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Rivers : Macquarie, Erskine, Castlereagh, Morrison Ponds, &c. Stock: horses, 1000; cattle, 40,000 ; sheep, 140,000.
Liverpool Plains district joins that of Bligh, and contains about 10,000,000 acres.
It is situate between two parallel ranges of mountains, and traversed at intervals by narrow belts of forest, which divide the plains into a series of narrow parallelograms. The numerous rivers and creeks by which this, the finest pastoral district in the province, is watered, run eastward and westward, and are the source of most of the streams to the northward of Sydney. The Australian Agricultural Company holds within this district an estate of 562,898 acres, which, together with their estate in Gloucester county, as previously stated, makes 1,000,000
The lands of the company are, with trifling exceptions, highly fertile, well watered, and abounding with enchanting scenery. The company have expended large sums on roads, bridges, &c.; and their horses, sheep, and cattle are of the purest and most valued breeds. Tamworth, the chief town of the district, is situate on the Peel river, in the company's estate, 254 miles from Sydney. Eminences : The great Liverpool range, the Arbuthnot range, Pandora's Pass, the Green Mountains, &c. Rivers : Peel, Parry, Darling, York, Nammoy,
and numerous others. Stock: horses, 4000; cattle, 220,000; sheep, 400,000.
M’Leay district lies on the coast, and stretches inland to the New England district. It is mountainous but well watered, and contains several thinly-wooded grassy hollows and undulating tracts. In some places the steep and rocky ranges are crowded with dense brushy scrub, and intersected by deep ravines and water gulleys. Rivers : M'Leay, Apstery, and numerous others. Stock: horses, 1000; cattle, 5000; sheep, 20,000.
New England district, between which and the sea intervene Raleigh and Dudley counties, is a well-watered upland, abounding in sweet grazing ground. It contains about 5,000,000 acres, the best being fully occupied by squatters with their flocks and herds. Armadale, the chief town of the district, is a place of some considerable importance, with a weekly post to Sydney. Eminences : Mount Seaview, Bullimbulla, Basaltic Rock, Ben Lomond, Mitchell, &c. Rivers : Hastings, M’Leay, Apsley, Barnard, Clarence, Croker, Anderson, Boyd, and various others. Stock: horses, 2000; cattle, 60,000 ; sheep, 600,000.
Clarence river district extends along the coast, from the northern boundary of the M’Leay district, to the ranges forming the basin of the Brisbane and the Logan on the south side of these rivers, and is bounded on the west by the New England district. It contains about 4,000,000 acres, which although mountainous, are well suited for pastoral purposes.
The chief settlements are Casino, on the Richmond river; and Drayton, the Clarence river. Eminences : Mounts Lindsay (5700 feet), Warning (3300 feet), Ballow, King, Coke, &c. Rivers: Cla
rence, Boyd, Richmond, Tweed, Albert, and numerous others. Stock: horses, 2000; cattle, 40,000; sheep, 200,000.
Darling Downs district is very extensive, and lies immediately to the northward of New England.
It contains a number of rich, grassy, well-watered plains, elevated above the reach of the floods which take place in the rainy seasons, and in every way well suited for cattle pastures. The most extensive of these are Darling Downs, Canning Downs, and Peel, Waterloo, and Cecil Plains. The eastern portion of this district is mountainous; but there is a communication through it by Cunningham's Gap, in Stanley county, to the sea-coast, at Moreton Bay. The mean elevation of the Darling Downs is 1800 to 2000 feet above the sea. This district is well watered by the Macintyre, Condamine, Glen, Boyne, Dumaresque, Myall
, and other streams. The chief eminences are M’Leay, Herries, and Mount Parker ranges;
and Mounts Sturt, Michell, Logan, and Haypeak. Stock: horses, 1000; cattle, 30,000; sheep, 400,000.
Moreton Bay district. The boundaries of this almost tropical district have not been defined, but it may be said to extend as far to the northward as 26° S. lat., and to lie for the most part between the ranges under the head of the Brisbane and the coast. It is watered by numerous streams, admirably adapted for the growth of tropical vegetable produce, and, considering its climate, well suited for cattle pastures. Amongst the luxuriant vegetation of this district, may be noticed the gigantic bunya-bunya tree, which, with a spreading umbrella-shaped head, overtowers the surrounding trees, and about once in three years produces a delicious fruit, resembling the pine-apple, which the aborigines travel hundreds of miles periodically to obtain. The chief harbour of the district is the excellent haven of Wide Bay. Stock: horses, 1000; cattle, 20,000; sheep, 250,000.