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pitying god. This mischance only Wicked Mrs. Ramen avenged the aggravated his royal rage, and the wrongs of innocent Mme. Kamken in next missile was one of his crutches, this wise. The Princess being under for by this time he had got his chair her father's displeasure, could only in motion and was pursuing his see her mother by stealth or during victims through the room. The his absence. One day on his coming draughtsman, however, not being in a in unexpectedly no place of conceal

, passion, and pitying the poor young ment presented itself but under the Īady, hastened so leisurely that she bed. The king being tired, threw got out of the room unharmed as to himself on it, and before he withbody and limbs. It would not have drew, after a reasonably long nap, she been in the natural order of things if was almost suffocated. Afterwards some out-of-the-way comfort did not the Queen arranged some screens so occasionally visit the ill-fed young that she might be concealed in case lady. One day as her faithful Mme. of a surprise. However, the wicked de Sonsfeld and she were contem- attendant mentioned above, disturbed plating a soup composed of salt and the machinery to such purpose that, water, and a hash of stale bones, they on the next avatar of the enemy, she heard a noise at the window. This could not conceal herself, but threw was made by a crow, who, when the down the defences, and was sash was thrown up, dropped a piece in the manner." He charged on her of bread on the sill and flew away. boldly, and all her resources were The royal maiden, however, saw no- confined to the refuge of kind Mme. thing supernatural in the occurrence, de Sonsfield's back. Nothing disthough she was affected to tears. mayed he attacked her living outwork, The bird was a tame one, belonging who retreated fighting, till Wilhelto the palace, which had lost its way. mina found herself, sandwich-wise,

Prince and Princess and favourites, between her protectress and the hot finding themselves so ill-treated, took stove. Passionate as the father was, the only revenge in their power, and his ideas did not reach the sublime indulged in satire on the King and his point of child-sacrifice on the domesfavourites. The Roman Comique of tic altar. So at that crisis the sensaScarron was the Nicholas Nickleby tional drama ended, and the wrathful of the day. So they bestowed the parent retired after giving vent to names of its personages on the great various strong expressions. people of the court.

The King was Frederic, in his memoirs, treats the Ragotin, the Margrave of Schwedt memory of his father with reserve Saldagree, Grumkau La Rancune, and respect; but he is reported as and Madame de Kamken, one of the having made the following revelation Queen's ladies, a portly, ignorant old to his sister. damsel, Mme. Bouvillon. They made

“I dare not read; I dare not touch any use of this lady's nickname so often instrument, and I enjoy those pleasures only in her presence that she inquired by stealth and trembling. But what has at last about the personal identity driven me to despair is the adventure which and habitat of Mme. Bouvillon. They I lately had at Potzdam, of which I have said she was the camarera major given no account to the Queen, that I might (chief lady of the bed-chamber) to the not alarm her. As I was entering the room Queen of Spain. This was a piece of of the King in the morning, he instantly information not to be lost. On the seized me by the hair, and threw me on the occasion of the next drawing-room of his arms upon my poor body, he dragged

ground, and after having tried the vigour held by the Queen, the Spanish court me, in spite of my resistance, to a window, happened to be mentioned; so Mme. and was going to perform the office of the Kamken cut in with the interesting mutes of the seraglio ; for seizing the cord remark that all the camarera majors with which the curtain is fastened, he drew of her Catholic majesty were of the it round my neck. Fortunately I had had family of Bouvillon. The poor lady time to get up from the ground. I laid hold was much mortified by the bursts of of his hands, and screamed as loudly as I laughter that greeted her little could. A valet immediately came to my speech; and her wrath waxed strong assistance, and snatched me from his gripe.” against her mystifiers, when she dis- Zadkiel, as we have seen, had covered the origin of the noble family uttered in Berlin a prediction which of Bouvillon.

was verified; and only for the loosing


of a screw the palace would have a ditch round all, filled with blackish secured the good fortune of being and ill-smelling water. Three bridges ghost-haunted. The following inci- across this uninviting moat, led redent which occurred in the same spectively to the court-yard, the garbuilding has not been explained :- den, and a mill. On two wings of the

“ The Queen being before her toilet-table yard were the lodgings of the gentleundressing, and Madame de Bulow sitting

men of the household, who could ennear her, they heard a terrible rumbling noise joy from their windows, the sight of in the adjoining cabinet, which was enriched

a draw-well in the middle of the enwith precious stones, and China and Japan closure, and appropriate fierce guards

The Queen at first supposed that stationed near its entrance, consisting the fall of some of these had occasioned the of two white eagles, two black eagles, noise. Madame de Bulow looked into the and two bears, who annoyed all visiters cabinet, but to her surprise, she found every as much as their chains would allow. thing in order. Scarcely had she shut the The two Princesses and their attenddoor and left it, when the noise recom

ants were sumptuously lodged in two menced. She three times renewed her search, attended by one of the Queen's attics, and be the weather wet or dry, women, and they always found every thing formed part of a dinner party of in the most perfect order. The rumbling twenty-four, in a tent, under a linden ceased at length in the cabinet, but another tree. The banquet consisted of six more dreadful noise was heard in a passage dishes, sparingly supplied; and on which separated the apartments of the King rainy days all sat with their feet in from those of the Queen, and by which they water, for the situation was low. The communicated. No one ever entered there young ladies were obliged to sit in the but the domestics about their Majesty's house great part of the day, while the persons, and sentries guarded its entrance

Honigste Queen played at backgammon with at the two ends. The Queen, anxious to know whence the noise proceeded, ordered three court dames, and were expected her women to follow her with lights. Two to watch their august sire as he took waiting women and Madame de Bulow his siesta, sitting in an arm-chair on accompanied her Majesty. Scarcely had the terrace, in the hot sun, from one they opened the door, when their ears were to half-past two o'clock. struck with dreadful groans, followed by As our travellers were rather in horrible screams which made them shake search of social than historical picwith fear. The Queen alone remained firm. tures, and besides, did not make a Having entered the passage, she encouraged her followers to search what it could be long stay at the uncomfortable court, They found all the doors bolted ; and after it does not enter into the scope of this having removed the bolts, they searched the

sketch to detail the particulars of place without discovering any thing. The Prince Frederic's disgrace and impritwo soldiers were half dead with fright. sonment, the struggles, and intrigues, They had heard the same groans close to and family jars, that prevailed at the them, but had seen nothing. The Queen palace, with the opposing objects of asked whether any one had entered the espousing the Princess to Frederic of King's apartment. They answered in the England, to Augustus of Poland, to negative. . I am well convinced that the Margrave of Schwedt, and to the there was nothing supernatural in the case. Duke of Weissenfeld. The poor lady's Yet chance would have it so that my brother was arrested that evening, and on the good angel brought to the court in the return of the King he had the most aflicting midst of the frightful chaos, the young scene with the Queen in that very passage.

Margrave of Bareith, an excellent

young prince, as times went. The The King's ideas of country relaxa- Queen's enemies (as is reported) had tions in comfortable chateaux were in their possession at the moment of rather strange. His little place of the betrothal, a formal demand for Wusterhausen was thus circum- the lady's hand from their Majesties stanced. To give it a solitary air, he of England. had thrown up in front a respectable We cannot think the condition of hillock of dry sand, which had to be Frederic II., either in youth, niansurmounted by visiters before a view hood, or old age, much to be envied. of the little elysium was attained. It Obliged to marry an estimable prinwas a small building furnished with cess against his will, he never extended a tower of wood, which tower was to her a wife's privileges, except in provided with a winding stair. There showing her a certain respect. His were a terrace, and iron railings, and middle age was occupied with struggles for life and possessions; and his pilgrimage over a sandy road, shaded chosen companions were depraved by tall pines, with the court, and its and godless sensualists. He could splendour, and meanness, and innot entertain himself with the sight trigues, a league or two in their rear, of a happy people. To warlike as- Mentor thus accosted Peregrine. cendency and a full exchequer were “What moral have you extracted his chief aspirations directed; and to from this mighty fable we have just attain these his subjects were inordi- studied ?” and he received this annately taxed. A solitary, comfortless _“As far as domestic comfort evening of life was his destiny, un- and human happiness are concerned, cheered by the love and tender cares commend me to the farm-house of of wife or child, or by the hope of a one of my father's yeomen, rather happy futurity

than to the palace of Potzdam or Mon As our friends were resuming their Bijou.”

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Now ancient owld Hyems departing

Permits rosy Spring to draw near;
Now Favonius wafts through the azure

The clouds beyond sunny Cape Clear;
And Love over boreen and cottage,

Has spread his bright pinions, by dad,
So that colleens and puers are courting

From Galway to Ballinafad.
Come, Cloe, beloved of my heart-strings,

And seat yourself close to my left;
Spes vivat in mæstum-no matter

Of what other joys we're bereft;
For what though the pig is'nt purchased,

And potato seed's riz, as I hear,
Is that any reason, in logic,

Why we shouldn't marry, my dear?
Nabocklish : when beautiful Flora

Produces her blossoms anew,
And the wide-awake goddess Aurora

Palavers the mountains with dew ;-
When the Heathen mythology, Cloe,

Drops down from the regions above,
Half an eye must be blind in concluding

It isn't the season for Love.
Just look at the fowls and the ganders,

Just look at the birds on the spray ;
Why Mars couldn't utter his feelings

In a manner much stronger than they !
All nature adjacent is courting

And whispering and winking, you rogue,
From the midge in the atmosphere sporting,

To the ditch that contains the kerogue.
In the paddock the owld ass is sighing,

Poor sowl !-and the sheep who reside
In the presence of great Lugnaquilla*

Are thinking of nothing beside ;
Amor vincit all things in creation,

As the least classic knowledge may see,
So come, dear, and learn education,
Cloe Bawn Asthore Cushlamacree."
* A mountain in the county Wicklow.


The leading men of the Southern terested men stood at the helm. It Confederacy have conducted their was remarkable that no dissension gigantic task hitherto with a cool- arose with regard to the assigning of ness, honour, and heroism, which particular offices to particular indiviexact the admiration of the world. duals, any more than with regard to In every quality of statesmanship and the fundamental doctrines on which public character they shine with a the national Constitution was to rest. Iustre unknown in the governing Every man fell, as by a natural law, Northern circles. The Southerners into his proper place, and the mahave not underrated their difficul- chine, without delay, began to work ties, concealed their afflictions, made smoothly. Since then no difficulty empty boast of their successes, ut- has occurred. Mr. Davis's authority tered foolish predictions, or unmanly is still paramount, though the Southlaments, or, with a stupid spite, de- ern press is unshackled, and criticism nounced foreign Powers; but, on the unsparing. The generals of the Concontrary, have gone forward in the federacy have been well supported work before them with a determina- by the people, and cheered in their tion, enthusiasm, and fortitude, for a efforts even in the days of their nonparallel to which we must go back to success. The sacrifices entailed upon the times of those ancient heroes the community have been freely borne. whose example genius has consecrated Better than all, the Southerners, of in undying records. From the 9th every class, have fought the fight of February, 1861, when the Confe- with their own right arms, not with deracy originated with the six seced- hired bone and sinew. It would ing States which then organized an argue badly for the instincts of Engindependent Southern Republic, elect- lishmen if national characteristics of ed a President and Vice-President, this kind did not inspire us with symand adopted a Constitution, down to pathetic feelings. The Englishman, the present date, the reputation of in fact, sees in the Southerner the the Southerners has been stainless; reproduction of his race's virtues as whilst, on the side of their rivals, nu- witnessed in the brightest periods of merous excesses, cruelties, acts of British history. Every new circumdespotism, and a general violence, stance affecting the Confederate leadlawlessness, and absence of principle, ers, their position, and the prospects have disgusted even the hottest par- of their State, is therefore fraught tizans of the North in the Old World. with interest. It is this moral superiority of the Surprise has sometimes been exConfederates, much more than their pressed that the Confederates have exploits in the field, which has main- defended Richmond with such obstitained that sympathy for their struggle nacy, sacrificing in order to secure it that appears to have been awakened points that seemed more important. at first by the calmness and dignity of There can be no doubt that, even if their earliest national proceedings. driven from that city, the Southern Between December, 1860, and May, Government would still have places 1861, the eleven States, now compris- almost as suitable for a capital to reing the Southern Republic, were tire upon; but Richmond is an imwelded together by a process all the portant position, not only for its hismore successful from being simple, toric associations (it was here, for and on the 4th of February, of the example, that Patrick Henry delilatter year, the Convention at Mont- vered his great speech during the Congomery gave the New Union the vention of '75) but as the locality of form and principles which established the Tredegar works, where nearly the the fact, at once, that able and disin- whole of the manufacture of arms

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“ Down South; or, an Englishman's Experiences at the Seat of the American War.” By Samuel Phillips Day. Two vols. Hurst and Blackett.

" Three Months in the Southern States.” By Lieut.-Col. Fremantle. London and Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons.

Speech of Mr. Spence at Glasgow.


the war.

and artillery for the Southern Go- break of war, however, the occupavernment is carried on. This enor- tions of the Richmonders were sudmous establishment, in which the denly revolutionized. The blockade Dahlgren, and more lately the Brooke destroyed their external trade, and gun, have been cast for the defence of tobacco manufacturers and shippers Charleston, covers over thirty acres were forced to turn their capital into of ground, and yet is not properly new directions, and devote themspeaking a government foundry, but selves to the preparation of military belongs to a private individual. Be- outfits and munitions of war. The fore the Secession the boilers and making of cartridges and percussion machinery for the largest ships in the caps has become one of the principal navy of the old Republic were cast handicrafts, in which the youngest here, so that the Confederates found are engaged, and females largely, the the manufactory ready to their hand. male portion of the community being The works have, however, been greatly severely drawn upon for the purposes extended to meet the exigencies of of the campaign. All the manufac

There are other foundries tures necessary for the exigency, of in the neighbourhood, in addition, which the people had before been and a State armoury, but the Trede- destitute, have, in fact, been improgar furnaces are the peculiarity of vised with wonderful alacrity and Richmond, though indeed, the Con- skill. Iron and powder are made ; federate army has found a hardly less wool is being converted into cloth serviceable ally in the proprietor of by people ignorant of the process the Richmond flour mills, said to be a few months ago ; and hides are the largest in the world, and capable tanned, although the business had of grinding nearly two thousand bar- been previously

confined to the North. rels of flour per diem. The tobacco The readiness with which the Southfactories of Richmond, important ern people have adapted themselves enough in time of peace, could have to their new circumstances affords, been dispensed with, and in fact, indeed, one of the strongest proofs of their operations have been brought their capacity for self-government. to a close by the blockade, but if the When the war has terminated, the Confederate Government had been people who, at its commencement obliged to create the other two esta- were agriculturists exclusively, will blishments, their case would have have become manufacturers also, and, been hopeless. Richmond at once therefore, independent of foreign Powafforded the proper nucleus for their ers, and especially of the Northerners. military organization, and training It would be a hasty judgment, at camps were established in its neigh- the same time, to infer that the growth bourhood, to which, to as great an of American cotton must therefore extent as was practicable, volunteers decrease. The extent of that crop, have been regularly drafted ever many think, will be as great as ever since, to undergo a preliminary drill a year after peace has been declared, in large bodies before joining their and the manufactures subsisting along corps in the field. As many as thirty with it, will, in fact, after a time, have thousand have been there at one time, the effect of promoting the investroughly housed in rude log structures. ment of capital in agriculture. Those The men so treated rapidly become who are encouraging Indian growers excellent soldiers, but the grand diffi- of cotton to extend their cultivation, culty in the South has been to find take a shortsighted view of the proefficient non-commissioned officers. babilities of the future, if they imagine

The most extraordinary change was that the business of supplying the produced in Richmond by its adoption European markets with raw cotton as the Southern capital. As a city it can be permanently taken out of the is favourably situated for commerce, hands of the Americans. The instinct and before the war regular lines of of the East Indians, indeed, teaches packets connected it with New York them that their opportunity of makand other places, to which it exported ing money by cotton-growing must wheat, flour, and tobacco, vessels be, at best, a brief one, and all their drawing fifteen feet of water being operations are directed to the task of able to approach Warwick, three miles turning a passing season

of advantage lower down the river. With the out- to the utmost account. The loose talk

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