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True as the steel of their tried blades,

Heroes in heart and hand.
There had the Persian's thousands stood,
There had the glad earth drunk their blood,

On old Platæa's day;
And now there breathed that haunted air;
The sons of sires who conquered there,
With arm to strike, and soul to dare,

As quick, as far, as they.



An hour passed on — the Turk awoke; ;

That bright dream was his last:
He woke — to hear his sentry's shriek,
“To arms! they come! the Greek! the Greek !”
He woke to die 'midst flame and smoke
And shout and groan and saber stroke,

And death shots falling thick and fast
As lightnings from the mountain cloud;
And heard, with voice as trumpet loud,

Bozzaris cheer his band:
“Strike, till the last armed foe expires!
Strike for your altars and your fires!
Strike, for the green graves of your sires! !

God, and your native land!”




They fought, like brave men, long and well,

They piled the ground with Moslem slain;
They conquered - but Bozzaris fell,

Bleeding at every vein.
His few surviving comrades saw
His smile, when rang their proud hurrah,

And the red field was won;
Then saw in death his eyelids close
Calmly, as to a night's repose,

Like flowers at set of sun.


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Come to the bridal chamber, Death!

Come to the mother when she feels,
For the first time, her first-born's breath;

Come when the blessed seals
That close the pestilence are broke,
And crowded cities wail its stroke;
Come in consumption's ghastly form,
The earthquake shock, the ocean storm;
Come when the heart beats high and warm,

With banquet song and dance and wine -
And thou art terrible; -- the tear,
The groan, the knell, the pall, the bier,
And all we know, or dream, or fear,

Of agony, are thine!



But to the hero, when his sword

Has won the battle for the free,
Thy voice sounds like a prophet's word,
And in its hollow tones are heard

The thanks of millions yet to be.





Bozzaris! with the storied brave

Greece nurtured in her glory's time,
Rest thee: there is no prouder grave,

Even in her own proud clime.

We tell thy doom without a sigh;
For thou art freedom's now, and Fame's
One of the few, the immortal names,

That were not born to die.

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What inspired Halleck to write this poem?
Who was Marco Bozzaris?
What did the Turk dream?
Explain “trophies of the conqueror.”
What indicates that the Turk was confident of success?
What is a “signet-ring”?
What contrast is shown between the first and second stanzas?
What did the Turk hear when he awoke?
What are the lines with which Bozzaris inspires his soldiers?
Was it a dearly bought victory for the Greeks? Why?
How does death appear to the hero?

Explain “with the storied brave Greece nurtured in her glory's time.'



13 Suliote band. Natives of Suli, a mountainous district in Albania.

18 Platæa's day. This is a reference to a battle fought at Platæa, a city of Baotia, Greece, about thirty miles northwest of Athens. In the battle, which occurred 497 B. C., the Greeks were victorious over the Persians.

38 Moslem. Mohammedans. The Turks were members of this faith.


Alnwick Castle
To a Friend



Robert Burns, the national poet of Scotland, was born January 25, 1759, in a small, clay-built cottage, about a mile and a half south of Ayr. His father had to struggle all his life with poverty and misfortune, but he made every exertion to give his children a good education. Robert was sent to school at the age of six, and by the time he was nine he had read with enthusiasm every book that came in his way, especially poetry. His first volume of poems was published in 1786, and had a wonderful success. His brief life of thirty-seven years was one continued struggle, yet he was able to give to literature some of its most precious jewels. He died at Dumfries, Scotland, July 21, 1796.

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What is meant by “Scots, who have with Wallace bled?'
Explain “gory bed.”
Explain “front of battle lower."

Why would “proud Edward's power" bring “chains and slavery" to the Scots?

Who are told to “turn and flee"?
Who are to go into battle with Bruce?
What is the meaning of “fa’”?


“Bruce's Address” is an extract from “Bannockburn,” a poem in which Burns gives the supposed address of Robert Bruce to his army at the Battle of Bannockburn. This was the most famous battle in Scottish history. Thirty thousand Scots, commanded by Bruce, overwhelmingly defeated the English army, one hundred thousand strong, under Edward II.

1 Wallace. Sir William Wallace, born about 1274, an early Scotch patriot and liberator, who took a leading part in the wars fought between England and Scotland. He was finally betrayed into the hands of his enemies and taken to London, when he was executed August 23, 1305.

2 Bruce. Robert Bruce, born July 11, 1274, a famous king of Scotland, and one of the national heroes of the country. He died at Cardross, Scotland, June 7, 1329.


The Cotter's Saturday Night
Tam o' Shanter
Epistle to a Young Friend
Duncan Gray
To a Mouse
To a Mountain Daisy
On Seeing a Wounded Hare
The Ploughman

To Mary in Heaven
For A' That and A’ That
O Wert Thou in the Cold Blast
My Heart's in the Highlands
Highland Mary
John Anderson, My Jo
The Banks o' Doon
Auld Lang Syne


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