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attempted to be demolished by the làtter ; a jealousy of power shrinking from the slightest innovation, pretensions to freedom pushed to madness and anarchy ; superstition in all its dotage, impiety in all its fùry ; whatever, in short, could be found most discordant in the principles, or violent in the passions of men, were the fearful ingredients which the hand of Divine justice selected to mingle in this furnace of wrath.

9.] Page 51.

The pause of suspension requires the ris

ing slide.

In the Analysis, several kinds of sentences are classed, to which this rule applies. But as the principle is the same in all, no distinction is necessary in the Exercises.

1. Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Cáesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judéa, and Herod being tetrarch of Gálilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and of the region of Trachonítis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

2. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; And spared not the old world, but saved Noal the eighth person, a preacher of ríghteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy

conversation of the wícked : (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds ;) The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgnient to be pùnished.

3. I am content to wave the argument I might draw from hence in favor of my client, whose destiny was so peculiar, that he could not secure his own safety, without securing yours and that of the republic at the same time. If he could not do it láwfully, there is no room for attempting his defence. But if reason teaches the learned, necessity the Barbárian, common custom all nations in géneral; and if even nature itself instructs the brútes to defend their bodies, limbs, and lives, when attácked, by all possible méthods; you cannot pronounce this action criminal, without determining at the same time that whoever falls into the hands of a highwayman, must of necessity perish either by his sword or your decisions. Had Milo been of this opinion, he would certainly have chosen to fall by the hand of Clodius, who had more than once, before this, made an attempt upon his líse, rather than be executed by your order, because he had not tamely yielded himself a victim to his rage. But if none of you are of this opínion, the proper question is, not whether Clodius was kílled ? for that we grant : but whether jústly or unjustly ? an inquiry of which many precedents are to be found.

4. Seeing then that the soul has many different fáculties, or in other words, many different ways of acting; that it can be intensely pleased or made happy by áll these different faculties, or ways of acting ; that it may be endowed with several latent faculties, which it is not at present in a condition to exért; that we cannot believe the soul is endowed with any faculty which is of no úse to it; that whenever any one of these faculties is transcendently pleased, the soul is in a state of háppiness; and in the last place, considering that the happiness of another world is to be the happiness of the whole mán; who can question but that there is an infinite variety in those pleasures we are spéaking of; and that this fulness of joy will be made up of all those pleasures which the nature of the soul is capable of receiving ?

5. When the gay and smiling aspect of things has begun to leave the passages to a man's heart thus thoughtlessly unguarded; when kind and carressing looks of every object without, that can flatter his senses, have conspired with the enemy within, to betray him and put him off his defence; when music likewise bath lent her aid, and tried her power upon the passions ; when the voice of singing men, and the voice of singing women, with the sound of the viol and the lute, have broke in upon his soul, and in some tender notes have touched the secret springs of rápture,—that moment let us dissect and look into his hèart; see how vàin, how wèak, how èmpty a thing it is !

6. Besides the ignorance of masters who teach the first rudiments of reading, and the want of skill or negligence in that article, of those who teach the learned lánguages; besides the erroneous manner, which the untutored pupils fall into, through the want of early attention in masters, to correct small faults in the beginning, which


increase and gain strength with years; besides bad habits contracted from imitation of particular persons, or the contagion of example, from a general prevalence, of a certain tone or chant in reading or reciting, peculiar to each school, and regularly transmitted from one generation of boys to another : beside all these, which are fruitful sources of vicious elocution, there is one fundamental error, in the method universally used in teaching to read, which at first gives a wrong bias, and leads us ever after blindfold from the right path, under the guidance of a false rule.

7. The bounding of Satan over the walls of páradise, his sitting in the shape of a cormorant upon the tree of lífe, which stood in the centre of it, and overtopped all the other trees in the garden ; his alighting among the herd of animals, which are so beautifully represented as playing about Adam and E've, together with his transforming himself into different shapes, in order to hear their conversation, are circumstances, that give an agreeable surprise to the reader, and are devised with great art, to connect that series of adventures, in which the poet has engaged this artifice of fraùd.

8. To find the nearest way from truth to truth; or from purpose to effect : not to use more instruments where fewer will be sufficient; not to move by wheels and levers, what will give way to the naked hánd, is the great proof of a healthful and vigorous mind, neither feeble with helpless ignorance nor overburdened with unwieldly knowledge.

9. A guilty or disconténted mind, a mind, ruffled by ill fórtune, diconcerted by its own pássions, soured by negléct, or fretting at disappointments, hath no leisure to attend to the necessity or reasonableness of a kindness desired, nor a taste for those pleasures which wait on beneficence, which demand a calm and unpolluted heart to relish them.

10. “ I perfectly remember that when Calidius prosecuted Q. Gallius for an attempt to poison hím, and pretended that he had the plainest proofs of it, and could produce many letters, witnesses, informations, and other evidences to put the truth of his charge beyond a doubt, interspersing many sensible and ingenious remarks on the nature of the críme; I remember,” says Cicero, “that when it came to my turn to reply to him, after urging every argument which the case itself suggésted, I insisted upon

it as a material circumstance in favor of my client, that the prosecutor, while he charged him with a design against his life, and assured us that he had the most indubitable proof of it then in his hands, related his story with as much ease, and as much calmness and indifference, as if nothing had happened.”—“Would it have been possible," exclaimed Cicero, (addressing himself to Calídius,) " that you should speak with this air of unconcern, unless the charge was purely an invention of your ówn ?--and, above all, that you, whose eloquence has often vindicated the wrongs of other people with so much spirit, should speak so coolly of a crime which threaten

" 11. France and England may each of them have some reason to dread the increase of the naval and military power of the other ; but for either of them to envy the internal happiness and prosperity of the other,

ed your lífe ?»

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