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right to vote, it was urged,] that men could not Not doubting that girls can study Latin and maintain their refusal to confer this privilege, Greek quite as well as boys, the question recurs, by the considerations of logic. Other and what do they gain in return for the large stranger considerations stand in the way. The amount of time and labor required to learn those exercise of the right to vote does not appear languages ? Are their minds thus furnished to be in accord with that peculiar, distinct, with materials for thought or with information feminine nature, which, it is believed, is des of practical value? Are they filled with high tined to unfold in a very different direction, and moral and religious sentiments in being kept to aim at a higher mark.
for years in close communication with those old Many wise and good men, perceiving the bene- Pagan writers ? Very little that tends to eleficial nature of female io fluenee on society vate the female character can be gathered hitherto, have been impressed with the belief, there. that the sex were yet designed to be the great! But these studies are recommended as a reformers of the world. Now, if woman's in- means of mental discipline, a sort of intellectual fluence is to stand preeminent in the happier gyuinastics. In the case of bodily gymnastics, future, it must obviously be from the more the attempt is not made to strengthen one set of perfect performance of the work she has bith muscles by putting into action quite a different erto done go well. What are the elements of set. In the study of the ancient languages, al. that work? By what means accomplisbed? I though several faculties are called incidentally To obtain a clear perception of the way it was into operation, it is the one faculy of language done, we only need to remind ourselves that we which is primarily and directly trained. Apimcombine two patures : the one which allies us portant faculty certainly; yet not the most to the beasts that perish ; the other, by which important to develop and cultivate. It is still we are brought near to the angels, and crowned more important to learn to think. with glory and honor. The history of civiliza. And even for the thorough culture of the tion—hat is, of man's real progress-is simply one faculty of language, there is good ground the struggle of man's higher nature to subdue for denying that Greek and Latin, though bril. the lower. While the animal and selfish por-liant examples of the degree in wbich the tion was strongly in the ascendant, while the power of expression may be polished, have any physical world was being subdued, woman ne exclusive or paramount claim to study. Our cessarily played a very secondary part. So soon mother tongue is, in structure and spirit, more as “the superior or moral sentiments" became Saxon thun Latin; as the best points of our a decided power, the being whose excellence national character, sturdy integrity, reverence consists in their activity began to rise to ber for humanity, and especially respect for woman, place. Then gentleness was found to be a come to us by our desceut from the Northern, stronger power than violence; faith, than not the Southern nations of Europe. reason ; reverence, than self-exalting ; love, Further, in regard to “mental discipline," it than strength and courage. Now, it is ex- was suggested that the same blunder was actly in all those higher attributes that woman's sometimes made as that which had been progenuine excellence consists. Disclaiming wholly ductive of so much mischief in the case of the language of sentimental gallantry, it is moral discipline : pamely, that occasions should stating only a simple fact, established by his be sought for making the young “ bear the tory, and founded in mental science, to declare cross," for teaching them “to surrender their that gentleness, faith, ideality, with all its re- wills," as a preparation for life; just as if, in fining influences, reverence and love, are es. the real life before them, there were not sure sentially feminine qualities; and their contrast to be abundant lessons of that nature; yokes ed attributes are masculine. It was by excelling enough to bear, without contriving artificial in those virtues, that woman became a power in ones. So, for mental discipline, the problems the world; it must be by continued cultivation of existence, the great art of living, (or science, of them she is to grow in useful influence. as it well deserves to be called,) will furnish
[The lecturer then proceeded to examine the the best lessons. actual course pursued in the present system of As it is surely better to learn ten new ideas female instruction ; selecting, for example, Vas-than ten words for the same old idea, the prosar College. After mentioning the deep interest gressive sciences, botany, natural history, geolohe had felt in watching the organization of that gy, chemistry, physiology, natural philosophy, institution, and eulogizing the arrangements for are better exercises than the classics. the health, comfort, and physical culture of An exhaustive examination of this subject the pupils, he expressed his disappointment at may be found in Herbert Spencer's work on finding the old college curriculum adopted for education. It is bis conclusion, that “ for the system of instruction, and the study of the every purpose of exercising and disciplining the classics regarded as the best means for securing judgment and the moral and religious feelings, mental discipline.]
science ranks far before the classics.” “ These
may be studied, be says, “ by way of ornament; | ceptury has witnessed the full development of but as their benefit can apply only to the leisure her character and influence. Her relative part of life, so should their study occupy only position is not likely always to continue the the leisure part of education."
same as now. No revolutionary war will be reWhen all is done at our schools, for the train quired to secure all the independence her baping of the physical powers, the culture of the piness demands. [Some lines were here read intellectual faculties, and for mental discipline, from Tennyson's “ Princess," filled with the by a curriculum adapted to the inherent na- spirit of true prophecy.] ture of those faculties, and the desiyn of the A much wider and more diversified field of Creator in bestowing them, has the problem of employment will be opened, adapted to her female education found its solution ? Far, very measure of bodily strength and her quick perfar from it. The domain of the emotional ceptive intellect. But these will lead to no part of the feelings is only just touched. jostling with men in the pursuit of business. Wide and deep as is their influence in the Her inborn love of home will ever be a conworld for happiness or misery, susceptible as trolling principle in all the arrangements of they are of development and culture, they surely life. claim a degree of consideration beyond what She will be eminent as a teacher. She will they have yet received, -un ost especially in the be it was thought) a physician-perhaps the education of girls.
physician of the future. She will be in word If the introduction of music into our schools and life a preacher; her quicker intuitions and is deeced inexpedient, it is well to be reminded i more spiritual nature will have the wider field, that a substitute, to some extent, may be found and bear the richer fruit. She will be nearest in the kindred influences of poetry, whose God, for she is fullest of purity and love; "and study should form part of every woman's they that dwell in love, dwell in God, and God culture.
in them.” Man will journey forward also, ap* * In glancing over the wide field se preciating his companion more and more as lected for the evening's meditation, nothing has they tread together the onward and upward been said about certain matters which usually road; and feeling that, next to reverence to occupy a large space in essays on the proper God, respect for woman is the best sentiment of bringing up of girls. Reference was had to his heart. the well-meant but rather ineffective measures At the conclusion of the lecture some comrecommended fer repressing those foibles to' ments were made by those present, in which wbich the sex is supposed to be particularly the idea was maintained that the education of prone : such as novel-reading, devotion to dress the sexes should be in all respects equal, and and fashion, and frivolity in general. It was that no partial culture would meet the require. suggested that the tendency had been to turn inents of woman's high calling. The great bane moral education into “a circumlocution office," of female education is the idea that it should and show “how not to do it.” Long enough be directed to make women attractive, the prehas the world, especially the world of youth, ference being given to music and kindred ornagroaned under testimonies against error. Would mental pursuits, at the expense of those substanit not be better to stop scolding, and rely upon 'tial, linguistic, mathematical and scientific impressing the loveliness of positive good ? studies which have been selected for young men Face the light and turn the children's eyes as the result of long experience, to develop the in that direction.
intellect, improve the memory, and evoke the lo regard to novel-reading, the suggestion power of classifying and expressing thought. was made, that girls who were fond of that sort of literature should agree to a proposition like this : for every work of fiction they read, tbere
THE BROOKLET. sbould be at least three books of solid character! The following little Poem was written by Sir Rob. perused.
ert Grant, who died of consumption at the age of It was contended too that dress was a very nineteen. refining iostitution—a civilizing agent. And the Sweet brooklet, ever gliding, hope was expressed that when this truth was Now high the mountain riding,
The lone vale now dividing, properly appreciated, the dear women would,
Whither away? perhaps, come to indulge their fondness for it in a less expensive and more sensible and es
With pilgrim course I flow, thetic fashion.
Or in summer's scorching glow,
Or o'er moonless wastes of snow, [The lecturer concluded with some remarks
Nor stop nor stay. opon the future of women.]
For 0, by high behest, Prom reason and experience of past history,
To a bright abode of rest we come to the conclusion, that it is unphilo
In my parent Ocean's breast, sophical to suppose that this partioular 19th
I baste away 1"
Many a dark morass,
| I felt assured they would do all in their power Many a craggy mass
to help me; but were they able to furnish me Tby feeble force must pass;
with all I should need ? That was the quesYe:, yet delay!
tion. I could but try; so that evening was the " Thongh tha marsh be dire and deep, .
time for their regular Monthly Mecting for Though the crag be stern and steep, On, on, my course must sweep,
school purposes. Capt. Smith and I met them. I may not stay !
Captain made known my needs, and directly one " For 0, be it east or west,
man arose and said, “ Miss, you are welcome to To a home of glorious rest
the best I have if you would think it is good la the brigbt. sea's houndless breast,
enough.” Then another and another,-all offerI haete away!"
ing their best. It was really touching to hear The warbling bowers beside thee,
some say, "Oh, Miss, how glad I would be to The laugbing flowers that hide thee, With soft accord they chide thee;
have you with me : it would please me mighty Sweet brooklet, stay i
well," So, after thanking them beartily for 1* I taste of the fragrant flowers.
the proffers of their hospitality, and making a I respoud to the Waibling bowers,
selection of the one which I thought would bestacAnd sweetly they cburm the hours
commodate me, and transactiog some other liule Of my winding way;
matters of business, we left. The next day, after “But ceaseless still in quest
school was out, I started on an exploring expe. Of ibut everlasting ret In my parent's boundles breast,
dition. I went to the place which was to be my I baste away !"
future home; found I could bave a room to myKnowest thou that dread abyss ?
self, with bed and bod.clothes, a stove, chairs, Is it a scene of bliss ?
table, and stand, wood and light furnished, and Ab, rather cling to this ;
my meals also furnished, for four dolla Sweet brooklet, stay! a week. They would not fix any price, but 11 Oh! who sball fitly tell
left it all to me. I thought that would What wonders there may dwell?
be about right; they are very kind and atThat world of mystery well Might strike dismay;
tentive to me. One thing I must not forget " But I know 'tis my Parent's breast;
to mention, my beautiful sunlit window, nor my There held, I must needs be blest;
pretty pure white primrose and scarlet geraAnd with joy to that promised rest
nium, wbich I bought at the gardener's yesterI haste away!"
day, -and here I am.
The people with whom I board are nice and Letter from one of the Teachers sent by Friends respectable. Many little things they have which Association for the Aid and Elevation of the denote refined taste: most of them are old to be
sure. I noticed the sheets on my bed were LEESBURG, VA., 2d month 10th, 1867. darned and mended beautifully; not only careTo L. J. R.
fully, but beautifully, just like mother mends Dear Friend.-It is a month since I returned things; also the carpet, which coosists of four to my post of duty, somewhat refreshed, both different patterns, so worn that you can scarcely in mind and body, by my trip home. I had tell what the origioal was. There is a large just begun to feel a little at home, in Leesburg, sized picture of Abraham Lincoln, framed, when I received intelligence to the effect that and hung up, with the Emancipation proc. I could not be accommodated with board at lamation prioted underneath, with Grant,
-'s any longer, as they were going to Meade, Sberman, and Sheridan,-one in each break up housekeeping, in a week or so. What corner. This bangs right over my little table was to become of me? I knew of but two fami- where I eat my meals; so thee sees I dine with lies who would be likely to take me: to those illustrious company. So now, dear friend, I be. I immediately made application, but with no lieve I have told thee all about my new home, success,--they had no place. Thus matters and have filled a sheet without sayiog a word rested, until Sixth-day afternoon, when S. L. about my school. I have lost some of my old Steer came and took me bome with bim to scholars, and have a good many new ones. I Waterford, where I remained till Second day will write to thee soon again, and make my morning, enjoying myself with his pleasant and school the subject of remark. I expect to go to kiod family; then he brought me to Leesburg Quarterly Meeting next week, at Waterford. I in time for school, where he spent some time in will tell thee about it when I next write. Love trying to secure a home for me, but was not to all. Buocessful. Somehow I did not fail heart; never
Thy Friend, C. Thomas. once did I feel like packing up and going bome. This I knew, there was get one earthly “A finished life-a life which has made the mcans left untried; the one that has never get most of all the materials granted to it, and failed when called upon--the colored people. I through wbich, be its web dark or bright, its
pattern, clear or cloudy, can be traced plainly
AN EXTINCT RACE. the hand of the great Designer; surely this is One of the most remarkable races that ever worth living for.”
inhabited the earth is now extinct. They were
known as the Guanches, and were the aborigines For Friends' Intelligencer.
of the Canary Islands. In the sixteenth century, REVIEW OF THE WEATHER, &C.
pestilence, slavery, and the cruelty of tbe SECOND MONTH.
Spaniards, succeeded in totally exterminating 1866. i 1867.
them. They are described as having been gi
gantie in stature, but of a singularly mild and Rain during some portion of
gentle nature. Their food consisted of barley, the 24 hours, ................
2 days. 6 day. wheat, and goat's milk, and their agriculture Baia ull or nearly all day,...
was of the rudest kind. They had a religion Saow, including very slight felis..............................
which taught iliem of a future state of rewards Cloa ly, with Jat storas.......
and punishment after death, and of good and Clear, as ordinarily accepted 16 "
evil spirits. They regarded the volcano of
Teneriffe as a punishment for the bad. The 28 1 28 "
bodies of their dead were carefully enabalmed TENPERATURE, RAIN, DEATHS,
and deposited in catacombs, which still continue 1866. &c.
1867. to be an object of curiosity to those who visit
the islands. Their marriage rites were very Mean temperature of 2nd
solemn, and before engaging in them, the brides month per Penna. Hospital,|34.14 deg. 40.21 deg. Highest do, during month 160.50 " 155.00
were fattened on milk. At the present day these
Report of Forwarding Committee for Second being for 4 current weeks
Month, 1867. for each year ..................
No. 103, 1 package, School at Suffolk, Va., contain:
104, 1 barrel, R. M. Biglow, Washington, D. C., Average of the mean temperature of 2nd
containing 75 garments, &c. month for the past seventy-eight years 30.67 deg. 105, 1 barrel, E. Ella Way, Falls Church, conHigbest mean of do. during that entire
taining 82 garments, shoes, &c. period, 1857 ................................... 41.03 "
106, 1 box, Mary K. Brosius, Vienna, Va., conLowest do. do. 1815, 1836, 182824.00 .
taining 80 garments, books and shoes. 107, 1 box, T. Shepherd Wright, Woodlawn, Va.,
containing clothing, books and seeds. FALL TEMPERATURES.
108, 1 barrel, Capt. Hines, Vienna, Va., containMenn temperature of the three Winter,
ing books and seeds for seven schools. mos. of 1865 and 1866...................... 33.68 deg.
109, 1 box, Susan H. Clark, Fortress Monroe, Mean do do do do
containing 223 new and old garments, months of 1866 and 1867 ................ 33.24
seeds, &c. Average of the Winter temperature for
110, 1 barrel, Deborah K. Smith, Gum Spring, the past seventy-seven years............... 31.66 "
containing books, seeds, shoes and clotbing. Highest Winter mean occurring during
111, 1 barrel, Eiza Heacock, Washington, D.C., that entire period, 1850, '51 ..... ........ 38.33 "
containing 125 garments. Lowest do. do. do.
112, I barrel, S. A. Cadwallader, Bladensborg, 1814, '15, and 1835, '36 .................... 26.66 "
containing trimmings, clothing and seeds. COMPARISON OF RAIN.
113, 1 package, H. P. Martin, Bethel, N.C., con1866.
taining clothing, books and seeds.
1867. Pirst month ...................... 3.14 inch 1.70 incb.
115, 1 box, Hettie Painter, Painter, Va., conSecond month................... | 6.611 | 2.89"
taising clothing, books and seeds.
Also packages of seeds to Leesburg, Accotiek, The above exhibit discloses the fact of a very high Waterford, Va.; St. Heleva and Mt. Pleasant, S., temperature for the mouth just closed; so nearly
HENRY M. LAIXG, President. unprecedented that we find only two years equal to Phila , 3d mo. 1, 1867. it in our records, running back to 1790! viz. :,1851, 41 degrees, and 1857, 41.03 degrees.
The Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid Notwithstanding the steady continued cold of First and Elevation of the Freedmen' has received since month, we find the mean temperature for the winter last report :to have exceeded the average by two degrees, while From City contributions........
$115.00 the quantity of rain thus far the present year is less " N. & E. T. Potter, Battle Creek, than half for the same period last year. It may be
1.00 remembered, however, that more rain had fallen " a Friend, for the needy.............. 1.00 during the second month of last year than for any corresponding month on record at the Pennsylvania
$117.00 Hospital, commencing with the year 1825.
Also, a box seeds, from Wilson Dennis, AppleIt may also be noticed that the deaths have been backville. Pa. about one hundred less.
J. M. E.
Henry M. Laing, Treasurer, Philadelphia, Third mo. 5th, 1867.
3d mo. 9th, 1867.
No. 30 Third St.
agreed to. A resolution appropriating fifteen thoug. Advices from the Cape of Good Hope bring the and dollars for the relief of the freedmen in the sad intelligence that Dr. Livingstone, the celebrated District of Columbia was passed. The bill reannex. African explorer, has been killed by the Caffres. King Alexandria to the District of Columbia was re
GEORGE PEABODY. -The latest gift of this benevo- ferred to the Judicary Committee. lent gentleman bas been the donation to a Board of HOUSE.-A communication was presented from the Trustees of $140,000, to be by them and their suc- Secretary of State, acknowledging the receipt of the cessors held in trust for the promotion among the act for the government of the rebel Slates, and an. iobabitants of his native county of Essex, Massa- oouncing his intention to promulgate it. A resoluchusetts, of the study and knowledge of the naturaltion reciting the fact that the Thirty ninth Congress and physical sciences, and of their application to had bad the subject of the impeachment of the Prethe useful arts. He directs tbat $40,000 be applied sideot under consideration, and providing for a conto the purchase of land in the city of Salem, and the tinuation of the investigation by the Judiciary Com. erection of such buildings as sball be necessary for wittee of the present Congress, was finally passed. the purposes of this trust. One hundred thousand | A resolution extending the sympathy of the House to dollars are to be kept invested as a permanent fund, the people of Ireland was offered but objected to; and the income used for the purposes designated. subsequently it was taken up and referred to the
A Peace Congress, it is announced, will be held in Committee on Foreign Relations. The motion to Wasbington on the 1st of Fourth montb, under the suspend the rules so as to allow the introduction of auspices of the United States Government. It is the a resolution authorizing the application of surplus intention of the Gorernment at this conference, if funds in the Treasury to the redemption of the com. possible, to mediate between Spain and the South pound interest notes came up and was lost. The American republics, so that the unfortunate war on resolution in reference to the Paris Exposition was the Pacific coast of Soutb America may be ended. passed. A bill repealing the act retroceding the Plenipotentiaries from Spain, Peru, Cbili, Ecuador county of Alexandria, District of Columbia, to Virand Bolivia will attend the Congress, and'it will beginia, was passed. presided over by some person designated by the The colored messenger of the Secretary of the United States Government. In case of disagreement, Treasury was recently elevated to a clerkship of the a foreign State, not one of the belligerents, is to be first class. designated as a mediator, and an armistice to the The FREEDMEN.-The Legislature of Tennessee has war is to take place as soon as all the belligerent provided by law for a cominon-school system for the States communicate to the United States their in
Sate without distinction of celor. It is not perbaps tention to send plenipotentiaries to the Coogress,
an obvious, but it is an entirely iruthful remark, and it shall continue until the end of the Con
that the blacks would never have been embraced in gress.
this provision except for the previous experiment It is stated that in England, France and Ger- and example of freedmen's schools, sustained by the many women have been admitted to practice medi- benevolence of the North, in every part of Tennessee. cine, and in the two former countries women's medi- In them the capacity of ihe negro and his ambition cal schools have been opened. There is also in to get knowledge have been forever established; and England an increase of female preachers noted. A they have also proved themselves bere, as noted by late London paper states that in addition to Mrs. Superintendent Tomlinson in South Carolina, the Thistlethwaite and Mrs. Booth, who occasionally ad-handmaids of civilization, and restored public order. dress congregations in London, Miss Macfarlane has the patient and obscure toiling of three years has been holding services at the Polytechnic Institution ; wrought this great revolution in Tennessee. The Octavia Jary bas been addressing large congrega Philadelphia Society alone, aided for the last eighttions at Atherstone; Geraldine Hooper, besides “her een months by that at Pittsburg, has effected and usual ministrations at Bath,'' has been holding ser sustained seventeen distinct educational organiza-vices at various other places; and J. L. Armstrong tions, five of which are normal classes for the prepahas been preaching at Arbroath and Dundee. ration of colored teachers, besides an opban asylum
CONGRESS.-A communication was laid before the at Nashville; and has distributed more than $10,000 Senate, from the Secretary of War, transmitting a worth of supplies, clothing, and fuel. At Murfreesstatement of General Howard, Commissioner of the boro', says a very high authority, “there is scarcely Freedmen's Bureau, in response to a resolution of a department of culture, whether social, literary, or the Senate calling for information in regard to ex- religious, which bas not received an impetus from treme want in the Southern States, etc. The report our teachers ;' and the same might be said of the states that from official sources, and confirmed by other stations, as indeed at Stevenson : "The teachgentlemen from different sections of ibe South, er is an advisor of the colored people in everything." he estimates tbat 32,662 whites and 24,238 colored "Gradually, we are reaching the parents through people will need food from some source before the next the children." crop can relieve them. The number of rations re. We understand that the N. Y. Branch of the quired for one month will be 170,700; for five months, American Freedman's Union Commission, baving, the probable time required, 8,535,000. At 25 cents together with the Pennsylvania Branch, borne the per ration, tbe estimated cost will be $2,133,750. burden of the schools in the District of Columbia, of this $625,000 has already been appropriated, will presently withdraw its teachers and its care leaving $1,508,750 to be provided. A bill was in- from all but a single school. This action is the troduced supplementary to tbe act for the govern- result, in part, of the charge imposed upon the Dis. ment of the rebel States, which provides for a reg-trict by Congress, of furnishing to blacks and wbites istration of loyal citizens, to be made before Ninth equally the benefits of education; in part, of the month next, after which an election for a convention suffrage which the blacks have obtained, admitting is to be held ; the convention is to form a State them to the control of their own destiny; and Constitution, which is to be submitted to the people especially of the mental and moral improvement ia for ratification and to Congress for its approval. The the colored people wbich bas been brought about in joint resolution appropriating fifty thousand dollars its own province by the New York Association.to further the purposes of the Paris Exposition was I The Nation.