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the best we ever read, and we believe, the most |motion. There are other still higher forms, as the intelligible ever written.
perpetual-spiral, properly the verlical : the perpet“ The stomach, like a large bladder, or tubu- ual-vertical, properly the celestial: and a highest, lated retort, receives in its bosom, through what is the perpetual celestial, which is SPIRITUAL, and has called the cardiac orifice, every kind of saliva and within it nothing but what is everlasting and infiavailable food ;--commixes, circulates, squeezes, nite." () p. 128. strains, bruises, triturates, macerates, seethes, ex From this it will be perceived that the doctrine tracts, in a word digests it; then carries it on- lof forms in orders and degrees, requires some wards, drives it through certain foramina and study to understand, more to apprehend, and a evaporates and sublimes it along certain duets, its great deal to comprehend all its bearing and parts, appointed passages :-summons and sharpens the as applied to man in his present condition. But at menstrua, and increases its forces, according to the the same time, we cannot refuse our concurrence measure, degree, and success of the operation; in the mode or manner in which the argument is and again repeats the processes ; that is to say, put, for if the proposition be admitted, the series reduces, fittens, corrects and seethes the materials of deductions that follow cannot be denied. In which have been once digested; and all the time, conclusion, we record our opinion, positively, and transmits the rectified portions through foramina not relatively: wholly, and without reservation, into tubular passages; but sends off what it has that if the mode of reasoning and explanation not thoroughly laid open (reclusit,) through the adopted by Swedenborg be once undersiood, the pylorus into the intestines." (N. 94, p. 122.) anatomist and physiologist will acquire more in
We have thus far exhibited Swedenborg's formation, and obtain a inore comprehensive view anatomical knowledge. We shall now extract an of the human body, and its relation to a higher outline of his “ Doctrine of Forms,” to which it is sphere, than from any single book ever published; possible to believe some late writers have had re- nay, we may add than from all the books which course, without acknowledgment; but we cannot have been written (especially in modern times) on now enter upon that question.
physiology, or as it has been lately named, tran“I intend to explain the nature of the spiral scendental anatomy. form (he is speaking of the spiral vessels in the Swedenborg reasons not on any hypothesis, not stomach) in an especial doctrine of forms. Mean- on any theory, not on any favorite doctrine of a while, for the better understanding of the subjects fashionable school, but on the solid principles mentioned in this chapter, I will here state, that of geometry, based on the immutable rock of forms ascend from the lowest to the highest, in truth : and he must and will be considered at no order and by degrees, as do also the essences and distant period the Zoroaster of Europe, and the substances of all things. The lowest forin is the Prometheus of a new era of reason, however at angular ; which is also called the terrestrial, and present the clouds of prejudice may intervene, or the merely corporeal form, inasmuch as it is the storms of passion obscure the coruscations of peculiar to bodies having angles and rectilinear his intellect. plaues ; the measurement of which is the primary objeet of the present geometry. The second and next higher form is the circular or spherical form; The American Review : A Whig Journal of Polwhich may also be called the perpetual angular,
itics, Literature, Art, and Science. No. I. since the circumference of the circle involves
January 1845. Wiley and Pulnam, London and neither angle nor rectilinear plane, because it is a
New York. perpetual angle and perpetual plane : this form is at once the parent and the measure of angular Tius periodical is intended to be the organ of the forms, for it is the means of showing the proper- whig party in the United States, which has reties of angles and figures, as trigonometry teaches. cently incurred so unexpected a reverse in the The form above this is the spiral, which is the defeat of their candidate for the presidency, Mr. parent and the measure of circular forms, as the Clay. It is printed in double columns, like Blackcircular form is the parent and the measure of angu- wood, and, though termed a review, partakes lar forms. Its very radii or diameters are not rec- much more of the character of a magazine. The tilinear, nor do they converge to a fixed centre, subjects treated of in this number are various and like those of the circle, but they are variously cir- interesting, most of them being tinged, more or cular, and have a spherical surface for a centre ; less, with the party views of the writers. The wherefore the spiral is also called the perpetual characteristic feature is an aversion to democracy, circular. Our science of geometry rises almost to or rather to the democratic party, for there is a this form, but dare not enter it, or peruse its great profession of respect for republican princispires ; for at the first glance it strikes us as inex- ples, democracy being, according to the reviewers, tricable, and seems to sport with our ideas. This good or bad, accordingly as it exalts or depresses form never exists or subsists without poles, an their own party. Most of the articles are so Caxis, foci, a greatest circle, and lesser circles tinged with partizanship as to detract much from
which are its diameters; and as it again assumes their value to English readers, who cannot enter . a perpetuity which is wanting in the circular form, into squabbles which appear to them very like the namely, in respect to diameters and centres, corporation contests of a provincial town. But therefore it emulates and breathes a natural spon- when the writers depart from this narrow field, taneousness in its motion : as also appears from and wander in the broad highway of literature, the stomach and its segments after death, for when they exhibit a sound taste and an impartiality of ils nerves are only touched it rolls and wreathes judgment which might worthily be imitated by as in the living subject, and flows spontaneously some of our own critics. This is exemplified in into its gyres, as though it were still hungering, the article on Miss Barrett's Poems, with which and longing to grind the food : there being nothing we were much pleased. The original poetry is that can prove an obsiacle ; inasmuch as there respectable common-place, and contrasts strikingly : are no angles, and consequently no hindrances to with the bold flights of the British poetess.-- Critic.
No, sir, I'm not going out a dowdy to please you MRS. CAUDLE's curTAIN LECTURES, or anybody else. Gracious knows it is n't often
that I step over the threshold ; indeed, I might as XR. CAUDLE HAS LENT AN ACQUAINTANCE THE well be a slave at once-better, I should say. But MRS. CAUDLE LECTURES when I do go out, Mr. Caudle, I choose to go as
a lady. Oh! that rain—if it is n't enough to break “Ah! That's the third umbrella gone since in the windows. Christmas. What were you to do? Why let him • Ugh! I do look forward with dread for toLo home in the rain, to be sure. I'm very certain morrow! How I am to go to mother's I'm sure there was nothing about him that could spoil. I can't tell. But if I die, I'll do it. No, sir ; I Take cold, indeed! He does n't look like one of won't borrow an umbrella. No ; and you shan't the sort to take cold. Besides, he'd have better buy one. (With greal emphasis,) Mr. Caudle, taken cold thao take our only umbrella. Do you if you bring home another umbrella, I 'll throw it hear the rain, Mr. Candle? I say, do you hear in the street. I'll have my own uinbrella, or none the rain? And as I'm alive, if it is n't Saint at all. Swithin's day! Do you hear it against the win “Ha! and it was only last week I had a new dows? Nonsense ; you don't impose upon me. nozzle put to that umbrella. I'm sure if I'd have You can't be asleep with such a shower as that! known as much as I do now, it might have gone Do you hear it, I say? Oh, you do hear it! without one for me. Paying for new nozzles, for Well, that's a pretiy food, I think, to last for six other people to laugh at you. Oh, it's all very weeks ; and no stirring all the time out of the well for you—you can go to sleep.
You've no house. Pooh! don't think me a fool, Mr. Caudle. thought of your poor patient wife, and your own Don't insult me. He return the umbrella! Any- dear children. You think of nothing but lending body would think you were born yesterday. As umbrellas! if anybody ever did return an umbrella! There “ Men, indeed !-Call themselves lords of the -do you hear it? Worse and worse! Cats and creation !-pretty lords, when they can't even take dogs, and for six weeks—always six weeks. And care of an umbrella! no uinbrella!
“I know that walk to-morrow will be the “I should like to know how the children are to death of me. But that's what you want—then go to school to-morrow. They shan't go through you may go to your club, and do as you like-and such weather, I'm determined. No: they shall then, nicely my poor dear children will be usedstop at home and never learn anything—the but then, sir, then you 'll be happy. Oh, don't blessed creatures !-sooner than go and get wet. tell me! I know you will. Else you 'd never And when they grow up, I wonder who they 'll have lent the umbrella ! have to thank for knowing nothing—who, indeed, “You have to go on Thursday about that sumbut their father? People who can't feel for their mons; and, of course, you can't go. No, own children ought never to be fathers.
indeed, you don't go without the umbrella. You • But I know why you lent the umbrella. Oh, may lose the debt for what I care-it won't yes; I know very well. I was going out to tea be so much as spoiling your clothes-better at dear mother's to-morrow-you knew that ; and lose it : people deserve to lose debts who lend you did it on purpose. Don't tell me; you hate umbrellas! me to go there, and take every mean advantage to " And I should like to know how I'm to go to hinder me.
But don't you think it, Mr. Caudle. mother's without the umbrella? Oh, don't tell me No, sir; if it comes down in buckets'-full, I'll go that I said I would go-that's nothing to do with all the more. No: and I won't have a cab? it; nothing at all. She 'll think I'm neglectWhere do you think the money's to come from? ing her, and the little money You've got nice high notions at that club of have, we shan't have at all—because we ’ve no your's! A cab, indeed ! Cost me sixteenpence umbrella. at least—sixteenpence !-two-and-eightpence, for “ The children, too! Dear things! They 'll there's back again! Cabs, indeed! I should be sopping wet; for they shan't stop at homelike to know who's to pay for 'em? I can't pay they shan't lose their learning; it's all their for 'em ; and I'm sure you can't, if you go on as father will leave 'm, I'm sure. But they shall you do ; throwing away your properiy, and beg- go to school. Don't iell me I said they should n't: garing your children-buying umbrellas ! you are so aggravating, Caudle ; you 'd spoil
“Do you hear the rain, Mr. Caudle? I say, the temper of an angel. They shall go to do you hear it? But I don't care-I'll go to school ; mark that. And if they get their deaths mother's to-morrow: I will; and what's more, of cold, it's not my fault-I did n't lend the umI'll walk every step of the way—and you know brella.' that will give me my death. Don't call me a Here,” says Caudle in his MS., “I fell foolish woman-it's you that's the foolish man. asleep; and dreamt that the sky was turned into You know I can't wear clogs; and with no um- green calico, with whalebone ribs ; that, in fact, brella, the wet 's sure to give me a cold—it always ihe whole world revolved under a tremendous does. But what do you care for that? Nothing umbrella!” at all. I may be laid up for what you care, as I daresay I shall—and a pretty doctor's bill there 'll be. I hope there will! It will teach you to lend MR. CAUDLE HAS VENTURED A REMONSTRANCE ON
HIS DAY'S DINNER : COLD MUTTON, AND your umbrellas again. I should n't wonder if I caught my death ; yes: and that's what you lent the winbrella for. Of course!
“ Nice clothes, I shall get too, trapesing HUMPH! I'm sure! Well! I wonder what it will through weather like this. My gown and bon- be next! There's nothing proper now-nothing net will be spoilt quite. Need n't I wear 'em at all. Beiter get somebody else to keep the then? Indeed, Mr. Candle, I shall wear 'em. house I think. I can't do it now, it seems ; I'm
only in the way here : I'd better take the children, " Pancakes! What the use of your lying mut
tering there about pancakes? Don't you always “What am I grumbling about now? It's very have 'em once a-yearevery Shrove Tuesday? well for you to ask that! I'm sure I'd better be And what would any moderate, decent man want out of the world than-there now, Mr. Caudle; more?” there you are again! I shall speak, sir. It is n't "Pancakes, indeed! Pray, Mr. Caudle—no, often I open my mouth, heaven knows! But you it's no use your saying fine words to me to let you like to hear nobody talk but yourself. You ought go to sleep; I shan't !-pray do you know the to have married a negro slave, and not any re-price of eggs just now?
There's not an egg you spectable woman.
trust to under seven and eight a shilling; “ You're to go about the house looking like well, you've only just to reckon up how many thunder all the day, and I'm not to say a word. eggs-don't lie swearing there at the eggs, in that Where do you think pudding 's to come from every manner, Mr. Caudle; unless you expect the bed day? You show a nice example to your child to open under you. You call yourself a respectdren, you do; complaining, and turning your nose able tradesman, I suppose! Ha! I only wish up at a sweet piece of cold mutton, because people knew you as well as I do! Swearing at there's no pudding! You go a nice way to eggs, indeed! But I'm tired of this usage, Mr. make 'em extravagant-teach 'em nice lessons to Caudle ; quite tired of it; and I don't care how begin the world with. Do you know what pud- soon it's ended! dings cost; or do you think they fly in at the “I'm sure I do nothing but work and labor, window?
and think how to make the most of everything ; “ You hate cold mutton. The more shame for and this is how I'm rewarded. I should like to you, Mr. Caudle. I'm sure you've the stomach see anybody whose joints go further than mine. of a lord, you have, No, sir; I did n't choose to But if I was to throw away your money into the hash the mutton. It's very easy for you to say street, or lay it out in fine feathers on myself, I hash it; but I know what a joint loses in hashing : should be better thought of. The woman who it's a day's dinner the less, if it's a bit. Yes, I studies her husband and her family is always made dare say; other people may have puddings with a drudge of. It's your fine fal-lal wives who've cold mutton. No doubt of it; and other people the best time of it. become bankrupts. But if ever you get into the “What's the use of your lying groaning there Gazette, it shant be my fault-no; I'll do my in that manner? That won't make me hold my duty as a wife to you, Mr. Caudle: you shall tongue, I can tell you. You think to have it all never have it to say that it was my housekeeping your own way--but you won't, Mr. Caudle! You that brought you to beggary. No, you may sulk can insult my dinner; look like a demon, I may at the cold meat-ha! I hope you 'll never live to say, at a wholesome piece of cold mutton-ha! want such a piece of cold 'muiton as we had to- the thousands of far better creatures than you are day! And you may threaten to go to a tavern to who'd been thankful for that mutton !-and I'm dine ; but with our present means, not a crumb of never to speak! But you 're mistaken-I will! pudding do you get from me. You shall have Your usage of me, Mr. Caudle, is infamous-unnothing but the cold joint—nothing as I'm a worthy of a man. I only wish people knew you Christian sinner.
for what you are! but they shall some day. “ Yes; there you are, throwing those fowls in “ Puddings! And now I suppose I shall hear my face again! I know you once brought home of nothing but puddings! Yes, and I know what a pair of fowls; I know it: and warn't you mean it would end in. First, you'd have a pudding enough to want to stop 'em out of my week's every day; oh, I know your extravagance—then money? Oh, the selfishness—the shabbiness of you 'd go for fish-then I should n't wonder if men! They can go out and throw away pounds you'd have soup; turtle, no doubt : then you'd upon pounds with a pack of people who laugh at go for a dessert; and—oh! I see it all as plain as 'em afterwards ; but if it's anything wanting for the quilt before me—but no! not while I live! their own homes, their poor wives may hunt for it. What your second wife may do, I don't know; I wonder you don't blush to name those fowls perhaps she'll be a fine lady; but you shan't be again! I would n't be so little for the world, Mr. ruined by me, Mr. Caudle; that I'm determined. Caudle!
Puddings, indeed! Pu-dding-s! Pudd—" “What are you going to do? Going to get “ Exhausted nature," says Caudle, “could up? Don't make yourself ridiculous, Mr. Caudle; hold out no longer. Here my wife went to I can't say a word to you like any other wife, but
sleep.” yon must threaten to get up. Do be ashamed of yourself.
“Puddings, indeed! Do you think I'm made BALLAD BY THE REV. HENRY ALFORD, M. A. of puddings? Did n't you have some boiled rice Rise, sons of merry England, from mountain and three weeks ago ? Besides, is this the time of
from plain ; the year for puddings ? It's all very well if I had Let each light up his spirit, let none unmoved remoney enough allowed me like any other wife to
main ; keep the house with; then, indeed, I might have the morning is before you, and glorious is the sun; preserves like any other woman; now, it 's impos- Rise up and do your blessed work before the sible; and it's cruel-yes, Mr. Caudle, cruel_of
day be done. you to expect it.
“ Apples arn't so dear, arn't they? I know 'Come help us, come and help us,'-from the what apples are, Mr. Caudle, without your telling valley and the hill,
But I suppose you want something more To the ear of God in heaven are the cries ascendthan apples for dumplings? I suppose sugar costs
ing still : something, does n't it? And that's how it is. The soul that wanteth knowledge, the flesh that That's how one expense brings on another, and wanteth food ;that's how people go to ruin.
Arise, ye sons of England, go about doing good.
Your hundreds and your thousands at usage and “The imaginative child, if educated according
to his distinctive nature, would help to correct the Behold a safe investment which shall bless and exaggeration and to soften the angularity of the never curse !
logical child, and to throw around the sensitive O who would spend for house or land, if he child ideal visions—which would hinder him from might but from above
dwelling with anguish on every exhibition of disDraw down the sweet and holy dew of happiness tress; and the sensitive child, if educated accordand love?
ing to his distinctive nature, would teach the imag
inative child not to dwell in imagination as a mere Pour out upon the needy ones the soft and healing selfish luxury, but to shed its colors as a benignity balm ;
on the rugged realities of others, to whom the The storm hath not arisen yet-ye yet may keep reality is 100 real, and would teach the logical the calm :
child how vain is logic without feeling, and that Already mounts the darkness—the warning wind doubt was only given by God in order to conduct is loud;
to faith ; and the logical child, if educated accordBut ye may seek your father's God, and praying to his distinctive nature, would teach the imagaway the cloud.
inative child that all fancy is but the brilliant Go, throng our ancient churches, and on the holy child that the sensibility that is not healthy, not in
shadow of truth ; and would teach the sensitive floor Kneel humbly in your penitence among the kneel- harmony with the other powers, is useless to the ing poor;
world, in proportion as it is a torture to itself.” Cry out at morn and even, and amid the busy day, recommend it, which we do, not so much for its
We have said enough of this little pamphlet to “ Spare, spare, O Lord, thy people!–O cast us
novelty, as for its truth ; not so much that it is not away!”
conceived with the elegance of a poet, as that it is Hush down the sounds of quarrel, let party names expressed with the honesty of a man.”—Critic.
alone, Let brother join with brother, and England claim her own.
LAMENT OF D'ISRAELI. In battle with the Mammon-host join peasant, clerk and lord;
I REALLY can't imagine why, Sweet charity your banner-flag, and God FOR ALL
With my confessed ability,
From the ingrateful tories, I
Get nothing but civility.
I've also tried servility ;-
It's all the same—they won't provideby William MACCALL, author of “ The Doc
I only get-civility. trine of Individuality,” “The Agents of Civilization," &c. London, Chapman, Newgate
I've flattered Peel; he smiles back thanks street.
With Belial's own tranquillity ; Rarely, perhaps never, have we seen so small But still he keeps me in “ the ranks,” a book containing such comprehensive thoughts. And pays me
-with civility. Mr. Maccall does not think in leading strings, neither does he borrow the mannerisms of compo I've worried him, I've sneered at him, sition ; in truth he is the embodyment of his own
I've threatened bold hostilityidea, and hence the individuality of his writings. But no-he still preserves his imHe would teach man self-reliance; that he has a perturbable civility. distinctive character. In this Young England will readily concur. We remember what an American If not the birth, at least I've now writer has finely said on the subject : “ An insti The manners of nobility; tation is the lengthened shadow of one man; as But yet Sir Robert scorns to bow the Reformation of Luther ; Quakerism of Fox; With more than mere civility. Methodism of Wesley ; Abolition of Clarkson.” This lecture will teach, not so much what is
Well, I've been pretty mild as yet, unlearned, as that which, having been learned, is But now I'll try scurrility; partially forgotten. It is no wonder that the indi It's very hard if that don't get vidual is overlooked in the large congregations of
Me more than mere civility.-Punch. men. In politics, as in all present movements, party is the only power acknowledged ; but the individual is not less active, not less effective. BELIEF AND Doubt.-When anything strikes Genius is always individual, as that of Michael the mind as a truth, however distasteful it may be, Angelo, Shakspeare, and Scott. Theirs was not a or opposed to our former feelings, we have no national individuality, but, apart from country, the option-the instant we see it as true, we are conindividuality of mind. Lesser spirits possess it in strained w embrace it; we cannot say we will or a corresponding degree. We believe that what is will not—it is a necessity, and we must. The called the eccentricity of a man is but the un- first distinctly recognized doubt is of the same trained working of his individuality. Mr. Maccall kind; we may struggle against it as we will, but would educate the individuality that it may yield there it is, a wedge inserted into the very fabric its full fruits for the benefit of the race. He of our faith, which splits to the foundation, and denounces the plan of educating all children alike. falls off from us, leaving us naked and trembling
among its ruins.-Zoe.
From the Polytechnic Review. 1 pounds and a-half, a circumstance which requires
some explanation, seeing that we have stated the ON NOVEL APPLIANCES OF WAR, PROPOSED OR
gun to be a fifty-eight pounder. The explanation EXECUTED, SO FAR AS RELATES TO PROJEC- is this: the momentum of a projectile is the pro
duct of its mass and its velociiy ; by increasing
that mass, therefore, or, in other words, by adding Having attended to most of the circumstances to its weight without adding to its size, we acquire which limit the range of projectiles, we purpose a proportionale increase of momentum, and a connow to state, as shortly as is consistent with truth sequent increase of range. The shot on the presand justice to the subject, the means which have eni occasion was an iron shell filled with lead; been proposed to increase this range; we will also hence its weight of sixty-two pounds and a half. mention the results of these suggestions, so far as Nearly the same range was accomplished by the they have been carried into practice, and will dis- French during the Peninsular war, who threw cuss the probability of the existence of methods shells into Cadiz, rather more than a distance of said to be kept secret, and the chance of the dis- three miles ; they, however, used enormous morcovery of others.
tars, one of which is at present in St. James' Park, We have already alluded to the common suppo- and employed the largest charges of gunpowder sition that chemical science may present the ariil- ever known in modern times ; the missiles proleryman with some substance that is, in common jected, moreover, were shells nearly filled with parlance, “stronger” than gunpowder, and that lead, the remaining space containing gunpowder by this means a vast increase of range may be ignitible by a fuse as in the common shell. effected. We have shown the futility of this opin The fact that leaden balls accomplish a longer ion; we have proved that chemists disclaim any range than iron ones, seems to have been discorsuch knowledge: we have demonstrated that if ered, at least once by chance, the discoverers being they should claim to be the depositaries of such a totally ignorant of the principles on which the secret, the mathematician and practical artillery- circumstance was founded. It is related that durman would treat the statement with unbelief, and ing the war an American ship having expended justly too, because it is in opposition to incontro- all her cannon-balls, and being unable to procure vertible laws. As well might a chemist say that others of a siinilar kind, had some prepared of he could annihilate the attraction of gravitation, as lead; when on employing them in a subsequent that he could elaborate such a peculiar composition action, her captain and crew were surprised at or gunpowder.
their long range and efficacy. Sir Howard DougIt may be said that chemistry is a field whose las is so satisfied of their advantages on peculiar treasures are but little known; that although such occasions, that he recomiends their introduction explosive compounds as chemists generally are in the navy. aware of may be inferior in propulsive force to Amongst the suggestions which naturally pregunpowder, this mere fact is not sufficient in sent themselves for increasing the range of a shot, itself to warrant supposition that some peculiar a very obvious one seems to be the diminution of composition of exceeding potency may not be dis- its windage, or the space which exists between it covered and held in secrecy by one favored indi- and the inside of the gun. Thus is reduced to a vidual; still our objection applies not the less. minimum the loss experienced by the escape of
There is a point beyond which no increase of pri- the gunpowder around the sides of the ball. That mary force can increase the range of a projectile, short kind of ordnance, the carronade, is made to and this point is far within the limits which circum- embrace this amongst other principles, and the scribe the force of gunpowder.
result of practice fully warranis, in this case,
the We are justified in asserting, then, that far justice of the theory. To long guns, however, advanced as are all sciences connected with mili- the rule does not apply—a fact which may seem tary engineering, in the present day, very little strange at first, but which can be easily explained. increase of the range of common ordnance (we With very great velocities and long guns there is mean cannons and engines of that class) will be a large column of air to be displaced before the effected ; and that this little will be accomplished, ball leaves the gun, and which is condensed with not through any new composition of gunpowder, great rapidity by the force of the ball, to which it but as a consequence of improvement in the me- offers immense resistance if it fit the gun closely. chanical construction of missiles, and their project- If, however, the size of the ball be reduced, the ing ordnance.
air has more space to rush round it, and the ball The longest range and greatest velocity ever more easily escapes. accomplished by any ordnance, ancient or modern, Believing as we do that no considerable increase up to the period of 1840, and we believe to the of range, from guns of the sizes at present in use, present time, is 5,720 yards, or just three miles will ever be acquired, the question still remains and a quarter. The whole time of flight was only unanswered whether such increased range may thirty seconds and a quarter, which is estimated at not be achieved by other means. For the sake of 2,100 feet, in the first second of time. The piece precision, we will assume this increased range of ordnance used on this occasion was a fifty-six- to be six miles, and will ask whether such can be pounder cannon, cast on the principles of Mr. accomplished by any method, or combination of Monk, who suggested the propriety of removing a methods? We do not regard it as totally impossiconsiderable proportion of useless metal from the ble ;-we see no primary law of nature against it, gun before the trunions, and adding it to the although we recognize difficulties so grave, and so breech, where alone increased strength is desira- numerous, as to check even the wild excursions of ble. This arrangement permits the use of a our fancy ; and we are not theoretical enough to larger projectiny charge of gunpowder, without forget that even the mere possibility of this range risking the calamity of bursting. The quantity of granted, its military application is quite another powder employed in the experiment alluded to thing;—involving considerations of facility, exwas ten pounds, and the ball weighed sixty-two pense, and amount of scientific acquirement;