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and special terms may be held at such times and places in said district as the said judges may deem expedient. The said district judges shall appoint a clerk of said court at a salary of three thousand dollars per annum and shall appoint a reporter of said court at a salary of one thousand two hundred dolla per annum: Provided, That writs of error and appeals may also be taken from the supreme court of the Territory of Hawaii to the Supreme Court of the United States in all cases where the amount involved, exclusive of costs, exceeds the sum or value of five thousand dollars. [As amended by act of March 3, 1905, and by act of March 3, 1909.]
SEC. 87. That the Territory of Hawaii shall constitute a district for the collection of the internal revenue of the United States, with a collector, whose office shall be at Honolulu, and deputy collectors at such other places in the several islands as the Secretary of the Treasury shall direct.
That the Territory of Hawaii shall comprise a customs district of the United States, with ports of entry and delivery at Honolulu, Hilo, Mahukona, and Kahului.
REVENUES FROM WHARVES.
SEC. 89. That until further provision is made by Congress the wharves and landings constructed or controlled by the Republic of Hawaii on any seacoast, bay, roadstead, or harbor shall remain under the control of the government of the Territory of Hawaii, which shall receive and enjoy all revenues derived therefrom, on condition that said property shall be kept in good condition for the use and convenience of commerce, but no tolls or charges shall be made by the government of the Territory of Hawaii for the use of any such property by the United States, or by any vessel of war, tug. revenue cutter, or other boat or transport in the service of the United States. SEC. 90. That Hawaiian postage stamps, postal cards, and stamped envelopes at the postoffices of the Hawaiian Islands when this act takes effect shall not be sold, but, together with those that shall thereafter be received at such office as herein provided, shall be canceled under the direction of the Postmaster-General of the United States; those previously sold and uncanceled shall, if presented at such offices within six months after this act takes effect, be received at their face value in exchange for postage stamps. postal cards, and stamped envelopes of the United States of the same aggregate face value and, so far as may be, of such denominations as desired.
SEC. 91. That, except as otherwise provided, the public property ceded and transferred to the United States by the Republic of Hawaii under the joint resolution of annexation, approved July seventh, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, shall be and remain in the possession, use, and control of the government of the Territory of Hawaii, and shall be maintained, managed, and cared for by it, at its own expense, until otherwise provided for by Congress, or taken for the uses and purposes of the United States by direction of the President or of the Governor of Hawaii. And any such public property so taken for the uses and purposes of the United States may be restored to its previous status by direction of the President; and the title to any such public property in the possession and use of the Territory for the purposes of water, sewer, electric, and other public works, penal, charitable, scientific, ind educational intitutions, cemeteries. hospitals, parks, highways, wharves, Landings, harbor improvements, public buildings, or other public purposes, or required for any such purposes, may be transferred to the Territory by direction of the President, and the title to any property so transferred to the Territory may thereafter be transferred to any city, county, or other political Subdivision thereof by direction of the governor when thereunto authorized by the legislature. [As amended by act of May 27, 1910.]
SEC. 92. That the following officers shall receive the following annual salaries to be paid by the United States: The governor, seven thousand dol lars; the secretary of the Territory, four thousand dollars; the chief justice of the supreme court of the Territory, six thousand dollars; the associate justices of the supreme court, five thousand five hundred dollars each: the judges of the circuit courts, four thousand dollars each; the United States district attorney, four thousand dollars; the United States marshal, three thousand dollars. And the governor shall receive annually, in addition to his salary, the sum of five hundred dollars for stationery, postage, and incidentals; also his traveling expenses while absent from the capital on official business and the sum of two thousand dollars annually for his private secre tary. [As amended by act of May 27, 1910.]
IMPORTS FROM HAWAII INTO THE UNITED STATES.
SEC. 93. That imports from any of the Hawaiian Islands, into any State or any other Territory of the United States, of any dutiable articles not the growth, production, or manufacture of said islands, and imported into them from any foreign country after July seventh, eighteen hundred and ninetyeight, and before this act takes effect, shall pay the same duties that are imposed on the same articles when imported into the United States from any foreign country.
INVESTIGATION OF FISHERIES.
SEC. 94. That the Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries of the United States is empowered and required to examine into the entire subject of fisheries and the laws relating to the fishing rights in the Territory of Hawaii, and report to the President touching the same, and to recommend such changes in said laws as he shall see fit.
REPEAL OF LAWS CONFERRING EXCLUSIVE FISHING RIGHTS.
SEC. 95. That all laws of the Republic of Hawaii which confer exclusive fishing rights upon any person or persons are hereby repealed, and all fisheries in the sea waters of the Territory of Hawaii not included in any fish pond or artificial inclosure shall be free to all citizens of the United States, subject, however, to vested rights; but no such vested right shall be valid after three years from the taking effect of this act unless established as hereiLafter provided.
PROCEEDINGS FOR OPENING FISHERIES TO CITIZENS.
SEC. 96. That any person who claims a private right to any such fishery shall, within two years, after the taking effect of this act. file his petition in a circuit court of the Territory of Hawaii, setting forth his claim to such fishing right, service of which petition shall be made upon the attorney-general. who shall conduct the case for the Territory, and such case shall be corr ducted as an ordinary action at law.
That if such fishing right be established, the attorney-general of the Territory of Hawaii may proceed, in such manner as may be provided by law for the condemnation of property for public use, to condemn such private right of fishing to the use of citizens of the United States upon making just compensation, which compensation, when lawfully ascertained, shall be paid out of any money in the treasury of the Territory of Hawaii not otherwise appr priated.
SEC. 97. That quarantine stations shall be established at such places in the Territory of Hawaii as the Supervising Surgeon-General of the Marine Hospital Service of the United States shall direct, and the quarantine regulations for said islands relating to the importation of diseases from other coustries shall be under the control of the Government of the United States. The quarantine station and grounds at the harbor of Honolulu, together with all the public property belonging to that service, shall be transferred to the Marine-Hospital Service of the United States, and said quarantine grounds
shall continue to be so used and employed until the station is changed to other grounds which may be selected by order of the Secretary of the Treasury. The health laws of the government of Hawaii relating to the harbor of Honolulu and other harbors and inlets from the sea and to the internal control of the health of the islands shall remain in the jurisdiction of the government of the Territory of Hawaii, subject to the quarantine laws and regulations of the United States,
SEC. 98. That all vessels carrying Hawaiian registers on the twelfth day of August, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, and which were owned bona fide by citizens of the United States, or the citizens of Hawaii, together with the following-named vessels claiming Hawaiian register, Star of France, Euterpie, Star of Russia. Falls of Clyde, and Wilscott, shall be entitled to be registered as American vessels, with the benefits and privileges appertaining thereto, and the coasting trade between the islands aforesaid and any other portion of the United States, shall be regulated in accordance with the provisions of law applicable to such trade between any two great coasting districts.
SEC. 99. That the portion of the public domain heretofore known as Crown land is hereby declared to have been, on the twelfth day of August, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, and prior thereto, the property of the Hawaiian government, and to be free and clear from any trust of or concerning the same, and from all claim of any nature whatsoever, upon the rents, issues, and profits thereof. It shall be subject to alienation and other uses as may be provided by law.
SEC. 100. That for the purposes of naturalization under the laws of the United States residence in the Hawaii Islands prior to the taking effect of this act shall be deemed equivalent to residence in the United States and in the Territory of Hawaii, and the requirement of a previous declaration of intention to become a citizen of the United States and to renounce former allegiance shall not apply to persons who have resided in said islands at least five years prior to the taking effect of this act; but all other provisions of the laws of the United States relating to naturalization shall, so far as applicable, apply to persons in the said islands.
All records relating to naturalization, all declarations of intention to become citizens of the United States, and all certificates of naturalization filed, recorded, or issued prior to the taking effect of the naturalization act of June twenty-ninth, nineteen hundred and six, in or from any circuit court of the Territory of Hawaii, shall for all purposes be deemed to be and to have been made, filed, recorded, or issued by a court with jurisdiction to naturalize aliens, but shall not be by this Act further validated or legalized. [As amended by act of May 27, 1910.]
SEC. 101. That Chinese in the Hawaiian Islands when this act takes effect may within one year thereafter obtain certificates of residence as required by "An Act to prohibit the coming of Chinese persons into the United States," approved May fifth, eighteen hundred and ninety-two, as amended by an act approved November third, eighteen hundred and ninety-three, entitled
An Act to amend an Act entitled 'An Act to prohibit the coming of Chinese persons into the United States,' approved May fifth, eighteen hundred and ninety-two," and until the expiration of said year shall not be deemed to be unlawfully in the United States if found therein without such certificates: Provided, however, That no Chinese laborer, whether he shall hold such certificate or not, shall be allowed to enter any State, Territory, or District of the United States from the Hawaiian Islands.
SEC. 102. That the laws of Hawaii relating to the establishment and conduct of any postal savings bank or institution are hereby abolished. And the Secretary of the Treasury, in the execution of the agreement of the United States as expressed in an act entitled "Joint Resolution to provide for annexing the Hawaiian Islands to the United States," approved July seven, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, shall pay the amounts on deposit in the Hawaiian Postal Savings Bank to the persons entitled thereto, according to their respective rights, and he shall make all needful orders, rules, and regulations for paying such persons and for notifying such persons to present their de
mands for payment. So much money as is necessary to pay said demands is hereby appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be available on and after the first day of July, nineteen hundred, when such payments shall begin, and none of said demands shall bear interest after said date, and no deposit shall be made in said bank after said date. Said demands of such persons shall be certified to by the chief executive of Hawaii as being genuine and due to the persons presenting the same, and his certificate shall be sealed with the official seal of the Territory. and countersigned by its secretary, and shall be approved by the Secretary of the Interior, who shall draw his warrant for the amount due upon the Treasurer of the United States, and when the same are so paid no further liabilities shall exist in respect of the same against the governments of the United States or of Hawaii.
SEC. 103. That any money of the Hawaiian Postal Savings Bank that shall remain unpaid to the persons entitled thereto on the first day of July. nineteen hundred and one, and any assets of said bank shall be turned over by the government of Hawaii to the Treasurer of the United States, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall cause an account to be stated, as of said date, between such government of Hawaii and the United States in respect to said Hawaiian Postal Savings Bank.
SEC. 104. This act shall take effect forty-five days from and after the date of the approval thereof, excepting only as to section fifty-two, relating to ap propriations, which shall take effect upon such approval.
Approved, April 30, 1900.
PANAMA CANAL ZONE-1912.*
Act to provide for the opening, maintenance, protection, and operation of the Panama Canal, and the sanitation and government of the Canal Zone. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United ates of America in Congress assembled, That the zone of land and land der water of the width of ten miles extending to the distance of five miles each side of the center line of the route of the canal now being constructed ereon, which zone begins in the Caribbean Sea three marine miles from ean low-water mark and extends to and across the Isthmus of Panama into e Pacific Ocean to the distance of three marine miles from mean low-water ark, excluding therefrom the cities of Panama and Colon and their adjacent arbors located within said zone, as excepted in the treaty with the Republic Panama dated November eighteen, nineteen hundred and three, but includg all islands within said described zone, and in addition thereto the group f islands in the Bay of Panama named Perico, Naos, Culebra, and Flamenco, nd any lands and waters outside of said limits above described which are ecessary or convenient or from time to time may become necessary or conenient for the construction, maintenance, operation, sanitation, or protection f the said canal or of any auxiliary canals, lakes, or other works necessary r convenient for the construction, maintenance, operation, sanitation, or proection of said canal, the use, occupancy, or control whereof were granted to he United States by the treaty between the United States and the Republic of Panama, the ratifications of which were exchanged on the twenty-sixth lay of February, nineteen hundred and four, shall be known and designated is the Canal Zone, and the canal now being constructed thereon shall herefter be known and designated as the Panama Canal. The President is authorized, by treaty with the Republic of Panama, to acquire any additional and or land under water not already granted, or which was excepted from the grant, that he may deem necessary for the operation, maintenance, sanitation, or protection of the Panama Canal, and to exchange any land, or land under water not deemed necessary for such purposes for other land or land under water which may be deemed necessary for such purposes, which additional land or land under water so acquired shall become part of the Canal Zone.
SEC. 2. That all laws, orders, regulations, and ordinances adopted and promulgated in the Canal Zone by order of the President for the government and sanitation of the Canal Zone and the construction of the Panama Canal are hereby ratified and confirmed as valid and binding until Congress shall otherwise provide. The existing courts established in the Canal Zone by Executive order are recognized and confirmed to continue in operation until the courts provided for in this act shall be established.
SEC. 3. That the President is authorized to declare by Executive order that all land and land under water within the limits of the Canal Zone is necessary for the construction, maintenance, operation, sanitation, or protection of the Panama Canal, and to extinguish, by agreement when advisable, all claims and titles of adverse claimants and occupants. Upon failure to secure by agreement title to any such parcel of land or land under water the adverse claim or occupancy shall be disposed of and title thereto secured in the United States and compensation therefor fixed and paid in the manner provided in the aforesaid treaty with the Republic of Panama, or such modification of such treaty as may hereafter be made.
The Panama Canal Zone was secured by the treaty of November 18, 1903, with the Republic of Panama, by which the United States acquired perpetual ownership of a strip of territory ten miles in width extending across the Isthmus of Panama. By the provisions of the act of April 28, 1904, the President was authorized to provide a government for the Canal Zone, and this was done by a series of executive orders beginning May 9, 1904. A second act was passed on February 27, 1909. The present government of the Canal Zone was established by the act of August 24, 1912.