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and falsest ends! This very phrase, which seems “ Certain it is, that at this instant, in the honest to hold, in the narrowest compass, the moral of all city we reside in, juries are, to say the least, as life, and to convey the verdict agreed upon by unpopular as in Botany Bay. We, who have unTruth the plain speaker, and Philosophy the sullied characters, who abjure every vice that is oracle, in relation to all the vain and aggravated unlawful, and who live in the practice of every vircontentions of mankind,--this phrase is made a tue that is agreeable to our constitutions, all under catch-word, a slang saying, a jest, becoming in the protection of the jury-box, rail as loudly at the very meanest mouths, and fitted for the vilest juries, as the rascals of whom juries rid us. objects.

“But then, how nicely we discriminate-with * There is no form of words which has worked what a fine and delicate hand we draw the line bemore mischief in the social world, as far as words tween (as we may say) the box and its twelve alone can work it, than this simple phrase. It is tenants. How philosophically we distinguish becaught up from lip lo lip-repeated until sense is tween the jury and the juryism, between the praclost in mere sound ; and the general truth becomes tice and the principle. While we bully the hona particular falsehood in thousands of instances. Its est and intelligent' dozen, as often as we 'please, real meaning is struck out, and a hollow lie is sub- how rapturously we, on every occasion, exiol the stituted. Where we should find the white, sweet system. The blockheads assembled in the box kernel, the maggot fattens. Faults on both sides,' are only not knaves and perjurers, because they is the language, not of the philosopher, the moralist, are dense fools, or dreamers past waking ; but the the peace-making, pardoning Christian—but of the box itself is all the while religiously held to be a self-elected juror, the concealed and cowardly blessing invaluable.” slanderer, the heartless and abandoned leveller, “ An Englishman may just as well poison his who would confound vice and virtue, and merge grandmother, as rail at trials by jury. No false all distinctions, not merely of guilt, but of guilt indictment was ever torn to pieces in the face of and innocence, in a loose, easy, general, comfort- the world, under a jury's unerring and beneficent able verdict-a safe one universally— faults on auspices, as that freeborn Briton would be who both sides.'

should dare lo whisper in any popular assembly a You are not far from the truth there,' is the cry syllable disparaging to that glorious institution." of the sage babblers of society as often as the verdict is delivered—not very, in one sense, but awfully near “But the jurymen are all forsworn—the whole a lie, dark and silent as assassination, perhaps, in defenceless twelve. They alone are without shield another sense. A reputation is possibly sacrificed or protection ; for them, no man, however chivalin the very utterance of the words-a life's life rous his nature, feels called upon to stand up. It may be destroyed—a great cause, sacred as virtue, is nobody's business to see a jury righted ; at best, is given up at once-the broadest, simplest points the verdict in their case would be justifiable illof difference are confused and merged uninquiring- usage.' ly—and honor and shame reduced to the same “They are called 'honest and intelligent' by measure, color, and substance; all by the easy, courtesy, but the words mean no more than . honcurrent verdict, applicable to the most difficult and orable before member.? If they follow the the most contradictory cases, there are faults on judge's dictation, they are handsomely pronounced both sides.'

to be servile, spiritless, and forsworn ;' if they “The Father of Evil never invented a more dex- happen to differ with that learned person, and terous weapon for his agents to work with. The bring in a verdict contrary to his intelligible direcenvenomed point is so concealed, while it looks so tion, they are pretty sure to be self-willed, prejuopen and fair. Candor so shines in it, that inquiry diced, ignorant, and reckless of law and evidence. is subdued at once. Remonstrance is silenced by If they come to a decision instantaneously, the dea text so impartial. Once utter this decree, and cision, though right, is farcical for want of delibthere is no more to be said. "There are faults on eration ; if they have conscientious scruples and both sides, generally settles all to everybody's cannot agree, we lock them up and starve them satisfaction.

into unanimity; thus obtaining a verdict, not by “The lovers of peace are satisfied, for it cuts the strength of their understandings and the purity short the dispute. The sympathizers with virtue of their consciences, but by physical torture and submit, for it spares her the dangerous intoxica- the exhaustion of their animal powers. In a question of a triumph. The allies of the vicious are tion of life and death, we force a decree, ay or no, comforted, for their client is lifted up in repute to not from the brain, but from the stomach.”' the virtuous level. The slanderers exult, because “ People who always keep their word” afford it gives them a cue for reviling both parties. The him a theme for much clever argument and happy timid, selfish people are reconciled, for they are illustration : relieved from the risk of taking part one way or “The people who always keep their word, if the other. The indolent are saved the trouble of you will take their word for the fact, are to be met investigating. The hypocrites admit that there with in immense varieties. To portray them is to may possibly be a fault or so more on one side than paint Legion. It is also to unite opposites under on the other, but protest vehemently against the one head; for those who always keep their word practice of balancing hairs and reopening cases are not to be known, sometimes, from those who that are finally settled. The verdict is given : never do." there is no new trial to be had when once human Here is a well-drawn character, Nick Froth : nature has heard the decree pronounced — There “In whatever water you may happen to be, are faults on both sides.'”

there he is upon the surface floating buoyantly The special application of this view of the sub- within hail, and anxious to play the friend in any ject is beautifully made in the story of “ Lyddie emergency. But just as you are sinking, he lets go Erle,” much of which is, unhappily, drawn from your hand, and swims off in search of the life-buoy, nature.

promising to return with speed. He enters eagerly In the same paper we find the following humor- into an engagement to get you out of hot water, ous but truthful remarks on “ Trial by Jury :" and when the element has had plenty of time to cool, there he is at his post, ready to redeem his grinding toil, pining with hunger. The day depromise.

voted to watchful tending by the bed of pain, when A variety of this class :

the being we most deeply revere is helpless, pros“ Men of their word, with a reservation-con- trate, and in peril, wears out less darkly than the science all over, when convenience is in the way." fixed and hopeless monotony of the after day, when

Very honest people as long as the sun shines such tending is needed no more. Short and merry and honesty can make hay. In the cold season, is the long, sad time, from early morn to noon, with nothing to do, they may be apt to thrust their from eve unto deep moonlight, passed on the behands into somebody's pocket-to keep them calmed sea by the impatient, heart-sick mariner, warm. They make the promise first and then be compared with that one day—that now long, marthink themselves what possibility there is of its ful- vellous lifetime, sweet, and yet most horrible to filment. They are often as good as their word-bear-when the sunrise sees him sole survivor of but then, their word is good for nothing.” the wreck, and the sunset leaves him hanging to a

“ But although all these people, the majority of wave-washed point, or floating on a spar alone, the promising crowds who are about one every- and in the dark, between sea and sky." where, regard themselves as persons of their word, The absurdity of discovering “coincidences,” and are so to this extent—that they rarely perhaps on every occasion is agreeably satirized : break a serious promise without some little shabby To talk is not always necessary-to think is show of an excuse for doing so; it is to be under- enough. How unlucky,' says Shiver, that ] stood that the very best of them reserve points to should have thought this morning of that wine themselves on which they may break faiih when bill, run up before I was married, after forgetting they like-points on which no expectation of their it for five years. The man will certainly send the fidelity is to be reasonably expected.”

account to-morrow, or perhaps call himself with it The following is wittily put :

to-night. " It must be plain that even among persons who This gentleman has a helpmate, who jumps at always keep their word, there are differences of conclusions no less heartily than himself: position and circumstance by which we are all "One night, just before supper, she sprang moved to cherish preferences and prejudices, af- across the room, singing as she went. Talking fecting our belief in their faithfulness. When a of these things, it always happens so.

Here is judge promises to hang a man, we are more apt to my lovely friend, Mrs. Wix." She then ran to put faith in him than in a physician when he prom- embrace a very pretty little figure. These things? ises to cure one-yet both, perhaps, in them- which had just been mentioned were game and selves are equally worthy of trust. Of two prom- poultry; and it turned out afterwards that Mrs. ises made by the very worthiest of our acquaint-Wix was the daughter of a distinguished poulances—first, that he will come and dine with us, terer. That coincidence had flashed on the vigiand, secondly, that he will call and pay the bal- lant perception of Mrs. S.” ance, we cannot, with the best of feelings, help Speaking of the institution of a particular sorelying more on one assertion than the other.” ciety for various purposes, he prettily and quaintly

Those who are really sincere in all they prom- says: ise are thus characterized :

“ How it originated is of little consequence. “ Persons who always keep their word recog- Be sure of this, that its origin was small enough; nize in it more and more a sacredness beyond the what good work ever had any other? There is letter of it, and are the first to feel that they are no crevice so narrow that good will not ooze sometimes bound by a solemn contract, even when through it, and gather and augment slowly, unul they have uttered no syllable in sanction of it. it can force its way by degrees, and flow into a More pronuises are made than ever can be spoken : broad, full stream. Once set good going, and an angel even in our company makes them for us. who can say where it will stop!"

In the last thought the poet shines out. In his The change that takes place in men is well illustrations of the tedium vitæ, he truly says: treated of in “Deceased People whom we meet

". Nothing is liable to such continual and extra- daily.”—[Copied into the Living Age, Vol. I., ordinary variation as time, the present hour differ- p. 222.) ing so from the next that the minutes of one may These are his ideas on the potent disenchantment be as years in the other—nay, as a vast eternity, of the worldly-minded who live for society alone : ever dying and yet endless. Our lamentations “Human nature, at home, then, is a true thing over the shortness of life might be spared when -a veritably honest existence. It is not a semwe reflect upon the many long days that fall to blance of the man, but the man. He has scraped the lot of every creature in his turn, though off his hypocrisy with the dirt from his shoes at there is little perhaps of liveliness in the thought the street door ere he entered; he has left his that all those long days are emphatically and ne- mask, comic or tragic, with his hat on the apcessarily the dull ones of our year, and that this pointed peg, not wanting either by the fireside very dullness regulates the degrees of their dura- where he unfolds himself; and he has thrown off tion. Nor is it of much avail to seek comfort by the garb of outward manner which he has perhaps counting up the happier days that have intervened, all day worn, as effectually as he had relieved for these are always found to be the shortest in the himself of his travelling incumbrances. He has calendar."

now no more power to act a part than he would The following, on the same subject, is a touch-have in sleep. His face, is his natural face, his ing picture :

manner is his own personal property, and his "The long, dull, weary day of factory labor- speech is not a kind of ventriloquism, but describes restless, vigilant, and incessant-gathers, never- his real feelings in tones unaffected. The sacredtheless, with a less grievous weight, hoor by hour, ness associated with 'home' is, in plain English, upon the overtasked heart than would the slow (one of the dead languages) a convenient cloak and lengthening minutes of the morrow, if on that for playing pranks in, securely and unobserved. supless day the father saw his children spared from When people find it a relief to leave off acting for

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a few hours, they fly to the domesticities. At tion which so eminently characterized him. Speakhome they are behind the scenes, out of view, and ing of Christmas, the last, poor fellow ! he was at liberty to be themselves again. As at the twirl destined to see, he says: of a wand, off goes the finery; the finished gen- “ One of the charms of Christmas is the bounty tleman scowls, grimaces, kicks the cat, and curses it brings. It is an old constant distinguishing the servants, with an exquisite relish of ease and characteristic of the season to exhibit a soul too freedom; the tragedy queen tosses off her pot of broad and embracing to be shut in by the narrow porter in comfort; the safe, grave man is a giddy though equitable boundaries of commerce, too vagabond ; the dashing spendthrift, a sudden con- lavish to throw its heart's wealth into a scale, and vert to penuriousness ; the arbiter of all fashion, a weigh it out in scruples. It is no period for scant seedy scarecrow; the advocate of temperance asks measures, or for bare justice; the cup must overfor a corkscrew; the saint swears he is tired as flow. Who ever said at Christmas, · But can't the devil; and the charming young lady sits down you take half a mince-pie?' The spirit of the to sulk, and think spiteful things of that Miss time is ungrudging, hospitable, generous. It is Grigs, who was asked to dance eleven times to not the meal of Enough, but the festival of Exher nine."

cess. At such a season the common law of debtor Shakspeare has told us that "homekeeping and creditor is repealed. It is all give and take. yonths have ever homely wits ;" of such a class is The simple rule isMrs. Fixbury, “ the lover of home :". " Home, in her idea of it, means certain rooms,

"That they should give who have the power, with suitable fixtures and furniture. That was

And they should take who can.' all! Observe: she was ardently attached to her Less than happy be his new year, who could home! that is, in other words, she had a wonder- carp and cavil at the large, free, bountiful, openfal liking for her nice apartments. She had an hearted, full-handed, gift-scattering philosophy of exquisite sense of all that is most elevated and Christmas !" refined in domestic associations ! that is, in other But our limits, rather than our inclination or words, she had a tender regard for every inani- resources, warn us to pause. mate thing belonging to her on which her daily It will be a lasting source of satisfaction to us, household eye rested.”

if in what we have adduced, we have succeeded “ Home never meant, in her clear, plain, do- in directing the attention of the public to the litemestic understanding-no, never meant husband, rary remains of Larnan Blanchard. children, and friends—the cheerful meal, the so- selves, we can only say, with Shenstonecial fireside, and the silent pillow; it only meant a collection of common-place conveniences and orna

“Heu! quanto minus est cum reliquis versari, ments, sanctified and endeared by hourly use and

quam tui meminisse!" habit. Now, if the reader, wandering and peeping about in the odd dark corners of the world,

From the Dublin University Magazine. have not yet encountered a lady wrapped up in a fond regard for her own fire-irons and buffet, her EARL OF ROSSE'S TELESCOPE-POSSIBLE DISharpsichord and window curtains, then he has

COVERIES. missed what assuredly he would have known had he been born sooner and encountered Mrs. Fix

The public has been favored with many debury."

scriptions of Lord Rosse's magnificent telescope, The article “On considering oneself horse- and the successful arrangements by which he has whipped,” is a happy application of imagination been enabled to bring to perfection this splendid to the cure of positive evils.- [Living Age, Vol. triumph of science and art; but it does not appear III., p. 182.]

that any detail, however superficial, or prognostic, Hear how he characterizes that gift, of which however fanciful, has yet touched upon the disall the world are so liberal :

coveries it may possibly effect, or the advances in “ Advice gratis wears a remarkably unscrupu- least desired, from its extraordinary powers. It

human knowledge which may be expected, or at lous aspect. He has a long tongue which hangs half out of his mouth, a long sight which detects may not be amiss to endeavor, in some degree, to the approach of a victim, before he has turned the supply this deficiency; and though the attempt corner, a long finger to twine round the button of may, in its execution, be stigmatized as fanciful a hapless listener, and a short memory, which and superficial, still it may act as a stimulus to causes him to recommend two opposite remedies others; and in the mean while gratify those who, to the same patient, both wrong ones.

satisfied with popular views, may take an interest But we might multiply examples without end, in this deeply important subject. indicative of shrewdness of observation, felicity of

1. In the first place, it may be expected, with thought, and justness of expression, as well as

certainty, that, in penetrating into still remoter adduce illustrations numberless of orders and de- regions of space, it will add considerably to the grees of men: there are Jonas Fairbrow, the two thousand five hundred nebulæ, numbered honest, straightforward man: the openhearted by Sir William Herschel in our hemisphere ;* Mrs. Aspenall, the cautelous Johnny Stint; Rob- and that it will resolve into stars many of those ert Amber," the man who had a reputation for which still remained luminous clouds in the most integrity;" John Screw, the hater of the rich ; powerful telescopes of both the Herschels. In Mrs. Dipple, the female arithmetician-these and this well-informed age, it is well-nigh superfluous a hundred more rise at once to our recollection, a

to observe that every nebula is, as it were, another dramatis persone large enough to stock the entire universe, equal, or at least similar, to that which realm of comedy. One more extract, and we

we behold in a starry night, when myriads of luhave done; it is from the last thing he wrote

* See Sir William Herschel's papers on the Motion of in the “ New Monthly Magazine,” (December, the Sun and Solar System, in the Philosophical Transac1844,) and is full of that wit and genial disposi- tions of the years 1733 and 1785.

9

minaries condense their light in the milky-way, or bodies, and merely illuminated while traversing separately shed their rays upon us as they are our atmosphere, they cannot compose the subnearer to our eyes. Yet all these splendors, so stance of a permanently luminous nebulosity. magnificent to us, would appear but a nebula to a Can, the meteoric stones which have fallen on the spectator in one of those distant clusters of stars. earth at various times—one on the 7th of NovemEvery nebula, therefore, which Lord Rosse's tele- ber, 1492, another on the 27th November, 1627, a scope adds to those already known, brings to light third in September, 1753, &c. &c.--and those another universe, composed of millions of stars; others which have so frequently been observed every star a sun, attended by a system of planets, during earthquakes and volcanic eruptions*—be satellites, and comets, and contributing to the hap- one kind of shooting-stars ?—and that the multipiness of an infinitude of beings, capable of elevat- tude of meteoric bodies, seen periodically from the ing their thoughts and feelings to the stupendous 9th to the 12th of August, and on correlative days, Creator of such a creation.

if such shall be decidedly ascertained, are another II. In the second place, this powerful instru- kind? and will Lord Rosse's telescope possess the ment may afford a clearer insight into the nature power of distinguishing between them? of that filmy, luminous substance in the girdle of III. In the third place, and of far more imAndromeda, and other parts of the heavens which portance, we may hope, because there are rational no telescopic power has yet sufficed to resolve into grounds for hoping, ihat Lord Rosse will be able stars, and which some astronomers suppose to be io discover the planets revolving round Sirius, the rudiments of future solar systems-universes Arcturus, Aldebaran, and other stars most near in the progress of arrangement.* Yet it must be our solar system. Professor Nichol, in his eloadmitted that a more intimate knowledge of this quent work on the Architecture of the Hearens, substance, although possible, is still scarcely to be observes that Sir John Herschel has lately reexpected.

quested attention, in the most express way, to the It may, however, be found that this substance, minute and point-like companions of such stars apparently a mass of nebulous light, may be com- as—1. Ursæ, a.? Capricorni, a.” Cancri, y Hyposed of myriads of small meteoric bodies, at a dræ, and x Geminorum, &c., as in some cases considerable distance from each other, but con- shining by reflected light; and, still more redensed more or less to the eye, according to their cently, his impression has been confirmed by what relative remoteness from the earth ; and that one he saw in the southern hemisphere. “If these of these nebulosities not only approaches, but small silvery points,” continues Nichol, “lurking actually crosses, the ecliptic, and traverses a por- within the rays of their respective suns, should tion of the space within the orbit of the earth ; indeed prove to be planets, the telescope will have that the star-showers, as they are called, and performed the greatest of its achievements; and which exhibit sixty or eighty of these star-like if upheld by observation as far as it can stretch, meteors in a single hour--four or five hundred in our knowledge of the physical constitution of mata single nightmare occasioned by the passage of ter shall ever enable us to state it as a general the earth through this nebulosity thus crossing its and necessary law, that all the orbs of space-not orbit; and although these rneteors may be com- merely those which shine above us, but also the paratively in a state of rest, the rapid motion of myriads whose wonderful clustering is seen in our globe passing through the mass would give distant firmaments—that each one of this mighty them the apparent velocity of shooting stars. throng is, through the inseparable exigencies of Such bodies occasionally come in contact with the its being, engirt by a scheme of worlds proud as earth; and several of them, composed of iron, ours, perhaps far prouder, how immeasurable the nichel, and other solid substances, have from time range, how illimitable the variety of planetary to time been found, and exercised the ingenuity of existence !''+ philosophers in devising whether they were ejected IV. Professor Nichol here decides that the disfrom some lunar volcano, have travelled at random covery of the planets revolving round the fixed through free space, or rolled in regular orbits stars would be the greatest of the achievements round the sun, the earth, or the moon. Sir John of the telescope; yet there is another which may Herschel, from the phenomena observed by him be justly pointed out as still greater, if among the on the 10th of August, 1839, and the 9th of possible achievements of any human instrument. August, 1840, inferred that a zone or zones of In a word, the discovery of the grand centre of these bodies turn round the sun, and are cut by attraction, round which all the other heavenly the earth in its annual revolution.t This infer- bodies have been supposed to revolve. ence nearly coincides with the above hypothesis ; It is to be recollected that Sir Wm. Herschel but he does not touch the question whether this has ascertained that several of the fixed stars have mass of meteoric bodies is or is not a nebulosity a proper motion : a fact, he observes, that will similar to that in the girdle of Andromeda. admit of no farther doubt, from the continued ob

This latter conjecture is, perhaps, more near the servations, since it was first suspected, by Dr. truth than any of them. It, however, without Halley, and which demonstrates that Sirius, being singular in this respect, involves iwo start- Arcturus, Aldebaran, &c., &c., are actually in ling objections-viz. How does it happen that motion, and that, in strictness, there is not one these bodies remain, like the stars, in a permanent fixed star in the heavens. But, he adds, many state of luminous combustion, in free and empty other reasons will render this so obvious that there space ?--and why are they not, one and all, ab- can hardly remain a doubt of the general motion sorbed in the attraction of the earth as it traverses of all the starry systems, and consequently of the their column? If they are ponderous, opake solar one among the rest; and he indicates a point * Professor Nichol's views of the Architecture of the that to which this motion is directed.

in the heavens somewhere near 2 Herculis, as Heavens. 3d edition, page 137.

1. Transactions of the Royal Academy of Sciences and Belles Lettres of Brussels. Vol. VIII., 2d part, page * Id. Id. page 437. See also pages 62 and 434.

+ Nichol's work above referred to, pages 69 and 65.

220.

In pursuing this inquiry, he adverts to the disap- | BODY, when the star which is lost, or diminished in pearance of certain stars, and the appearance of magnitude, might undergo occasional occultations, others, since the time of Flamsteed, (who com- would account for some of those changes. The pleted his catalogue in 1689,) observing that a following table will show the several circumstances slow motion in an orbit round some LARGE OPake adverted to on this occasion by Herschel :*

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Constellations.
Stars lost or changed.

Newly-appearing Stars.
Hercules

80, 81. 4th magnitude. 70 or 71. 5th A star between 4th and 5th magmagnitude.

nitude, following d.

A considerable star, between 5 Cancer. 26, 56, 73 or 74. 6th magnitude

Cancri and 3 Hydræ. Perseus 19. 6th magnitude

Star of 5th magnitude, following 1. Orion 62.

Star near 54 and 51. Pisces

108. 6th magnitude Hydra

8 Comæ Berenicis 19, 34. 5th magnitude Lacerta (Tail's-end)

A star between 4th and 5th mag. Cepheus' Head

A star preceding 10. Gemini .

A star between 68 and 61. Equulus

A double star of 1st class, prec. 1. Sextans

Two stars following 1 and 7.

S Two considerable stars preceding) Bootes

By and a.

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In four of these constellations certain stars have parts of the Milky Way. Many of these immense disappeared, and others have been recently ob- regions may well occasion the siderial motions we served. In three constellations stars have disap- are required to account for; and a similarity in the peared, but none new have been observed ; and in direction of their motions will want no illustrasix constellations new stars have been observed, tion."'+ where none have disappeared. These several This latter alternative can scarcely ever be constellations are dispersed in different parts of demonstrated by any telescope ; because it can our hemisphere, and the area they encompass is only afford negative evidence against the existence immense, particularly at that distance where a of a great central orb; and such negative evidence star of the sixth magnitude would be eclipsed by could never be decisive, unless we were acquainted an opake body. Such a body, occupying such an with the actual extent of the universe, which in area, could never have been in the contemplation this remote corner is, we may assume, impossible. of Herschel as the centre of attraction of the The other alternative may be within the scope of universe. This is not the region in which he Lord Rosse's telescope, if, in penetrating into the would have sought it. An opake body of such profound infinitude of space, it can command a view vastness would there cause not only the occultation of the actual centre of creation, and the evidence of all stars of lesser inagnitude than the sixth, but of will be equally positive, although not equally all the distant nebulæ intercepted by its disk. No satisfactory, whether the central orb be opake stars would be visible in the greater portion of or luminous. If opake, it may observe the ocour heavens but those of the most considerable cultation or reäppearance-not of stars of any dimensions. It is, therefore, evident that, if these defined magnitude, however small, for it must phenomena be caused by the interference of any lie far beyond them—but of the far distant opake body at such distant intervals of space, there nebulæ occupying the remotest skirts of the must be not a few of those bodies in our hemi- universe. Without some happy concurrence of sphere, and some of them still more near us than events, ages of vigilant observation must elapse stars of the fourth and fifth magnitude. It is before some future generation of men could be barely possible that Lord Rosse's telescope may assured of the existence of such a body thus opake, throw some light on this mysterious subject. and therefore, probably, invisible. It might, how

Herschel looks to a very different position, and ever, happen to be visible. Ten thousand universes, a very different body, for the grand universal centre consisting of millions of millions of suns revolving of attraction. “There are," he says, “two ways around it in their immeasurable orbit, might shed in which a centre of attraction so powerful as the such a Justre on its expansive disk, as to yield us present occasion would require, may be con- an imperfect and twilight view of this stupendous structed. The most simple of these would be, a orb. But if this orb is luminous—if it pours around

This may on every side unceasing streams of light, heat, and exist, although we should not be able to perceive electricity, it would not be too extravagant a hope it by any superiority of lustre ; for notwithstanding that this all-efficient telescope will bring us into it might have the usual starry brightness, the acquaintance with so vast a mass of matter-equal decrease of its light, arising from its great distance, in magnitude, or, at least, equal in gravity, to all would hardly be compensated by the size of its the other bodies of the universe, attracting them diameter.”

“ The second way of all, and controlling all their movements. But the construction of a very powerful centre may be whether this instrument, the most powerful that the joint attraction of a great number of stars has yet been contrived and constructed by the united into one condensed group.”

* ingenuity of man, will, or will not accomplish all “ If," he continues, " a still more powerful, but the important tasks we have assigned it, of this we more diffused exertion of attraction should be required than what may be found in the union of

* See Wm. Herschel's papers above referred to, 734 clusters, we have hundreds of thousands of stars,

vol. pp. 397, 398.

+ Nicholson's Philosophical Journal, 15th vol., page Dot to say millions, contained in very compressed 279, &c. &c.

SINGLE BODY OF GREAT MAGNITUDE.

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