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sion, unsurpassed powers of oratory, boundless Time and the world have wrought; weeping to ambition, energy, and indefatigable activity, lose all political influence, simply from an excess of the fairest vision of our lives had fled. versatility incompatible with the self-respect which is a main ingredient of the idea of an English gen
I know we are not as we were; I know tleman. Lord Liverpool's and Lord Grey's best How much, alas, of my past self is dead ! recommendation to the office of premier was their Therefore, old friend, we'll meet no more below! gentlemanly character : Lord Melbourne was acknowledged as the leader of his party because he How have the depths of bitterness been stirrid was, take hiin all in all, much of a gentleman. Within my soul since those departed days; The present premier, though undoubtedly pos- I, who could smile at every jesting word sessed of all other essentials of the gentleman, has, it must be confessed, one capital fault of manner:
I, whom thy spirit at its will could raise not satisfied with acting sensibly and honorably, Up to its own proud heights of dreamy thoughthe is in the habit of telling parliament, with no I, from whose sunny hopes, thy nobler mind slight parade, that he does so; a practice inconsis- Fresh energy and inspiration caught tent with the quiet self-reliance which character How little of all this thou now would'st find! izes the English gentleman. This defect in externals has been found sufficient of itself to preclude I would be still to thee the same as thenhis becoming with John Bull the object of a de
The bright, the gay, the fearless; I would be voted and unhesitating confidence : and at this To thy vex'd soul, amid the strife of men, moment, to make matters worse, his best man of business in one house has met a rather awkward
A joy and comfort; o'er the dreary sea charge in a rather equivocal way; while his crack Of this unresting life I fain would bring debater, now in the other house, is constantly ex From the sweet promise-land of youth, some sign posing hiniself to the sarcasm that he studied mor- Of hope, some token of that joyful spring als at Newmarket and logic in the office of a petti When time flowed sweetly as a hymn divine. fogging attorney
The public opinion of England is formed and we will not meet again ; for though I've clung, guided by the gentlemen of England—by the men As a fond child, to every lovely dream who, whatever their fortune, rank, or profession, we culled, like blossoms, when we two were have cultivated minds, a manly courage, and an ever-watchful sense of honor and decorum. Their
young, influence may be traced in our foreign as in our Many have wither'd in the duller beam domestic policy-in the Quixotic scrupulousness That lights my pathway now, and we should feel with which England rejected all share in the spoils At once too bitterly that harshest truthof Europe at the congress of Verona ; in the anxi- That time, in our despite, hath power to steal ety that all nations should share the opened commerce of China.
Such sympathy as bound our hearts in youth. Honor, then, to the English gentleman. If We will not meet again! I dare not look you ask where is the source of England's greatness, Mr. Cobden will say, its manufacturers-its Into the secrets of thy world-tried heart. men to whom the bank of England would gladly Remembering all thou wert, I ill could brook lend two millions; Mr. Gladstone, its church; To see a change in thee, if changed thou art; the Duke of Buckingham, its landed proprietors; Thou, from whose wisdom, breathed to me of old, and Cobbett (if alive) would have said, its bold peasantry. And all of them are entitled to their
My soul has gather'd strength in hours of painshare of credit: but the true English gentleman, How could I bear to find thee dull and cold? wherever he is found or whatever his pursuit
Old friend of mine, we must not meet again! whether pleading causes, spinning yarns, feeding prize-oxen, shooting game, or poring over books It may be that I wrong thee, thus to dread -is the real upholder of England's might.
Losing the comfort thy remembrance gives; That through life's trials thou hast nobly sped,
And still thy lofty faith has lived and lives. VERSES TO AN OLD FRIEND.
Forgive, if this be so, for I am weak We will not meet again, old friend of mine !
With many care-worn thoughts, and full of fear Much of life's beauty hath already past,
Lest now thy voice in altered tones should speak, And now I would not willingly resign
Nor pour rich words of wisdom on mine ear. The spell thy memory can about me cast. We will not meet, and all that thou hast been What I have been to thee, and thou to me,
Thou still mayst be to me till life is o'er, Even since those old days wherein we met, And I, my later griefs unknown, unseen, We ne'er could be again, if each should see, Can still to thee be all I was of yore. How little of the past remaineth yet.
Thou, with thy wise and holy words, shalt bless
My lonely thoughts; and ever o'er thy soul, No, no! It were not well to learn how strange, Mine image, bright with youth and happiness, How all unlike thy heart and mine have grown;
Shall hold, in spite of time, its soft control. To feel and know how sorrowful a change
From Fraser's Magazine. be supposed that the trade and commerce of the POLICY OF THE BRITISH MINISTERS.
country were neglected. Very far from it. Eng
lish silks were saved from the competition of It is a strange feeling that comes over us when, foreigners by import duties, which amounted to a for the first time in our lives, we find ourselves prohibition. English cotton and woollen goods, upon the descent of the Brenner, or the Simplon, English cutlery, porcelain, hats, shoes-everyor any other precipitous mountain-road, especially thing, in short, of home manufacture, was proif, on the right hand or the left, there be a fright-tected; not by the skill of the fabricators, but by ful chasm, into which a single jib or a start by the interference of laws, which closed the home the horses must inevitably plunge us. No mat- market against strangers. Meanwhile the shipping ter how firm our confidence may be in the skill of interests, the West India interests, the Canadian the driver; no matter how decided the postmaster's interests, the East India Company's interests, were assurances touching the steadiness and amiable all bolstered up as stoutly and carefully as the tempers of the beasts that drag the carriage. Our votes of houses of parliament could do it. Protecnerves tingle and our breath fails us as often as tion, indeed, was the order of the day ;-protection we suffer our vision to wander down that horrible to life and property by the free use of the gallows pit, which seems yawning to receive us ; and, in to the church, by a steady depression of Dissenters; spite of the sublimity of the scene, we are forced to commerce and navigation, by a thousand restricin the end-that is, supposing our constitutional tive duties ; to the aristocracy, by a careful denial temperament to be a delicate one-to lean back in of representatives to populous places, and a tender our seat and close our eyes, committing ourselves, fostering of such constituencies as were found in in a sort of collapse, to fortune, or to providence, Gatton, Sandwich, and Old Sarum. And the faintor to any other invisible, but resistless, agency est intimation of a desire to change that system, esthat may be in favor, to do with us exactly what pecially in regard to the election of members of parit will.
liament, was denounced as symptomatic of those levWe are not prepared to say that, with feelings elling views which are directed constantly and with altogether similar to these, the great Conservative eagerness towards a democratic form of government. party, who brought the present ministers into The great principle of the Liverpool administrapower, regard at this moment their own position tion may be described as the “ Do-nothing princiand the proceedings of their master. There is ple.” “ Let well alone,” was their favorite maxmuch of hope mixed up with the alarm which im ; and, as long as it continued to be well, pera generally pervades them. They are satisfied that haps a little longer, the vis inertiæ was kept in the coachman is skilful in his vocation, and has steady operation. There were, however, even in nerve enough for anything. They admit, likewise, the Liverpool cabinet, men to whom a state of that his style of driving is suitable to the path on absolute rest was not a state of absolute happiness. which they have entered ; and, therefore, trust, Canning, and Huskisson, and their friends, desired and, indeed, believe, that they will be carried change ; and, though faithful to parliament as it through the pass without sustaining hurt; but it then existed, and as much opposed to reform as would be absurd to deny that they heartily wish the duke himself, they forced their colleagues into themselves out of it. The whole scene, and their the repeal of the navigation-laws, as well as to the own plight in regard to it, is so new, so unexpect- general admission, that wherever a system of recied, that they are at a loss how to sustain the ner- procity could be established, free-trade offered vous agitation that is caused by it. Let us drop greater advantages to all parties than its opposite. this metaphor, however, and in plain, downright For this, however, the old tory party hated them. English, set forth what we mean to say to the How eloquent were the Standards and Morning readers of Regina, leaving them to draw their own Heralds of those days in their denunciations of inferences from the facts which may be brought measures which persons of greater weight in the before them ; for of facts, more than of theories, it country than they felt to be but the beginning of is our intention to speak.
an end! And how gallant, too, was the resistance Time was when the watchwords of the Tory of the tory section in the cabinet. Catholic Emanparty were :-in England, “Our glorious Consti- cipation ! the repeal of the test and corporation tution in church and state ;"—in Ireland, “ Pro-acts! free-trade! the theories of political econotestant Ascendancy,” with an occasional reference, mists! the very sound of the words fell like disespecially after dinner, to “the pious, glorious, cord on the ears of the Eldons and Peels of the and immortal memory of no matter whom. period of which we are speaking. And so it came We speak now of days when Sir Robert Peel was to pass that, till the liberals, as they were called, a young man--a subordinate in that ministry of had, by the hand of death or otherwise, been which the late Earl of Liverpool was at the head, purged wholly out of the cabinet, no steps were and John,Earl of Eldon, lord-chancellor of England, taken to innovate seriously upon arrangements the main prop and stay. Then was Mother Church which custom had matured, and to which long not only mighty, but rampant. Then was the use, it was supposed, had reconciled the nation. statute-book graced by enactments which denied Another peculiarity of the times of which we to Papists all the privileges of citizenship, save are now speaking, ay, and of days less distant, protection to life and property alone ; and rendered was, that the worst kind of taxation was asserted it incumbent on such as might aspire to seats in to be that which makes its appeal directly to the the house of commons to have received at least pockets of the payers ; which takes money, aponce, previously to the day of election, the sacra- parently for nought, and so renders the state a ment of the Lord's Supper in the church of the copartner in every man's earnings and property. parish where they might be resident. The agri- Assessed taxes men brought themselves to endure, cultural interest, too, was in high favor then; for though not without an effort ; because they bore the ports were closed against foreign corn, till exclusively upon luxuries, and were paid on after the price of that grown at home should have account of conveniencies which the payers, if they exceeded eighty shillings per quarter. Nor let it chose, might do without, and which were conLIVING AGE.
spicuous to the world. But even assessed taxes government felt this, and acted upon the convicwere not popular with the statesmen who imposed tion. Warned by the total failure of the policy of them, and were retained on no other plea than that their predecessors, they determined to hazard a of dire necessity. Hence soap, candles, tea, sugar, complete change of system, and they were enmalt, beer, wine, bread, salt, leather, dye-stuffs couraged to do so by the assurance that dwelt -every article, in short, of consumption, every upon their minds that their will would be accepted necessary of life, to the poor as well as to the rich, as law by the nation. How, indeed, could the bore its burden. And the arguments of such as case be otherwise? Their majorities in the two ventured to hint at a different arrangement were houses of parliament were overwhelming. True, met, first, by the assertion that there was no injus- the measures which they had considered and matice in the arrangement at all; and next, that if tured were not likely to please their own friends, there were, it was better that men should pay to or, at all events, some of them. But what of that? the state through their grocers, their hatters, and Their friends dare not leave them, for, if they did, their shoemakers, than through the most unpopu- the consequence would be an immediate return to lar of all public functionaries, the common tax- office of the clique towards whom they had taught gatherer. Well do we remember, so recently as themselves to feel as Hannibal felt towards the the year 1829, when an honorable gentleman, now Romans. And as to the opposition, first, they in parliament, suggested a change in regard to this were numerically too feeble to be much accounted maiter, that his proposition was met by the minis- of; and, next, ihey must become false to their ter with a brevity and vigor of expression which own principles, and so degrade themselves in the had more the air of determination than of cour eyes of the whole world, if they refused to support teousness about it. However, time was running attempts, which it was assumed that they had his ceaseless course all this while, and changes meditated, perhaps yearned and longed to make, of various kinds came round upon his chariot- but which, well knowing the strength of the party wheels.
that would have gainsaid them, they had not Sir Robert Peel, the Duke of Wellington, Lord hardihood, perhaps patriotism, enough to proEldon, and their party, refused to take office under pose. Mr. Canning, because lie was avowedly favorable The putting down of the repeal movement to the removal of what were called the Catholic Ireland, with the trials, bungled as they were, that disabilities. The old tory party praised them for followed, were measures entirely after the good this on their retirement, and bore them back again old tory heart; there was no reserve in the apwith loud shouts, after the death of Canning and plause wherewith that master-stroke of policy was the weakness of his successors opened to them greeted. But may we predicate as much in regard once more the gates of Downing-street. They either to the tariff of 1842 or the imposition at that came into office one year, and the very next test time of an income-tax? Perhaps not. Nevertheand corporation acts and Catholic disabilities went less, the measures were proposed and carried ; and by the board. Had they taken another step in the conservatives, or tories, felt that, from that advance, we are not prepared to say that they hour, the ground on which they used once upon a would have insured to themselves a perpetuity of time to stand was no longer tenable. power; but there can be no doubt now that their The original tariffand income-tax were speedily proceedings in the matter of the East Retford followed by enactments more and more indicative question, followed up by the duke's memorable of the fact that “old things were passing away," declaration against parliamentary reform, were the that “all things were become new." Ireland proximate causes of that terrible convulsion, from must be quieted; the demand for a repeal of the ihe effects of which this country has not yet re- union must be put to silence ; and there were but covered. The whigs came in, and with them the two means whereby this end could be accomtriumph of liberal principles, as far as it suited the plished. Half a century ago, or less—may we convenience of professed liberals to broach these not say five-and-twenty years ago, at the utmost? principles; yet the whigs neither dared to speak the Irish people would have been told that, if of endowments for the Roman Catholic church in they persisted in disturbing the public peace, they Ireland, nor dreamed of revolutionizing either the should suffer for it. And suffer for it ihey would commercial or the fiscal arrangements of the em- have done. For, unless our memory be much al pire. Many changes they certainly introduced fault, the Duke of Wellington in the lords, and Sir into the constitution, properly so called, of the Robert Peel in the commons, gave to all concerned country; but the manner of working it in detail, something like a pledge to this effect, when, in the system of management in the several portions 1829, after passing the emancipation act, they of the United Kingdom, the church, both here and declared,“ that, should the measure unfortunately elsewhere, and, above all, the principle of taxation, fail of producing the results which they anticipated these, when compelled to quit office, they left from it, they would be the first to ask from parliapretty much as they had found them. Let us see ment such powers as should enable them to vindiwhat has befallen since ; and how a conservative cate the outraged majesty of the law.” Now we cabinet, backed up and supported by the most need not say that, if by the language which they then powerful party that ever forced its chiefs into held, our illustrious leaders intended to prophesy office, has, in regard to these matters, comported a long season of content and submission in Ireitself.
land, they proved no more than that they had There is no denying that the present govern- not been gifted with the art of vaticination. Irement took office at a period of extraordinary danger land has never been so turbulent, so entirely unand difficulty to the country. Disastrous wars manageable, as since the Roman Catholics carried abroad ; seditious movements, but little removed that point, the surrender of which was counted ; from rebellion, at home; ruined commerce, and a upon, ere the event befell, as the sure forerunner i revenue falling off from quarter to quarter ; all of peace, and plenty, and gratitude, and the very bespoke a state of things which was not to be met height of loyalty, in that portion of her majesty's by common measures of amendment. The new l dominions. However, it would be unfair to keep
out of view that many other causes than the one that they are wrong. And now behold what folhave contributed to produce this. Thirteen or lows! The queen's speech having lightly paved fourteen years of whig management, during which the way, the minister seizes the earliest opporthe government depended from week to week for tunity of announcing that-the education of candiits existence on men avowedly hostile to all the dates for holy orders, according to the rites of the established institutions of the country, could not Roman Catholic church in Ireland, shall hencefail of creating in Ireland a spirit which we do not forth be carried on at the public expense. Fed, know how to describe, lest we should seem to clothed, and boarded by the public these young labor under the influence of a delusion. It is aspirants for the cowl and the tonsor may not be; enough when we remind our readers that the but all the appliances of learning are to be protables were turned with a vengeance; that it was vided for them out of a grant from government; no longer Protestant, but Popish ascendancy which and Maynooth, enlarged and enriched, yet no wise sober-minded men found cause to dread ; that laws remodelled, either in its constitution or privileges, yet unrepealed were violated openly, and the vio- is to be the scene of their religious and intellectual lation sanctioned by the authorities of the day; and training. that the consequence was a thorough dislocation The carriage has taken another dash downof the whole framework of society. How the wards. Safe we still believe it to be ; but there is whigs can have the effrontery to speak of the a chasm close to the road, over which it makes us repeal movement as originating in the return of dizzy to gaze, though we cannot shut our eyes to the tories to power would, indeed, surprise us, if it. Sir Robert Peel does right in facilitating the anything that occurs in party strife were a legiti- better education of the Irish Roman Catholic mate cause of wonder to the lookers-on. The priesthood. Till this is done, and benefices repeal movement was in full operation long before assured to them afterwards, less repulsive to good the weakness of Lord Melbourne's cabinet had taste, good feeling, and personal independence, become apparent beyond the limits of parliament, than the contributions of the poor, it is vain to exand would have operated far more effectually than pect that gentlemen will become ministers in the it did, either at Clontarf or anywhere else, but church of the majority in Ireland. Plenty of for the providential removal from the sovereign's talent there will always be, with some scholarship councils of men who, let their intentions be as -not much ; some slight acquaintance with the upright as they might, were without power to dead languages, and an abundant stock of bigotry; carry them into execution.
but Maynooth as it was, and the P.P. parishes as There was no alternative to Sir Robert Peel, in they are, never could have produced such a body reducing Ireland to a state of rest and comparative of priests as should deserve the respect of the obedience to the laws, except either to govern higher orders, or become guides to the lower in with a rod of iron, or to conciliate the great body those moral duties of the present life which best of the people, by behaving generously to them on fit men for happiness in another. Indeed, it is a their most tender point. To effect the former, he well-known fact, that ever since Maynooth was must have prevailed upon parliament to suspend established, the characters of the Roman Catholic the constitution in the sister island, and to coerce clergy in Ireland, and their influence for good, and restrain its inhabitants by martial law, and an have steadily deteriorated. We are old enough to army of 150,000 men. Now, apart from all con- remember the Romish priests of the old school, siderations of moral right and moral wrong, these men of good families and liberal views, who, are arrangements much more easily talked about trained at some of the foreign universities, inost of than accomplished. We do not believe that a them at Douay in France, brought back with them proposal of the sort would have been listened to in to their pastoral office at home, not only the maneither house ; we are very sure that in the presentners, but the feelings and desires of well-bred cabinet there is not a man who ever dreamed of gentlemen. Not one of them now remains. Mr. making it. For, be it observed, that there is no Pitt's horror of republican principles, having been doing work like this by halves. You must have barely strong enough to come between the Irish penal laws against the Roman Catholic religion, gentry and the foreign education of which we are otherwise failure is certain. You must go back to speaking, gave them Maynooth in its room, and so the days of William III., or the Duke of Cumber- siinted the gift, that it ceased to have value in the land, and treat Papists as these worthies treated eyes of any except the sons of the peasantry. It the Episcopalians of Scotland, each in his gener- was a charge against Jeroboam, who "made ation, reacting the massacres of Glencoe and Cul- Israel to sin," that he “ took of the lowest of the loden, only on a larger scale, or you will do people, and made them priests of God.” The nothing. Now neither Sir Robert Peel nor Lord selfsame accusation lies against the founders and John Russell would tolerate such things. How, supporters of Maynooth up to the present time; then, was the minister to act ?
for verily the priests which go forih from that And here let us observe, that we are arrived at seminary have all been taken from the very lowest the summit of the Brenner pass. We know that of the people. it is necessary to descend ; yet it would be ridicu And here the question arises, how far has Sir lous to deny that the first movement which the Robert Peel judged wisely in continuing to Maycarriage makes towards the plains of Bavaria agi- nooth a monopoly, so to speak, of the education tates us exceedingly. The charitable endowments of young men designed for the service of the bill was a bold measure. We praised it at the Romish church in Ireland? If Maynooth was to time, and we repeat our praises now; but it cer- be continued at all, the wisdom of largely increastainly made us, and, we suspect, the whole tory ing the grant for its maintenance does not admit party, feel queer. In Ireland it has wrought of a doubt. But the real problem to be solved is, much good, not unmixed with a little evil. We why should this seminary be kept up? Doubtless are sorry to see that our Protestant brethren there there are good reasons for this, of which we are too much denounce it. We can make many ignorant. Probably the minister, having made up allowances for them, but in this we are satisfied his mind to do a gracious thing, put a further re
straint upon his own wishes, in order that it might own vicars and rectors, to hold property as corbe done with as much grace as possible. And, if porations whole, so long as time shall last. Moreit be true that the Roman Catholics of Ireland pre-over, if we do not negotiate directly with the fer the present to any other arrangement ihat pope, we give a sanction to the promulgation of could have been made, there is an end, we pre- one of his bulls in this our Protestant realm; and sume, to all argument on the subject. But these very much rejoice to find that it enjoins on the are points which we do not find ourselves bound Romish clergy that, which all our laws failed to to take for granted ; and, therefore, heartily going command—an abstinence from political agitation, along with him in the animus by which he is and the steady devotion of their time and talents swayed, we feel ourselves at liberty to doubt the to the duties of their calling. And, lastly, that wisdom of the minister's actual proceedings. other symptoms of change may not be wanting,
If we Protestants be right in our belief that men the head of the party which so long resisted continue Papists only through ignorance and pre- emancipation proposes a grant of many thousands judice, it surely seems to follow that we should annually for the better education of Roman Cathdesire as much as possible to communicate to them olic priests; and, if not cheered, is certainly not the knowledge which they lack, and to overcome turned round upon or denounced by the party for their prejudices. Now the obvious method of having done so. accomplishing this end is to make them as much Are we annoyed at all this? Do we blame it? as possible sharers in our own system of educa- By no means. Sir Robert Peel is pursuing, action. We do not mean to argue that, either in cording to our poor judgment, the only course England or in Ireland, it could be desirable, or which holds out a prospect of peace for Ireland, even just, to throw open to Roman Catholics, or and, as a necessary consequence, for the United Dissenters of any kind, the endowments of our Kingdom. He is acting justly towards the macolleges, which are, by their constitution, in- jority, and with exceeding policy towards the separably connected with the Established Church. minority, of the population of Ireland. But we But why there should not be in Great Britain, as acknowledge, nevertheless, that we are on a rapid there is in Prussia, universities with mixed facul- descent on the hill-side, and that our nerves are ties, wherein men of both creeds might pursue somewhat shaken by it. Who will undertake to their general studies together, going to their re- give a pledge, that in ten years, or twenty at the spective professors of theology for theological most, the Roman Catholic Church shall not be instruction, is what we have never been able to established in Ireland ? Be it so. This is the comprehend. Let us not be misunderstood. The risk. And, if it do come, we must try to make English universities have so completely departed the best of it. But we are not at all disposed to from the spirit, and, indeed, the form, in which say that it must come. they were founded, that to append to either a And now let us look a little to other matters. seminary wherein members of the church of Rome It is not in regard to churches and to the education might pursue their studies, is impossible. But of the people alone that the wheel is going round. the same objection does not apply to Dublin, far It seems to us that the financial system of the less to any new university which government country is in the balance. Formerly, men's thcory might found, and pious individuals foster, in other was, that indirect taxation was greatly preferable parts of Ireland. And we frankly confess, that to direct taxation. We may be wrong; but we the adoption of some plan of the sort would have fancy that this notion is, with many others, getbeen more acceptable to us than that on which the ting out of date; and, on the whole, perhaps minister seems to have determined in regard to properly so. Maynooth.
The income-tax has been renewed for three At the same time, we do not condemn an ar- years; and, that no doubt may remain touching rangement of which we cannot see all the bear- the minister's design of desiring a further renewal, ings, or even the sources. If it be true, for ex- when these three years shall have expired, an ample, as we know is asserted, that by the terms amended tariff keeps pace with the arrangement, of ihe act of Union the government is bound to and trade is set free from a great many more of its support Maynooth, then has Sir Robert Peel come shackles. Export duties are to be levied no more. to a wise determination, in adding to the amount Raw cotton, and other elements of manufacture, of the grant annually made to it. But was he are to enter our ports duty free; and glass, and likewise bound to keep it precisely as he found it? we know not how many fabriques besides, rejoice Could he not, even now, add a Protestant college in an exemption from taxation. Sugar, also, one to the college as it exists-giving to both higher of the great necessaries of life to the poor, is to privileges, and placing both upon a better footing? be so lightened, that it shall pass from the grocer's
So much for deeds actually done. We have, shop into the cups of the consumers at something under a tory government, recognized the Church about one penny farthing per pound cheaper than of Rome in Ireland as a church. We speak no it used to be. And the grand result is, that the more of ministers of the Romish persuasion ; but, trade of the country is to be relieved from the in commissions issued from the crown, address pressure of three millions of annual taxation, for ourselves to “The Most Reverend Archbishop which the income-tax, though taken at five milMurray,” and “ The Right Reverend Bishop." lions, will, according to the estimated expenditure
Again: We pass an act of parliament whereby for the ensuing year, barely compensate, with a pious individuals professing the Romish faith are trifling balance in favor of the exchequer of ninety empowered to endow benefices, and build Roman or a hundred thousand pounds. Catholic places of Worship, at their pleasure. The minister has not said, of course, that at the Thus an end is put to that fiction in law which termination of three years he will certainly prodenied the existence of the Church of Rome pose a further prolongation of the income-tax. within these kingdoms. So far from prohibiting On the contrary, he cheers the house with the che Romish clergy to officiate in public, we permit same sort of assurance that he gave them three them to become bodies corporate; and, like our years ago, namely, that whenever the finances of