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J. A.

1799.] Personifications....Remarks on Milton.

293 A quiver from his back depends,

Taught to obey the manage of that elf, Nor vainlyfince he strikes the blow That man and beast with power imperious E'er heedless men discern the foe

Subdueth to his kingdom tyrannous : Nor ever may the wretch depart

His blindfold eyes he bade awhile unbind, Uninjured by his cruel dart.

That his proud ipoil of that same dolorous In me remain his form, his stings,

Fair dame he might behold in perfect kind ; But sure the child has lost his wings. Which seen, he much rejoiced in his cruel

mind. In addition to this imagery, he is sometimes described as bearing a torch; and

Of which, full proud, himself uprearing his arrows are said to be burning. Fire and

high, flame have from all times been metaphors He looked round about with fern disdain, for the amorous paffion. Another em

And did survey his goodly company, blematical circumstance is, his being with that, the darts which his right hand

And marshalling the evil-order'd train ; blind, or rather hood-winked ; in allusion

did strain, to the want of discernment fo notorious in Full dreadfully he shook, that all did quake, : Joyers. But this fymbol, though of it. And clapt on high his coloured wingès twain, felf sufficiently appropriate, is manifeftly That all his many it afraid did make : incompatible with his allegorical charac- Then blinding him again, his way he forth ter of an archer, and so skillful an one,

did take. that Apollo himself acknowledges him to

F. Q. iii. 12. be the better marksman.

Every reader, I think, will feel how Certa quidem noftra eft; noftrâ tamen una much this fine description is injured by fagitta

the circumstance of hood-winking the Certior, in vacuo quæ vulnera pectore fecit. God; and how ill it corresponds with

Metam. i. 519. that imperial power and haughtiness, My shaft is sure; but that's a surer dart which is so well supported in the rest of With which love pierced my yet unwounded the design. heart.

(To be continued.) And, indeed, neither Propertius in the

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. passage above quoted, nor Anacreon, Moschus, Ovid, Virgil, Horace, or any

SIR, other of the first poets of antiquity, re


shall be much obliged any of your presents love as blind; and I suspect this correspondents who will inform us conception originated rather with the how the ancient Romans performed the philosophers than the poets. He is like- different calculations, which are fo reawise painted naked ; because, say the jo- dily performed by our present characters, cular critics, it is the property of love to

as it is generally supposed, they had no strip people. I rather imagine, however, other signs of numbers but the letters that this circumstance was meant to cor

we call numerical. Yours, z, refpond with his childish form ; and, that it denoted artlessness and finplicity; or,

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, perhaps, the impoflibility of concealing a

SIR, violent paffion. Among the innumerable descriptions A s. you have occasionally permitted

other correspondents to make misof love by the poets of so many ages, I cellaneous remarks and observations find scarcely any variation from the pre- upon various writers, or subjects, in ceding portrait; though in the action, your truly valuable Magazine, I hope and fome external accompanyments of you will oblige me with the same inthis deity, a degree of invention has been dulgence. displayed. There is a description of the

Although Mr. HAYLEY, in bis life of cruel and imperious Cupid by Spenser, “ Milton, has anticipated several of the drawn with much strength, and even sub- remarks of Mr. Wakefield in your limity. It is in the masque so often re- last Magazine, yet this latter gentleinan, ferred to; where, after a long train of by his fuperior penetration of mind, and allegorical personages, reprelenting dif- unrivaled classical knowledge, has furferent mental affeštions, closed by the nithed the admirers of Milton with some dismal figure of a lady, whose heart is cut new and strong arguments against their out of her breast, and borne before her in bigotted opponents. I do not recollect triumph; the poet fays,

that any other writer has given such an Next after her, the winged god himself ingenious and adequate explanation" Came riding on a lion ravenous,

of the latter diftich of the elegy in quesMONTHLY Mag. No. XLIV.



tion. Theextract too, from GARDINER'S It would also give me great pleasure to letter to CEEKE, is next to decilite proof have an accouut of the late excellent Dr. in favour of Milton. It would be amu- John Taylor of Norwich. fing to trace the descent of this idle ca- Dr. WATKINS, in his well written aclumny from bigot to bigot till it reached count of the late Mr. Madar, says, no Dr. Johnson; to whom it mult have been kain was ever fixed apon him, except peculiarly acceptabk, on account of his what he incurred by his publication of a fuperftitious tura of mind, and innate work, entitled “ Thelyphthora, &c. " didlike to the cause and to the afertors of Without meaning to offend the living, or liberty.-As to the clergy, they had no to say any thing ill of the dead, I would other means in their power to retaliate venture to all Dr. W. if he has never upon a man, who in several of bis profe heard of the affair at Aldwindle? Mr. M. works bad exposed their frauds, and might not deferve the censure then pretty given thema for levere a dagellatim. Theis freely cast upon him ; yet his condué refentment mud therefore be considered was thought a little lingular, as will apas a matter of course, and as these gen- pear by inspecting the pamphlets pubtlemen, con&dered as a collective body, lined upon the occasion, or the 37th voi. ac not very remarkable for their placa- of the Monthly Review, p. 382, where bility and forgiving dispołtion, no won- a judicious, candid summary of the whole der that this idle tory has been handed bufness may be found. down from generation to generation, like In the Monthly Magazine for February, their other idle taries about Cromwell, p. 28. W. H. enquires after president and thebloody murderers of St. Charles ! Bradshawe If he has not already ob.

A gentleman of Mr. WAKEFIELD'S tained the information he wants, I beg tafte, and extensive reading, can scarcely leave to refer him to the various volumes have overlooked a {pirited defence of of the Gentleman's Magazine, from 1778 Milton, prefixed to the fecond volume of to 1788, where he will meet with many the memoirs of the late patriotic Thomas curious anecdotes well deserving his noHollis? I hall only add upon this fub- tice. It is next to certain that the preli. jed, that to those old-fashioned Englifa. dent was of a Cheshire or Derbyshire fa. men, who venerate the genuine principles mily, and fome of his descendants by the of our free contitution, the perusal, and female fide were living not many years perhaps the re-publication of Milton's ago in the above named counties. Arcopagitica," would at this fingularly

Yours, alarming crilis, be a very useful em

A Lover of Biography. ployment.

Page 381. The queries of Dr. WATKINS', respecting the late very learned

To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine, James Pierce of Exeter, will be partly

SIR, answered, if he will please to consult the N alwork published about two years Proletant Dissenters Magazine, vol. 2d, page 44!, in which some brief account cal and Literary," I met with the follow, of the birth-place, education, minifterial, ing passage : Granger, who was a reor literary labours, persecution and death markable ugly man, contended that he of that good man are recorded. In these was the handsomeft thing in the world." memoirs too, there is an extract from P. 353. The writer then states, what he one of Mr. P's. publications, well de- calls a specimen of logical perversion ; serving the notice of such of your readers and which, he pretends, Granger urged in as are interefted in the repeal of the Test support of his favourable representation act, as it sets the controversial artifice, of his own person. I was personally acand deliberate misrepresentation of Dean quainted with Mr. Granger; and know Sherlock in a clear point of view. The that he was not an ugly man, but his face pallage is too long to be transcribed ; but and person were agreeable. A print

of him, as the writer of the above memoirs juftly drawn and engraved by William Wynne obferves, it is very remarkable that the Ryland, is prefixed to the second edition ingenious editor of the late abridged edi- of his Biographical History of England; tion of Bishop Hoadley's reply to Sher- and any man, who examines this, will be lock should have overlooked it, and per- convinced, that if the print bears the most mitted his supposed right reverend an- diftant relemblance to him, he could not tagonist once more to retaliate the ca.

be au ugly man.

He was far otherwise, lumny without reprehension.

I luppole, that the whole story is withI join with Dr. WATKINS in rishing out any foundation ; for Mr. Granger to see some memoirs of the learned Halett. was not a vain man.

But if at any

Redenrption of the Land Tax.

295 time he spoke of himself as a very hand be transferred. If therefore a landholder fome man, it must have been merely in bays 3 per cents. at 5e, he pays down jeft. Literary and biographical anecdotes only 18331. 6s. 8d. or in other words inare certainly amufing, and may be in- creases his capital 10431. 23s. rd. fructive; but those who publifh fuch anec- You will at once obferve that I difter dotes, should pay fome segard to truth. from fome of your fossuer correfpondents,

H.S. (see pages 18, and 239.) but I latter my

felf I have demonftrated that the redenpTo the Editor of the Montbly Magazine. tion of the land-tax, will be highly beneSIR,

ficial to landbolders. THA THAT the redemption of the land-tax Renfreubire,

I am, &c. will be attended with beneficial ef- December 15, 1798. HP fects, both to the public and to individuals must be very obvious if a fair and accu- To the Editor of the Monibly Magazine. rate investigation is inade of the subject.

SIR, As to the public I shall only observe that


THE insertion of the following quethe quantity of tock which must be sies, in an easly number of your bought up for the redemption or purchase miscellany, will oblige, of the land-tax, muft neceffarily keep up

Yours, &c. 1. C. the price of the funds, and the good ef- Are there any villages that are yet fects of this measure are already apparent. without a Sunday fchool? if so, what are

Without dwelling on the falutary pur- the impediments? poses of this scheme of finance to the pub- Would not a small circulating library lic, I beg leave to direct your attention to be of use in country villages? If fo, the advantages individuals will experience what would be the best plan for its conby redeeming their land-tax.

ductor to pursue? And in the first place it is to be observed What is schools" or " houses of inthat every county or district is assessed dufry" are there thronghout the kingnot only for the land-tax, but also for the dom? of what length of time have they expence of colle&ting that branch of re.

been ? what number of old or young poor Individuals therefore who re- in each? what work are they employed in? deem their land-tax, purchase no more and what is the probable faving per annum? than that part of their assessment which Are there any jails in England where is paid to government, for the propor- manufactories are introduced? If fa, how tion which they contributed towards de- are they conducted ? If upon the plan of fraying the expence of collecting ceases. Philadelphia ? This will be best illustrated by an example. Has the inoculation of the children of In the small division of the kingdom the poor been attended to throughout Enwhere I reficle *, the land-tax amounts to gland--and if not, what are the names of gool. 35. 8d. per annum, and the expence those places that have not adopted fo effiof collecting is nearly 1351. Therefore cacious a method ? it is much to be every person whose assessment amounts to wished that the answer (if any) to the 1951. pays only 100l. of land-tax, the re- last queftion may be made public, that we maining 151. þeing his proportion of the may know where the bills of mortality collector's salary. In order to redeem have swelled by voluntary negligence. 100l. of land-tax, a landholder must trans- In what towns are friendly focieties fer 36661. 135. 4d. of the three per cents. established for the relief of the poor? This quantity of stock will yield him an Are there any libraries in churches of the income of 1101. he is therefore a gainer of establishment? or in the chapels and sl. per annum or 1661. 138. 4d. of stock meeting houses of diffenters ? are they by the transaction.

completely open? or under any restricSecondly, I beg leave to give another tions Are there any towns that have view of this subject.

reading-rooms established for young men Estates always fell in proportion to the to resort to, in preference of going to tafree rent or net income, and in this part of verns, &c. after shop hours? the kingdom often at 40 years purchase; Some friends of humanity even to the landholders therefore by redeeming their inferior animals are forming here, what land-tax will greatly augment their capi. may be called a “ Bee Saciety," in which tal. Thus, 115l. of yearly income from the preservation of the lives of those useland is worth at least 25 years purchase, ful animals will be particularly attended or 2.875l. In order to redeem 1151, as to-but they wilh for the advice of your already stated, 36661. 135. 4d. stock must correspondents on that subject. * Renfrewshire. Newcastle, February 70 1799.



To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. washed it off ; during the time the falt. SIR,

ness was observed, the wind was in the BEG to ask of some of your philofo- east, and the air very cold for this seasonfaltness on the branches of the trees and to the wind much the salteft, it could not hedges in many parts of Kent, and I be observed by the eye, but by applying hould suppose it was general throughout the branches to the lips it was very percepEngland, from about the 26th of March, tible.

Your's, &c. to the sth of April lalt, when the rain April, 12th, 1799.


M. W,

PROCEEDINGS at large of the NATIONAL INSTITUTE of France, on

the 4th of January, 1799, as published by the Secretaries. Notice of the Labours of the Class of which is at this day multiplied fo advan

Physical Sciences, read at the last quarterly tageously, fitting, by Citizen LASSUS, Secretary. The difficulty of collecting the varied A

during the last three months have been considered, with reason, as one of occupied the class of Physical Sciences, the greatest obstacles to the study and two new genera of plants have been pre progress of natural history. This diffisented by Citizen L'HERITIER. The culty exists no longer with regard to the first, discovered at Madagascar, by Citi- plants which grow in the states of Tunis zen BRUGUIERE, an associate member of and Algiers. The public now possesses a the Institute, is to assume the name of Complete Flora of Mount Atlas; a work Bruguiera. Grateful science will be long desired by botanists; and it is to anxious to consecrate to the memory of Citizen DesFONTAINES that the obligathis learned naturalist, whom death has tion is solely due. just taken from us, the plant which was

Citizen BROUSsoner, whom the love the first fruit of his labours in the voyage of the sciences has conducted into the round the world which he undertook with fame part of Africa, has investigated the Kerguelen.

particular processes employed at Fez and The second genus, discovered at the

at Tetuan, in the preparations of goats' ille of France by the same author, belongs skins, with which morocco_leather of to the family of the Orchis. As it is a

different colours is made. He has laid plant parafistical to the trunks of trees, down the most precise instructions on this Citizen L’Heretier proposes, for this rea fubject, and has designated the plants fon, to name it the Rhizodendrum,

which are made use of in Barbary for There is a tree, originally of North those kinds of preparations. America, the young branches of which

Industry, which is able to convert every are covered during vegetation, with a vis- thing to some advantage, and which for cous humour, which, if touched ever to that reason ought to lole nothing, makes flightly, sticks strongly 10 the fingers and ule of old ropes and old fishermen's ners blackens them. Citizen VAUQUELIN con

to make tow, which serves afterwards to siders it as a principle different from all fabricate paper of different thickness and hitherto known in the vegetable kingdom, quality: Citizen TEISSIER has thewn but which, nevertheless, approaches nearer how useful it would be, to encourage in to resin than to any other substance. our maritime departments, the manufacThe production of this species of glue,

ture of that

very thick paper which ferves has caused the name of Robinia vifcofa for the careening of vessels, by always to be given to the tree here treated of, turning to profit the tow made of old to distinguish it from another robinia or cordage, which is moreover used for falfe acacia, to which it bears the strongest calking thips. affinity. Citizens Cels and VENTENAT

The fanie author has observed a pretty have shewn, that this tree belongs to a fingular fact, the cause of which is not as

He has observed in many genus which has been described by the yet known. Citizens JUSSIEU and LAMARCK. It places, milk newly drawn, and of fine is to Citizen MICHAUT, associate mem- white colour, become blue in the space of ber of the Institute, that we owe this

two or three days, even after having un. new acquisition, ftill more important dergone the operation of boiling. This perhaps than that of the false acacia, phenomenon does not appear to depend

either from

French National Institute.

297 either upon the age or the health of the problems for them to resolve, relative to cows, nor the state of the dairies, nor of the physical state of the healthy or fick the vessels into which the milk is put, nor person. from any defect of care or cleanliness, The attention of the class of physical All the milk and its produce, although sciences, has been further occupied with blue, is good, and may be used without some obfervations of Citizen BEAUMË on any inconvenience. Perhaps some plants the decomposition of calcareous muriate of the nature of woad and indigo, on by liine, and some enquiries into a malady which some cows feed during the summer, which Citizen Portal lias exhibited, by spe. tinge the milk with this factitious co- cifying the remedies competent to cure it. lour. But this is merely a conjecture, and Citizen Teissier proposes, in order to Notice of the class of Moral and Political discover the truth, to make the necessary Sciences, by Citizen LacueE. oblervations and experiments, in the places It will create no furprise to learn, that, where the phenomenon has been observed among the memoirs which have been

In a memoir on a new classification of read in the class of moral and political fheils, Citizen Lamarck has shewn the sciences, during the course of the last neceflity of augmenting the number of three months, there are three which treat genera, and of reducing to narrower limits on the properest means of establising and the characters which distinguish them, propagating liberty. Liberty, which was He extends this namber to a hundred and always the divinity of men of letters, seventeen. Linnæus and the other natu- ought, under a republican government, ralikts had only carried it to sixty. This to be still more particularly the object of new classification will enable us to refer their worship and of tiveir meditations. all the teltaceous animals we wish to in

Citizen TOULONGEON, convinced that veftigate, with greater facility to their true freedom can only exist where the respective genus.

liberty of the individual is fecure from In the numerous family of spiders, every assault, has been considering the there are some which have been surnamed means of protecting individual liberty in miners and masons, because they have the a representative government. property of burrowing a subterraneous The liberty of manifesting our thoughts, gallery or cavity, which they fhut with that of going and coming, and that of a sort of trap or moveable door. Citizen carrying arms, have been fpiritedly deLATRBILLE, an associate member of the fended by our fellow meiri ber. His obfera Institute, has indicated the characters vations on these three subjects will be proper to this industrious family, and the always useful to repeat, in countries means of not confounding it with other which enjoy liberty to preserve it there, insects of the fame name, but of a different and to introduce it into those which are fpecies.

deprived of it. The author is further of It is well known, that phosphorus and opinion, that there can be no personal many faline combinations of the phospho. liberty, where the citizen is not at his ric acid, have been found by chemifts in option, not only to refuse all public urine. The Citizens. FourcROY and functions, excepting those of the foldier VAUQUELIN, have been enabled to dif- and juror, but even to abdicate the right cover by some new experiments, alumine of citizenship; laitly, that to preserve and phosphate of magnesia, in this liquid. personal liberty, it may be neceffary, in They have observed, thatda particular certain cases and under a very weighty animal matter which characterises urine, responsibility, that the individual fhould and which gives it all its properties, very even have the right of disobedience. readily formed ammoniac, which caused Our fellow-member D2SALES, has magnefian phosphate to pass into the class been investigating the liberty of fuffrages ; of triple falts, rendered it much less dissolu- he has expressed his opinion on this lubble than before, and susceptible of preci. ject in a memoir on the use of secret boliotpitation in crystalline fakes or needles. ing among a free people. The author These two chemiits have examined the affumes, that the use of a secret balloting different alterations of which this liquid implies a previous fupposition, that free is susceptible, and have given an account of men would have the weakness to give a the spontaneous changes which it under- vote different from that of their real sengoes, and shewn that the investigation of timents ; he thinks further, that this it, as yet scarcely commenced, according form of balloting declares in general, that to then, is one of the objects which ought this mode of expreffing our wifi, allowthe molt to fix the attention of phyficians; ingvit may be proviforily retained in the as it presents one of the most important political world, ought to be banished

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