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aimed at the whole corps, in which they themselves, under another denomination, are included. It is im pollible for me to say what may be the character of every description of men amongst us. But I speak for the greater part; and for them, I must tell you, that facrilege is no part of their doctrine of good works; that, so far from calling you into their fellowship on such title, if your professors are admitted to their communion, they must carefully conceal their doctrine of the lawfulness of the proscrip. tion of innocent men ; and that they must make restitution of all stolen goods whatsoever. Till then they are none of ours.

You may suppose that we do not approve your confiscation of the revenues of bishops, and deans, and chapters, and parochial clergy possessing inden pendent estates arising from land, because we have the same sort of establishment in England. That objection, you will say, cannot hold as to the confiscation of the goods of monks and nuns, and the abolition of their order. It is true, that this particular part of your general confiscation does not affect England, as a precedent in point : but the reason applies; and it goes a great way. The long parliament confisca. ted the lands of deans and chapters in England on the same ideas upon which your assembly set to fale the lands of the monastic orders. But it is in the principle of injustice that the danger lies, and not in the description of persons on whom it is first exercised. I fee, in a country very near us, a course of policy pursued, which sets justice, the common concern of mankind, at defiance. With the national assembly of France, posseflion is nothing, law and usage are nothing. I see the national assembly openly reprobate the doctrine of proscription, which *one of the greatest of their own lawyers tells us, with

great truth, is a part of the law of nature, · He tells us, that the positive ascertainment of

its Domat,

its limits, and its security from invasion, were among the causes for which civil society itself has been instituted. If prescription be once shaken, no fpecies of property is fecure, when it once becomes an object large enough to tempt the cupidity of indigent power. I see a practice perfectly correspondent to their contempt of this great fundamental part of natural law. I see the confifcators begin with billiops, and chapters, and monasteries; but I do not see them end there. I fee the princes of the blood, who, by the oldest usages of that kingdom, held large landed estates, (hardly with the compliment of a debate) deprived of their poffeilions, and in lieu of their itable independent property, reduced to the hope of fonie precarious, charitable pension, at the pleasure of an assembly, which of course will pay little regard to the rights of perfioners at pleasure, when it despises those of legal proprietors. Flushed with the insolence of their first inglorious victories, and pressed by the distresses caused by their luft of unhallowed lucre, dilappointed but not discouraged, they have at lengtlı ventured completely to subivert all property of all descriptions throughout the extent of a great kingdom. They have compelled all men, in all trantactions of commerce, in the disposal of lands, in civil dealing, and through the whole communion of life, to accept as perfect payment and good and lawful tender, the symbols of their speculations on a projected sale of their plunder. What vestiges of liberty or property have they left? The tenant-right of a cabbage-garden, a year's interest in a hovel, the goodwill of an alehouse, or a baker's shop, the very strada'r of a constructive property, are more ceremoniously treated in our parliament than with you the oldest and most valuable landed poffeffions, in the hands of thi? most respectable personages, or than the whole body of the monied and commercial interest of your country.

We We entertain an high opinion of the legislative authority; but we have never dreamt that parliaments had any right whatever to violate property, to overrule prefcription, or to force a currency of their own fiction, in the place of that which is real, and recognized by the law of nations. But you, who began with refusing to submit to the most modelate restraints, have ended by establishing an unheard of despotism. I find the ground upon whịch your confiscatois go is this; that indeed their proceedings could not be supported in a court of justice; but that the rules of prescription cannot bind a legillative assembly p. So that this legislative assembly, of a free nation sits, not for the security, but for the destruction of property, and not of property only, but of every rule and inaxim which can give it stability, and of those instruments which can alone give it circulation.

When the Anabaptists of Munster, in the sixteenth century, had filled Germany with confusion by their system of levelling and their wild opinions concerning property, to what country in Europe did not the progress of their fury furnish just cause of alarm? Of all things, wisdom is the most terrified witli epidemical fanaticism, bccause of all enemies it is that against which she is the least able tờ furnish any kind of resource. We cannot be ignoi tant of the spirit of atheistical fanaticism, that is infpired by a multitude of writings, dispersed with incredible assiduity and expence, and by sermons delivered in all the streets and places of public refort in Paris. These writings and sermons have filled the populace withi a black and savage atrocity of mind, which supersedes in them the common feelings of nature, as well as all sentiments of morality and religion, infomuch that these wretches are induced to bear with a lullen patience the intolerable distresses brought upon them by the violent

convulsions + Speech of Mr. Camus, published by order of the national affeably.

d filled aptists on alone on

convulsions and permutations that have been made in property *? The spirit of profelytism attends this spirit of fanaticism. They have societies to cabal and cor: respond at home and abroad for the propagation of thett tenets. The republic of Berne, one of the happiest, the most prosperous, and the best governied countries upon eartli, is one of the great objects, at the destruction of which they aim. I am told they have in fome measure succeeded in sowing there the seeds of discontent. They are busy throughout Germany. Spain and Italy have not been untried. England is not left out of the comprehensive scheme of their malignantcharity, and in England we find those who stretch out their arms to them, who recommend their examples, from more than one pulpit, and who choose, in more than one periodical meeting, publicly to correspond with them, to applaud them, and to hold them up as objects for imitation; who receive from them tokens of confraternity, and standards consecrated amidst their rites and mysteries ti who suggest to them leagues of per Voi. III. O

p etual Wheiher the following description is ftri&tly true I know nor ; but it is what the publishers would have pass for true, in order to apimate others. In a letter from 'Toul, given in one of their papers, is the following paffage concerning the people of that district. “ “ Dans la Révolution actuelle, ils ont resisté à toutes les féduclions du bigotisme, aux pérfecutions el aux !raca/series des Enremis de la “ Révolution. Oubliant leurs plus grands intérêts pour rendre honinage aux vues d'ordre général qui ont déterminé l'Assemblée Na“ tionale, ils voient, sans le plaindre, supprimer cette foule d'éta4 bliffemens ecclésiastiques par lesquels il. subfiftoient ; et même, en

perdant leor liége épifcopal, la seule de toutes ces ressources qui “ pouvoil, ou plutot qui devoit, en toute équité leur étré confervée ; "condamnés á la plus effrayente miséré, fans avoir été ni fu élre entene * dus, ils ne murmurent point, ils reitert fidelé aux principes du plus “ pur patriotisme ; ils font encore préis á ver fer leur sung pour le " maintien de la conftitution, qui vă reduire leur Ville á la plus dëplo. " rable nulliie.Thèle people are not supposed to have endured those fufferings and injustices in a struggle for liberty; for the fame account Atates truly that they had been always free ; their parience in beggaty and ruin, and their suffering, without remonstrance, the most fiagrant and confessed injustice, if trialy true, can be nothing but the effect of this dire fanaiicism. A great multitude all over Franse is in the same condition and the same temper.

See the proceedings of the confederation at Naniz.

petual amity, at the very time when the power, to which our constitution has exclusively delegated the federative capacity of this kingdom, may find it expedito make war upon them.

It is not the confiscation of our church property from this example in France that I dread, though I think this would be no trifling evil. The great source of my solicitude is, left it should ever be confidered in England as the policy of a state, to seek a resource in confiscations of any kind, or that any one description of citizens should be brought to regard any of the others as their proper prey * Nations are wading deeper and deeper into an ocean of boundless debt. Public debts, which at first were a security, to governments, by interesting many in the public tranquility, are likely in their excess to become the means of their subverfion. If governments provide for these debts by heavy impositions, they perish by becoming odious to the people. If they do not provide for them, they will be undone by the efforts of the most dangerous of all parties; I mean an extensive discontented monied intereft, injured and not destroyed. The men who compofe this intereft look for their security, in the first in


* “ Si plures funt ii quibus improbe daruin est, quam illi quibus -“ injuste ademptum eft, idcirco plus etiam valeni? Non eniin nu. .“ nero hæc judicantur led pondere. Quam autem habet æquitatem,

" ut ægrum multis annis, aut etiain fæculis ante pofTessum, qui nul. - lum habuit habeat ; qui autem habuit amiitat. Ac, propter hoc

" injuriæ genus, Lacedæmonii Lyfandrum Ephorum expulerunt : . • Agin regein (quod nunquam antea apud eos acciderat) necave- “ runt : exque eo tempore lantæ discordiæ fecutz sunt, ut et tyran

" ni exfislerint, et optimates exterminarentur, et preclariffine con..“ stituta respublica dilaberetur. Nec vero solum ipfa cecidit, fed

“ etiam reliquam Græciam evertit contagionibus malorum, quæ, a

• Lacedæmoniis profeétæ manarunt latius." —After speaking of the - conduct of the model of true -patriots, Aratus of Sicyon, which was

in a very different spirit, he says, “ Sic par eft agere cum civibus ;

“ non ut bis jam vidimus, haltam in foro ponere, et bona civium voci • “ fubiicere præconis. At ille Græcus (id quod fuit fapientis et præ{t.

“ antis viri) omnibus consulendum esse puravit : eaque eft sunima “ ratio et sapientia boni civis, commoda civium non divellere, fed omnes eadem æquitate continere". Cic. Off. 1.

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