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DRAFT OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE IRISH CHURCH. The Evening Mail publishes the following summary of the scheme, but full details have just been put forth by authority in a pamphlet published by Messrs. Hodges, Foster, and Co.
"The Committee who prepared it consisted of the twelve Bishops and of two Clergymen and two laymen representing each Diocese. A number of gentlemen versed in the law, and others possessing special knowledge, were invited to assist; and the labours of one of these will be apparent on a glance at the appendix on Commutation, by Professor Galbraith. The first of the Standing Orders really provides for three chambers in the General Convention, though nominally proposing that Bishops, Clergy, and laity shall sit and debate together-the further stipulation being added, that any Order may retire, for the consideration of any matter, on a majority of such Order requiring it. As a chairman is immediately to be chosen from among the seceders, a new and conflicting chamber would immediately be constituted. The third standing order suggests that the Bishops shall in all cases vote separately, and the other orders only when a separate vote is demanded by three Clerics or three laymen. The quorum proposed is two Bishops and twenty Clerical and forty lay representatives. Thus, apparently, two Bishops, by exercising their separate vote, might nullify the proceedings of the entire Convention. It is provided, in a subsequent section. that no question shall be decided except by a majority of these two. The order observed in Parliament is substantially followed as to debating and deciding on any "resolution." In the preamble and declaration the Church of Ireland re-affirms its "constant witness against all those innovations in doctrine and worship whereby the primitive faith hath been defaced or overlaid from time to time, and which at the Reformation it did disown and reject." The Thirty-nine Articles and the Book of Common Prayer, are received as standards of the Irish Church. The report proceeds to lay down a Constitution for a future governing General Synod of the Church of Ireland, which it is proposed shall consist of three orders and two houses-a House of Bishops and a House of Representatives. The number proposed for the House of Representatives is 100 representatives from the Clergy and 150 from the laity, and the distribution of these over the Dioceses gives a certain advantage to Armagh, Down, and Dublin. The Clerical and lay representatives are to be elected for three years. At the meetings of the General Synod the quorum of Bishops is increased from two to three, and the quorum of laymen is diminished from forty to thirty, with whom twenty Clergymen must be present to constitute a full meeting. Five Bishops are declared to be necessary to constitute a House of Bishops, acting separately, and twenty Clerical and thirty Jay representatives to make a House of Representatives. In the General Synod as in the Convention, the Bishops are to vote separately, if they desire to vote. Provision is also made for separate debating on any matter. The General Synod is to have no judicial function, but to legislate and adminster only. Its fixed meetings are to be held every third year. A majority of the House of Bishops, possibly consisting of three Prelates, are to have power to veto, and consequently to suspend for three years, any measure, even though adopted by the other orders. We pass over the chapters on Diocesan Synods and parochial organisation for the present, merely observing that there is a provision for a select vestry, of the Incumbent, his Curates, and not more than ten communicants, elected to manage the parochial and Church funds. The body of trustees of Church property-the representative body, as it is called in the draft-or Church body, as it is called in the Act of Parliament-is proposed to be formed of all the Archbishops and Bishops, and one Clerical and one lay member for each Diocese; and of other co-opted members, not more in number than the Dioceses; the elected and co-opted members to retire by rotation of thirds, at every triennial sitting of the General Synod. The Representative Body is to apply for a Charter of Incorporation. There are elaborate regulations as to patronage. A vacancy among the Beneficed Clergy, it is suggested in the draft, shall be filled by the Diocesan, from among three names submitted to him by a board of nominators, chosen partly by the General Synod from among its members, and partly by parochial elections, and should two-thirds of the board object to the Bishop's choice, they may appeal to the College of Bishops. For a vacancy in the Episcopacy only Clerical votes are to be given, the laity having no initiative; but the names of the three Clergymen chosen are to be submitted for approval to the lay members of the Diocesan Synod, who may approve or reject them, or any of them. In the latter case, the Clergy must select three other names, to be presented to the College of Bishops. The Clergy, however, cannot present a rejected name for the third time. The patronage lapses to the College of Bishops in case of default of nomination. For the vacancy in the Primacy there is a special provision.
The correspondent of the Pall Mall Gazette writes:
An agitation is rising among the lay delegates to the Irish Church Convention, caused by the publication of a draft Constitution for the Church, which a large party among them consider gives much too great power to the Episcopacy. These dissentients are holding private meetings, and confederating together to prepare for a struggle in the Convention against the Bishops and their supporters. A section of the Clergy, by no means small in number, have already shown their sympathy with the
more "Protestant "body of the delegates, and have attended some of their assemblies. A "protest," to which they are procuring signatures, demands time for the fuller consideration of the draft" We, the appeared in the columns of the Dublin Evening Mail, on Saturday. It undersigned delegates to the General Convention of the Irish Church, desire to enter our solemn protest against the shortness of the time allowed us for the consideration of the draft of the Con-titution of the Irish Church, before we are officially summoned to decide upon the same in General Convention. We think it of vital importance that full ime should be allowed, not only to us, but also to our constituents, to consider all the details of the proposed Constitution, and to express their sentiments on the matter for our information."
CONSECRATION OF A SUFFRAGAN BISHOP OF NOTTINGHAM. The Feast of the Purification, 1870, will be a memorable day in the annals of the Church, for, as the preacher happily expressed it, the zeal and energy of one man had broken through the trammels of custom, and restored an order of Bishops which existed in England long before the Reformation. Notwithstanding the unfavourable weather, there was a large attendance of the leading Clergy and Laity, to testify their satis faction at the nomination of one so deservedly beloved as the Archdeacon of Nottingham. Though all, of course, regretted the reason, it was felt to be a happy circumstance in itself that it should fall to the lot of the Bishop of London, acting for the Primate, to consecrate his old friend, Henry Mackenzie. The Church of St. Mary was tastefully decorated with evergreens and white lillies, there being likewise appropriate mottoes on the walls and bannerets. The effect of the entry of the procession was somewhat spoilt by the wet weather, but as the hymn, "Onward, Christian Soldiers," was sung, the effect was very grand. The noble chancel, completely filled with Clergy and Choristers in surplices, looked very grand. The Bishop of London celebrated the Holy Communion, the Epistle being read by the Bishop of Lincoln, and the Gospel by the Bishop of Lichfield. The Sermon was preached by Prebendary Morse.
The Bishop-Nominate was presented by the Bishops of Lincoln and Hereford. and the Service was proceeded with according to the Westminster Use. The Litany was very well chanted, but the Vicar mistook the prayer he was to say at the end, an excusable mistake, which the Bishop of London at once rectiñed. The laying on of hands was joined in by the Bishops of London, Lincoln, Lichfield, Hereford, St. Andrew's, and Wellington (New Zealand), the Archbishop of Syra with his attendants, and the Rev. G. Williams, being within the altar rails. There was a luncheon at three o'clock in the large Mechanics' Hall, under the Presidency of the Bishop of Lincoln, supported by the Bishops who had assisted in the consecration, the Archbishop of Syra, and the leading Clergy, County Magistrates, and Churchwardens, who had taken part in the procession to Church. There were also a number of ladies present.
The health of the Greek Archbishop was proposed by the Chairman, who also presented him with an address in classical Greek, purporting to come from the Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, and other members of the Anglican Catholic Church," in attendance at the ceremony; to which the Greek Archbishop made a suitable supply in Greek. He said :— Being deeply moved by your friendship and pastoral address, I cannot find words to express the sentiments which at this moment fill my heart with lively emotion at the declaration thus publicly made of affection to myself and the Orthodox Eastern Church. I bless the most holy name of the Lord that the presence of my humility in the midst of you has quickened that love to Christ, which the Epistle of the most Ecumenic Patriarch Gregory to his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury sets forth. I fervently pray to the Lord that, daily being established and advancing in this love, we may be foremost in this unanimity, through the grace of God creating and revealing it in us, and I pray that we may be foremost to give the watchword of unanimity, so much to be desired, and may join together the seamless coat of Christ our Saviour, which has been rent so much; that the coat which, after having been torn in various ways by Arians, Macedonians, Nestorians, Eutychians, Diascorians, and the rest of the band of heretics of evil name, is now rent more and more, on the one hand, through their evil examples by the arrogance of the Latin Church, which i apiously and licentiously aspires to supremacy, distracts the peace of all the Church, and tears asunder the bond of union in Christ, and on the other hand, by that spirit of ill-conceived liberty according to which the bonds of the ancient Church are severed ruthlessly, and the ancient landmarks which our fathers set are removed.
We quote the following sensible remarks on the need and propriety of united action by ourselves and our Roman brethren in defence of Christian teaching in our schools, from the Westminster Gazette :—
"If at the time that political power throughout Europe is, by the force of circumstances, being transferred to the masses, they are at the same moment emancipated, as the desire is, in too many quarters, from the control of religion by the substitution of secular in the place of religious education, who does not readily apprehend how soon the Christian
most, the introduction of a conscience clause into the trust-deeds of Church schools. He suggested that they should begin by affirming this principle, that there would be nothing deserving the name of education which was not based on the foundation of Christianity, and then proceed to discuss the proposal of Prebendary Maddison.
A resolution to this effect was accordingly put and carried unanimously.
The Rev. Prebendary Miles then proceeded to press the absolute necessity of full Church teaching in the schools. He had a Mission lately in his parish which had brought him into direct personal communication with many Dissenters, and had revealed to him a total absence of religious find. Among Wesleyans, even in their Sunday-schools, the Lord's Prayer was very rarely used or taught, the Ten Commandinents scarcely ever, and the principles and teaching of John Wesley utterly forgotten and ignored, while among the Ranters or Primitives, Antinomianism was openly avowed, and hardly any knew the Lord's Prayer. He could not see that the basis of the National Society was too narrow, inasmuch as, in fact, it only insisted on teaching the Lord's Prayer, the Creed, and the Ten Commandments, and he did not see how you could have any Christian teaching with less than this.
The discussion was continued by the Revs. R. C. Billing and M. Garfit, in favour of, and the Revs. I. F. Reynolds and G. Nash, against the resolution.
character of the country will be sacrificed? It is, therefore, now more than ever important that the Church which knew how to cope successfully with Pagan civilization should by those appliances, religious, intellectual, and social, at her command, resist the relapse of society into a state not far removed from intellectual paganism. To operate successfully upon society the Church must take a public share in every movement that tends to elevate the moral and intellectual character of the people. Ancient prejudice in these kingdoms against Catholicity is dying out, Catholics are thus enabled to join in good fellowship with all who are desirous for the maintenance of the Christian character of the country, and for the moral and social regeneration of the people. Such institutes as the one which the Catholics of Edinburgh have just opened are well-teaching among modern Dissenters, such as he had not been prepared to adapted to the present circumstances of our country. The presence of so many Protestants on this occasion exhibits the growth of good feeling and generosity on the part of the Protestant community towards their Catholic fellow-citizens. In the name of the Catholics of Scotland we tender to these worthy representatives of the spirit of Christian charity and of true progress an expression of unfeigned gratitude. The co-operation of Catholics and Protestants in works woich have a common end in view, is one of the most satisfactory signs of the times. For this co-operation, it must be remembered, is based not on the slightest sacrifice on either side of principle, but by a united action in such matters, in which an identity of principles exists. The only sacrifice which is made is the sacrifice of those unhappy prejudices, the result of ignorance of what Catholicity really is; and this sacrifice is deserving of praise and will bring its own reward. We are certain, on the other hand, that the Catholics of Scotland will lose no opportunity on their part of conciliating the goodwill of their fellow citizens; strictness in the observance of principle and a conciliatory spirit, faith and charity, ever go hand in hand. Catholic writers and speakers ought never to forget that prejudices are removed and men are won to goodwill more by an exhibition of Christian courtesy and by scrupulous fairness in argument than by smartness in controversial writings, or by the most elaborate refutations of error in which these Christian qualities are wanting. For our part, we are not aware of having ever given expression to a single thought which either in tone or character was calculated to wound the just susceptibilities or alienate the goodwill of those still unhappily separated from the Faith. We trust that the example so nobly set in Edinburgh may be followed throughout these countries, and that Catholics and Protestants, whenever they can co-operate without sacrifice of principle, may be found united in the great work of the moral and social regeneration of our common country. We may be excused, we trust, for taking this opportunity of pointing out that one special work at this crisis is open to the joint action of Catholics and Protestants. The work we mean is the preservation of the religious character of our national system of education. Let Protestants who regard religious education as essential to the well-being of the nation, co-operate in the country and in Parliament with Catholics for the attainment of this common object in the same spirit of cordial co-operation exhibited at Edinburgh, and we have but little doubt that such united action will defeat the attempt to impose a system of godless education upon the country."
CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION AT LINCOLN.
A special meeting of the Lincolnshire and Nottingham Committee of
the Lincoln Diocesan Board of Education was held on the 4th inst. in the Cathedral Library, Lincoln, to consider the following resolution to be proposed by the Rev. Prebendary Maddison, Vicar of Grantham :---
That this Committee accepts the general principles of the National Education Union, without pledging itself to all the details of their programune."
The chair was taken by the Bishop at twelve o'clock, and the meeting opened with prayer. The Rev. Prebendary Maddison introduced his resolution in a long and able speech, in which he strongly asserted the absolute necessity of uniting forces with the Union," and accepting the principle of a conscience clause as the only means whereby we should be enabled to resist successfully the attempts of the "Education League" to introduce a purely secular education.
The Rev. Robert Giles (Horncastle) seconded the resolution. The Bishop (Suffragan) of Nottingham thought, before deciding on anything, we ought to know if possible what course the National Society proposed to take in the matter, and he would, therefore, ask the Bishop if he could give them any information on that point.
Several amendments were suggested, but the only one put was one proposed by the Bishop of Nottingham to the effect that the meeting, while feeling much more sympathy with the principles of the "Union than with those of the League, yet declined to pledge itself to a Society of a political nature, and which might not be of a permanent character. The inexorable logic of railway trains was already producing a perceptible effect on the members of the meeting, and a division being taken on the Bishop of Nottingham's motion, it was lost by a majority of two, the numbers being twenty-six to twenty-four. The original resolution was then put and carried, and the Bishop having given the benediction, the meeting broke up.
(The Editor is not responsible for the opinions of his Corresponden!s.) PROPOSED CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATION.
Conservative Churchmen is mooted in your columns, and I hope the
Cathedral cities are, more or less, centres of Church work, in each of
South-place, Peterborough, 7th February.
THE EUPHRATES OF THE APOCALYPSE. SIR.Is there any exposition of Rev. xvi., 12, which suggests that the Euphrates may be the Tiber? The mystical Babylon in the next The Bishop said that the question was a most pertinent one, and he chapter is, almost universally allowed to be Rome, why not the was able to give an answer to it, at least to a certain extent. They Euphrates to be the river which runs through the great city of the were not, however, confined to one organisation-nay, they were already West? If, under the 6th Vial, the drying up of the mystical Euphrates, in union with several. First, the Universal Church of Christ throughout that the way of the kings from (not of) the East may be prepared, is the world; then, that branch of the Church existing in England; after to happen-is there nothing like this which, lately has been, and now that, the National Society, so long the faithful and efficient organisation is, taking place? Is there not something significant in "the way" of of the National Church for educational purposes, and there might yet be the Bishops of the Eastern Church being so laid open, that there may others of which they might avail themselves. At a meeting of the Com- be communion with reformed Romanists, Protestants, and themselves? mittee of the National Society on the 2nd inst. (an auspicious day for the In verses 14, 16, what, if that Battle to be fought at the place, called Church) it had been unanimously resolved, that the Society were prepared to in Hebrew, "Armageddon "-(it is a war, oλepog, not paxn) should, co-operate, as far as in their power, with the Government, on the foundation after all, be a great conflict of words, or a war of religious opinions, of the principles on which the Society was based; and he might add, that (lasting, perhaps, for some time) but ending in total defeat-is there he was informed that the Society were prepared to resist, to the utter-nothing of the kind just now going on?
MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN, We have it in command from Her Majesty again to invite you to resume your arduous duties, and to express the regret of Her Majesty that recent indisposition has prevented her from meeting you in person, as had been her intention, at a period of remarkable public interest. The friendly sentiments which are entertained in all quarters towards this country, and which Her Majesty cordially reciprocates, the growing disposition to resort to the good offices of allies in cases of international difference, and the conciliatory spirit in which several such cases have recently been treated and determined, encourage Her Majesty's confidence in the continued maintenance of the general tranquillity. Papers will be laid before you with reference to recent occurrences in
GENTLEMEN OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS,
The estimates for the services of the approaching financial year are in a forward state of preparation. Framed with a view in the first place to the effective maintenance of the public establishments, they will impose a diminished charge upon the subjects of Her Majesty.
The condition of the revenue has answered to the expectations which were formed during the past session.
Her Majesty trusts that you will be disposed to carry to its completion the inquiry which you last year instituted into the mode of conducting parliamentary and municipal elections, and thus to prepare the materials of useful and early legislation.
MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN,
It will be proposed to you to amend the laws respecting the occupation and acquisition of land in Ireland, in a manner adapted to the peculiar circumstances of that country, and calculated, as Her Majesty believes, to bring about improved relations between the several classes concerned in Irish agriculture, which collectively constitute the great bulk of the people. These provisions, when matured by your impartiality and wisdom, as Her Majesty trusts, will tend to inspire among persons with whom such sentiments may still be wanting, that steady confidence in the law, and that desire to render assistance in its effective administration, which mark her subjects in general; and thus will aid in consolidating the fabric of the empire.
We are directed by Her Majesty to state, that many other subjects of public importance appear to demand your care; and among these especially to inform you that a bill has been prepared for the enlargement, on a comprehensive scale, of the means of national education.
In fulfilment of an engagement to the government of the United States, a bill will be proposed to you for the purpose of defining the status of subjects or citizens of foreign countries, who may desire naturalization, and of aiding them in the attainment of that object.
You will further be invited to consider bills prepared in compliance with the report of the commission on courts of judicature, for the improvement of the constitution and procedure of the superior tribunals of both original and appellate jurisdiction.
The question of religious tests in the universities and colleges of Oxford and Cambridge has been under discussion for many years. Her Majesty recommends such a legislative settlement of this question as may contribute to extend the usefulness of these great institutions, and to heighten the respect with which they are justly regarded.
Bills have been prepared for extending the incidence of rating, and for placing the collection of the large sums locally raised for various purposes on a simple and uniform footing.
Her Majesty has likewise to recommend that you should undertake the mendment of the laws which regulate the grant of licences for the sale of fermented and spirituous liquors.
Measures will also be brought under your consideration for facilitating the transfer of land, for regulating the succession to real property in cases of intestacy, for amending the laws as to the disabilities of members of trade combinations, and for both consolidating and improving the body of statutes which relate to merchant shipping.
While commending to you these weighty matters of legislation, Her Majesty commands us to add, that the recent extension of agrarian crime in several parts of Ireland, with its train of accompanying evils, has filled Her Majesty with painful concern.
The executive government has employed freely the means at its command for the prevention of outrage, and a partial improvement may be observed. But although the number of offences, within this class of crime, has been by no means so great as at some former periods, the indisposition to give evidence in aid of the administration of justice has been alike remarkable and injurious.
For the removal of such evils Her Majesty places her main reliance on the permanent operation of wise and necessary changes in the law. Yet she will not hesitate to recommend to you the adoption of special provisions, should such a policy appear, during the course of the session. to be required by the paramount interest of peace and order.
Upon these and all other subjects Her Majesty devoutly prays that your labours may be constantly attended by the blessing of Almighty God.
A Paris paper states that the trial of the Prince Pierre Bonaparte will take place at Bourges, which is 124 miles from the scene of the homicide. The new election for the Aberdeen Rectorship has been fixed for the Duff's election. 12th inst. No other candidate has yet been named to oppose Mr. Grant
Mr. John Ruskin, M.A., the new Slade Professor of Fine Art in the University of Oxford, delivered his inaugural lecture yesterday in the large lecture room at the University Museum. The new Professor will deliver a course of six lectures this term, commencing on Tuesday, and be continued on each Tuesday following, at two o'clock.
The Rev. William Du Heaume, Rector of Trinity. Jersey, appeared on remand before the stipendiary magistrate of St. Helier's, on Monday week, charged with falsifying a resolution of a parish meeting over which he had presided. The case was dismissed, and one of the witnesses was arrested by order of the magistrate on a charge of perjury.
At a public meeting of tenant farmers, traders, Clergy, and others, held in Newtonards, county Down, on Saturday, it was resolved to hold a tenant-right demonstration as soon as the Government Land Bill be presented to Parliament. A great tenant-right demonstration takes place on Fair Hill, Cookstown, county Tyrone, on Tuesday.
Queen Isabella, according to the Gaulois, has opened negotiations with the members of the actual Government with a view to their accepting the candidature for the throne of the Prince Alphonse. If they will have the young Prince for King, the Queen promises that she will abdicate, and that her son shall accept the Constitution voted by the Cortes.
The Civilta Cattolica praises Count Daru, the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, for having openly declared in the Senate that the French Government respected the liberty of the Church, and it speaks in high terms of France as being almost the only country in Europe that has remained faithful to its concordat with Rome during the last seventy years. "France," says the Civilta Cattolica, "may rely that the Council will take this loyalty on her part into account."
Governor Eyre's assailants are, it seems, again engaged in an effort to injure him, for we read that the case of Phillips v. Eyre is now under consideration by the Court of Exchequer Chamber. The plaintiff, a native of Jamaica, brought an action for assault against the defendant, Mr. E. J. Eyre, who held the Governorship of the Colony during the outbreak of October, 1865. The Court of Queen's Bench decided in favour of Mr. Eyre, on the ground that he had been indemnified by the Colonial Legislature, and also by an Act of the Imperial Parliament. The Judges of the Common Pleas and Exchequer are now called upon to review this decision.
Mr. E. B. Denison writes to the Times :-" Speaking as a lawyer, I should like to know how the other Commissioners get over the recorded objection of the late Lord Chancellor of Ireland, that by the express words of the Commission they were only "to inquire into and consider the Lessons after (not before) they have completed and reported on the matters referred to in the former part of this Commission," viz., "the Rubrics, Orders, and directions in the Book of Common Prayer," which they are well known to have begun upon, but certainly not completed -much less reported on; and the alterations of which will make a practically new Prayer Book, to be submitted to Parliament and Convocation."
Feb. 3, at the Cathedral Church of Canterbury, Sir Louis Henry Dugald Campbell, of Auchirbrech, N.B., to Mary Ellen, only daughter of H. G. Austin, of The Grunge, Canterbury.
Feb. 3, at Trinity Church, St. Marylebone, the Rev. John Edwards, of Cwn, Flintshire, son of the Rev. Thos. Edwards, of Llanwyddelen Rectory, to Emma Julia, daughter of the late Chas. Heaton-Ellis, Esq., of 81, Harley-street, and Wyddial Hall, Herts.
Jan. 27. at Kingsland, Frederick William Oldfield, youngest son of the late Geo Oldfield, Esq., of Kingsland, formerly of Hertford.
Jan. 28, at Logie-Elphinstone, Aberdeenshire, suddenly, in the 88th year of her age, Græme, widow of the late Sir Robert Dalrymple Horn Elphinstone. Bart. Jan. 30, at 25, Lowndes-street, Countess Antoinette Bentinck, only daughter of the late Count John and the Lady Jemima Peatinck, aged 84.
Jan. 27, at Tudor Villa, Reading, the Rev. Robert Fowler Holt, aged 78.
Feb. 2, at Honington, Suffolk, the Rev. George Casar Hawkins, Rector of the
parish, eldest surviving son of the late Sir John Cesar Hawkins, Bart., in his 6ord
Feb. 3, at the Deanery, Rochester, the Very Rev. Robert Stevens, Dean of Rochester and Vicar of West Farleigh, Kent, aged 92.
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HE VALIDITY OF THE HOLY ORDERS OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND MAINTAINED AND VINDICATED BOTH THEOLOGICALLY AND HISTORICALLY, WITH FOOT-NOTES, TABLES OF CONSECRATIONS AND APPENDICES.
By the Rev. FREDERICK GEORGE LEE, D.C.L, F.S.A., Vicar of All Saints', Lambeth. Contents: Preface-List of Books quoted or referred to. CHAPTER I.-Introductory: Statement of the Author's object. II. The Preface to the Ordinal of 1549. III. Form for the Ordination of Deacons, 1549. IV. F. rm for the Ordination of Priests, 1549. V. Form for the Consecration of Bishops, 1549. VI. The Edwardine Ordinal. VII. The Ordinal of King Edward VI.— Objections. VIII. Ordinal of King Edward VI. in substantial harmony with the most ancient forms. IX. Some other ancient forms for Ordination. X. Mediæval forms for Consecration and Ordination in the West. XI. The same subject continued. XII Eastern forms of Ordination. XIII. Forms of Ordination n use amongst the separated communities of the East. Christians of St. Thomas. XIV. The Nestorians. XV. Archbishop Matthew Parker. XVI. The Consecration of William Barlow. VII. The Consecrations of Hodgkins, Scory and Coverdale. XVIII. The Consecration of Archbishop Parker. XIX. The Nag's Head Fable. XX The Case of Bishop Bonner versus Bishop Horne. XXI. The Sacrament of Baptism. XXII. The Office of Consecrator and Assistant-Consecrator. XXIII The Doctrine of Intention XXIV. and XXV. Roman Catholic Testimonies to the Validity of Anglican Orders. XXVI. The Cases of Certain Anglican Clergy who have joined the Church of Rome. XXVII. Changes made in the English Ordinal in 1662. XXVIII. Concluding Remarks and Summary of the Author's argument.
Tables of Consecration: I. Archbishop Parker.
IV. Act 3 Edward VI. to draw up a New Ordinal.
VIII. Act declaring the legality of the Ordinations.
REV. JAMES GILLMAN, B.C.L., 14, Wimbledon Park Road, Wandsworth, CHAIRMAN. THOMAS BULLMAN COLE, Esq., 29, St. RICHARD THOMAS PUGH, Esq., Grosvenor Augustine Road, Camden Square.
H. J. GIBBINS, Esq., Rosendale Lodge,
EDGAR HORNE, Esq., Parliament Street.
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PETER SERS, Esq., 152, Leighton Road,
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X. Documents relating to the Consecration of Barlow larity of its principles, and its adaptability to meet the requirements of Assurers.
by the Public; and the large amount of new business transacted, is the best evidence of the popu
XI. Documents relating to Scory and Coverdale.
XII. Documents relating to the Consecration of
XIII. Parker's Book, De Antiquitate Britannica
XIV. Henry Machyn's Diary, with testimonies regard
ing the same.
XV. Breve of Pope Julius III. to Cardinal Pole.
XVIII. The Nonjuring Consecrations. Bishop Hickes,
XIX. Documents concerning the Case of Bishop
XX. Dr. Newman's Letters on Anglican Orders and
XXI. Certain Comments on Roman Catholic state ments. The Charges of Forgery.
XXII. Letters of Orders of various Communions.
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TONY STRATFORD.-ST. PAUL'S
Visitor. The LORD BISHOP of OXFORD,
A PREPARATORY SCHOOL to the above will be opened in JANUARY Next. Applications at present to be made to the Warden or Secretary of St. Paul's School, Stony Stratford.
London: Printed by JOHN HIGGS BATTY, at 6,
REGISTERED FOR TRANSMISSION
No. 18.-Vol. I.
TORY IS M.
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16, 1870.
THE CHURCH HERALD may, we believe, boast of being the only professed Tory newspaper published in London-the only remaining representative in the press of those sacred and timehonoured principles in Church and State on which were originally founded the Constitution of this country, and the union in it of the temporal and spiritual powers, and which have been held up to a comparatively late period by all the great English Divines and politicians. If our excellent contemporary and ally the John Bull claims to be an exception to this statement, the point shall be yielded, though we apprehend it will be quite content to be classed among Conservatives. To us mere Conservatism is not altogether intelligible, and so far as we understand it, not altogether satisfactory. It seems to be rather a drag on the chariot wheels of democracy than a motive power capable of meeting and throwing back its attacks. It sadly wants a firmer and more clearly defined intellectual groundwork, and expresses rather an instinctive desire to retain as much as possible of our remaining institutions than an intelligent conviction of the truth of the principles on which they are based. Hence, while entirely respectable, mere Conservatism does not present a very imposing front, for it is apparently open to the criticism of being a persistent sticking in the mud because we happen to be in it already. And hence, perhaps, the unpolite description so often heard of Conservative opinions as being those of the stupid classes. At any rate, if, as is asserted, extensive ravages have been made by recent legislation in the integrity of the Constitution, it must be necessary to make some attempts at repairing the breaches as well as maintaining the existing defences. And that mere Conservatism cannot do.
We prefer, therefore, to call ourselves Tories. We most firmly believe that the principles of Radicalism and Democracy, whether advocated by High Churchmen, Low Churchmen, or No Church-men are utterly untrue, both religiously and politically. While compelled to admit that these evil doctric es are terribly in the ascendant and threaten destruction to the body politic as well as the greatest mischief to the Church in this land, many considerations prevent us from believing that the cause of truth in politics is quite hopeless. And it is clear that if anything can stem the present torrent of evil it must be the re-assertion and maintenance of the fundamental principles of rule in the Church and in the State. The evil lies in men's ignorance now-a-days of God's ways of rule. The remedy must lie in correcting this ignorance. To aid, however humbly, in this good work was one of the foremost purposes for which the CHURCH HERALD was established. By Toryism we understand that assemblage of coherent principles which affirm that all true rule is from without and not from within, from above and not from beneath, from God and not from man-through men, it is true, but through them as standing in the places to which God has appointed them, and doing in their places the work proper to their office-not as ultimately from them. Toryism is therefore the direct antagonist of democracy, which affirms that God has appointed no ordinance of temporal rule whatever, that the State is
a voluntary association of individuals, each surrendering such portion of his natural independence as he may think fit, in exchange for such advantages of civil protection as he may desire. According to the Radical theory this surrender of natural rights must be supposed to be absolutely free, and the advantages gained by the protection afforded to each man to be such as at least ought to be satisfactory to him. Otherwise there must evidently be a Divine right somewhere to overrule him, which is precisely what the democrat will not admit. How far this result is attained in practice we may perhaps enquire on another occasion. At present it is sufficient to remark that from the only possible method of working the principle, it results that both the surrender of freedom required from each man, and the advantages which he shall acquire in return, are dictated to him either by an absolute majority of his fellow citizens, or by such a fraction of them as may have the power to make him subject to their notions or interests.
Radicalism in politics, therefore, denies that God has appointed any definite ordinance for the government of men in temporal matters. In like manner religious Radicalism denies that there are any Divinely appointed ordinances for the government of the Church, and explains itself accurately by the word "Voluntaryism." The ground upon which Toryism meets and opposes these errors in civil and religious politics is this. To our Lord has been given by the Father all power in heaven and earth. He is the sole appointed Ruler of men, and all men are, or should be, subject to His rule. He is King and Priest. He rules as King in the State and as Priest in the Church: not in either as the exponent of the popular will. To do so would be to abdicate His authority. He rules as King through Kings, and thereby manifests His office as King of Kings; and as Priest through Priests, thereby showing that He is the Great High Priest. To reject those whom He has placed in these offices is to reject Him. To supersede them by inventing systems of government of our own is to rebel against him—it is to say, "We will not have THIS MAN to reign over us. Let any one who believes that our Lord is really supreme King and Priest, and that all rule on earth is given to Him, ask himself this question: If this authority is not exercised through Kings in the State and through Priests in the Church, can it be truly said to be exercised at all? Does the balance of interests which results in the ascendancy of one party in a Republic really represent the rule of the King of Kings? Does the chosen ear-tickler of the Conventicle, dependent upon his hearers for his bread, really exercise the office of the Great High Priest?
Our friends of the E.C.U., indeed, are zealous in maintaining the exercise of our Lord's authority through appointed Ministers in the Church, but deny it as regards the State. True, they only profess to leave this last an open question, but practically this comes to the same thing, for since they must not admit the principle they can act only in opposition to it. This is the ground of our dissent from High Church Radicalism. It involves an inconsistent position, and is therefore unsound at base and cannot be enduring. Facts will in the long run compel men to be consistent, whether they like it or no, and grievous sometimes is the trouble or loss they