The common people do not accurately adapt mundane labyrinths, and yet there are a thousand their thoughts to the objects; nor, secondly, do and one curiosities which we have not mentioned, they accurately adapt their words to their and as many side rooms and cavities, which we thoughts; they do not mean to lie; but, taking have not seen. For the variety and beauty of no pains to be exact, they give you very false its natural ornaments, for its splendid hangings accounts. A great part of their language is and finely wrought fret work, Weyer's Cave must proverbial; if anything rocks at all, they say ever remain one of the greatest of nature's it rocks like a cradle ; and in this way they go curiosities. It must be seen to be known. After on.-Johnson.

THE PHENOMENA of cold forms the subject of, and do not associate, except in the presence of their some interesting statements by a writer in the teachers. None are received as pupils except the chilScientific American. It appears that for every |

dren of Friends, or those living in Friends' families

very and intended to be elucated as Friends. mile we leave the surface of our earth the tem-1 Terms. For board, washing and tuition, per term perature falls five degrees. At forty-five miles of 40 weeks, $115, payable quarterly in advance. distance from the globe we get beyond the atmos. Pens, ink, lights, &c., fifty cents per quarter. Drawphere, and enter, strictly speaking, into the re

ing, and the French language each $3 per quarter.

Books and stationery at the usual prices. gions of space, whose temperature is 225 degrees

1 The stage from Washington to Winchester stops at below zero; and here cold reigns in all its power. | Purcelville within two miles of the school. There is Some idea of the intense cold may be formed by a daily stage from the Point of Rocks, on the Balt. stating that the greatest cold observed in the

and Ohio R. Road, to Leesburg, where a conveyance Arctic Circle, is from 40 to 60 degrees below

may be had to the school, a distance of 9 miles.

rees below Letters should be directed to Purcelville, Loudoun zero; and here many surprising effects are pro- Co., Va.

S. M. JANNEY, Principal. duced. In the chemical laboratory, the greatest

HENRY SUTTON IS cold that we can produce is about 150 degrees



UP below zero. At this temperature, carbonic acid mo At this temperature ophonie anid!


7 mo. 11th, 1857.-8w. gas becomes a solid substance like snow; if (1 ENESEE VALLEY BOARDING SCHOOL FOR touched it produces just the same effect on the ! UGIRLS, AT WHEATTLAND, MONROE CO., skin as a red hot cinder; it blisters the finger

or the enor N. y. The School Year is divided into Three Terms,

of fourteen weeks each. like a burn. Quicksilver, or mercury, freezes at The Fall Term will commence on the 3d of 8th mo., 40 degrees below zero-that is, 72 degrees below 1857. the temperature at which water freezes. The The Course of Instruction in this school, embraces solid mercury may then be treated motus me- an elementary, practical, liberal, and thorough Eng. tals, hammered into sheats or made into spoons;

lish Education, including Drawing. Lectures will be

given on the different branches of Natural Science, such spoons, hower , rould melt in water as which will be clearly and fully illustrated by experiwarm as ice.

ments, with appropriate apparatus.

The School is located in a healthy and pleasant PHILADELPHIA MARKETS.

situation, within a hundred rods of Scottsville Station, FLOUR AND MEAL.—The market is dull, and mixed

WD MENT.The market is dull, and mixed I on the Genesee Valley Rail Road, ten miles south of brands are offered at $7 00 per bb)., and brands for | Rochester. home consumption at $700 a $7 12, and extra and It will be the aim of the Managers and Teachers to fancy brands at $7 50 a 950. There is very little render the pupils as thorough as possible in the studies demand for export, and little stock to operate in. Rye

pursued, and also to inculcate habits of order and proFlour is held at $4 75 per barrel, and Pennsylvania | priety of conduct. Corn Meal $3 94 per barrel.

No pains will be spared that tend to promote the Grain.-There is little demand for Wheat. Sales

nd for Wheat. Sales | best welfare of the pupils. , of prime Pennsylvania red were made at $1 80 for L. TERMS, $42 per Session of 14 weeks, for Tuition, good prime Southern red, and $1 90 a 1 93 for good Board, Washing, Fuel, Pens and Ink,-one half payaand fair white. No new offering. Rye is dull. ble in advance, the other half at the end of the Term. Pennsylvania is worth $100. Corn is in demand.

Class Books furnished by the scbool, for the use of Sales of Pennsylvania yellow at 90c, afloat. Oats are which $1.50 per Term wul be charged. No extra steady; sales of Pennsylvania and Delaware at 59c. charges, except for Languages, which will be $5 per

Term for each. Stationery furnished at the usual A FEMALE TEACHER, to take charge of the ! prices. A male department, of Friends School, at Salem

F Friends School. al Salem 1 Each Pupil will provide herself with a pair of OverN. Jersey, is wanted.

shoes, Wash-Basin, Towels, Tooth-Brush and Cup. The School to be opened about the 1st of 9th month Eacb article of clothing to be distinctly marked. next, apply to

ELISHA BASSETT, or | Conduct-papers will be forwarded to the Parents or 8mo.1-41

ELIJAH WARE. | Guardians of each Pupil every month, showing the
Salem N. J. progress in study, and general deportment.

For further particulars address,

* STEPHEN COX, Principal, School, situated in Loudouo Co., Va., was founded Scottsville P. O., Monroe Co., N. Y. by an Association of Friends belonging to Fairfax

7th mo. 25th, 1857.-40. Quarterly Meeting, in order to afford to Friends' children, of both sexes, a guarded education in accor- ! L'ALLSINGTON BOARDING SCHOOL FOR dance with our religious principles and testimonies. [ GIRLS.-Beulau S. Lower and Esther LOWER, The next session will open the 7th day of the Ninth Principals. The first session of this school will commonth and close the 11th of Sixth month following. mence on the 14th of 9th mo. next.

Thorough instruction is given in the branches! In this Institution will be taught all the branches of usually embraced in a good English education, and a thorough English education, and no efforts will be lectures are delivered on History, Natural Philosophy, spared on the part of the Principals in promoting the and Chemistry. A philosophical apparatus, a cabinet comfort and happiness of those under their care. of minerals, and a variety of instructive books, have

instructive books. have Terms.--For tuition, board, washing, the use of been provided for the use of the school.

books and stationery, $75 per session of 20 weeks. Experience confirms us in the belief, that in class. French and Drawing each $5 per session extra. ing together boys and girls in the recitation room, we For further particulars and references address B. S. have adopted the right method, as it stimulates them and E. LOWER, Fallsington, Bucks Co. Pa, to greater diligence, and improves their deportment. 7th mo. 11th, 1857.-8w. They have separate school rooms and play grounds, 5

| Merrihew & Thompson, Prs., Lodge St., North side Penda.Bank.

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »