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When did the French revolution Degin?
By what, was it occasioned? By French oppression and French infidelity.
Who imbibed ideas of freedom in this country, that seem to have hastened it?
Into whose hands, did the revoJution fall?
Who was then king of France? In what year, was Lewis XVI. put to death?
What if the revolution had fallen into the hands of good managers?
For what, were most of our people grateful to France?
To what, did they wish success?
What prejudices sprung forth afresh?
With whom, did many wish the U. S. to make a common cause? What proclamation did Washington soon issue? By whose advice? Meaning
of cabinet? Select
council of a ruler.
Why was the subject of neutrality soon the subject of invective? What was it pronounced by opposers?
Of what, did they consider it an evidence?
Whom did the French republic then appoint first minister to our government?
Object of Genet's mission? How was Genet received by the people? With the highest demonstrations of regard for him and his republic.
What did some of his acts infringe?
What acts in particular? He fitted out vessels, and enlisted soldiers, to fight with the British.
Against whom, did he attempt to rouse the people? Why?
Request of the president to the French government? The re
How was W.'s declaration of
Why was an order passed to provide a navy in '94 ?
What law was passed concerning slavery?
How long had England been engaged in the slave trade, when Jamestown was settled?
Conduct of the English government, in relation to slavery in this country?
What did Ms. prohibit in 1645? What did they call the practice? What colonies prohibited the traffic in slaves before the year '89 ?
With what power did Congress anticipate a war, at this session? What envoy soon negotiated a treaty with Britain?
Meaning of envoy?
To whom, was the sending of this envoy exceedingly disagreeable?
What was the success of Wayne in a battle with the Indians near the Miami?
How much more numerous were the Indians than our men?
In what state, was there an insurrection in '94 ?
What was the cause? How long after Shays's rebellion?
What may the insurrection in Pa. be denominated?
For what purpose, did W. then issue a proclamation?
With what effect?
What measure was then adopted?
Conduct of the insurgents, when Lee's army approached them?
What two members of the cabinet resigned in '95 ?
By whom, succeeded? What majority of the senate advised to ratify Jay's treaty ?
Who censured Washington for signing that treaty ?
Effect of Jay's treaty?
What state was admitted into the Union after Kentucky? How long?
From what, was Ten. named ? Which way is Ten. from Ky.? from N. C.?
What intention did Washington signify, near the close of his second administration?
To whom, did he publish a valedictory address?
Of what religious denomination, were the French revolutionists ? Effect upon this country? By whose writings, was infidelity
extended at this time?
Meaning of Deist ? — of Atheist? of Infidelity?
Who urged the importance of encouraging manufactures under Washington?
What is said of learning since the adoption of the federal constitution?
What have we done under Washington as our leader?
In what, was W. first? Where has he been the theme of eulogy?
What is said of his military successes?
Character of his administration at home?-abroad?
Whom had W. sent as minister to France, to supersede Mr. Monroe ?
What determination did the French republic announce to Gen. Pinckney?
What measure did Adams adopt upon the receipt of this intelligence?
What did he advise Congress to
For what, did Adams still have a 'desire ?
How many envoys were then appointed to treat with France ?
Do you recollect the names of any of them?
Success of this mission?
What did the French demand, before they would acknowledge the envoys?
What attempt was made when tribute was refused?
For what, did Congress then adopt more vigorous measures?
Who was appointed commander in chief against the French?
For what, did the French then express a willingness?
How many envoys were appointed to settle the difficulties ?
Do you recollect the name of either ?
Why did Henry decline going on this mission? On account of age and indisposition.
Who was sent in his room? In whose hand, did they find the French government?
In what year, was a treaty of peace formed with France?
What was done with our army, raised to repel the French? When did Washington die? Where? At what age?
In what year, did the city of Washington become the seat of government?
In what district, is this city?
By what states, ceded to the U. S.?
Extract from Mr. Jefferson's inaugural address.
To an American patriot, scarcely any document will be found more interesting and important, than the addresses of our presidents to Congress; and of these, perhaps no part, in proportion to its length, is more important than the following EXTRACT.
"During the throes and convulsions of the ancient world, during the agonizing spasms of infuriated man, seeking through blood and slaughter, his long lost liberty, it was not wonderful, that the agitation of the billows should reach even this distant and peaceful shore; that this should be more felt and feared by some, and less by others; and should divide opinions, as to measures of safety. But every difference of opinion is not a difference of principle. We are all Republicans; we are all Federalists. If there be any among us, who
Of what, does this seem to have been the beginning?
How many colleges were there
in N. E. at the close of this
How many S. of N. E. ?
Who succeeded Pres. Adams?
How long was Mr. A. president? How much longer had Washington been president?
Who became vice-president at the same time?
What was the most obvious difference between Jefferson's addresses to Congress and those of his predecessors? Theirs were speeches; his, merely written messages.
Name of the two great political parties at that time? Republicans and Federalists.
What did Mr. Jefferson say respecting these names ?†
would wish to dissolve this Union, or to change its Republican form, let them stand undisturbed as monuments of the safety, with which error of opinion may be tolerated, where reason is left free to combat it. I know indeed, that some honest men fear, that a republican government cannot be strong; that this government is not strong enough. But would the honest patriot, in the full tide of successful experiment, abandon a government, which has so far kept us free and firm, on the theoretic and visionary fear, that this government, the world's best hope, may, by possibility, want energy to preserve itself? I believe this, on the contrary, the strongest government on earth. I believe it the only one, where every man, at the call of the law, would fly to the standard of the law, and would meet invasions of the publie order, as his own personal concern. Sometimes it is said, that man cannot be trusted with the government of himself. Can he then be trust
If any wished to dissolve the union, how would he have them treated?
What government did he think the strongest?
To whom, should government exercise exact justice?
What should we extend to all nations?
With whom, should we have entangling alliances?
ed with the government of others? Or have we found angels in the form of kings, to govern him? Let history answer this question. Let us then with courage and confidence, pursue our own federal and republican principles; our attachment to union and representative government.
"About to enter, fellow citizens, on the exercise of duties, which comprehend every thing dear and valuable to you, it is proper you should understand, what I deem the essential principles of our government, and consequently, those which ought to shape its administration. I will compress them within the narrowest compass they will bear, stating the general principle, but not all its limitations. Equal and exact justice to all men, of whatever state or persuasion, religious or political: peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations, entangling alliances with none:- the support of the state governments in all their rights, as the most competent administrations for our domestic concerns, and the surest bulwarks against antirepublican tendencies:
the preservation of the general government in its whole constitutional vigor, as the sheet anchor of our peace at home, and safety abroad: a jealous care of the right of election by the people; a mild and safe corrective of abuses, which are lopped by the sword of revolution where peaceable remedies are unprovi
ded:-absolute acquiescence in the decisions of the majority, the vital principle of republics, from which there is no appeal but to force, the vital principle and immediate parent of despotism; a well disciplined militia, our best reliance in peace, and for the first moments of war, till regulars may relieve them the supremacy of the civil over the military authority: :-economy in the public expense, that labor may be lightly burdened: honest payment of our debts and sacred preservation of the public faith:- encouragement of agriculture, and of commerce as its handmaid; the diffusion of information and arraignment of all abuses at the bar of the public reason: freedom of religion; freedom of the press; and freedom of person, under the protection of the habeas corpus:and trial by juries impartially selected. These principles form the bright constellation, which
gone before us, and guided our steps through an age of revolution and reformation. The wisdom of our sages, and blood of our heroes have been devoted to their attain ment:-They should be the creed of our political faith, the text of civic instruction, the touchstone, by which to try the services of those we trust; and should we wander from them in moments of error or alarm, let us hasten to retrace our steps, and to regain the road, which alone leads to peace, liberty and safety."
From what, did this state derive its name?
Who were the inhabitants of O. in '87 ?
Who are the Moravians? An excellent sect of Christians, most distinguished for missionary efforts.
By what, was the settlement of O. retarded until '95?
By whom, was peace effected? By what emigrations, did the population then rapidly increase? What do you recollect concerning the death of Gen. Hamilton?
How long was Mr. Jefferson president?
When did his second term commence?
With which of the Barbary powers, did a war terminate that year?
How long had that war continued?
What aggressions had the Tripolitans committed?
What commodore had been sent into the Mediterranean in 1803?
For what purpose? Meaning of commodore? What captain soon joined Preble in the ship Philadelphia? How came the Philadelphia to be captured?
Who was the leader in retaking and burning the Philadelphia ? With how many men? Where ?
What became of the Tripolitans on board?
Immediate effect of the flames? What injury occurred to Decatur's party?
How were Bainbridge and his crew affected by this exploit?
How were the people of the U. S. affected with the news of their sufferings?
Who had recently usurped the Tripolitan throne?
Whom had Jessuf murdered?
Where is Michigan territory?
Who is supposed to have designed to form an empire, W. of the Alleghanies, in 1806 ?
What was to be the capital?
What other project is Burr supposed to have had in view?
What was Dr. Ramsay's opinion upon this subject? That Burr's object was not known to others, but that probably he meant to invade Mexico.
What powers had France and England involved in their contention in 1806 ?
What did the U. S. endeavor to maintain towards the belligerents? Respecting what right, had we long had a controversy with Britain?