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be to have a competent secretary who will keep FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER the record carefully and use judgment in the

assignment of work. Under this system the busiEDITORS: R. BARCLAY SPICER,

est person can find time to do one particular thing, LYDIA H. HALL, RACHEL W. HILLBORN,

and when the sum of these trifles is brought toELIZABETH LLOYD, ELIZABETH POWELL BOND.

gether we find a great deal of work has been BUSINESS MANAGER: CHARLES F. JENKINS.

done. Now for results. We find that since the first

of the year twenty-eight people have been coming. News items, for insertion the same week, must reach us not later than Third-day morning; longer articles as

They come long distances and husband and wife much earlier than that as possible.

take week about [when there are children.] I beAddress all correspondence to N. W. Corner Fifteenth lieve not one of those twenty-eight has missed and Cherry Streets, Philadelphia.

three consecutive days. Then there are about ten

others whom we know of and they constitute our PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 14, 1908.

field for work."

Is there anything in this plan that could not be

carried out in every small meeting? First, a comOUR NEED OF PASTORAL WORK.

mittee might get a list of all the members living One of the results of our steadfast adherence to near enough to make it possible for them to attend our testimony in favor of a free gospel ministry is meeting more or less regularly. Next a list that nearly all our meetings are suffering from might be made of all people near the meeting lack of pastoral care. By this is meant the kind who do not go to any other place of worship. of care that a minister in other denominations Then a good secretary or perhaps a judicious comthan our own is expected to give to the people of mittee of three could be appointed. On First-day his congregation entirely aside from preaching to morning after meeting several of those in attendthem. No one who reads this should have any ance that day might each have some person or feeling of alarm that because we are beginning to family assigned him to visit in a friendly way, realize our need we are drifting toward a paid with the hope that through such visiting they ministry. It is very seldom that one man is both would become interested in the meeting. This a good preacher and a good shepherd. Have we would have two good results; all of the families not again and again heard members of another that ought to be visited, but are not when the religious society, when they used to change visiting is left for any one who may feel a conpreachers every two or three years, ay something cern, would be looked after; and many who are like this: "The minister we have now is very now but indifferent attenders at meeting would good about visiting families but he is tiresome to begin to have a feeling of responsibility as soon listen to; we do hope they will send us somebody as some definite upbuilding work was given them who can preach next time:" or, “Our minister is to do. Then if those who absented themselves a good preacher but he spends too much time in for three successive weeks were visited or his study; we want somebody next year who will written to they would conclude that it made a make friends of the people.'

difference to others besides themselves whether It is entirely possible for our meetings, without they went to meeting or stayed at home and in the least changing the nature of our ministry, their attendance would become more regular. to do effective pastoral work. A letter recently In larger meetings it is not quite so easy to take received from a small but growing meeting tells note of who are present and who are absent, but us how this is being done in one locality. It says: if a good-sized committee were appointed simply “We have one person who keeps a mental record to keep a record of attendance, the members of attendance on First-days and when she gets might be divided into groups and each member of home she puts the record on paper. If anybody the committee make it his business after meeting misses three consecutive First-days that person to see how many of his group were present that must be looked up. We have also gotten a list of

We have also gotten a list of day. In this way systematic work could be done, names from various sources [of Friends living in each member might have something definite to the vicinity) and the secretary, if I may call her do, and no one would feel burdened. No two such, allots these names. On First-day morning meetings would go about this work in exactly the she will ask me to look up some one particular same way, but wherever there is in a meeting a person. I am given as much time as I want and handful of earnest Friends they may get together can use any method I choose, but that is my defi- and begin. It does not require the consent of the nite work. Then I make my report to her and she Monthly Meeting for one Friend to visit another. keeps the record. The secret of success seems to Such visits may be paid as the concern arises, and no one need be called upon to pay visits who is grateful to the person who called their attention not willing to be used in this way. The essential thus forcibly to an evil the seriousness of which thing is that wherever there are a few earnest they had not hitherto realized. members in a meeting they may get together and There are, of course, additional arguments in do something to promote that meeting's growth. favor of acceptance of the bequest. If refused,

the refusal will be solely in the supposed interests

of the men students, and indeed of only a minority SPORT AND EDUCATION.

of them, and the equally important interests of the Speaking as one not born in the Society of

women students will be sacrificed. Moreover, if Friends, but drawn into fellowship with them

the gift is accepted it may be handled so as not through admiration of their high moral and reli-only to give a better education to the students gious ideals, and speaking also as an instructor of who will attend Swarthmore in any case, but also youth with many years' experience, I feel con

by reducing the fees to make it possible for at strained to express the hope that Swarthmore Col

least some to attend the college who otherwise lege will accept the Anna T. Jeanes bequest. I would not be able to do so. have all respect for those who in full sincerity

The Society of Friends have hitherto upheld the argue against acceptance substantially on the highest ideals in education and if this bequest is ground that if the gift were taken on the pre- refused, I am sure that the general high estimate scribed conditions it would seem as if the authori

of Quaker character and judgment will fall greatly ties of the College could be bribed and its moral

and the moral sense of a discriminating public ideals purchased by money. Yet this view of the

will be irreparably shocked. matter seems to be altogether wrong. Why not

Kingston, Ontario, Canada. ANDREW STEVENSON. look at it in this light: Anna T. Jeanes had a profound sense of the benefits to be gained by our

AN ETHICAL QUESTION. youth from higher education when properly safe- It has been urged that the managers of Swarthguarded. She had an equally profound conviction more College should accept the Jeanes bequest that some at least of these benefits are lost to provided the amount is sufficiently great. Those many students because of the distractions pro- who take this view of the question believe that if duced by an undue interest in sports, and she intercollegiate athletics can be superseded by further believed that the interest might be kept something more substantially beneficial, they within due bounds if the excitement arising from should be abolished. This seems a very rational inter-collegiate contests could be eliminated. line of argument; for undoubtedly, with intercol

Now it cannot be maintained that these opinions legiate athletics as they are conducted at the are absurd and unreasonable. All thoughtful, present time, in one balance and the Jeanes beexperienced teachers who have not themselves quest in the other balance, the latter would prebeen inoculated with the sport virus, and such | vail, in point of usefulness from a moral and teachers, I believe, constitute an immense majori- intellectual standpoint, and possibly from a finanty, and all other serious-minded persons interested cial standpoint as well. But the question does in education and observant of recent developments not end here, nor indeed does it begin here. In and tendencies in our colleges and secondary fact, this is not the crucial question that keeps schools will agree with the Jeanes opinion that coming to the front through all this discussion. sport has been carried too far, much too far in the The question is: Is it right for the managers of case of many students. They do not put first Swarthmore College to

Swarthmore College to abolish intercollegiate things first, nor even second things. Their most athletics for a sum of money, however large? It active thought and their deepest feeling are not is easy to believe it right if we consider only the spent in the matters that will best promote their great advantages to be derived from such a fund. moral and intellectual betterment but rather in But we must look beyond the material advantages ministering to a pampered and somewhat morbid and decide what is best for Swarthmore's future appetite for physical and emotional excitements. standing among colleges and universities from an

If then holding such reasonable and incontro- ethical standpoint. Nothing is lost where a moral vertible opinions regarding the demoralizing influ- prestige is maintained. I would favor first the ence of sports indulged in to excess, and wishing refusal of the Jeanes bequest. Then let the to call attention to that excessive indulgence and managers of Swarthmore College settle the questo check it as far as was possible to her, Anna T. tion of intercollegiate athletics upon its own Jeanes offers an endowment conditioned by the merits. The loss of the benefit that would accrue application of such a check, then the trustees of from this bequest is small in comparison to the Swarthmore should gladly accept the grant and be loss of moral integrity that would be suffered in accepting it. On the other hand the gain in real quality, sport for sport's sake. The games moral power and influence would be so great that are reserved to all lovers of games, who can go the smaller loss of this well-meant bequest would forth and play without being brushed aside by the soon be forgotten. The power of money is fast absorbing requirements of the first teams. nearing its limit in this great country. I think I appreciate the fact that this change will rewe all deplore this power, and when it reaches quire that the vague but valuable thing called the point of forcing a Friends' College to change college spirit will have to be largely promoted on its policy for all time, it is well to pause and con- some other plane. sider. The value of money is unquestioned; but As to expediency-the seller of a particular it should be restricted to its proper uses and never commodity rejoices if he can establish the fact be placed in the form of a bribe to subserve or that his article is different from that of his corrupt the natural intuitions. It has been said twenty-five competitors. “Beware of imitathat "Swarthmore is already bound." If this is tions," he cries. The twenty five college presithe case, let her managers be cautious how they dents advise the refusal of the fund. Their colbind her in the future. No educational institu- leges all have the intercollegiate contest, they all tion can afford to bind itself to any permanent go forth into the field alike. Here is Swarthpolicy. It is better to be free to do wrong than more's chance to be the one different college, to to be bound to do right. This is God's gift to us: appeal to that large and select clientele the counthe freedom to choose between right and wrong. try over, of Quakers and people like them, who No growth is possible without this freedom of could choose the college because of emphasis upon choice, not only to-day but to-morrow. How scholarship and moral training rather than aththen can we of to-day choose what is right for letic contests. Swarthmore has had somewhere those who come after us to-morrow?

between one hundred thousand and a quarter of a LUCY PRICE MACINTIRE, Class of 1876. million dollars worth of gratuitious advertising. Cynwyd, Pa.

Tens of thousands of interested people await your A LOVER OF FOOTBALL.

decision. If the money is refused, this advertisIn suggesting to the President and Board of ing becomes a blow and Swarthmore drops into Managers of Swarthmore College the possible

the possible the class of the twenty-five struggling contest desirability of the acceptance of the Jeanes Fund, colleges and shorn of many friends, with few if provided it be large, I wish to class myself as a any new ones created. If the money is taken, the lover of athletics. I am not to be classed with college becomes the one different college, and the that rheumatic or otherwise unsympathetic group fact is, free of charge, paraded before the eyes of of persons who believe that even football is of millions of interested readers, hosts of whom had necessity a barbarity. I know it looks somewhat never heard of the college until this question that way. I do not to this day exactly under- arose and fixed their interest. stand just how ten or fifteen of us can pile up so Your freedom will be hampered by a dead beneindiscriminately and so harmlessly as we do in a factor. True, but who has freedom? Colleges football scrimmage but I do know it to be a fact, are always bound by the actual and hoped for for I have been joyfully through it many, many

benefactors of the present. Within a few years times and at this day the very feel of a football we have seen spectacular instances of college starts my blood and muscles as dɔ those of a well-presidents and professors removed from their bred colt when given new liberty on a clear frosty places because of their having given offense to morning. Nor am I a stranger to the youths' the financially powerful friends of the institutions desire for the athletic medal. I have yearned for and the number who inconspicuously go for this it with a yearning compared to which the wishes reason is surprisingly great. I have been asked of maturer manhood are pale sentiments, and I by influential Friends if a Swarthmore professor have like many others, trained and striven and could openly oppose the acceptance of the Jeanes staggered across the finishing mark black in the fund and keep his position. face from the severity of the effort-nor am I The present desirability of using the fund repentant or ashamed. A college course taken appears to have been admitted by President Swain one year at a time never gave me a chance to in a recent publication. Might it not be safe really be an athlete if I could, but, thirteen years therefore to go ahead in full faith that if the conafter my first college classmates went forth, I still tests are later discovered to be really worth two like to play.

or three millions, the millions will come. Our In accepting the Jeanes Fund, athletics remain, Society is going to have constantiy several memonly the intercollegiate contest goes. The real bers who could individually give that amount and thing yet remains-with added emphasis upon its never miss it except as a result of mathematical calculation. Further, the payment of the Jeanes haps never have been ball games there instituted. Fund if necessary, will almost inevitably be in a When a boy my father even objected to me carrydepreciated currency and therefore easier to get

. ing a rubber or yaın ball in my pocket, and as he Such a result is now generally conceded as the passed the school house at recess or noon-spell on consequence of our enormous and increasing gold his way to mid-week meeting and caught me in a production and the consequent cheapening of game of “long town” or “corner ball,” it was one money.

The future million will be a compara- excuse to pick me up and take me with him. tively small thing. Is therefore, the freedom so Sterling, Ni.

GEO. D. JOHN. permanently jeopardized?

I wish to add my sanction to the sentiments Dr. T. A. Jenkins in his excellent letter in the

expressed by Elizabeth B. Passmore in the IntelliIntelligencer of the 29th points out that the real

gencer of the 15th inst. in regard to the Jeanes advantage of athletics is "to come through a closer co-ordination of college teaching with ath

bequest to Swarthmore College. Does not the intercollegiate of the Friends with whom the project originated

Remembering as I do, the zeal and earnestness letic activities." contest hinder rather than help this? He further

of establishing an institution of learning where says—“If it be the aim of Friends' schools to

their children could be instructed in the higher build strenuously a high standard of conduct and

branches of a liberal education, without being character, it is evident that they cannot counte

deprived of the guarded care which Friends' nance for a moment conditions which cause deterioration of character and conduct, even where it is

schools were believed to furnish, and how faitha question of only a single student.” Such de- fully they labored in the cause; and how their

efforts were seconded, not only by those with abundterioration occurs, he further states, when a

ant means, but by many who had little to spare, young man has college expenses paid or aid given yet gave according to their means, that it might be primarily because he is a good athlete and will

made possible to lay the foundation for what they play. That is a sweeping condemnation for an established custom. The willingness of financially hoped to see develop into a noble seat of learning.

From that time to this it has been an effort to able alumni to send young men to college on these

secure sufficient funds for the constant and growterms is very wide-spread, and there is certainly ing needs of the College; and it would seem like no reason to think that Swarthmore differs from others in this respect, and I have been vehemently tion on a sound financial basis, to reject this

losing a grand opportunity for placing the instituinformed by faculty supporters of your college

much-needed bequest. ANN B. BRANSON. athletics that it was something over which the

Clear Brook, Va. faculty had no power whatever except to make the student so sent keep good class standing. That It is now pretty well accepted that it is the footseems to be sound reasoning.

ball feature of athletic sports that is the objecIt seems therefore, that even Dr. Jenkins' tionable feature aimed at in the A. T. Jeanes bepremises might suggest the desirability of the quest to Swarthmore College. It has not of course, fund's acceptance, which I hope may come to pass. been made plain whether or not that was the parUniversity of Pennsylvania. J. RUSSELL SMITH. ticular feature the testator had in mind, but the

fact is that the consciences of all who have beFROM AN OHIO FRIEND.

come interested and entered upon the discussion In Intelligencer for Second month 15th, 1908,

accepted that as the worst feature about it. I am Elizabeth B. Passmore expresses so decidedly my glad the matter has been so thoroughly considered own views and that of other Friends whom I

and discussed. It has proved to be a wonderful know, in what she says in favor of accepting the object lesson on the state of society and the tenAnna T. Jeanes bequest to Swarthmore College, dencies that are so necessary to be observed to and also against_intercollegiate football being keep a healthful balance. I can but think that encouraged by a Friends' College, that in these

the management of Swarthmore, whose duty it few words I wish to bear my testimony upon the

will be to render a decision is also glad, and I subject in question. I have held aloof, hoping I hope the members will have ample time to see and would be excused from any expression, on this feel their way very clearly. very important matter. In this way I will not take

When I read the full text of the will of A. T. Jeanes much space in the good and helpful Intelligencer.

as published in the Intelligencer sometime ago I I read every one carefully with interest and profit. experienced quite a feeling of sadness, a regret St. Clairsville, 0.


that the possessor and donor of such enormous If the Trustees of Swarthmore College had the wealth should first become known to Friends in training I had in one particular there would per- general and the public at large, through this possession so exclusively; a regret that some Let the College take the money and let the thought and active effort of her life had not students keep their athletics. Why all this intershone out with manifest clearncss to the world, minable discussion about so simple a matter! and especially to Friends during her life time, There certainly are enough lawyers on the Board rather than that the possession of such vast of Managers to fix up a business-like and satisfacwealth should be the first thing to attract the tory solution to fill all legal requirements and give attention of an easily excitable multitude.

all parties what they want. If it could have been known that she was well The way to do it is this. Let the managers acquainted with the subject she by this act spoke take the money and make the college fine. Let so decidedly upon; if it could have been known the students form the Swarthmure Borough that by her own honest efforts this vast accumula- Athletic Club. They might even make college tion of property had come to her disposal; that training a requisite for admission. Any college somewhat of her own fiber was somehow worked in the country would be glad to engage in athletic into this ponderous cudgel with which she was contests with this gentlemen's club. The faculty wont to brush away an idol of a small but robust might prohibit students from joining the club element; if she could have beforehand awakened unless they were in good academic standing. By the thought of this particularly affected portion of identically this means the cramping and restrictvigorous college life, and by the power of a clear, ing laws of the states are made harmless and the strong, womanly, persuasion led them to consider: railroads, through their affiliated corporations, that while all great men were in a very true sense build up the splendid systems of which America great animals, that all great animals were not boasts. In the ownership and profits of these great men; that while it is most essential and of railroads and their operations, the college, its great importance that a good physical structure trustees, its patrons and its friends freely particimust not be lost sight of, and good health main- pate through the holding of bonds and stocks. tained by a baptism of the divine elements-sun- The same methods that work so successfully with shine and pure fresh air with much exercise, their investments will work well with their colthough only to the limit of where waste takes the lege and solve a perplexing dilemma. place of building and rebuilding; because at this

STUDENT OF LAW. point the moral fiber is weakened and healthy

Judging by the letters published in this paper, moderation is not longer in command, and the

the reports of official action of some of the meetman ceases to be master of the situation, the animal predominates; and the field-college- it is apparent that those who advocate the accept

ings and the opinions that are privately expressed, where it is the ostensible purpose to domesticate

ance of the splendid gift of Anna T. Jeanes have and to civilize this portion of animal creationthe rising and succeeding generations by an equal numbers as well.

not only the best of the argument, but the best of development and training of all the nobler qualities of brain and mind is turned into a gladiatorialing of this important matter be so guided that

May those who have the duty of finally disposarena; if this educational process had been begun Swarthmore may stand more firmly than ever and carried to what seems the present stage of

upon the foundations laid so well for it by the awakening and its logical result-enlightenment,

worthy men and women who brought it into exthe Society, and College might have been spared

istence and go forward faithfully and loyally perthis shadow over Swarthmore; namely: to stand for the moment in support of one of the most

forming its important mission, ever worthy of the

pride and affection of our Society. brutal sports (as the writer has seen it practiced)

YARDLEY T. BROWN. of any age or time. Thus, I wish we could have

Philadelphia, Pa. known that this benefactress had considered and grasped the situation thoroughly, and have acknowledged the importance of some athletic * The Bible is full of the doings of men who have sports, even if some intercollegiate games had reached up to God just as we have to do, but it is supplemented other intercollegiate exercises and more than this: it is a record of God's reaching contests; it could be now seen perhaps more down to lift man up and thus covers the whole readily just what was to outweigh this vast sum stretch of religious experience. Our religious of money, and the matter might have been left life-and our whole life-is a continued process of with those over zealous athletes to decide as did God's reaching down, and man's reaching up. If George Fox with William Penn as to when the in the Bible we have a record of this, the Bible is latter should leave off the wearing of his sword. a valuable study book in our training for the reliMaplewood Farm, Ind.

F. E. S. gious life.”

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