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only beg you not to treat me with so much conversant with the world : and in foupdCeremony, nor ever use the word humbly to ness of understanding you have shown and me, who ain no ways intitled to such re will show a depth which has not fallen to fpect. One private gentleman is not supe- the lot of your fincere humble servant, rior to another, in eflentials ; I fear, the
Hor. WALPOLE. virtues of an untainted young heart, are P.S. I will call on you in a few days, and preferable to those of an old man long say more on the particulars of your letter.
INTERESTING AND ORIGINAL ANEC
ANECDOTES OF EMINENT PERSONS.
idea of employing him in the diplomatic DOTES OF THE FRENCH REVOLU- line, with the hope that he would in
terpose his good offices between him and
that representative of the people, who A MONG the remarkable perfons, and was a member of the diplomatic com
especially among the generals, who mittee, and one of his inutt implacable perished by the revolutionary axe, were enemies. He therefore wrote a minifseveral, concerning whom the perblic has terial letter to Dumourier, who had long not yet pronounced an unanimous opinion. been soliciting an employ in the corps In this number is the ci-devant duc De diplomatique, defuing him to repair with. Biron. All the authentic information, all convenient fpeed to Paris, where the however, that it has been possible to ob- king's intentions would be made known tain of his conduct and opinions, is to him. He fent him at the same time highly honourable to the memory of this fix thousand livres, to pay any debts he illustrious victim.
might have contracted at Poitou. After the massacre at Frankfort, in Dumourier hastened to Paris, expectwhich the ci-devant reginient of Saintonge ing to be made minister plenipotentiary was cut to pieces, Biros), who then com at leait ; and immediately on his arrival manded the division of the middle Rhine waited upon Delesfart. The minister at Strasburg, marched with 10,000 men told him that nothing was as yet deterto the assistance of Custine’s army, mined upon; but that a change in the which then occupied the country extend- diplomatic body would speedily take ing from Caffel to Frankfort. Custine place, and that as it was his intention was attacked, and his ariny, after being to propose him to the king as a proper, forced to retire from the environs of the person to fill one of the vacant places, latter place, would have been cut off he was glad of an opportunity of conand entirely destroyed, but for the pru- versing with him previoully, in order to dent advice and inilitary skill of Biron, judge in what situation his talents might by whose means the retreat upon Caffel be made most useful.
He then spoke was effected. His sang-froid and firm to him of the opposition he met with from ness at that critical moment saved both some members of the assembly. When his troops and Custine’s, whose im- he came to Gensonné, Dumourier inter-, petuotity of temper had deprived him rupted him: “Oh! as to him, said he of the use of his judgment.
eagerly, he is my intimate friend, and Biron's patriotism was incontestible. I undertake not only to put an end to his He gave the most convincing proof of it attacks upon you, but, if you chuse, at Strasburg, at the time of his wife's to bring him liere to-morrow to receive emigration; the wrote him a letter, which your orders." Delesfart acceded to the he opened in the presence of several of- proposal, and the following day Duficers, and after reading it, expressed mourier returned with Genfonné, who, himself in the following words :-.my expressed his regret at having given a wife is not fond of her country, and is wrong interpretation to the intentions of determined to leave it. Let her go! As the minister, and promised to regulate for me, I will never abandon France." his conduct differently in future.
Delelfart enchanted with this interview,
conceived the hope of turning it to great A month before Dumourier was ap- advantage ; thought that he had already pointed minister for foreign affairs, he the whole diplomatic committee at his was at Niort, where he was forced to orders, and congratulated himself upon conceal himself in order to avoid the his fending for Dumourier to Paris. ' It „perfecution of his creditors. Delesfart, was not long before the latter perceived The minister, knowing his intimate ac what was passing in the minister's mind; quaintance with Genfonné, conceived the nor did he fail to avail himself of it withi
1799.) Original Anecdotes of the French Revolution.
219 his usual dexterity. In his third visit, These particulars come from the mouth he intimated to Delesfart his fear of be- of a man of veracity, to whom they ing arretted at Paris, at the suit of his were related by Tronçon du Coudrai, creditors, in case he should prolong his Carrier's advocate, who was present at Itay; and was only to be detained by the the breakfast. • Execrable as Carrier payınent of his debts. They amounted was, added the advocate, all his crimes to a considerable fum, and were dis. proceeded rather from his head than from charged out of the secret service money his heart: his disordered imagination allotted to the minister.
thewed him traitors and conspirators
every where. If, however, during his Carrier, whole very name conveys the proconsulate, his hands were almost alidea of destruction, was, nevertheless, a ways embrued in blood, they were not af man of a whimsical sort of gaiety, which least foiled by foreign gold. He did not manifested itself on a variety of occasions. leave enough to pay his counsellor." A grenadier of one of the battalions of
CHARRETTE. the department of l'Ardèche, being def A lieutenant, who served in the column titute of thoes, represented his wants to by which Charrette was taken, gives Carrier, by wbom he was very roughly the following account of that expeditreated. is What !” faid he “ do you tion : take me for a shoemaker ? --I'll give you Forabout two months before, Charrette Moes with a vengeance.” On saying this, had been deftitute of caralry, almost the he went to fetch his fabre. “ Do you whole having been lost in the affair of with to fight in good earnest, said the gre- St. Christophe, where he had contrived to nadier, putting bimself on guard ?-Well! get together 400 men of the neighbouring with all my heart: it's my business.” communes, by threatening the inhabit. Carrier turned pale, but affecting not to ants with death if they did not comply. be disconcerted, you are a d-d honest with his requisition. On the very day fellow! said he, What country do you of that assemblage, he was almost totally come from?"-"L'Ardèche. - Why, defeated ; out of eighty horses which he then, you are a countryman of mine : poffefled, fifty being taken by the repubthere are none but good foiks in our licans. The peasants who escaped from country.” Carrier then desired break- the action, abandoning him entirely, he faft to be brought for him, and gave him remained with about forty' men, who 1 2 livres and an order for two pair of hoes. could not quit him, either because they
When he was put upon his trial, he were deserters from our troops, or because considered himself as a worthy man, and their conscience would not suffer them to a good patriot, who was about to be la- break the oath they had taken not to leave crificed to what was then called the ther- him in any extremity. midorean re-action. “When the wind shifts, Charrette now came to a resolution to said he to his advocate, the tiles fall upon abandon the remainder of his horses, that „pour head.” Being asked by the latter, he might the more easily take refuge in how he could have the heart to drown the woods, out of which he never venchildren only fave or six years old, he tured more. The republicans, who purs answered thus : “ Their fathers, their mo- fued him, marched in small columns of thers, their tutors and teachers were all roy- from fifty to fixty inen, beating about in alists: while defiroying the old walves, bow the woods, particularly in the forests of could I let the young wolves escape ?" Jauvoye, of Grala, the woods of des
Nothing could be more attonishing than Efsarts, and all those that exist in the his tranquillity and song-froid, on hearing commune of Leger. His great knowledge that he was.condemned to die. On the of the country often contributed to save very day of his execution, he gave an bim, no less than the excellent system of early breakfast to several of his friends ; tactics he had adopted. He knew by eating little himself, drinking only one means of his fpies, the place at which his glass of wipe, and pasting the whole time pursuers were to halt for the night. The in giving a description of his journey next morning he watched the moment of from the prison to the scaffold, and of the their departure, and the road they took, manner in which he should be received by and in that manner followed them till the fpe&tators upon his road. “Some, they halted again, so that when they be-, faid he, will cry out, there goes the vil- lieved they had him in front of them, he dain who put so many innocent people to was almost always in their rear, It death in la Vendée! what an ugly wretch sometimes happened that they pursued it is! but others will reply, it was not he him a whole day in the forest of Jauvoye, who did all the mischief.
without being able to discover him, al
though perfe&tly sure he was there, while mander of the royalists was in the very the only way he took to escape, was hy morals that he had just left, The Chaji keeping the same path as they. The seurs imınediately rode back to convey pealants always concealed him, some out this information to the general, who orof fear, and others from a principle of dered three or four foot loldiers to search attachment. He was, however, grown the suspected place ; and at last Charrette cruel, even towards those who had served was discovered by a corporal of the Chaf: him ; and more than once killed peasants leurs of the mountains, of which corps who were ploughing their grounds, left our infantry was composed. Travaux, they should betray him, and indicate his our general, also perceived him, and gave route. In the commune of St. Hilaire, orders that not a shot should be fired, near Paluan, he put to death with his The corporal caught hold of him by the own hand, the father, the son, and the skirts of his jacket and endeavoured to fon in law, upon mere fufpicion. He was stop him, but Charrette, who at that fata! also grown melancholy; the idea of his moment had lost his customary presence destruction incessantly haunting his mind." of mind, kepl running, and dragged the At length his evil destiny overtook him, corporal after him till he came to a hedge,
A republican colunin was returning over which he attempted to leap, but fell to their cantonment at the Château de into the inidit of it, and was taken out Pont-de-vie, near the town of Poirée, in a state of insenlibility ; being entirely four days after they had left it, in order exhausted by his long continued efforts to procure provisions, and take a little to escape. A little water thrown in his rest, when two horsemen upon the look face having restored him to his senses, the out, faw the gleam of arms break through first words he spoke were, Whose prisoner the trees. of this they immediately in- am I? Travaux, was the answer. SO formed the general, who advanced with- much the better, taid he, he is the only out losing a momen", at the head of the man wortby to take me, He was armed few troopers he had with him, and foon with a carbine and two pistols, which he perceived that it was the band of Charrette, had discharged in the previous action. which was defiling two a-breast across a His dress was a green jacket with the heath of fmall extent. The general rode skirts turned back, and embroidered with through the two ranks, in order to disco- four fleur-de-lis in gold ; a pink waistver it their chief was among them, while coat, a lash of white filk with gold fringe they, more eager to fave than to defend at the ends ; half-boots, and a round hat them selves, fired only two or three shot, with a handkerchief over it. He had which took no effect. Here it may be been struck by a ball, which had grazed proper to observe that Charrette was fly. his forehead over the left eye ; and had ing before a small column, from Leger, been wounded in the left arm hy the commanded by adjutant-general Valentin; bursțing of his carbine.
As he was tog and that it was only in consequence of our weak to walk, he was put on a horse, and counter-marching that we 'met with him ; conducted to the Château de Pont-de-vie, for, according to cultom, he was follow- where he passed the night in the general's ing our detachment.
room, under a strong guard. He ate and The general ordered the infantry to chatted all the night, and, in short, supadvance, and fent it in pursuit of the roy- ported that character of fortitude, which alists he had reconnoitred, among whom he had acquired in so many trying fituahe had not been able to discover Charrette. tions. The next day he was taken to They were soon overtaken, and out of head quarters at Angers, whence he was thirty-seven, four only escaped ; and conveyed to Nantz, and there tried and thot. how tven they contrived to get off is not Before bis punishment, the executioner known.
The cavalry being dispersed asked if he would permit him to tie a along the different roads in search of the bandage over his eyes-No, answered principal chief, a young man without Charrette, I have looked death often arnış and in the livery of a fervant, was enough in the face to be able to brave perceived by two borse-chasseurs coming him. Being asked by general Travaux, out of a little wood, or rather out of a why he had not emigrated, when he had morass. They rode up to him, and re- found an opportunity, "I had sworn, faid quested him to tell them where Charrette he, to put the king upon the throne, or pewas to be found.
The young inan at rish in the attempt--I have kept my oath." firft denied having feen him, but a few [To be continued in a regular series from its ftrokes with the flat of their labres made commencement to the present period, and him confess that the renowned com including the secret history of that event.)
( 221 ) A CORRECT LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. The following is offered to the Public as a complete List of all Publications within the Month.-- Authors and Publishers, wbo desire an early Notice of theirWorks, are intreated to transmit copies of the same.
ARTS, SCIENCES, &c. PROPOSALS for forming a Public Insti The April Fashions of London and Paris ;
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