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What infcrence may be drawn

What British admiral followod respecting the capture of Philadel- D’Estaing to R. I. ? phia ? li was probably the salva Conduct of D'Estaing, upon the tion of our army, if not of our

approach of Howe? country

What separated the fleets, and What humorous remark has prevented a battle? been made upon this subject ? Where did D'Estaing go for reThat Philadelphia took Howe, pairs ? rather than Howe Philadelphia.

Why were the Americans much Who soon succeeded Howe, as displeased with him for going to commander of the British? Sir Boston ? They wished him to reHenry Clinton.

pair at Newport, and aid in deliv0 What resolution was formed ering the Island from the British. in England; on our alliance with What aid did D'Estaing afford France ?

the Americans ? None except perWhy? The ministers probably haps frightening the British from feared, that by the aid of the Philadelphia and from R. I. by the French fleet, Washington would

terror of his name.
treat Clinton, as Gates had treated 0 In what year, did the Southern

States become the principal seat of
Where did the English wish to the war? In 1778.
concentrate their forces ?

Why did the British choose to
In what

onth, did the British carry the war into those states ?
evacuate Philadelphia ?

They supposed, it would be easier
How long had they occupied it ?

to subdue them.
Which did the hostile troops oc-


On account of the great-
cupy longest, Boston or Philadel er number of slaves and of royalists,
phia ? How much !

and because the southern people
Who pursued the British in their were considered less martial.
retreat through N. J.?

Why did they not begin with the
How long after they had pur-

Southern States ? Because, they
sued him through the same state?

considered Ms. as the principal ofWhere did they come to a bat fender, and supposed, that when tle!

they had performed the easy task
How far from Philadelphia ?

of crushing rebellion there, the rest
In what place, very near Mon. would submit.
mouth, was the principal part of

What was the result? They
the battle : Freehold.

found the people of Ms.“exceedway

is Freehold from ingly unmanageable," and all the Phil. ? - from N. Y. ?

other colonies disposed to take part
To which, nearest ?

with them.
Who commanded the Ameri ♡ Which of the Southern States
cans ? - the British? Clinton. was marked as the first object of
Which had the advantage ?

attack in '78?- Why? lo

Why did not Washington renew In what part of Ga.is Savannah ?
the baitle the next day?

On what river?
What naval commander con What states does the Savannah
ducted a French force to R. I. ?

divide ?
In what year? 1778.

""!h what effect, did Colonel
How long had the Island of R. I. Campbell attack Savannah ?
been in possession of the British ? In what month? Dec,
many ships of war had D' Meaning of Savannah ?

Who attempted to defend S. :

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Estaing ?


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Which party lost 550 in killed tended to sink the value of the
and wounded? The Americans. continental currency

♡ Character of the campaign of How great was finally the depra-
1779 ?

ciation of paper money?
Chief aim of the British in '79 ? What were some of the evils a-

By what motives, were they ac rising from this depreciation ? Ex-
luated ? Revenge, on account of treme injustice, difficulty of recruit.
the French alliance, and a wish to ing and supporting the army; and
terrify the people into submission, the discontent of the offi and
or to prevent their being useful to soldiers..
the French in time to come.

What reflects the highest honor
In what states, were their most

upon Washington ?
dreadful depredations ?

Who apparently saved the
What city in Ct. was plundered ? | country from the ruin, threatened
What towns were burnt ?

by the depreciation of paper mou-
For whose remarkable escape is ey? Robert Morris.
Horse Neck memorable ?

How ? By the most skilful and
From whom ? - How ?

vigorous measures as treasurer,
In what town is Horse Neck ? and by employing or pledging his

own vast property, to raise the In what part of Ct. is Greenwich ? | public credit.

Which party made the feeblest Give some account of Robert
efforts in ’79 ?

Morris. He was a native of Eng.
Their most important enterprise ? land, a very opulent merchant în
On what river, is Stony Point ? Philadelphia, and one of the patri-
Which side ? W.

ots, who signed the Declaration of
How situated with regard to W. Independence.
Point ? 12 miles below.

What does Botta say of our ob-
Who conducted the attack?

ligation to Morris ? « The Ameri-
With what effect ?

cans owed, and still owe, as much What imparted new effulgence acknowledgment to the financial to the victory?

operations of Robert Morris, as
What rendered this effulgence to the negotiations of Benjamin
the more striking ?

Franklin, or even to the arms of
What other expedition did the George Washington.”
Americans execute in '79 ?

Who conducted it?
With what effect ?

First cause mentioned of our in-
activity in '79 ?

A much more powerful cause? CHAPTER LVII. p. 198.

Why was it impolitic, to tax the
people at the time, with the ex Capture of Charleston. Fe-
penses of the war? Taxation was

male patriotism.. Kniphansen
ihe cause of the war.

in N. J.

Washington at Mor-
Only expedient, in the power of ristoron. Arriral

of 6000
Congress ? The emission of bills Frenchmen. Treason of Ar-
of credit.

nold. Major Andre.

In what year, did Congress be of Champe.
gin to issue bills of credit ?

In what time, did the bills begin For what object, did Clinton
to depreciate ?' 18 months.

sail toward the south in Dec. 179? What conduct of the British With how many men ?

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ble tempest.

Of whom, did they consist ? En To what city, did Clinton soon
glish, Hessians, and loyalists. return ?
Which is nearest N. Y. Savan-

Under whom, did Clinton leave nah or Charleston ?

4000 meu ? Why did Clinton's fleet sail so

Succeeding fate of S. C.? Almuch farther than was necessary?

most the whole state appeared to He probably ordered, that in case be conquered. of dispersion, they should collect at Why were British garrisons plaSavannah.

ced in different parts of S. C.? Was S. then in possession of the From what, had Clinton reBritish, or Americans ?

leased the Carolinian prisoners
What dispersed them ? A terri of war? From the obligations of

their parole.
Effeci upon the horses on board ? Meaning of purole? A promise
It destroyed most

of them. given by a prisoner of war, when
Whom had Clinton invested he has leave to depart from custo-
with the command, at N. Y.? dy, that he will return at the time

In what year, did he attack appointed, unless discharged.
Charleston ? — month?

Why had Clinton granted them
How long after its first settle this indulgence ? That he migh

employ them in his own service. Who then commanded the Amer What did the Carolinians say, icans in the south?

when required to fight against their
Who was Gov. of S. C. ? country? If we must resume arms,

Whose batteries soon attained a let us rather fight for America and
superiority ?

our friends, than for England and
In whai month, was Charleston strangers.

Conduct of many of these patri-
Afler how long a siege ?


ots? They passed clandestinely

into N. C. and joined the American
Which was the largest, when troops.
captured, Burgoyne's army

What noble example did many
females of S. C. then exhibit ? +

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Lincoln's ?

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† NOTE G. G.

of joy and brilliant pleasures, they Patriotic ladies of S. C. Phila- repaired on board ships, they de

scended into dungeons, where their delphia, foc.

husbands, children and friends were The following Note is taken prin- in confinement; they carried them cipally from Botta.

consolations and encouragements. “Amidst the general desolation, Summon your magnanimity,' they

the women of Carolina exhibited said; 'yield not to the fury of ty. For an example of more than masculine rants; hesitate not, to prefer pris

fortitude. They displayed so ar ons to infamy, death to servitude. Hera dent, so rare a love of country, that America has fixed her eyes on her ENEO scarcely could there be found in an beloved defenders; you


reap: cient or modern history, an instance doubt it not, the fruit of your sufmore worthy to excite surprise and ferings; they will produce liberty, admiration. Far from being of that parent of all blessings; they fended at the name of rebel ladies,

will shelter her forever from the asthey esteemed it a title of distinc saults of the British banditti. You tion and glory. Instead of showing are the martyrs of a cause the most themselves in assemblies, the seat grateful to Heaven, and sacred for



What name was given them? What glorious result is to be imHow did they regard it? puted principally to their heroisin?

What did they carry to their hus What ladies formed a society, to bands and friends in dungeons ? raise funds for the use of the state ?

What did many of them impart Who was at their head ? to their wavering husbands?

What did they do, besides conTo what, did the English con tributing themselves ! demn the most zealous of these fe With what success ? males?

To what, was the money to be What did they do, when reduced applied ! to indigence ?

Who imitated their example !

men.' By such words, these gen- supernatural alacrity seemed to anerous women mitigated the mise imate them, when they accompaniries of the unhappy prisoners. They ed their husbands into distant counwould never appear at the balls or tries, and even when immured with routs, that were given by the vic them in the fetid ships, into which tors; those, who consented to at. they were inbumanly crowded. tend them, were instantly despised, Reduced to the most frightful indi. and dropped by all the others. The gence, they were seen to beg bread moment an American officer arriv for themselves and families. Among ed at Charleston as prisoner of war, those who were nurtured in the lap they sought him out, and loaded

of opulence, many passed suddenly him with attention and civilities. from the most delicate and the most They often assembled in the most elegant style of living, to the rudest retired parts of their houses, to de toils, and to the humblest services. plore, without restraint, the misfor But humiliation could not triumph iunes of their country: Many of over their resolution and cheerfulthem imparted their noble spirit to ness. Their example was a suptheir hesitating and wavering hus port to their companions in misfor. bands; they determined them to tune. To this heroism of the woprefer a rigorous exile to their in men of Carolina, it is principally ierest and to the sweets of life. to be imputed, that the love, and Exasperated at their constancy, the even the name of liberty, were not English condemned the most zeal- totally extinguished in the southeru ous to banishment and confiscation.

provinces. The English hence beIn bidding a last farewell to their gan to be sensible, that their triather their children, their broth- umph was still far from secure. ers, their husbands, these hero- For, in every affair of public interines, far from betraying the least est, the general opinion never manmark of weakness, which in men ifests itself with more energy, than might have been excused, exhorted when women take part in it, with them to arm themselves with intre all the life of their imagination.". pidity. They conjured them, not Not far from the same time, the to allow fortune to vanquish them, most laudable and effectual exernor to suffer the love they bore their ' tions were made, to aid the public families, lo render them unmindful funds, and to reward and encourage of all they owed their country: the soldiers. When comprehended, soon after, “ The ladies of Philadelphia, in the general decree of banish- animated by the most ardent patriment, issued against the partisans otism, formed a society, and placed of liberty, they abandoned with the at their head, Mrs. Washington, a same formness, their natal soil. A wife worthy of such a husband.

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With whom, did the spirit of ten before him, during the hard freedom still remain in S. C.

winter ? What American soon gained By what, did American patri

ots seem great advantages over the English

to gain strength under in S.C.?

these trials?
To what state, did Sumpter be ♡ How many men arrived from
long? S.C.

France, for our aid in 1780 ?
Through what states, was an ar-

Under what commander ?
my advancing to the aid of S. C.? Why were the French, for some

Who was conducting it? The time, prevented from co-operating Baron de Kalb.

with the Americans ? By whom, was he soon supersed ♡ Who solicited and obtained ed ? Gen. Gates.

the command of West Point in '80 ? Why? De Kalb was a stranger,

On what river ? Which side ? and the troops had much more con How far from N. Y.? fidence in the hero of Saratoga.

With whom, did Arnold negoHow large was Gates's army, tiate, to deliver up West Point ? when it approached S. C.?

What induced Arnold to turn Where was there a great battle

traitor ? Probably the punishAug. 16 ?

ment and disgrace, which he had
Which way is Camden from incurred.
Charleston ?
N. N. W.-How

What punishment had be re far?

ceived ? Washington reprimand. Who commanded the British ?

ed him by order of a court marCornwallis.

tial, On which side, was victory? Of what crime, had Arnold

Occasion of this dreadful de been convicted ? Peculation, feat?

Meaning of peculation ? Whole loss of the Americans ? What had tempted him to this 2000,

crime ? Pecuniary embarrass. Distinguished German, who fell ment, occasioned by excessive lux. in the battle of Camden ?

ury Effect of this defeat, upon our

'Where? In Philadelphia. affairs?

In what office ? He was com-
When did our prospects begin mander of the American forces.
to brighten ?

When ? When P. was evacu-
Conduct of Kniphausen, in ated by the British,
N. J. in 1780 ?

What British agent negotiated
What greatly added to these ca-

with Arnold about delivering up lamities in N. J.?

West Point ?
Where had Washington , en Military rank of Andre ?
camped the preceding winter ?

What is he generally called ?
What name was given to that Major Andre.
winter ?

Character of Andre?
What appalling prospect was of-

To what place, was Andre conAfter having subscribed for the use lodged in the public chest, to be of the state to the extent of their

used in bounties to such soldiers, as means, they went from house to

should merit them, and in augmenhouse, to stimulate the liberality of

tation of pay to all. They were the citizens in favor of the republic. imitated with enthusiasm by the la Their zeal was not sterile. They dies of the other states." collected large sums, which they

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