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him so lately, and marked him so particularly, you can, in all probability, conduct us unto him.”—“My friends,” said the dervis, “I have never seen your camel, nor ever heard of him, but from you.” —"A pretty story, truly! " said the merchants ; “ but where are the jewels which formed a part of his cargo ?” —“I have neither seen your camel nor your jewels,” repeated the dervis. On this, they seized his person, and forthwith hur. ried him before the cadi, where, on the strictest search, nothing could be found upon him, nor could any evidence whatever be adduced to convict him either of falsehood or of theft. They were then about to proceed against him as a sorcerer, El when the dervis, with great calmness, thus addressed the court:
“I have been much amused with your surprise, and own that there has been some ground for your suspicions; but I have lived long, and alone ; and I can find ample scope for observation, even in a desert. I knew that I had crossed the track of a camel that had strayed from its owner, because I saw no mark of any human footstep on the same route; I knew that the animal was blind in one eye, because it had cropped the herbage only on one side of its path; and I perceived that it was lame in one leg, from the faint impression which that particular foot had produced upon the sand; I concluded that the animal had lost one tooth, because, wherever it had grazed, a small tuft of herbage was left uninjured in the centre of its bite. As to that which formed the burthen of the beast, the busy ants informed me that it was corn on the one side, and the clustering flies that it was honey on the other."
7. Good ADVICE. — A certain khanet of Tartary, travelling with his nobles, was met by a dervis, who cried, with a loud voice, “Whoever will give me a hundred pieces of gold, I will give him a piece of advice.” The khan ordered the sum to be given to him, upon which the dervis said, “ Begin nothing of which thou hast not well considered the end." The courtiers, hearing this plain sentence, smiled, and said, with a sneer, “ The dervis is well paid for his maxim.” But the khan was so well pleased with thu answer, that he ordered it to be written in golden letters in sey. eral parts of his palace, and engraved on all his plate. ..
Not long after, the khan's surgeon was bribed to kill him with a poisoned lancet, at the time he bled him. One day, when the khan's arm was bound, and the fatal lancet in the hand of the surgeon, the latter read on the basin, “ Begin nothing of which thou hast not well considered the end.” He immediately started, and let the lancet fall out of his hand. The khan, observing his confusion, inquired the reason ; the surgeon fell prostrate, confessed the whole affair, and was pardoned; but the conspirators were put to death. The khan, turning to his courtiers, who had heard the advice with disdain, told them that the counsel could not be too highly valued which had saved a khan's life.
8. HUMOROUS RETALIATION. — A nobleman, resident at a castle in Italy, was about to celebrate his marriage feast. All the elements were propitious except the ocean, which had been 80 boisterous as to deny the very necessary appendage of fish. On the very morning of the feast, however, a poor fisherman made his appearance with a turbot so large that it seemed to have been created for the occasion. ,Joy pervaded the castle, and the fisherman was ushered with his prize into the saloon, where the nobleman, in the presence of his visitors, requested him to put what price he thought proper on the fish, and it should instantly be paid him. “One hundred lashes," said the fisherman, “ on my bare back, is the price of my fish, and I will not bate one strand of whip-cord on the bargain.” The nobleman and his guests were not a little astonished; but our chapmans was resolute, and remonstrance was in vain.
At length, the nobleman exclaimed, “Well, well, the fellow is a humorist, 54 but the fish we must have; so lay on lightly, and let the price be paid in our presence.” After fifty lashes had been administered, “ Hold, hold !” exclaimed the fisherman; “I have a partner in this business, and it is fitting that he should receive his share.” — “What! are there two such madcaps in the world ?” cried the nobleman. “Name him, and he shall be sent for instantly." _“You need not go very far for him," said the fisherman; “ you will find him at your gate, in the shape of your own porter, who would not let me in until I promised that he should have the half of whatever I received for my turbot.” — “0, ho!” said the nobleman, “ bring him up instantly; he shall receive the stipulated moiëty-Ex with the strictest justice.” This ceremony being finished, he discharged the porter, and amply rewarded the fisherman.
CXXXI. — FERDINAND AND ISABELLA.
1. It has been well observed of Ferdinand and Isabella that they lived together, not like man and wife, whose estates are in common, under the orders of the husband, but like two monarchs, strictly allied. They had separate claims to sovereignty, in virtue of their separate kingdoms, and held separate councils. Yet they were so happily, united by common views, common interests, and a great deference for each other, that this double adminis
tration never prevented a unity of purpose and action. All acte of sovereignty were executed in both their names; all public writings subscribed with both their signatures; their likenesses were stamped together on the public coin; and the royal seal displayed the united arms of Castile and Arragon.
2. Ferdinand possessed a clear and comprehensive genius, and great penetration. He was ēquable in temper, indefatigable in business, a great observer of men, and is extolled by Spanish writers as unparalleled in the science of the cabinet.cí It has been maintained by writers of other nations, however, and apparently with reason, that he was bigoted in religion, and craving rather than magnanimous in his ambition ; that he made war less like a paladine than a prince, less for glory than for mere dominion ; and that his policy was cold, selfish, and artful. He was called the wise and prudent in Spain ; in Italy, the pious; in France and England, the ambitious and perfidious.
3. Contemporary writers have been enthusiastic in their descriptions of Isabella ; but time has sanctioned their eulogies. She was of the middle size, and well formed; with a fair complexion, auburn hair, and clear blue eyes. There was a mingled gravity and sweetness in her countenance, and a singular modesty in her mien, gracing, as it did, great firmness of purpose and earnestness of spirit. Though strongly attached to her husband and studious of his fame, yet she always maintained her distinct rights as an allied prince. She exceeded him in beauty, per sonal dignity, acuteness of genius, and grandeur of soul. Com bining the active, the resolute qualities of man, with the softer charities of woman, she mingled in the warlike councils of her husband, and, being inspired with a truer idea of glory, infused a more lofty and generous temper into his subtle and calculating policy.
4. It is in the civil history of their reign, however, that the character of Isabella shines most illustrious. Her fostering and maternal care was continually directed to reform the laws, and heal the ills engendered by a long course of civil wars. She assembled round her the ablest men in literature and science, and directed herself by their counsels in encouraging literature and the arts. She promoted the distribution of honors and rewards for the promulgation of knowledge, fostered the recently-invented art of printing; and, through her påtronage, Salamanca rose to that eminence which it assumed among the learned institutions of the age. Such was the noble woman who was destined to acquire immortal renown by her spirited patronage of the discovery of the New World.
CXXXII. -- CROMWELL'S EXPULSION OF THE PARLIAMENT,
1. At this eventful moment, big with the most important consequences both to himself and his country, whatever were the work. ings of Cromwell'sEl mind, he had the art to conceal them from the eyes of the beholders. Leaving the military in the lobby, he entered the Parliamente House, and composedly seated himself on one of the outer benches. His dress was a plain suit of black cloth, with gray worsted stockings. For a while he seemed to listen with interest to the debate; but when the speaker was going to put the question, he whispered to Harrison, “ This is the time; I must do it;" and, rising, put off his hat to address the house.
2. At first his language was decorous, and even laudatory. Gradually he became more warm and animated. At last he assumed all the ve'hěmence of passion, and indulged in personal vituperation. He charged the members with self-seeking and profaneness, with the frequent denial of justice, and numerous acts of oppression; with idolizing the lawyers, the constant advocates of tyranny; with neglecting the men who had bled for them in the field, that they might gain the Presbyterians, who had apostatizedei from the cause; and with doing all this in order to perpetuate their own power, and to replenish their own purses. But their time was come; the Lord had disowned them ; He had chosen more worthy instruments to perform His work.
3. Here the orator was interrupted by Sir Peter Wentworth, who declared that he had never heard language so unparliamentary, - language, too, the more offensive, because it was addressed to them by their own servant, whom they had made what he was. At these words, Cromwell put on his hat, and, springing from his place, exclaimed, “ Come, come, sir, I will put an end to your prating!” For a few seconds, apparently in the most violent agitation, he paced forward and backward, and then, stamping on the floor, added, “ You are no parliament! I say you are no parliament! Bring them in, bring them in !” Instantly the door opened, and Colonel Worsley entered, followed by more than twenty musketeers.
4. - This,” cried Sir Henry Vane, Et « is not honest; it is against morality and common honesty.” — “Sir Henry Vane,” replied Cromwell; “ 0, Sir Henry Vane! The Lord deliver me from Sir Henry Vane! He might have prevented this. But he is a juggler and has not common honesty himself !” From Vane he directed his discourse to Whitelock, on whom he poured a torrent
of abuse, then pointing to Chaloner, “ There,” he cried, “ sits a drunkard ;” and afterwards selecting different members in succession, he described them as dishonest and corrupt livers, a shame and scandal to the profession of the gospel. Suddenly however, checking himself, he turned to the guard, and ordered them to clear the house. At these words, Colonel Harrison took the Speaker by the hand, and led him from the chair; Algernon Sydney was next compelled to quit his seat; and the other members, eighty in number, on the approach of the military, rose and moved towards the door..
5. Cromwell now resumed his discourse. "It is you," he exclaimed, “ that have forced me to do this. I have sought the Lord both day and night, that He would rather slay me than put me on the doing of this work." Alderman Allan took advantage of these words to observe that it was not yet too late to undo what had been done ; but Cromwell instantly charged him with peculation, Et and gave him into custody. When all were gone, fix. ing his eye on the mace, Et “ What,” said he, “ shall we do with this fool's bauble? Here, carry it away.” Then, taking the act of dissolution from the clerk, he ordered the doors to be locked, and, accompanied by the military, returned to Whitehall.
6. That afternoon the members of the Council assembled in their usual place of meeting. Bradshaw had just taken the chair, when the Lord-general entered, and told them that if they were there as private individuals, they were welcome ; but if as the Council of State, they must know that the parliament was dissolved, and with it also the Council. “Sir," replied Bradshaw, with the spirit of an ancient Roman, “ we have heard what you did at the house this morning, and, before many hours all England will know it. But, sir, you are mistaken to think that the parliament is dissolved. No power under heaven can dissolve them but themselves; therefore, take you notice of that.”
7. After this protest they withdrew. Thus, by the parricidal hands of its own children, perished the Long Parliament, which, under a variety of forms, had, for more than twelve years, defended and invaded the liberties of the nation. It fell without a struggle or a groan, unpitied and unregretted. The members slunk away to their homes, where they sought by submission to purchase the forbearance of their new master; and their pare tigans — if partisans they had – reserved themselves in silence for a day of retribution, which came not before Cromwell slept ic bis grave