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News items for insertion the same week, must reach Nothing could afford a better check to the conus not later than Third-day morning; longer articles as stant removal to the cities of the farming populamuch earlier than that as possible.

tion all over the United States than the possibility Address all correspondence to N. W. Corner Fifteenth and Cherry Streets, Philadelphia.

of combining community life with agricultural

Jane Addams.



At Friends' regular Quarterly Meeting on PhilIn reviewing, in our issue of Twelfth month anthropic work held at Coldstream, Ontario, Can21st, the published proceedings of the 1907 Con- ada, Twelfth month 29th, 1907, the subject of the vention of the Religious Education Association, acceptance of Anna T. Jeanes' bequest to Swarth- . we made announcement of the time and place of more College was introduced and after a spirited the Convention of the present year. We may now

discussion in which the intense desire was unanigive some particulars as to program.

mously expressed that the said fund be accepted This Fifth General Convention will be held in by the management of the college, a committee Washington, D. C., Second month 11th to 13th, was appointed to convey the views of the meeting inclusive. The general theme will be “The Rela- to said management and also to Friends' Intellition of Moral and Religious Education to the Life gencer for publication. We fundamentally believe of the Nation." On Third-day, the 11th, the that the spirit engendered

that the spirit engendered by intercollegiaie president of the association will make his annual games is not in harmony with the spirit of true address on “Enlarging Ideals in Morals and Reli- Quakerism, and that it lowers the ability of the gion.” The subject to be discussed at the first college to give that high moral and intellectual general session is, “How can the Educational training to both sexes, for which it was estabAgencies be made more Effective in the Moral lished. Life of the Nation?" On Fourth-day the secre- A college that is appealing to all our yearly tary of the association, Henry F. Cope, will give meetings for financial assistance, in insignificant a Survey of the Work for the past year. The amounts in comparison with this bequest, should Annual Survey of Progress in Religious and Moral weigh well the wonderful opportunities for good Education will be made by Dean George Hodges which this fund would furnish for the present and of Cambridge, Mass. The subject for discussion for all future time. at the general session in the evening will be Instead of binding future Boards of Managers “How can the Moral and Religious Agencies in to a false course, we think it broadens their . the Life of the Nation be made more Effective?" sphere of usefulness in right directions. Among the subtopics considered will be “Lincoln's We are anxious to see Swarthmore in line with Contribution to the Moral Life of the Nation." highest Quakerism. There are hundreds of On Fifth-day the subject for discussion will be Friends' children deprived of such a college course “The Education of the Conscience of the Na- by want of funds which this bequest might help tion." This will include a consideration of the to supply. If this great gift is rejected, we fear Significance of the Present Moral Awakening, that Swarthmore College and our Society at large and Newer Ideals of Peace. Among other subjects will be divorced and the college will be deprived that will be discussed are: Practical Experi

Practical Experi- of many of the Society's best sons and daughters. ments in Graded Courses, The International Les- Signed by the Committee: son System, Educational Methods in the Sunday


S. P. BROWN School, Materials for Children's Home Reading,


SAMUEL P. ZAVITZ Responsibility of the Home to the Nation in Fully endorsed by the Friends' Preparative Rightly Starting the Work of Education, What Meeting held at Coldstream, First month 1st, 1908. is the Function of Religion in Public School Edu



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zation of a committee not yet completed but work

ing for the abolition of white slavery, and for the The American Purity Alliance will hold its thirty- | improvement of the local conditions which make second annual meeting on First month 30th and that iniquitous traffic possible. The Committee 31st, in Philadelphia, the Social Purity Alliance has established its headquarters at 207 East 15th and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union of Street, New York City, where there is an office that city extending a cordial welcome.

secretary in charge of a specialized library and The opening meeting, which will be public, will bureau of information. From the same office be held in Race Street Meeting House on the even- Purity leaflet literature, books for circulation, and ing of the 30th, at eight o'clock. The Annual “The Philanthropist” are sent out. This departBusiness Meeting will be held at 2.30 p.m. the ment, instituted and carried on by the American next day, in the assembly room of Holy Trinity Purity Alliance, promises to be of increasing Parish House, on 20th Street below Walnut. At value and assistance to the National Vigilance this session the president, Dr. O. Edward Janney, Committee work. will deliver his annual address, after which offi- Under the direct auspices and initiative of the cers will be elected and other business transacted. National Vigilance Committee five investigators

On the evening of the 31st there will be another have made careful examination of conditions in public meeting in Race Street Meeting House, to cities extending in a chain from New York and be addressed by well known speakers. On the the Jamestown Exposition on the Atlantic Coast, next evening there will be a reception at the Wil- to San Francisco and Oakland, California, on the lard, 1921 Arch Street.

Pacific. A conference to consider the Suppression of the At the Jamestown Exposition care was exercised White Slave Traffic will be held on First month to secure properly worded contracts where conces31st and Second month 1st, to which will be in- sions were made, and to see that concessionaires vited all those who have come into actual contact lived up to such contracts. This exercise of vigiwith any form of the traffic. By this means may lance had a wholesome effect. In California some be obtained the experience and point of view of successful work has been done in endeavor to the mission worker, the immigrant official, the destroy the iniquitous “crib” system in vogue police, the lawyer, the physician and the purity there, and to prevent the importation of Japanese associations.

and Chinese slave girls. Recently a new immi. As a full and free discussion is desired, these gration law has been passed by Congress which conferences will not be open to the public, admis- will make it very difficult to import women or girls sion being only by card, to be obtained from the for immoral purposes. Secretary, Elisabeth Stover, 207 E. 15th Street, In several cities, notably Chicago, Cleveland, New York City; or Eliza Worrell, Young Friends' New York, Buffalo, Philadelphia and Norfolk, a Association Office, 140 N. 15th Street, Philadel number of employment agencies used as a means phia.

of luring women into immoral resorts were disTwo sessions of the conference will be held on covered. The encouragement and assistance of Seventh-day, the 1st, at 9.30 a.m. and 2.30 p.m., the National Vigilance Committee lent valuable in the Parish House of Holy Trinity Church. aid to the authorities in their efforts to secure the Those who are not able to attend the Annual prosecution and conviction of the guilty parties, Meeting are asked to kindly forward their contrib- and a large number of these infamous agencies utions to the Treasurer of the Alliance, Marcia

were broken up. In several cities laws have Chace - Powell, 975 Summit Avenue, Bronx, New been revised, so as to make such wrong use of York City.

employment agencies legally impossible and much .


From different sources in Nebraska information WORK.

has been received that young children there are The extent of territory, the States-rights clause being sold into a form of slavery. Investigation has in the United States Constitution, the widely vary been undertaken and it is probable that amending conditions of the different states of the Union, ments, or a new state law, will be secured for the the rapid commercial and industrial development better protection of children in State institutions. of a young nation-all have their effect upon the The time of our field-secretary is at present desocial evolution in which the National Vigilance voted to the securing of facts in places that call Committee for the United States of America is a for careful investigation. In the nature of the very recent development.

case, progress along this line cannot be rapid, The record of its first year begins with the organi- ' and it is necessary that caution and great wisdom



[First month 11, 1908

be exercised. Incidentally, opportunities for im- Meeting in London. James Backhouse, Benjamin mediate action are presented, and assurance that Seebohm, John Pease and Joseph Pease, Peter good work is being accomplished comes to us Bedford, Grover Kemp, Daniel P. Hack, Josiah almost every day. 0. EDWARD JANNEY, Forster, Joseph Sturge, and Samuel Bowly were ELISABETH STOVER, Secretary. President. active in religious service during the various ses

sions. We owe much to these forefathers who

upheld the Society, and thereby upheld the truth A FRIENDS' SCHOOL IN AUSTRALIA.

for which the Society of Friends stands. By reports to the General Meeting of Friends of The statistics of our membership show a marked Australia, there are now at Friends' High School, advance. But the greatly increased breadth of Hobart, about 150 children in attendane (about 28 work which the Society is now sustaining at home of them boarders). Some 30 are connected with and abroad is much more notable. The concern Friends. Through the liberality of English of Friends for foreign work was then mostly Friends who collected 1,700 pounds, an additional evidenced by longer or shorter visits to foreign class-room and a spacious lecture hall, a portion lands. Now we have more than one hundred of which might be used as a class-room, had missionaries residing in foreign lands supported recently been erected. The laboratory was said

The laboratory was said by the home membership. A still more notable to be quite equal to those in many good English criterion of progress is in Adult Schools. In 1857, schools, except that there was not such a stock of Bristol and York made a definite stand for Adult apparatus and chemicals. A Friend present spoke Schools, which was rapidly followed in the next of having had the pleasure of meeting Godfrey three or four years in many other Friendly cenWilliams, the new principal, and his wife at tres, William White moving about among Friends Hobart, and of being at “the breaking up,” which with his

racy narratives of experiences in was the largest and most' enthusiastic meeting of men's classes, and their encouraging results. parents he had ever seen. He thought Friends Samuel Bowly and other Friends were zealously should realise the twofold work of the committee; advocating temperance reform. The Society of we had to have a school which would come up to Friends was becoming an active community, and the ideals of Friends, and also to have one which many of its members were throwing themselves would be popular in Hobart. He was pleased to

He was pleased to into the work of the British and Foreign Bible learn from the Minsiter of Education that the Society, the Peace Society, the Anti-Slavery Socistanding of the school and its principal had very

ety, and into Prison Reform. It might seem at favourably impressed him. Other outsiders were first sight as though much of this energy was of the same view.

being spent in what was then called outside work.

But as time ran on, the adage of our Master was FRIENDS IN ENGLAND THE PAST

manifestly fulfilled, “Whosoever would save his FIFTY YEARS.

life shall lose it, and whosoever shall lose his life [From The Friend (London). ]

for My sake shall find it." It is not sectarianism The more carefully we study the last half-cen

that saves a religious community, but a large

hearted life of service for others, under the govtury of Quakerism the greater appears the advance in Christian activity. Anyone who care

ernment of the Spirit of Christ. Friends are as fully reads the account of London Yearly Meeting eager as ever for maintaining Christ's testimony in issues of The Friend fifty years ago will, we

against all war. . . Friends have also practically bethink, conclude that the way was then being

come for the most part a community of total

abstainers. Home mission work has made our faithfully prepared for the enlargement and progress that have happily taken place. In 1857,

Christianity more practical. Friends were concerned to bear our testimony against Church rates, and published a lengthy Modern civilization is constructed on an unsound and vigorous address signed by Robert Forster. economic basis-one that distributes the products In the United States the awful Civil War was of industry unjustly and that, in large degree, rising to the front, which ultimately resulted in discourages honest effort and thrift and encourthe liberation of the slaves. At home the new ages speculation and extravagance. While socimeeting-house in Bull Street, Birmingham, was ety permits private individuals and corporations opened, affording enlarged facilities for church to enjoy virtually unregulated control of public work. The number of Friends' meeting houses franchises and other special privileges and to and missions now in and around Birmingham gamble in them, there will be speculative booms, speaks for itself. Joseph Thorp, Robert Forster, and, when the booms collapse, speculative reand Robert Charleton sat as Clerks at our Yearly : action. Byron W. Holt in Review of Reviews.

First month 11, 1908]





ceed in your efforts to extend the Mission's useSpring Street Mission has for its head center a

fulness.' building formerly used by a Friends' School, 1223- The officers of Spring Street Mission appeal to 1225 Spring Street (first street above Race, Phila- the generosity of their friends, and the public in delphia). Its officers are Samuel S. Ash, presi- general, for funds by means of which to carry on dent, Swarthmore, Pa.; Elizabeth Lloyd, secre

this work. tary, 140 N. 15th Street, Philadelphia; Ellwood Nearly all the service on the part of the teachers Heacock, treasurer, 1313 Vine Street, Philadel- and workers is voluntary. phia. The object of the Mission is to aid the

All contributions should be sent to the treasurer colored citizens who live principally on Pearl, who will promptly acknowledge them. Wood and Carlton Streets. It has now been in successful operation for more than a year. Its departments of work are as follows: Gymnasium Class for large boys, in which

CHRISTMAS AT THE GUILD. wholesome talks are given.

There have been so many lovely things done for Social evenings for small boys and girls. Some the Friends' Neighborhood Guild this Christmas preliminary work is done, after which games are time that I think I must try and tell you someplayed, lantern talks given, etc.

thing about them. Barrels of fruit and vegetables Social evenings for large girls. Same as above. came in from Bucks County through the W. C.

T. U., boxes of clothing and checks from our
good friends-some as far away as West Vir-
ginia. A widow with limited
wanted to help and sent the two garments
she could spare by express and a letter that
would do you all good to read. The two
branches of Friends in West Grove, Pa.,
worked together and sent six warm home
made comfortables and many other things.
The comforts are such a joy and were soon
in use.

A Bucks County woman, who has an invalid husband to support, sent a homemade fruit cake so that the few old people could have a piece with their Christmas dinners, and it certainly was deeply appreciated. A dear little boy who goes to one of

our own schools, in the primary grade, wanted A SPRING STREET MISSION CLASS.

to help the poor children, so he asked his Mothers' meetings. To discuss helpful topics of father to let him have a little plot of ground. He home-life and care and training of children.

raised vegetables and sold them to his parents, Domestic Science Class. To teach girls plain sending the entire amount of his earnings here, housekeeping duties, industry and obedience. to be given to some poor family. It has been

First-day (Sunday) School. Including Library. given to two old women who were very destitute. Savings Fund. A branch of the Starr Center. The Friends who gave the “Little Mothers" overColored Probation Officer.

shoes and umbrellas should have heard them as The head worker, Anna M. Titus, and assistant they filed out, a happy lot. Three hundred new aim to look after the welfare of the pupils of each garments have been given out, and many partly department and their families, upon the basis of worn ones; also orders for coal, shoes and bedfriendly visiting, extending advice, where it may ding (over $200 worth). We have had seven enterbe acceptable, and exerting a helpful influence tainments and two more still to come; our home wherever possible.

is so small that we have to take them in sections. Judge Beitler, in a letter approving of this It will be a joyful day when we have a house large work said:

enough to have one for all. We had enough and “I have taken quite an interest in the work of no one was sent away empty handed. No pleadSpring Street Mission not only because it aims to ing child was refused and that was happiness. help the colored people in the neighborhood but We sent out 63 good dinners and one at New also because the aid extended to them indirectly Year's that I did not know about at Christmas. benefits all of us. I sincerely hope you will suc- One Friend, through the Public Ledger, has prom




[First month 11, 1908

ised to send two dollars weekly to a poor old man tionship with all the rich years of Whittier's long and his sister-in-law, who takes care of him but life. The book should have a wide reading in is now losing her sight. Moorestown First-day this hundredth year. Its picture of the retired school sent three bountiful barrels, Swarthmore life of the Whittiers, of their happy home, of the First-day school, one fine one. They all helped boy's aspirations, his renouncements and his gradso much with the dinners. A pair of warm gloves ual conquests and achievements, and finally of the came “for the man who carried the bundles,” who sweetness and cheer and kindliness that increased is one of four very useful and highly esteemed with every mellowing year, all this forms a bioneighbors.

graphical record that is precious beyond words. It is impossible to make mention of all, but I The letters of Whittier are indispensable for a must not forget the big box which came in from full understanding of his character; they illustrate Easton, Md., nor the generous contribution from and illuminate his poetry in a remarkable way. our different schools including George School. It They bring out unsuspected qualities, too-his has been a wonderful Christmas with its baptism humor, for instance, which smiles forth shyly from of loving service and helpfulness. The world

The world many a letter and reported conversation, and seems like one great family and Christ the head. convinces us of the man's all-round sanity and easy

What a power this Christ spirit is, strong and friendliness. Some of his lighter verse is printed tender and sweet, opening hearts and pocket- among his letters; and here, too, his humor gives books, and blessing us all, those who give and a pleasant flavoring, as where he describes a those who receive.

EMILY WILBUR. speech he once made to a school committee, Friends' Neighborhood Guild,

“No parson's sermon e'er was graver,

151 Fairmount Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.

It had the very pulpit flavor,
Yet with the unction and the savor

Of my enteating
Whatever criticism [of the Bible] has taken

Was doubtless something of the quaver from us, it has given us back the personality of

Of Monthly Meeting." Jesus, and an understanding of His consciousness Pickard's biography shows how the young of God, as no century since the first has known it. Whittier absorbed the Bible and the saintly old

--Edward Grubb. Quaker journals, thus laying the ground for the

power he has with all thoughtful readers, his

spiritual charm and his mastery over imperishable BOOKS AND READING.

sources of contentment and consolation. [Any book mentioned in this column, or information as to

The word portrait of the poet's mother is a its cost, may be had from Friends' Book Store, 15th and beautiful one-"Abigail Whittier was esteemed by Race Streets, Philadelphia.]

all who knew her as one of the loveliest and saint“There is always the morning air of a soul that liest of women, a person of much native refinebreathes freely, and always the fragrance of a ment of feeling and manners, with a dignity of . loving spirit;" so wrote Oliver Wendell Holmes bearing and benignity of expression that imconcerning Whittier's poems. It is this kindli- pressed and charmed all who knew her. ness and spiritual clearness that makes all the placid, equable, elevating almost into religious pages of the poet's writings beautiful, marking rites the whiteness of her bread and the purity of him as the imaginative voice of the noblest type her table linen,-a nature simple, noble, direct. of Quakerism.

Bliss Perry's little book gives a vivid, if brief, , The publishers who issued Whittier's works, essay on Whittier's character and poetic message, and who held such honorable relation with him and reprints a score of the poems that illustrate for many years, -it was just a half-century ago his life and his creed. “Whittier's poetry," he this month that he contributed a poem to the says, “has revealed to countless readers the patient opening number of their periodical, the Atlantic continuity of human life, its fundamental unity,, Monthly-have put forth two books in recognition and the ultimate peace that hushes its discords. of the Whittier Centennial. These are the Life The utter simplicity of his Quaker creed has and Letters of John Greenleaf Whittier, edited by helped him to interpret the religious mood of a Samuel T. Pickard, and the Whittier Memoir, generation which has grown impatient of formal with Autobiographical and other Poems, by Bliss doctrine;" and he speaks with sympathy of certain Perry. The first-named is a one volume re-issue of Whittier's religious verses as “grave, sweet, of the biography that was published in two volumes quiet poems, devout and consolatory. (Both in 1894. Its eight hundred pages form a precious books are published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) record of the fact and bring one into close rela


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